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OUR MISSIONS.

One of our missionaries has re- this proofs ever and anon appear. rently paid a visit to the American The missionaries report that better Baptist Mission in North Orissa. attention has never been given to He has sent an account of it to the their preaching than at the present Calcutta Christian Spectator. The time. In this, the prime work of facts are so interesting that we are every Christian mission, the mis. sure our readers will be thankful sionaries are assisted by some able to us for reproducing them in these native preachers.

Two hopeful pages.

instances of deep interest in the

preaching of the missionaries, on the “The brethren and sisters of this part of females, occurred recently, mission, ten in number, are connect- and were given to the writer. In ed with the 'Freewill' Baptist Chur- one case, a woman followed them ches of the United States, which are from a village where they had been chiefly to be found in the states of preaching a distance of two miles, New York, New Hampshire, and to learn as she said more of the Maine,-a location that augurs well wonderful things which they had for energy, courage, and endurance.

announced, and she remained with The stations occupied in Orissa are, them, listening to their teaching Balasond, by Mr. and Mrs. Smith; with a manifest interest, as long Jellasond and Santipore, by Mr. as she dared to be absent from her and Mrs. Phillips and Miss Craw- home. In another case, the women ford; and Midnapore, by Dr. and of a village invited Mrs. Phillips Mrs. Phillips, Miss Phillips, and into their houses to tell them of the Mr. and Mrs. Hallam. At each of Saviour Jesus, and at parting exthese stations a considerable num- pressed much concern that they ber of natives have been gathered would not hear these things again, into the Christian fold—not less at least for a long time. They than five hundred, and probably intreated her to stay several days more. There are amongst them with them. The missionaries many adults, both men and women, report a very general willingness, but the majority are young people- in the more distant villages espeorphans,

gathered up from the cially, to purchase tracts and gosdestitute children left by the terrible pels; a great number of which they Orissa famine, five years since. disposed of in their last itineracy. But not a few of these orphans are Experience taught them that quiet now approaching manhood.

house visitation obtained for them

better listeners to their instructions, "These brethren have from the than the multitudes at the bazaars first been indefatigable preachers of afforded. the gospel of the Lord Jesus. This they do in their daily visits to the “ In the western districts of this bazaars and neighbourhoods of their part of Orissa, there is a considerstations; and, during the cold able Santal population; and for some seasons, by extensive itineracies years the missionaries have made among the villages far and near. this interesting people the object

of their solicitude and Christian “In this part of Orissa, therefore, effort. In particular, the elder Mr. many persons cannot but have be- Phillips has bestowed much labour come acquainted with the leading upon their language, and has pretruths, at least, of Christanity. Of pared a grammar and a translation

of one of the gospels in it. His was there with Dr. Phillips, who, son, Dr. Phillips, is also giving was a visitor at our conference on: attention to the acquisition of the that occasion. He spoke with much language, and has made some use- readiness, and intelligence also, as: ful progress in speaking it. At the appeared from the interpretation present time the Santal villages are given of his address. Many signs perhaps the most hopeful spots in conduce just now to lead to the this mission. The poor people conviction that in the Santals the receive the missionaries very

Lord's saying will be signally ful. readily; seem very anxious for the filled, that 'many that were first education of their children, and shall be last, and the last shall be are sending them in large numbers first.' Our best hopes are raised to the mission schools, of which towards this people. there are at least forty in full operation.

' Among the visitors here was

the Santal scholar, Mr. Skrefsrad, “At one village, to the north- of Ebenezer. It was very gratify, west of Midnapore, two brothers,- ing to find that his addresses in peasants in good circumstances, Santali were perfectly understood besides others of their neighbours, by the Orissa Santals. This was have recently embraced the gospel, evident from the steady attention and are using their influence to given to him by all, both young and spread its truths around them. old. Moreover, when he raised a They were present at the conference, native Santal tune,sung at Ebenezer, and at one of its meetings avowed all joined in singing it, as being their intention to put up a place of familiar to them. In this incident, worship at their own cost in their then, we have a proof that the lan. village. The writer had some plea

guage of the people of the Orissa sant intercourse with these men. and Ebenezer districts, although They seemed to be true converts, they are more than two hundred and full of love and earnestness. miles apart, is substantially the Christianity has done much for same; and thus, as their tunes are

heir personal appearance; they the same, they must be one and the were cleanly in their persons, neatly

same people, with intimate interdressed, and in aspect intelligent, course between the one and the mild, and apparently warmly inter- other, Hence the nation is extenested in all that was going on. The sive, and presents a large field of son of the younger brother was labour for Christian missions. baptized during our stay, and the event was manifestly regarded with “It has been said that there is a great pleasure by the father and

large body of orphan youth attached uncle. The Santal nation is to this mission. The question will beginning to furnish its quota of naturally arise :-What becomes of Christian labourers. At Santipore these young people when they grow there is a Santal preacher who has So far as they are şantals, been to America; an elderly man,

he difficulty of providing for them of excellent character and natural is small. The Santals have not the ability. This_is not said from

same prejudices against Christians report only. Two years since, the that Hindoos and Mohammedans writer had the gratification of hearing him address, at some length,

have, consequently the young men,

on leaving school, can go back to a congregation of his countrymen their villages, and take land to cul

. at Ebenezer, our Santal mission tivate, or

find employment in station near Rampore Hath. He service, and thus provide for them.

up ?

ves.

more

Nor does much

understand and work it equally ficulty attend the finding means well with Mrs. Phillips herself.

support for the young men of This instrument has excited no indoo origin. At Santipore the small interest among the natives at ission has a large farm which Midnapore, and many come to see rents from a neighbouring rajah it, and look on with wonder ; nor be a low rent. Here the boys while is it mere curiosity, for they see its t school are taught to farm, and on profitable character,hence a machine, aving school they are supplied which the mission did not need at ith land, when they become ryots, present, was applied for by a native, id set up for themselves. Hither- and purchased for three hundred ), we believe, this mode of pro- rupees. If he uses it properly, it iding for them has worked well, will soon repay him the cost. nd relieves the brethren of anxiety is to the future of these orphans. "To all their other work the It is a part, too, of the training in missionaries have added that of the girls

' orphanages, to teach the Zenana visitation. At Midnapore inmates to work. At Midnapore, this is chiefly in the hands of Miss besides other modes of industry, Phillips. Of this work at the other Mrs. Phillips has provided the stations the writer cannot speak nstitution with a sewing machine, with certainty; but at Midnapore and the girls are taught to use it; Miss Phillips meets with a ready and already it has become a source welcome in many families. She is of considerable profit to the mission, accompanied and assisted by the for the government readily take for most intelligent of the elder girls of the police all the garments which it the school. Thus, in their several can supply, and these are not a few. departments, a most vigorous work The writer witnessed with some sur- is being conducted by the members prise the readiness and skill with of this mission, which sooner which the Santal girls handled this later cannot fail under God's bless. sewing machine. They seem to ing to yield a large harvest.

C.B.

or

NEWS OF THE CHURCHES.

WITHIN the last month or two a to Mr. Parker, the present minister, handsome marble tablet has been their desire to see a memorial erected erected in Carey Baptist

Chapel, in remembrance of the man who enMoulton, Northampton, in memory

dured many privations, and who of the late illustrious William Carey, travelled hundreds of miles to obtain D.D.

, who was the honoured founder funds for its erection. The friends of that place of worship, and for connected with the place at once pearly five years the self-denying cheerfully responded to Mr. Parker's pastor of the church. During the appeal, and, with valuable help from meetings of the Baptist Union at

the Rev. O. M. Birrell, Chairman of Northampton several of the ministers the Union, and other gentlemen, and delegates visited Moulton to the work has been accomplished, view the spot where the celebrated much to the satisfaction of all parties.

was ordained to the work of the ministry; after expressing

The Baptist church at Morice their great pleasure with the chapei Square

, Devonport, under the pasand its surroundings, they suggested torai care of the Rev. Dr. Stock, has

missionary

recently opened new and commodious | street, Charlton-upon-Medlock, Man school premises in connection with chester; the Rev. L. L. Llewellyn their chapel. The cost has been who has for five years and upward about £1,000. Two bazaars have been associated in the ministry witl produced in all £315, and there now the Rev. J. H. Millard, B.A., & remains only about £120 to raise to Huntingdon, to Harvey-lane, Leices clear the new buildings of all debt. ter; the Rev. 1. Churchyard, The church proposes next thorough- Rawdon College, to New-stree ly to repair the chapel, at a cost of Hanley, Staffordshire; the Rev. I about £500.- The memorial stone of P. Cook, of Chilwell College, to Nant a new chapel has been laid at Castle- wich, Cheshire; the Rev. W.Julyan acre, Norfolk.—The memorial stone of of Ridgmount, Beds, to Cambray a new chapel has been laid at New Chapel, Cheltenham; the Rev. G Barnet, near London.The memor- Parker, of Chilwell College, to North ial stone of a new chapel has been Gate, Louth; the Rev. R. Bray, laid at Accrington, Lancashire, for Cutsdean, Worcestershire, to Hoo, the ministry of the Rev.O. Williams. Norton, Oxon; the Rev. J. Brown -The memorial stone of a new chapel of Chilwell College, to Desford, nea has been laid at West Croydon, near Leicester; the Rev. F. James, London, for the ministry of the Rev. Cookhill, late of Studley, Warwick J. A. Spurgeon.-A new chapel has shire, to Blakeney, Gloucestershire been opened at Great Staughton, The Rev. J. H. Gordon has re Hunts. The memorial stone of a sumed his ministry at Brockride new chapel has been laid at Shoreham, Darlington, Durham. The Rer. O Sussex, for the pastorate of the Rev. Bright, of Church, near Accrington, J. W. Harrald.-A new chapel has has resigned his pastorate at that been opened at Briercliffe, Lancashire, place. The Rev. W. F. Gooch hay for the pastorate of the Rev. R. resigned the pastorate of the Church Littlehales.-The memorial stone of at Diss, Norfolk, after a ministry o an enlarged chapel, for the pastorate six years. The Rev. G. H. Rouse of the Rev. F. Trestrail, has been laid M.A., being about to return to India at Newport, Isle of Wight.

for a time, to assist the Rev. J. Traf

ford at Serampore, has resigned th The Rev. J. J. Irving has been post of tutor at Haverfordwes recognised as the pastor of the South College. The Rev. W. L. Giles ha: Side Baptist

Church, Glasgow.-The resigned his charge at Cannon Street, Rev. W. Cuff has been recognised as Birmingham, after a the pastor of the Church at Acton, nearly nine years. The Rev. W Middlesex.-The Rev. W. L. Mayo, Peppercorn, LL.B., lately ministe late of Helston, Cornwall, has been of the Baptist Chapel, Lowestoft recognised as the pastor of the has accepted an invitation from th Church at Heywood, Lancashire. Congregational Church,

- The Rev. J. Thomas, late of Llan- Chapel, Sheffield. The Rev. T. Tui gollen College, has been recognised ner has, after a pastorate of four an as the pastor of the Church at Aber- a half years, resigned his pastorat cwmboye, Glamorganshire.--The at Foulsham, Norfolk. Rev. A. J. Towell has been recognised as the pastor of the Church at We regret to announce the deat Grove-street, South Hackney. of the Rev. B. Davies, of Greenwich

pastorate of

Nethe

which took place on the 11th of May The following reports of MINISTER- in the thirty-ninth year of his age IAL CHANGES have reached us since also of the Rev. W. J. Stuart, 0 our last issue:-The Rev. C. A.

Preston, Lancashire, in his sixty Davis, of Chesterfield, to Grosvenor

fourth year.

THE CHURCH.

"Built upon the foundation of the Apostles and Prophets, Jesus Christ Himself

being the chief corner-stone."

AUGUST, 1872.

MISSIONS IN INDIA.

Vaishyas,

BY THE REV. G. H. ROUSE, M.A.

II. OBSTACLES TO SUCCESS.-CASTE. In England we can form no idea of the terrible force exerted by the caste system of India in hindering the spread of the gospel. This is an obstacle which missionaries have to contend with in no other country, and it is impossible for us to understand the nature of our work in India unless we know what the word “caste" ” means.

Originally there were four castes—the Brahmins, or priestly caste, who were said to have sprung from the mouth of Brahma, the Infinite Being; the Kshetriyas, or warriors, who sprang from his arm; the

or mercantile class, who sprang from his thigh; and the Sudras, or servile class, who sprang from his feet. Manu, the great Hindoo lawgiver, who lived many centuries before Christ

, formally fixed this fourfold division. He called all the three first castes Dwijo, or “ twice-born,” and ordered

that the Sudras should serye them. Å Brahmin's son, even now, is not considered as a Brahmin until, at a certain age, by the ceremony of initiation, he is born again."

It is remarkable that in India we should meet with this phraseology, which it is to be feared will make the Hindoos too susceptible of the doctrine of baptismal regeneration, so sedulously advocated by the present Bishop of Calcutta and his High Church brethren. There is therefore all the more need for us to send the gospel there in its simplicity. The laws of Manu claim unbounded veneration for the Brahmins.

“ All the universe is under the power of the gods, the gods are subject to the mantras [incantations], the mantras are subject to the Brahmins; the Brahmins are therefore

“Even wicked Brahmins are to be venerated; but not Sudras, though of subdued passions ; just as the cow that eats foul things is better than the pig with good dispositions." "The Brahmin is by right the chief of this whole creation." “Never shall the king Blay a Brahmin, though convicted of all possible crimes.

“ He who does not immediately bow down when he meets a Brahmin, becomes a on the earth.”

Even at the present day one may often see the

our gods."

hog

VOL. XIV. NO. VIII.

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