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was relieved of Morant Bay by of 4000, and where I hope to be enEr. Watson's settlement, I pushed abled to establish a third central in, at first into two, and, subse- station. The three central stations quently, into another portion. The thus in course of formation ought first of these was what we may call

for the next two or three years to the middle valley of the Yallahs have the whole of my time and laRiver, from which a number of bour gratuitously bestowed. Monkmembers had been gradually ga

lands is fit, to have its own native thered and temporarily united with pastor, and can give him £100 a Monklands. On the 6th April these, year to begin with, and a prospect to the number of seventy-four mem- of considerable increase. My resi. bers and twelve inquirers, were dis

dence here is too low down, and I missed from Monklands, 'and, on ought to reside some fourteen miles the 20th, formed into a separate higher up, so as to be central to the Church; under the name of "The heaviest part of the work. I hope Yallahs Valley Baptist Church.' the work will be done, and that our We are trying to get a site for a Society will have a share in doing chapel which will be central to many it; for it will be a reproach to have villages and settlements, in which made so successful a commenceare many people calling themselves ment, and then to abandon the field. Baptists. With God's blessing this “I must not make this letter too will become a large station in the long, but I should like some day, if course of time.

it will be agreeable to you, to give "But there is a yet more elevated you some account of my missionary valley of the Yallahs River, with a experiences, and of the characters large population; and in this I I meet with in my missionary pereformed, last month, the nucleus grinations. I have only mentioned of a Church, which I hope to some results, but you must not imasee increase greatly, I have written gine that these results have been to James Carson, Esq., proprietor obtained without many difficulties of Green Valley, soliciting him and much labour. The work has

or sell us a site for a been not unfrequently, very, trying, chapel; and, should he grant our both physically and spiritually; but request

, the Church will most likely an old soldier like you will be quite take the name of Green Valley. Mr.

aware of this. Carson resides, I believe, at Great

“ With Christian love, Marlow, Bucks, and is an extensive I remain, my dear brother, proprietor in Jamaica. Recently I

Ever very truly yours, have been visiting a third portion of

W. TEALL." the district on the Falls River,

- MORANT Bay, around which there is a population

May 6th, 1872.*

to give

NEWS OF THE CHURCHES. It is intended to hold the autum- M.A. The meeting was very successnal session of the Baptist Union at ful in all respects, though no large Manchester, in the second week of increase is reported. Last year, the October,-from October 7-10. Churches numbered 20,628; this

The one hundred and third annual meeting of the Association of

General A new Church has been formed at Baptists has been recently held at

Maldon, Essex, under the pastorate Stoney Street, Nottingham, under of the Rey. J. Stockdale. the presidency of the Rev.J.Clifford,

year, 20,970.

new

A new chapel has been opened at Hanger, of Lifton, Devon, to HighGreat Staughton, Hunts, in connec- bridge, Somerset; the Rev. J. tion with the Church at Huntingdon. Manning, of St. John's Hill, Shrews. -The memorial stone of a new bury, to Welshpool, Montgomery; chapel has been laid at Shoreham, the Rev. J. A. Wheeler to Goda Sussex, for the ministry of the Rev. manchester, Hunts; the Rev. G. T. J. W. Harrald.-A new chapel has Ennals, of Leicester, to Tower Street, been opened at Briercliffe, Lanca- West Hartlepool; the Rev.G.Turner, shire, for the ministry of the Rev. of the Metropolitan Tabernacle R. Littlehales.-The chapel at Bray College, to Tottenham, London; the ford, Devon, has been re-opened Rev. R. Aikenhead, of Wantage, after alterations and improvements. Berks, to King Street, Wigan; the -A new chapel has been opened at Rev. Ĝ. H. Llewellyn, of Erwood West Retford, Notts, for the ministry and Ramah, to Maesyrberllan; the of the Rev. J. J. Dalton.—The foun. Rev. G. W. Bannister, of Amersham, dation stone of a new chapel has Bucks, to Hope_Street, Shipley, been laid at Llanfair, Montgomery- Yorkshire; the Rev. H. Phillips, shire.-The chapel at Holt, Den- B.A., of Evesham, to Blackfriars bighshire, has been re-opened for Road, Glasgow; the Rev. G. M. the ministry of the Rev. R. Williams, Bergin, late of Weston-super-Mare

, late of Agra, after having been to Sutton, Surrey; the Rev. G. closed for upwards of twelve months. Howe, of Ross, Herefordshire, to -The memorial stone of a Countesthorpe, near Leicester; the chapel, schoolroom, and minister's Rev. J. T. Owens, of Loscoe, Derbyresidence, has been laid at Campden, shire, to Burton-on-Trent. The Gloucestershire, for the ministry of Rev. W. W. Cantlow, has, on account the Rev. R. Irvine.

of continued ill health, resigned his

pastorate at Isleham, Cambridge, The Rev. J. F. Smyth, late of shire. The Rev. J. Duff has resigned York, has been recognised as the his pastorate of the Church at pastor of the Church in St. George's Wellington Street, Stockton-onchapel, Canterbury.- The Rev. T. Tees. The Rev. W. Fuller has R. Evans, late of Countesthorpe, intimated his intention to resign his has been recognised as the pastor of pastorate at Studley, Warwickshire. the Church in Charley Way, Sheep- The Rev. A. Ibberson has resigned shed.—The Rev. J. Wilshire, late of his pastorate at Salem chapel, Taunton, has been recognised as the Dover. The Rev. A. Doel has repastor of the Church at St. Mary's signed his pastorate at Enfield Gate, Derby.-The Rev. M. Morris Highway, Middlesex. The Rev. G. has been recognised as the pastor of Whitehead has, on account of conthe Church at Consett, Durham.- tinued ill health, resigned the The Rev. E. S. Ladbrook, B.A., late pastorate of the Church at Rotherof Andover, has been recognised as ham. The Rev. A. Hamilton has the pastor of the Church at Eden- resigned the pastorate of the Church bridge, Kent.--The Rev. F. G. at Aylsham, Norfolk, and intends Masters has been recognised as the shortly to go to New Zealand. pastor of the Church at Helston, Cornwall.

We regret to announce the death

of the Rev. U. Foot, for twenty, The following reports of MINIS

seven years pastor of the Church at TERIAL CHANGES have reached us Collumpton, Devon, at the age of since our last issue :-The Rev. J. sixty-three.

THE CHURCH.

"Built upon the foundation of the Apostles and Prophets, Jesus Christ Himself

being the chief corner-stone."

SEPTEMBER, 1872.

MISSIONS IN INDIA.

BY THE REV. G. H. ROUSE, M.A.

ill-qualified

III. AGENCIES AT WORK. We have briefly considered the difficulties which lie in the way of the evangelization of India—we proceed now to inquire what agencies we employ for the accomplishment of this great work.

In connection with all the Protestant societies of Europe and America, there are about five hundred missionaries and two thousand native preachers. It is, therefore, a mistake to suppose that native agency is neglected in the mission field. About one in seven of the male members of the native churches are statedly engaged either as preachers or schoolmasters—a much larger proportion than at home. Instead of having employed too few native Christians as preachers, we have really often, from the fewness of the native converts, engaged

men because there were none others to engage. Our wisdom for the future will be to act with more caution, and to seek to engage only men who are better trained.

The work of all these missionaries and native agents is, in one way or another, directly or indirectly, the proclamation of “ Christ crucified.” With the Apostle, we believe that in all parts of the world, to men of every clime, of every tongue, of every faith, the one only means of pardon and sanctification is, not philosophy, nor education, nor

nor the mere preaching of the unity of God and the duties of morality,—but, the preaching of Christ crucified, whether in

or the school, or the home. course the first place in the list of agencies at work is due to the simple preaching of the gospel. This is the missionary's great work, that to which by far the greatest amount of energy is directed, and which in all ages is the great instrument by which God" saves them

And if we would try to picture to ourselves the ordinary work of the missionary, we cannot do so better than by remembering that he is abroad just what an open-air preacher is in England. Whether he be able to itinerate, or the climate compel him to remain for some months at his own home, yet his work is simply to go out

civilization,

the bazar,

Of

that believe."

VOL. XIV.

NO. IX.

S

He may

on the

into the public ways and preach Christ Jesus. During that period of the year

when he cannot itinerate, he will live at home, it may be in large city, it may be in a country town. If in the former, he will be always sure of having a good congregation in the bazar, or th part of the town where the shops are, and where, in the cool of th morning or evening, a large number of persons are always coming an going. If he is living in a country town, he will perhaps make it rule in the morning to walk out to some adjacent village to preach and in the evening to go and preach in the bazar of the town. A native preacher or two, it may be, are with him; or perhaps he goes to one part of the bazar and the preachers to another. An open-air preacher, as at home, may begin with a hymn or with reading a part of a chapter, till a few are gathered about him, or he may commence with talking to one man, and gradually others will come round to listen

take a text, or a parable, or a narrative in the Bible as hi subject-sometimes he will lay hold of any incident that may take place, and make that his subject; just as his Master, looking fields said, “A sower went forth to sow.” To the weaver he will speak of the robe of Christ's righteousness; to the passengers in the ferry

, boat he will speak of Christ who will “ ferry us” over from this world to the next. He meets some natives walking to the magistrate's court

, and he speaks of their impending trial in the court of heaven for treason against its King and the murder of that King's Son; and tells them that there is but one Advocate who can clear them, and who will do so without money and without price. Whatever may be his mode od beginning his address, it will soon come round to the simple preaching of the gospel. This is his aim: not controversy, but conversion ; not to attack Hindooism, but to preach Christ. But sometimes he cannot avoid controversy. As at home the open-air preacher often has to meet the arguments of the Romanist or the infidel, so in India the missionary has to meet the arguments of the Hindoo and the Mohammedan. He does not court controversy-he rather avoids it, knowing that it will very likely draw off the attention of his hearers from the preaching of the cross; but if it is forced upon him he must take

Such is the missionary's daily work. Every morning or the week, or at both times, he will go out into

a village or into the bazar, preaching the gospel of the grace of God. In the daytime be may have other work-inspecting the schools, conversing with

inquirers or with the native Christians; or, it may be, that with an hour or two's talking morning and evening in a crowded bazar, he feels little strength for any other kind of work in the mid-day temperature of an Indian summer, and therefore needs to spend the interval rather in rest than in work.

During the cold season, the missionary will devote all the time he can spare to itinerant evangelization. Accompanied by one or two native preachers, he will go from village to village, and town to town, preaching the gospel. Generally he will travel with a tent; in some parts of the country, as for instance in eastern Bengal, he will find it more

up. evening in onvenient to travel by boat; and in some parts he may be able to find acommodation as he goes along. He will generally, in Bengal at least, need to take most of his provisions with him, and he will take also a good supply of tracts and portions of Scripture. He will then travel about, sometimes preaching in two or three villages in the same day, sometimes staying several days in the same place, according as God's hand nay lead him. Everywhere his work will be open-air preaching, such as that just described. The chief difference will be, that on his itineraney the people perhaps will be more attentive, it being such a strange thing to the villagers to hear a “Padre Sahib," and that the zoolness of the season will enable the missionary to be preaching and talking to the people at greater length than when at home. In each case there will be the same preaching of the simple gospel, the same reluctance to enter upon mere controversy, and the same necessity, in spite of this reluctance, sometimes to enter upon it. The arguments he will from time to time have to meet will be of all kinds. The orthodox Hindoo will defend his Hindooism, though in many parts not so much as formerly, because the preaching of the gospel for so many years has tended largely to enlighten the minds of the people and to make them ashamed of the absurdities of Hindooism. The Mohammedan will defend the Koran, and assail with all the bitterness of his soul the Sonship and Deity of our Lord. Pantheistic and fatalistic excuses for sin will be pleaded; and the latest assaults on Christianity at home will be repeated in India. Hence we see how much of readiness is required in the missionary on his preaching tours to meet these varied objections, although, to a large extent, he has to encounter the same objections over and over again. At home there are special occasions, such as fairs, races, and so forth, when a large number of persons will be congregated together. These occasions the open-air preacher makes the most of. There are similar gatherings in India

. There are a large number of holy places in that land, at each of which there is an annual religious fair, called a melá. At these melás vast crowds congregate, sometimes tens or hundreds of thousands—in some cases even millions of people. It is considered a source of great religious merit to attend these melás, and therefore people come to them from all parts of India, sometimes from a distance of hundreds of miles. To the great Juggernaut festival in Orissa, for instance, pilgrims come from the utmost extremities of India

, a thousand miles and more away. These gatherings thus present a great opportunity for the preaching of the gospel, because people come to them from towns and villages into which a missionary has never entered; and they may thus hear the news of salvation through Christ

, which 'otherwise they could never have heard. Accordingly, when one of those melás is to be held, the missionaries in the neighbourhood unite to seize the opportunity. They go forth, one, two, three, of more together, and take with tħem some of the native preachers,

the outskirts of the crowd, and preach to all who will listen to them; and as so many come from parts of the country

station themselves

on

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