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he had seen every thing, and seated himself at table. He had scarcely done so, than the watch again blew his horn, and so loud as if he would burst it; Sir Hugh rose from table, saying he would see what was the cause of this, and mounted the battlements. At this moment the King of France marched by, attended by his uncles, the Duke Frederick, the Duke of Lorraine, the Count of Savoy, the Dauphine of Auvergne, the Count de la Marche, and their troops. In this battalion were full sixteen thousand lances. Sir Hugh felt himself much disappointed, and said to the herald who was by his side, 'I have been in the wrong to blame you, come, come, let us mount our horses and save ourselves, for it will do us no good to remain here; I no longer know the state of France, I have never seen such numbers collected together by three fourths as I now see and have seen in the vanbesides the rear division is still to come. Upon this Sir Hugh Calveley left the walls and returned to his house. All the horses being ready saddled and loaded, they mounted, and having ordered the gates to be opened which lead to Bourbourg, they set off without any noise, carrying with them all their pillage.

Had the French suspected this, they could easily have stopped them, but they were ignorant of it for a long time, so that they were nearly arrived at Bourbourg before they heard of it.

Sir Hugh Calveley halted in the plain to wait for his rear and baggage. He was very melancholy and said to Sir Thomas Trivet and others who had come to meet him; By my faith, gentlemen, we have this time made a most shameful expedition: never was so pitiful or wretched a one made from England. You would have your wills, and placed your confidence in the Bishop of Norwich, who wanted to fly before he had wings; now see the honourable end you have brought it to. There is Bourbourg! If you choose it, retire thither; but for my part I shall march to Gravelines and Calais, because I find we are not of sufficient strength to cope with the King of France.'

The English knights, conscious they had been to blame in several things, replied: God help us! we shall return to Bourbourg and wait the event, such as God may please to ordain.' Sir Hugh on this left them, and they threw themselves into Bourbourg."

None of the blame attending this misadventure fell on Sir Hugh, and he retained to the time of his decease the government of Guernsey, and the care of the royal castle and the park of Shotwick. Having acquired from his estates in Cheshire, his various official appointments, and the fruits of his predatory warfare, enormous wealth, he devoted a portion to the establishment of an hospital at Rome, and sanctified the end of his days by an act of similar piety in his own country-the foundation of the college of Bunbury in Cheshire-which appears to have been completed before the decease of its founder, which event occurred on the feast of St. George in 1394. An armed effigy, reposing on one of the most sumptuous altar tombs of which the county of Chester can boast, still remains in the chancel of the college of Bunbury, marking the spot where were interred the mortal remains of the warrior knight, the gallant Sir Hugh Calveley of Lea. Tradition assigned to him for bride no less a personage than the Queen of Arragon, but recent researches have altogether refuted this popular error. all probability, he never married, and to a certainty, he left no issue. His next heir was his grandnephew,


DAVID DE CALVELEY, eldest son of Sir Hugh Calveley, the younger, and grandson of David, the second son of the first David Calvelegh of Lea.

He held the property for some years, but died without issue, temp. Henry IV., and was succeeded by his brother,

HUGH DE CALVELEY, Esq. of Lea, whose post mortem inquisition bears date 11 Hen. VI. By Maud, his wife, dau. and heir of Sir Henry Hubeck Knt., of Leicestershire, he left a son and heir,

SIR HUGH CALVELEY, Knt. of Lea, who married Margaret, dau. of Sir John Done, Knt. of Utkinton, and left at his decease (Ing. p. m. 10 HEN. VII.) a dau. Eliz. wife of John Eyton of Rhuabon, co. Denbigh, and a son and heir, SIR HUGH CALVELEY, Knt. of Lea, whose wife was Christiana, dau. and heir of Thomas Cottingham, and whose children, by her, were four daus., Alice m. to Richard Clyve of Huxley, Jane m. to Sir John Legh of Bagulegh, Dorothy m. to Robert Massey of Coddington, and Eleanor, who d. unm., and one son,

SIR GEORGE CALVELEY of Lea, Knt. He m. Elizabeth, dau. of Sir Piers Dutton of Hatton, Knt., and had besides a son and heir, SIR HUGH, four other sons and six daus., viz. Peter and George, both d.s.p., John, valet of Queen Mary, Anthony d. without lawful issue, Catharine wife of John Beeston, Esq. of Beeston, Elizabeth wife of Richard Gerard of Crewood, Eleanor, wife of John Davenport of Calveley, Christina wife of Richard Hough of Leighton, Joan wife 1st of John Edwards of Chirk, co. Denbigh, and 2nd of Sir Ralph Leycester, Knt., and Dorothy wife 1st of Robert Boswek, and 2ndly of Edward Almer. The eldest son and heir,

SIR HUGH CALVELEY of Lea, knighted at Leith 1544, m. Eleanor dau. and heiress of Ralph Tattershall of Bulkeley, and by her had, besides a dau. Eleanor wife of John Dutton Esq. of Dutton, three sons I. Sir George Calveley, Knt. of Lea, eldest son and heir, m. 1st, Margaret dau. of John Moreton of Moreton, and 2ndly, Agnes dau. and heiress of Anthony Browne of Wodhull, relict of Richard Chetwode, Esq. and by the latter only had issue two sons, George and Hugh, both d. infants. He d. 5th August, 1585. II. Hugh d. s. p.; and III. HUGH. The youngest son and eventual heir to his brother,

HUGH CALVELEY, Esq. of Lea, m. Mary dau. of Sir Ralph Leycester of Toft, Knt. and had, besides three daus., Elizabeth, m. Edward Dutton, Esq. of Dutton. Eleanor m. Henry, son of Sir Richard Lee of Lea, Knt., and Dorothy m. George Bostock of Holt,-a son,

SIR GEORGE CALVELEY of Lea, Knt. Sheriff of Cheshire, 1612, who m. 1st Mary dau. of Sir Hugh Cholmondeley, Knt. of Cholmondeley, and 2nd a dau of Sir W. Jones-which lady m. 2ndly Judge Littleton. By his first only, Sir George Calveley had issue, viz. Hugh, (Sir) his heir, Richard and George both d. s. p., Mary and Dorothy both d. young, Elizabeth m. Thomas Cotton, Esq. of Combermere, and Lettice m. Thomas Legh, D.D. third son of Peter Legh of Lyme, Esq. Sir George d. 19th January, 1619, and was succeeded by his eldest son and heir,

SIR HUGH CALVELEY of Lea, knighted when sheriff of Cheshire in 1642. He m. 1st, Lady Elizabeth dau. of Henry Earl of Huntingdon, and 2ndly, Mary dau. of Sir Gilbert Hoghton, Knt. of Hoghton Tower, co. Lancaster, and by the former only, had issue, a son and heir George Calveley, born in 1635, d. young. Sir Hugh d. without surviving issue, 4 April, 1648, and thus the male line of this ancient family ended. The estates were divided between the families of his sisters, Elizabeth, wife of Thomas Cotton, and Lettice wife of Thomas Legh, D.D. In the división of the estates, the manor of Lea, with the lands north of the brook, passed to the Cottons, those south of the brook to the Leghs of Lyme The first of these shares was sold by the late Sir Robert Salusbury Cotton, Bart., to Mr. Joseph White of London, and the others vested in Thomas Legh, Esq. of Lyme, M.P.

Notes respecting the Life and Family of John Dyer, the Poct.


THE biographies of the amiable and retiring author of Grongar Hill, have hitherto been so imperfect, such mere sketches, that the writer deems it but a justice to his ancestor, and a matter of some interest to the reading public, those who feel that facts throwing a light on the lives of great men, be they ever so small, should be placed on record, to give to the world all the materials in his power which may prove of service to future writers. And in the first place will be given a few notes relating to the poet's ancestors. His contemporary relatives, his and their descendants, will appear at length at the conclusion of these articles :

With regard to the origin of the Dyers from whom our author descended, there seems to be conflicting opinions, not among the printed lives of him, but among the family papers themselves From the papers in the hands of the Rev. Thomas Dyer, of Abbess-Roding, in the handwriting of the poet's father, Robert Dyer, Esq. of Aberglasney, it is clear that the last-named individual claimed descent from the Dyers of Somerset and Devon, and has drawn their arms beside his name, viz. or, a chief indented gules. Yet he is not uniform or steady in this statement, for in another paper, similar in other respects to the others, he states them to be of South Wales. These papers are numerous, agreeing tolerably, and systematically arranged thus:

'Non nobis nascimur.

Or, a chief indented gules quarterly with sable 3 goats passant argent (the allusion to arms is in some copies omitted,) by the name of Dyer, as in Guillim's Heraldry, are horne by Robert Dyer of Aberglasney, in the county of Carmarthen, Gent. descended from the ancient family of

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South Wales.

was the

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Robert Ferrars, the bishop of S. David, who was burnt at Carmarthen in the reign of Queen Mary, and his mother was descended


Sir William Thomas, formerly of Aberglasneyt

the family of Sir Wm. Thomas, formerly of Aberglasney He married Lhewellin Voythys, formerly of Aberglasney, Esq.

the family of Lhewellin Voythys, of Aberglasney.

Catherine, daughter and coheir of John Cocks, Esq., of Comins, in the county of Worcester, by Elizabeth, daughter and sole heir of Edmond Bennet, of Mapleton, in the county of Hereford, Gent.

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Cocks beareth sable, a chevron between 3 attires of a stag fix't to the scalp argent."

He states also that he got seals engraved for himself, wife, and son Robert, with the arms of Dyer; but as I have never seen or heard of these seals being in existence I know not what arms he meant.

A generation is evidently missed out here.

+ "This is a copy y' I left with Mr. Thomas.

W. H. L.

"It is remarkable that the Dyers became again possessed of the estate of Aberglasney purchased by Robert Dyer (married to Miss Cocks as aforesaid) of Sir Rice Rudd' Bart.-FRAN. DYER, his grandson."

Dyer indeed himself evidently leans to this origin, for in the Fleece is the following remarkable passage. (Book 3.)

One day arose

When ALVA's tyranny the weaving arts

Drove from the fertile vallies of the Scheld.

With speedy wing, and scatter'd course, they fled,

Like a community of bees, disturb'd

By some relentless swain's rapacious hand;
While good ELIZA, to the fugitives
Gave gracious welcome; as wise Ægypt erst
To troubled Nilus, whose nutritious flood
With annual gratitude enrich'd her meads.
Then, from fair Antwerp, an industrious train
Cross'd the smooth channel of our smiling seas;
And in the vales of Cantium, &c.

Narrating the different places of their settlement, he then goes on to specify amongst the others,

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Which in the first rough notes of the poem, in my possession, is represented thus:

Driven by ye D. of Alva,

nor brought ye Fleece alone

But various artizans allur'd they came

With all their instruments of art, their wheels
And looms and drugs of many a beauteous stain
SA pretious



See Cary, p. 70.

From the letter in the sequel it would appear that this descent from the Dyers of Somerset and Devon was derived from one Francis Dyer; but as I think nothing of this descent, for both the Dyers of Wales and Somersetshire date in England anterior to the Duke of Alva, and no proved descent from the latter race is given, I pass on to the poet's descent from the Dyers of Wales, which I think there can be no doubt is the true one.

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The Dyers of Cardiganshire and Pembrokeshire rank among the most ancient lines of Wales, but the pedigrees given of them, show their extinction in the main branch in heiresses, and give not the descendants of the cadets of the house. Their arms were Gules, an eagle displayed argent, beaked and crined or. And it must primarily be understood that the poet uniformly used the coat "Gu. 3 eagles displayed argent," and his brother Thomas's descendants bear the same. Upon the whole, this stock seems the most likely to derive our poet from, but leaving conjectures, we will now proceed to show his immediate ancestors.

The following extracts from the pleadings of the Duchy of Lancaster (anterior to Elizabeth's time) doubtless belong to our family, though they cast little lustre on it.

23 Hen. 8. Margery, late wife of William Davy, v. David Dyer, Mayor of Kydwelly.-Charge of aiding and abetting escape of murderer.Kydwelly Lordship, Gower Lordship.-Wales.

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24 Hen. 8. John Turner & ux. v. Charles Herbert, Howell Dyer, and others.-Forcible entry and tortious possession of messuage, lands and appurtenances, and false imprisonment.-Osbaston, Monmouth Lordship.-Wales.

3 Edw. 6. James William & ux. v. Morres Dyer and others.-Tortious possession of messuages, lands, and pasture, and detention of title deeds.-Kydwelly.-Caermarthenshire.

Then will come conveniently the following letter from Rowland Hickes, a relation of the family, which gives a fair account of the Dyers :—

Sber, 1716.

Honoured Cousen, According to y' request I have made what enquiry I could, and I send it to yu if any thinge of this natur will bee searviable to y" I shall be redy to searvice, yu will finde inclosed the names of the Ald" and principle Burgesses recorded in the charter granted by King James the first, 1618, by which it can not bee considared that y" are any wayes descended from Francis Dyer yu mentioned to bee in the reigne of Queen Elizabeth, for since y' grandfather was borne is above 122, who might be 22 or 23 when the charter was had, his father was then bee before her reigne, and abot the family it can not bee denied but that they were very ancient in this towne and responsible, when five of them was named in 24, especioly att that time when the town was both populous and rich, but nothing to what it had bine in former times, it is a common tradition that they, the Fishers, Collins, Rows, Edwards, and others, were hever since the Conquest, but I rather thinke that they came with Thomas and Morris de Londres, who got and built this castle, as nowe it is (with stone), Morris Dyer was the great granfather of Wm. Dyer. Henry Fisher was y' great grandfather, and John Fisher was his brother, who was the fifth mayor by this charter. Hugh Dyer was yr gt grandfather, Dd Dyer was John Dyer, my son in law's grandfather. I supose all these Dyers died soon after, for there is noe mention of them since, nor could bee except they had bine maiors, for wee have noe records but the names of the mairs until Richard Payne was the ninth maior, since wee have records that gives account of most materiall things that was acted, this far of the Ald"

John Dyer, who is named amongst the principle Burgesses, was John Dyer's grandfather by his mother, and David Dyer was Hugh Dyer yr great granf's Brother, named by David Roger Dyer and was the 13th maior there was a commission sent to Sr Gerard Bromley and Thomas Lowley, Esq. to enquire to the state of the towne in the fifth year of King James, wherein there severall of the Dyers in that Jury of 24 men. I doubt this is rather a trouble to y" than any satisfaction, and forbear any further (y' grandfather was the 21st maior) with due respects to y" and all yrs, I rest y' ever affectionat vnkle whilst

Ffor Mr. Robert Dyer att Aberglasney these to be left at the Nag's head in Carmarthen.


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