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South Kilworth, co. Leicester, aged 81, Penner, Caroline Dorothy, wife of Charles 6th Sept. Peckham, William Scott, Esq. of the Inner
Penner, Esq. Lachine, near Montreal,
Penney, Sarah, wife of William Penney,
Pigot, Mary, wife of Sir Robert Pigot, Bt.
Temple, at Greenwich, aged 75, 6th Sept. Peel, Lady Jane, wife of the Right Hon. William Yates Peel, M.P. and daughter of Stephen, late Earl of Mountcashell, 5th Sept. This estimable lady was born 17th September, 1796, and married 17th June, 1819. She leaves a very large family to mourn her loss. The noble house of Mountcashell deduces its descent from Thomas de Moore, one of the Knights who accompanied the Conqueror to England, and who survived the decisive battle of Hastings, in which he had a principal command. About the middle of the fourteenth century, the ancestors of the present Earl were seated in the West of England; and in the beginning of Queen Elizabeth's reign, they purchased an estate near Lurden, co. Salop, whence, for nearly a century, they were designated the Mores of Shropshire." In the time of James Richard More, Esq. emigrated to Ireland; and his son, Stephen, purchasing the estate of Kilworth, co. Cork, became the ancestor of the Moores, of Kilworth, now Earls of Mountcashell. Pennefather, the Rt. Hon. Edward, at Dublin, 6th Sept. This distinguished gentleman, beyond all question the ablest equity lawyer in Ireland, was called to the Bar in Easter term, 1796, and after practising with pre-eminent success for nearly half a century, attained one of the highest honours of his profession, being appointed Lord Chief Justice of the Queen's Bench. This dignified office he held at a very remarkable crisis-the memorable period of the State Triais when Mr. O'Connell was arraigned. His Lordship did not continue long after to preside over the Court. His health failed, and he retired into private life. Mr. Pennefather belonged to the highly respectable family of Pennefather, of New Park, co. Tipperary. His father, Major William Pennefather, of the 5th Dragoons, who sat in the Irish Parliament for Cashel, was second son of Richard Pennefather, Esq. of New Park, by Mary, his wife, daughter of John Graham, Esq. of Platten. Mr. Pennefather's death occurred at his residence in Fitzwilliam-square, Dublin, after a lengthened illness. He was married o Miss Darby, daughter of John Darby, Esq. of Great George-street, Westminster, and of Leap, in the King's County, and leaves issue three sons and two daughters. The right honourable gentleman's elder brother, who still survives, is also a distinguished lawyer, and sits on the Irish Bench as one of the Barons of the Ex-Russell, Charlotte, relict of Claude Russell, chequer.
Russell, John Griffith, eldest son of J. F. Russell, Esq. of South Lambeth, aged 11, 28th Aug.
Pinkney, Prudence, relict of the late Fran-
Redifer, Mary, relict of the late William
Edward Richards, at Epsom, 17th Sept.
Roskell, Robert, Esq. of Gatacre, near Li-
Esq. Bengal Civil Service, at St John's
Saberton, J. S., Esq. at Chatteris, aged 61,
Saltonstall, Mrs. Mary Susannah, of Little
Sarel, Mrs. Louisa, of Hengar House,
Stevens, Esq. of Lower Caversham,
Carter Stiles, Esq. of Bristol, 19th Sept. Strange, Mrs. John, of Hornton Villas, Kensington, J8th Sept.
Swanston, Miss, 8th Sept.
Scoles, Matthew, Esq. of Melton Street,
Swinburne, Edward, brother of Sir John
Scott, William Francis, Esq. senior partner Taubman, Caroline, wife of Colonel Goldie with firm of Currie and Co., of Cal- Taubman, at the Isle of Man, 9th Aug.
cutta, at Manchester Buildings, West-Taylor, Emma, wife of Mr. S. Taylor, of
Sharpe, Nanny, widow of John Sharpe,
Shewell, Julia, dau. of the late Edward
Shore, the Rev. William Thomas, at Han-
Slocock, the Rev. Samuel, rector of Shaw,
Stamp, Mr. Edw. Blanshard, of Brighton,
Taylor, Mr. Frederick William, of OakHouse, Farnborough, co. Kent, aged 74, 5th Sept.
Taylor, Mr. Charles, many years member of the Theatre Royal Covent Garden, 16th Sept.
Teague, John, Esq. at Dartmouth, aged 74, 8th Sept.
Turner, Captain T. M. B. of the Bombay Engineers, youngest son of Dr. Turner, of Curzon Street, at Bombay, aged 37, 9th July.
Turner, Samuel, Esq. F.R.S. of Derwent
Lodge, near Liverpool, aged 71,28th Aug.
Ware, Thomas, Sen. Esq. of Kingsland,
Weston, William Roper Esq. SurveyorGeneral of Her Majesty's Customs, while travelling on an official tour, from injuries received by an accident on the Manchester and Leeds Railway, at Sowerby
bridge, Yorkshire, deeply regretted, 16th Sept. Whately, Mary, eldest dau. of Henry P. Whately, Esq. formerly of Handworth, co. Stafford, at Tours, in France, 23rd Aug. Whitburn, Mr. William Henry, of Esher, Surrey, at Invernesshire, from extreme cold and fatigue, aged 35, 1st Sept. White, Lieut.-Colonel Taylor, formerly of 7th Hussars, at Hadley, aged 76, 11th Sept. Whitemore, Anna Maria, wife of Thomas Greenslade Whitemore, Esq. 23rd Aug. Wilson, Georgiana, second dau. of the late John Wilson, Esq. at Barton under Needwood, aged 14. Winckworth, Augusta Sophia, youngest dau. of the late William Winckworth, Esq. of Great Marlborough Street, 11th Sept.
Winn, Christopher, Esq. New Crane, Shadwell, 28th Aug. Winstanley, Rev. Charles, late of Devonport, at Upper Canada, aged 89, 19th Aug. Witham, George, Esq. late Capt. 68th Regt. at Lartington Hall, co. York, 8th Sept. This lamented gentleman, a Magistrate and Deputy-Lieutenant for the counties of York and Durham, and formerly Capt. in the 68th Light Infantry, was son of the late Henry Silverton, Esq. who assumed the surname of Witham, in consequence of his marriage with Eliza, niece and heiress of William Witham, Esq. of Cliffe; and was thus descended from one of the oldest families in the North of England, originally settled in Lincolnshire, and named from the River Witham, in that county. Capt. Witham has died unmarried, leaving one surviving brother, the Rev. Thomas Edward Witham, a
priest of the Church of Rome; and three sisters, Catherine, wife of Henry Eaglefield; Emma-Seraphina, of Wm. Dunn, Esq.; and Winifred, of Gerard Salvin, Esq. of Croxdale.
Wood, Miss Harriett, late of Bath, aged 64, 18th Aug.
Wood, Georgiana Elizabeth, wife of the Rev. Thomas Wood, M.A. at Calcutta, 7th July.
Wootten, John, Esq. M.D. of Baliol College, and one of the Physicians of the Radcliffe Infirmary, at Oxford, aged 48, 26th Aug.
Workman, Lieut.-Col. Samuel Payne, late of the 35th Regt. aged 61, 14th Sept. Wortley, Anne, wife of James Wortley, Esq. of Cannonbury Place, Islington, 6th Sept. Wrench, Lucy Madaline, eldest child of the Rev. Harry Ovenden Wrench, of Overton, co. Flint, 26th Aug. Wright, Silas, senator of the United States, died suddenly at his residence, in St. Lawrence County, a short time since, aged 52. He had filled various public offices, and was. for a period, Governor of the State of New York. He was no ordinary man, and exercised a controling influence with the Democratic party, whose candidate he would have been at the next election for the Presidency of the United States. His death, at this moment, is, therefore, an important event; and may, in its consequences, affect the future policy, foreign and domestic, of America. It will be found no easy matter for the dominant party to fill the void, the death of Silas Wright has created. In another point of view, he is a national loss. He favoured the Wilmot Proviso, and, had he lived, would, doubtless, have contributed to the settlement of the Slavery question.
THE CASTLES AND MANSIONS OF GREAT BRITAIN
Knebworth, co. Herts.
"So sweet a spot of earth, you might (I ween)
Have guessed some congregation of the elves,
To sport by summer moons, had shaped it for themselves."
"Vix ea nostra voco," has been applied to hereditary honours with more pertinacity than reason; and were men machines, and life regulated like a timepiece, the application might bear some degree of justness; but when matters of fact and action intervene, we are sure to encounter something that sets our theory at nought, and laughs at the dreamings of our philosophy. In truth, we are of the time present, not of the time past; yet how fondly do we cling to the recollections and traditions of former ages-the more remote and the more obscure, the more profound is our reverence, and the more intense our worship. The old castellated mansion has a halo around it which may be sought for in vain in the stateliest of modern halls this, we regard with admiration and indifference-it talks but of wealth, listlessness, and luxury we have nothing ideally or really to do with it; but that, with its iron-grey gables, its ivied towers, its quaint architecture, and its associations, which all these engender, seems to be our own almost as much as it does its true possessor's.
These observations are suggested by the subject before us-the venerable mansion of Knebworth, in feudal times the stronghold of knights and warriors, renowned in chivalry and arms: in our own more peaceful days, the inheritance and abode of a man of letters, as celebrated for mental, as his illustrious ancestors were for physical, prowess. Knebworth was among the manors granted to Eudo Dapifer at the Conquest, and at various times became the property of several illustrious owners, of whom we may mention Thomas Mowbray Plantagenet, Sir Walter Manny, the Duchess of Norfolk, and John Hotolf, Treasurer to Henry VI. In the reign of Henry the Seventh, it passed, by purchase, into the hands of Sir Robert Lytton (of Lytton in the Peak), a Knight of the Bath, and one of the monarch's privy councillors. The good Knight, who was also the keeper of the great wardrobe, and under treasurer, had no sooner entered into possession of his fort, for it was no better, than he set about enlarging it; and what he had thus begun, but left unfinished, was continued by his successor, William De
VOL. IV., NO. XIX.
Lytton, governor of Boulogne Castle. Such, however, was the slow and steady pace of building in those days, that he also left the work unfinished; nor was it completed till the reign of Elizabeth, when a finishing hand was put to it by Sir Rowland De Lytton, a man who, by the many offices he held, could scarcely have been of less distinction than any of his predecessors. It is now that this castellated mansion begins to possess an historical interest. The wife of Sir Rowland (Anne, dau. of Oliver Lord St. John, of Bletsoe, and great-granddaughter of Margaret Beauchamp) was not very remotely connected with the queen; and hence perhaps it was that we often find Elizabeth a visitant at the Castle. The room in which she slept has been with great good taste preserved to the present day, with little or no alteration, and is still known by the name of Queen Elizabeth's chamber.
The house was built in a quadrangular form, the east front or gateway being of a very early date; in fact, it was a portion of the ancient fort. Till of late years the mansion had been little inhabited, and had fallen into so ruinous a state, that when, in 1811, the mother of the present Sir Edward Bulwer Lytton came into possession of it, she found it necessary to remove three sides. The remaining portion, however, contains the principal rooms, and is the part which was built by Sir Robert De Lytton in the reign of the seventh Henry. In effecting the necessary renovations, care was taken to interfere as little as possible with the character of the ancient building; hence all that remains has much the same appearance that it ever had, being a castellated mansion, though without strong works, and exhibiting a pure specimen of the Tudor style of architecture. Some remains of the moat are still to be seen on the west side, and portions even of the old foundations of outer walls may yet be traced by the curious in such matters.
If we again look back upon the earlier history of Knebworth, we shall find that it had other, and no less celebrated visitors than Elizabeth herself. In the reign of Charles the First, there was a Sir William Lytton, who sat in Parliament for the county, and was an intimate friend of Pym, Elliot, and Hampden. In a letter still in the family possession, he mentions the meeting of that party in his house to concert their parliamentary measures; and the room to all appearance still remains, adjoining the great hall. This same Sir William was one of the commissioners appointed to treat with Charles at Oxford; but at a later period he opposed Cromwell, and was among the members confined in the place popularly called Hell-hole. To commemorate this event, an old subterranean chamber in one of the towers, now removed, received the same name.
The principal rooms in the house as it now stands, are-1st, the great banquetting hall, of which the ceiling belongs to the time of Henry the Eighth, the screen is Elizabethan, and the chimney-piece, with the panneling, appear to date from Charles the Second, when Inigo Jones had made the Corinthian column fashionable. One door leads out of it into the room now called the oak drawing-room, the same that we have just mentioned as having been the chamber where the great parliamentary leaders met to hold council; a second door, which has long since been closed up, communicates with a vast cellar, this being a rare remain of a singular ancient custom. In the olden time, it was usual for the gentlemen after dinner to retreat, for the purpose of drinking, to a cellar adjoining the great hall, which, with that view, was always kept in the utmost order, and this vault is the more curious, from the fact that there are few