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enough within it to know what into a speck, and eternity becomes they do, and feel the weight of the the paramount object of man's anxgolden dress on its shoulders, and ieties and hopes, where Truth is the furrow of the crown edge on the made more valuable than all things, skull; no more. Would you take to be bought at all risks, while Truth the offer verbally made by the death- is not to be sold for the world. And angel? Would the meanest among the prevalent selfishness which lies us take it, think you?

at the basis of that mechanical and Yet practically and verily we grasp utilitarian spirit of which we have at it, every one of us, in a measure; spoken, is sorely rebuked by the many of us grasp at it in its fulness

very thought of a Divine Redeemer, of horror. Every man accepts it who, moved by no selfish aims, but who desires to advance in life with | in disinterested kindness, compas. out knowing what life is; who means sionately visits, and by the sacrifice only that he is to get more horses of Himself ransoms His envenomed and more footmen and more fortuno foes; and whose Gospel makes al and more public honour, and—not mankind my brethren in a common more personal soul. He only is ad- sin, doom, and ransom, and bids me vancing in life whose heart is getting freely give to my fellow-man what softer-whose blood warmer, whose have most freely received.- Rev. W brain quicker, whose spirit is enter- R. Williams, D.D. ing into living peace.-Ruskin.

How old are you? Twenty-fire THE doctrine of the Cross is not Thirty? Are you happy to-day: sordid and selfish, and, so far, it Were you happy yesterday? Are corrects the mechanical, utilitarian

you generally happy? If so, you tendency of our times. Against the have reason to judge that you wil lust of gain it sets, in strong con- be happy by-and-by. Are you s trast, the example of Christ's volun- busy that you have no time to b tary poverty, and in solemn warning, happy ? and are you going to b the Saviour's declaration how hardly happy when you are old, and you the rich man enters the kingdom of have not so much to do? No; yo heaven. Against the disposition will not. You now have a spece which would set material interests men of what you will be when you above all others, and teach us to re- are old. Look in the face of to-day gard the tangible goods of earth as That about the average. Tha the only real or the only valuable will tell you what you are going to possessions, the Gospel shows Christ be. What you are carrying alon setting moral far above all material with

you is what you will have by interest, and uttering the brief and and-by. If you are so conductin. pithy questions, before which avarice yourself that you have peace wie turns pale and ambition drops his God, and with your fellow-men, ar unfinished task :“ What shall it pro- with your faculties; if every

de fit a map if he gains the whole you insist that duty shall make ye world and lose his own soul, or what happy, and you take as much tin shall a man give in exchange for his as is needful for the culture of you soul?"

If, as the great English social faculties, you will not be moralist said, that which exalts the

hausting life, and it will be conti future, and disengages man's mind ually replenished. But if you a from being engrossed by the present, saving everything up till you get serves to elevate man to the true

be an old man, habit will stand lil dignity of his nature, how great the a tyrant, and say, “You would n practical value of a faith in whose

enjoy yourself before, and

you

sha far-reaching visions time dwindles not now." How many men the

was

а

are who have ground and ground to less robes, and say, "I am free from make money, that they might be the blood of all men !". Happy then, happy by-and-by, but who, when to hear even one soul saying to us they got to be fifty or sixty, years out of the great multitude, that, old, had used up all the enjoyable following the shadow of our Christnerve that was in them! During ian life and devotion, he found Jesus their early life they carried toil and and heaven.-Rev. T. Stork, D.D. economy and frugality to the excess of stinginess, and when the time came that they expected joy, there

We are pilgrims to a dwellingno joy for them.-H. W.

place of blessedness; and the light

that streams through its open por. Beecher.

tals ought to suffice us as we approach It is said that among the high

them. An anticipated beatitude, a Alps at certain seasons the traveller

sanctity that even now breathes of is told to proceed very quietly, for

Paradise, a grace which is already on the steep slopes overhead the

tinged with the richer lines of glory,

- these should mark the Christian snow hangs so evenly balanced that the sound of a voice or the report

disciple, and these as he advances

in of

years, gun may destroy the equilibri

should deepen and brighten um, and bring down an immense

upon and around him, until the disavalanche

tinction of earth and heaven is that will overwhelm everything in ruin in its downward

almost lost, and the spirit in its path. And so about our way there placid and unearthly repose is gone, may be a soul in the very crisis of

as it were, before the body, and at its moral history, trembling between

rest already with its God-a being life and death, and a mere touch or

already invested with a deathless shadow determine its destiny.

life, already adopted into the immemay A

diate family of God, already enrolled young lady who was deeply im

in the brotherhood of angels, yea, of pressed with the truth, and was

the Lord of angels; a being who, ready, under a conviction of sin, to

amid the revolutions of earth and ask, "What must I do to be saved ?” had all her solemn impressions dis

skies, feels and knows himself inşipated by the unseemly jesting and

destructible, capacitated to outlast laughter of a member of the church

the universe, a sharer in the immorby her side as she passed out of the

tality of God. What is there that

can be said of such an one which Her irreverent and worldly spirit cast a repellant shadow

falls not below the awful glory of

His position ! on that young lady not far from the

Oh, misery, that kingdom of God.' How important

with such a calling, man should be that we should always and every

the grovelling thing he is; that, where walk worthy of our high call

summoned but to pause for a while ing as Christians!

in the vestibule of the eternal Tem

ple, ere he be introduced into its "So let our lives and lips express sanctities, he should forget in the

The holy gospel we profess." dreams of his lethargy the eternity Let us remember that we are al

that awaits him! Oh, wretchedWays casting the shadow of our real

ness beyond words, that, surrounded life upon some one; that somebody

by love, and invited to glory, he is following us, as John followed

should have no heart for happiness; Peter into the sepulchre. Happy

but should still cower in the dark, if , when all the influences of life flow

while light ineffable solicits him to back and meet us at the judgment,

behold and to enjoy it !-W. Archer

Butler, we can lift up clean hands and spot

sanctuary:

NEWS OF THE CHURCHES. THE Autumnal Session of the Bap- Shoreham, Sussex, for the ministry ţist Union will be held in Manches- of the Rev. J. W. Harrald.—The ter on the 9th and 10th of October. foundation stone of a new chapel We are requested to state that all has been laid at Dalton-in-Furness, communications and inquiries must for the ministry of the Rev. D. be addressed to the Rev. D. Mac- Thomas. gregor, 53, Grafton Street, Oxford Road, Manchester.

The Rev. T. Hanger has been The Rev. Dr. Brock having re

publicly recognised as the pastor of signed the pastorate which he has

the

Church at Highbridge, Somerset.

- The Rev. J. P. Owen has been reso long and so honourably held at Bloomsbury Chapel, it has been de

cognised as the pastor of the Church cided to present him with a testi

meeting in Salem Chapel, Burton

on-Trent.—The Rev. J. P. Davies monial in the form of an annuity of not less than £200 a year. Never

has been recognised as the pastor of

the churches, Ebenezer and Penuel, was such a testimonial better deserved.

Bryndery, South Wales.

The College at Haverfordwest The following reports of MINISheld its annual meeting a few weeks TERIAL CHANGES have reached us since, the interest of the meeting since our last issue:-The Rev. J. being all the greater from the fact Stock, LL.D., of Devonport, to his that the Rev. G. H. Rouse, who is former pastorate at Salendine Nook, going immediately to resume his near Huddersfield; the Rev. J. G. work in India, then took leave of the Hall, of Irwell Terrace, Bacup, to College. Mr. Rouse was presented Astley Bridge, Bolton; the Rev. T. by the students with a handsome James, of Cookhill, to Blakeney, gold watch. The report for the year

Gloucestershire; the Rev. C. Bright, was entirely satisfactory.

of Church, Accrington, to Lodge

Road, Birmingham; the Rev. T. The foundation stone of a new Wheatley, of the Metropolitan Tachapel has been laid at Faversham, bernacle College, to Weston-superKent, for the ministry of the Rev. Mare; the Rev. C. Chant, of HoniA. Bax.—The memorial stone of a ton, to Dalton, North Devon; the new chapel has been laid in Lordship Rev. W. F. Gooch, of Diss, Norfolk, Lane, Dulwich, for the pastorate of to Falmouth, Cornwall; the Rev. G. the Rev. H. J. Tresidder. – The Charlesworth, of Maiseybampton, Baptist chapel, Bassaleg, Monmouth- to Wincanton, Somerset; the Rev. shire, has been reopened, after re- R. J. Mesquitta, of Pershore, Worpair and enlargement.-A new chapel cester, to Warkworth, Northumberhas been opened at Abingdon, for land. The Rev. H. Angus has rethe ministry of the Rev. W. Pontifex. signed the pastorate of the Church -A new chapel has been opened at in Claremont Street, Shrewsbury.

THE CHURCH.

"Built upon the foundation of the Apostles and Prophets, Jesus Christ Himself

being the chief corner stone."

NOVEMBER, 1872.

MISSIONS IN INDIA.

BY THE REV. G. H. ROUSE, M.A.

V. RESULTS. We have thus far looked at the obstacles to success and the agencies at work in India, we now inquire what has been the fruit of our labours. In a field so vast, with obstacles so many and so great, and labourers so very few, we ought not to marvel if they had been very small—we believe it will be found that they have been very great.

First of all, we ask, What do we mean by results, by success ? Our great object is to convert souls, this is the one end we have in view, and with nothing else can we be satisfied. But we must not therefore measure our success simply by the number of conversions. There are other results which, though not in themselves the object we aim at, yet by removing obstacles out of the way, or preparing the hearts of men for the reception of the truth, help towards the realization of our great end—the conversion of precious souls to God.

A man settles in the backwoods of Canada; his aim is to turn the forest-land into acres rich with golden grain, and all that he does

is with this end in view. But he does not measure his progress simply by the number of bushels of corn he has gathered in. He has to felí the trees, and clear the ground, and plough the earth, and sow the seed; and if after months of toil he can only point to so many acres cleared, he feels that he has made progress, even if he has not gathered a single grain into his garner. And, if he were compelled to forge his own implements, he could speak of progress when his axe and plough were ready, though not a single tree had yet been felled. So we may say of our work in a heathen land; whilst our great aim is the conversion of souls, yet to have removed prejudices, and shaken religious systems, and weakened evil customs which had occupied the soil of the human heart and prevented the truth from entering or bearing fruit, to have awakened in many minds over a large area a conviction that heathenism is false and Christianity is true; all this indicates great progress, because it shows that the way is being cleared,

VOL. XIV. NO. XI.

Y

so that the truth may exert its proper influence upon the hearts of men; nay, more, to have prepared the implements with which we labour is progress; to have composed grammars and dictionaries for the aid of future missionaries, and to have made translations of Christian books, above all, of the Bible, implies much necessary work accomplished, which will not need to be done again. A brief notice is due to this last point—the preparation of books, the implements with which we labour.

When the first missionaries went to India, there were hardly any books that would help them to learn the language, and their progress in its acquisition was therefore slower than it would otherwise have been. Hence, when they had acquired the respective languages of the country, they in many cases prepared dictionaries and grammars in order that those who followed them might not have to encounter the difficulties that they themselves had to meet. This work is now accomplished; books of this class have been prepared, latterly to a great extent by civilians; but, at first, the missionaries were compelled themselves to compile such books, if they were to be prepared at all, and part of their time and strength was given to the preparation of them.

Of the translation of the Bible we have already treated at some length. We will simply remark, that within the present century the whole Bible has been translated into at least thirteen different languages spoken in India ; that these translations have been in many cases revised again and again ; that now the great mass of the 200,000,000 inhabitants of India may read in their own tongue th whole counsel of God in a conscientious and faithful translation 9 His word. A great deal of time and labour has been spent upon thi work by our missionary brethren of all denominations; and surely most precious result has been attained thereby in the last sevent years. In addition to the translation of the Bible, a more or les considerable Christian literature is springing up in all these languages Many English books, such as the “ Pilgrim's Progress" and the Holy War," have been translated into them, and many original native booke and tracts have been composed and published. It is true that in every Indian language the Christian literature is far smaller than it ought to be, and few things are more needed for the growth and progress of the native Church than the publication of a large number of religiou books, adapted to the native mind. Still, when we look at the paucity of labourers, and the amount of other work that they have had to do we cannot but feel that the preparation of so many religious books 11 the vernacular languages of the country indicates very real and sub stantial progress.

Let us now consider the amount of our success in the highest sense of the word, as measured by the number and character of the nativ converts. According to the statistics of 1852, there were at that time in India and Ceylon, 395 missionaries, 331 churches, 746 native pastor and preachers, 18,410 members of native Churches, and 112,41

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