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can only be produced by the increase of objects under a voluntary abandonment after easy and gradual preparation. With respect to the theory of the tragic art, they are yet nearly at the point in which they were in gardening in the time of Lenotre. The whole merit consists in extorting a triumph from nature by means of art. They have no other idea of regularity than the measured symmetry of straight alleys, clipt hedges, &c. In vain should we labour to make those who lay out such gardens comprehend that there can be any plan, any concealed order in an English park, and demonstrate to them that a succession of landscapes, which from their gradation, their alteration, and their opposition, give effect to each other, all aim at exciting in us a certain disposition of mind."
Mlle. Rachel, by the mere force of her genius, may, during her brilliant career, retain the ascendancy of the classic drama; but the spirit of Shakespeare, once admitted, must eventually prevail among the French -a people more than any other of such lively intellect, and romantic imagination.
MAYORS' OFFICIAL PREFIX.
There appears to be a little confusion as to the proper style to be used in the official addresses of mayors of corporate towns; sometimes we see them described as the "Right Worshipful," and at others the "Worshipful." The question is, which is correct? There being no particular law or regulation, that we are aware of, in such a case, beyond custom, it seems not inappropriate to enquire whether the custom could not now be rendered more uniform, by the universal adoption of one or other of these additions, whichever may be considered to be the right one. In the "Secretary's Guide," 5th ed., 1831, p. 95, it is stated that Mayors of all Corporations, with the Sheriffs, Aldermen, and Recorder of London, are styled the “ Right Worshipful," and the Aldermen and Recorder of other Corporations, and Justices of the Peace, "Worshipful." An opinion is entertained, we believe by some, that only mayors of cities should be styled "Right Worshipful,” and those of towns "Worshipful;" but there scarcely seems to be any valid reason for such a distinction, and we incline to think that the former is more correctly applicable to mayors in general. The term "Right," in matters of title, denotes a more exalted step than another, thus, we speak of the "Most," and "Right," honorable or reverend, as a degree in rank higher than merely "Honourable" or "Reverend." We observe also that it is the practice in London to style the aldermen who have passed the chair, the "Right Worshipful," and those below the chair as the "Worshipful" only, although all are equally magistrates; thus, making a distinction between those who have been mayors, and those who have not. If the recorder, justices, and aldermen of corporate towns are properly entitled to the style of "Worshipful," it seems to be only reasonable and proper that the chief magistrate or mayor, should be styled the "Right Worshipful;" and we think it advisable that the latter prefix should be generally adopted and sustained in future, in all places the cause for it may exist. The Mayors of London, York, and Dublin, it is well known possess the title of "Lord," and are addressed as the "Right Honourable.'
FRAGMENTS OF FAMILY HISTORY.
ROBERT COOKE, ESQ., CALLED "LINEN COOKE."
IN p. 254 of our 2nd vol., we gave our readers an account of Valentine Greatreakes, Esq., of the co. Waterford, whose extraordinary history forms such a remarkable feature in the art of healing. A correspondent has now enabled us to add to the pedigree of that family, a name which was then omitted, namely, Captain William Greatreakes, of Affane, who was brother to the celebrated Valentine, known by the appellation of "The Stroker." This Captain William had a daughter, Anne, who was wife of William Cooke, Esq., of Camphire, in the co. Waterford. She died the 10th August, 1740. Her husband, William Cooke, was a younger son of Robert, of Cappoquin, in the same county, whose eldest son was Robert Cooke, Esq., also of Cappoquin, commonly called " Linen Cooke." William, who was an Alderman and Mayor of Youghall, and who died 1st June, 1742, had by his aforesaid wife, a son, Josiah, who died 7th December, 1754, having been married to Miss Baggs, by whom he was father of Robin Cooke, who having served in the 2nd Battalion of the Royals with the British Army in North America, was the first to enter the breach at Moro, in the Havannah, for which, on his return home, he was publicly entertained, and received the freedom of the City of Glasgow. The Municipal Act conferring the freedom is now in the possession of his descendant, Thomas Wigmore, Esq., of Ballyvaddock, co. Cork. Robin m. a lady of the O'Brien family, of the co. Limerick, by whom he had an only child, Mary, who was b. in 1772, and m. in 1787, Henry Wigmore, Esq., of Ballyvaddock. As connected with the celebrated Valentine Greatreakes, let us now revert to an equally remarkable personage, Robert, alias "Linen" Cooke, before mentioned, to have resided at Cappoquin, in the same county Waterford. This Robert Cooke was a very eccentric and wealthy gentleman, and had several estates in both England and Ireland. His first wife was a Bristol lady, and in consequence of his visits to that city he caused a pile of stones to be erected on a rock in the Bristol Channel, which after him was called "Cooke's Folly." The name of his second wife was Cecilia or Cecily, and he had children, John of Youghall, Robert, Josiah, and two daughters. He fled to England in the troubles of James the Second's reign, and resided sometimes at Ipswich, in Suffolk, as is related by Archbishop King, in his State of the Irish Protestants. During his absence, the Parliament held at Dublin, 7th May, 1689, declared him to be attainted as a traitor if he failed in returning to Ireland by the 1st of September following. He died in 1726, upwards of eighty years of age, and by his will directed that he should be interred with his son John's family, in the Cathedral or Church called "Tempul," in Youghall, and that his shroud should be made "of linen," Amongst other particularities he had his coach drawn by white horses and their harness made of hemp and linen. His cows were also white. In Smith's History of the county Waterford, this Robert Cooke is reckoned amongst the remarkable personages of that county, and a long account given of him. Smith says of him, "" He was a kind of Pythagorean philosopher, and for many years before his death eat
neither fish, flesh, butter, nor drank milk or any fermented liquor, nor wore woollen clothes or any other produce of an animal." From his constantly wearing none but linen garments and using linen generally for other purposes he acquired the appellation, "Linen Cooke." He maintained a long controversy with the celebrated Athenian Society, and in 1691 published a curious explanation of his peculiar religious principles, supporting them by numerous texts from Scripture, and at the end of all was printed a long prayer. It is from Captain Thomas Cooke, an uncle of this " Linen Cooke,' that the family of Cooke or Cooke-Collis, now settled at Castle Cooke, co. Cork, derives its descent, and from another uncle, Edward Cooke, the families of Kiltynan, Cordangan, and Fortwilliam, &c., in the co. Tipperary, and of Parsonstown, in the King's county, are descended.
A PROMISE FULFILLED.
Lady Elizabeth D'Arcy, the fair and richly portioned daughter of Thomas, Earl Rivers, was wooed by three suitors at the same time; and the knights, as in chivalry bound, were disposed to contest the prize with targe and lance; but the lady forbade the battle, and menaced disobedience with her eternal displeasure, promising, however, jocularly, that if they had but patience, she would have them all in their turn; and she literally fulfilled her promise, for she married, first, Sir George Trenchard of Wolverton, who left her a widow at seventeen; secondly, Sir John Gage of Firle; and, thirdly, Sir William Hervey of Ickworth;-the three original claimants for her hand.
THE FAMOUS LADY CAVENDISH.
The Noble House of Cavendish is indebted to the third wife of Sir William Cavendish, the faithful friend of Wolsey, for the principal part of its vast possessions. That lady, the daughter and co-heir of John Hardwick of Hardwick, erected three of the most splendid seats ever built by a single person,-Chatsworth, Hardwick, and Oldcotes. She was four times married; 1st, to Robert Barley, Esq., of Barley; 2dly, to Sir William Cavendish; 3rdly, to Sir William St. Loo; and 4thly, to George, Earl of Shrewsbury. She prevailed," says Lodge, "upon the first of these gentlemen, who died without issue, to settle his estate upon her and her heirs, who were abundantly produced from her second marriage. Her third husband, who was very rich, was led by her persuasions to make a similar disposition of his fortune, to the utter prejudice of his daughters by a former wife; and now, unsated with the wealth and caresses of three husbands, she finished her conquests by marrying the Earl of Shrewsbury, the richest and most powerful peer of his time. To sum up her character, she was a woman of masculine understanding and conduct, proud, furious, selfish, and unfeeling. She was a builder, a buyer, and seller of estates, a money lender, a farmer, and a merchant of lead, coals, and timber. She lived to a great old age, and died in 1607, immensely rich.
FAMILY OF RUDYERD.
To the Editor of the Patrician.
I subscribe to the " Patrician," and on casting my eye over the recent
VOL IV.NO. XV.
list of presentations at Court, I read the name of Rudyerd; it occurred to me that it was worthy some little notice, as being of a family whose pedigree can be traced as far back as 1030, (I possess one) and as you give a short account of many of the families, leave it to your better judgment as to inserting the following, or any other that may be in your possession.
And am Sir,
The family of Rudyerd, of Rudyerd, one of considerable importance, was settled in the parish of Leek, co. Stafford, long prior to the Norman Conquest; evidence whereof may be found in Doomsday book and other records of the pure Saxon origin. One of the family, Richard, accompanied Richard Coeur de Lion to the Crusades, where he distinguished himself. Rudulphus, Lord of Rudyerd, living in the reign of Henry VII., joined Lord Stanley with a large body of men at the battle of Bosworth, and tradition in the family says he was the person who slew the King. Henry VII. on this occasion added to the arms-on a canton a rose or in a field gules.
In later years (1708), one Mr. John Rudyerd planned and erected the Eddystone Lighthouse, a fabric admirably adapted to resist the elements it had to oppose, and stood the test of nearly fifty years, until destroyed by fire 2nd December, 1755.
Sir Benjamin Rudyerd, Judge and Surveyor of the Court of Ward and Liveries in the time of Charles and Oliver, of Westwoodhay, co. Berks, Knt., was called to the bar at the age of twenty-six, married Mary, dau. of Sir Henry Harrington, and left issue an only son, Wm. Rudyerd, who married Sarah, one of the five daughters and coheiresses of Sir Stephen Harvey, of Melton Maler, co. Northampton, left issue an only son, Benjamin Rudyerd, who married Dorothy, one of the two daughters and coheiresses of Sir Benjamin Maddox, Bart., of Wormleybury, co. Herts, by Dorothy, his wife, sole heir of Sir William Glascock, of King's Langley, same co., Knt. Master of the Court of Requests to King Chas. II., &c. BY THIS first marriage Mr. B. Rudyerd had several children; the elder, Robert, married Jane, only daughter and heiress of the Hon. Mrs. Chaplin ; left issue Benjamin Rudyerd, Captain Coldstream Guards, who died unmarried in Nova Scotia, 1752. By the second marriage of Mr. B. Rudyerd to Miss Beamont, of Yorkshire, descended the late Richard Rudyerd of Whitby, in same co., who married Miss Yeomans, but died witout issue, and his brothers, the late General Rudyerd of the Royal Engineers, who married Mary, daughter of S. Pryer, Esq., of Lichfield, Hants, an ancient family; the General died in 1828, aged 88, whose surviving issue is Col. Rudyerd of the Royal Artillery (who from his distinguished services at Waterloo, &c., was lately promoted to the superintendence of the Royal Repository at Woolwich, and presented at court, 24th February, 1847). Charles Lennox Rudyerd, late paymaster of the Ardean Canal, Canada; and a daughter, Lætitia, married 1st, Robert Gordon of Xeres, Esq., by whom had issue a daughter, married Baxter, Esq., late Attorney General at Sidney, N. S. Wales, and secondly Christopher Richardson of Field House, Whitby, Yorkshire. The two sons, who died before their father the General, were Col. William, of the Engineers, and Capt. Henry, of the East India Company, both leaving issue, and followed for a time the family profession of arms.
THE LONDON RECLUSE.
A correspondent favours us with the following pedigree of the family of Henry Welby, Esq. of Goxhill, the London recluse, whose eccentric career we described in a former number.
Henry Welby, Esq.Alice dau. of Ad-
of Goxhill, the
Henry Hildyard, of East Horsley, in Surrey, Esq. d. Jan. 1674.
Adlard Welby, Esq. of Gedney,Cassandra,
Elizabeth, Sir Christopher an only Hildyard, of child. Wynestead, Knt. d. 1636.
Lady Ann Leake,
Rev. Basil Welby,
Ann. Birch. Jane. John Marshall.
Anne Smithe, (dau. Vin-
Sir Wm. Wel--
Christopher Hild-Jane, dau. Wm. Ann, Fran- Thos. Mi-
Dorothy, dau. of Thomas Gran-Henry Hildyard, Esq.of Kel--Elizabeth, dau. of tham, Esq. of Goltho, d. 1667 stern in Lincoln, d. abroad. 1st wife.
John Hilder, Esq. 2nd wife.
Dorothy, survived and
Christopher Clayton, Esq. of Great David. Eliza
Sir Chris- Ed. Philip. Chas. Adlard Robert, topher, ward. d. 1685. d.1694.
Philip, of Ged
William, Richd. chael. d. 1691. d. 1695.
George Clay- Elizabeth, ton, of Great d. unm. Grimsby.