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HAVE to thank Mr. Temperley for his help and
advice, for permitting me constantly to avail
myself of his immense store of historical research,
and for what is, if possible, the even more valuable assistance I have gained in the course of our many walks and conversations.
Miss Winifred Pierpoint Mitchell for her patience in hearing and criticizing practically everything I have written, and for help with the proofs.
Mr. Roy Truscott for the index.
Mr. John Lane for placing at my disposal his unique knowledge of early English art.
Mr. G. Lowes Dickinson, Mr. C. R. L. Fletcher, and Mr. G. M. Trevelyan for reading and criticizing my manuscript.
The Countess of Darnley for her criticism and for permission to quote from a letter of the late Mr. G. F. Watts.
Mr. C. K. Webster for lending me unpublished matter about Castlereagh.
Miss Helena Hadley, Mr. C. R. Fay, Mr. Harold Terry, Mr. W. Jesser Coope, and all of my friends who have, at various times, given me their help.
And most of all, my grandmother.
THE BEGINNINGS OF NATIONAL CONSCIOUSNESS
Norman and Englishman-Saxon patriotism-The Norman
ideal-Feudalism-The central power-Tendency to union
-The towns-Military system—The Church-Solidarity of
Christendom-Legal origins-Magna Carta-Roman and
English law-Papal tyranny-Grosseteste-Simon de Mont-
fort-Constitutional origins—The Chroniclers-The Arthur-
A patriot King-Legal and Constitutional maturity-Foreign
policy-The Low Countries-Scotland-The bow-A national
Army-The Navy-Robin Hood-The romance of Richard
Cœur de Lion-Political songs-Laurence Minot-Merry
England-Chaucer-Decorative architecture-The Gothic
spirit-The relapse-Military failure and loss of sea power-
Misgovernment-The Black Death-Discontent and revolt
-Wycliffe-Piers Plowman-Humphrey de Bohun-Gloom
in literature-Gower-Hoccleve-Henry V and Agincourt-
Renewed depression - Lydgate Malory - Faintness of
Need for strong government Edward IV- Machiavelli-
Henry VIII-Ephemeral patriotic revival-Sir Edward
Howard-Skelton-Henry VIII at his zenith-Defects of
national spirit-Renaissance architecture-The new learn-
ing-Its comparative sterility-Necessary harshness of central
Decadence of the Church-The quarrel political-Extreme
peril of Henry-His courage and energy-Fisher and More
-Reginald Pole-A policy of terror-Its justification-Con-
servatism of Henry-Rome and ecclesiastical Toryism-The
Protestants and ecclesiastical Radicalism-Patriotic tendency
of English Reformation-Becon on war-Tudor system in
Church and State-Expounded by Edward VI and Latimer
-Weakness and subservience of the Church-Dissolution of
monasteries-Enhanced power of landed gentry-Testimony
of architecture-Triumph of magnates - Misery of the
Desperate situation of Elizabeth-Apparent impotence of Rome
-Calvinism in theory and practice-Erasmus-The Catholic
Revival-Italy-Spain-Magnitude of the struggle-Philip II
-Renewed energy of Catholicism-The Anglican compro-
mise-Elizabeth's character-Her popularity-Her advisers
-Her statesmanship-Siege of Leith-The Lord Keeper's
speech-Elizabethan commercial policy-Aliens-Catholics
and Puritans-Tyrannicide and the right to rebel-Persecu-
tion and national depression-Poverty of literature-Sack-
The Sea-dogs-Trade routes-Hawkins-Drake-Frobisher-
patriotism-Anthony Marten-Triumph of literature-The
Shakespeare criticism-Authorship of plays-Early influences-
"Henry VI "_"Richard III"-Unity and meaning of the
tetralogy-"King John "-"Richard II"-" Henry IV"-
Henry V"-" Cymbeline "—" Henry VIII "—" King Lear"
-"Troilus and Cressida "-The Roman plays-Ben Jonson's
"Sejanus and Catiline "-Shakespeare's Rome-" Corio-
lanus" "Julius Cæsar" "Antony and Cleopatra".
Shakespeare's conception of the State-Divine Right and
THE DECLINE of the TUDOR SYSTEM
Defects in Tudor ideal-Revealed in Shakespeare-Lack of
spiritual discipline-Lukewarmness of the Church-Piracy—
Growth of Puritanism-Character of James I-The “Basili-
kon Doron "-Divine Right and kingcraft-The Court-The
nation-Liberty, and precedent-Hatred of Rome-Seeds of
disloyalty-The mercantile interest-The Hampton Court
Conference England and Scotland-Gondomar - Pro-
Spanish policy-Fate of Raleigh Fiasco of Spanish
marriage-Outbreak of Thirty Years' War-Protestant en-
thusiasm Indecision of James-Decadence of Tudor System
-The Court Drama-Beaumont and Fletcher-Massinger-
Protestant sympathies-Holland-"The Interpreter "_" Tom