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United States Mint.
Officers of the Branch at New Orleans, La.
Salary. J. M. Kennedy, Superin. $2,500 Philos B. Tyler, Coiner ..$2,000 Wm. P. Kort, Assayer,... 2,000 Hor. C. Cammack, Treas." 2,000 John L. Riadel, Melt.d. Ref.2,000
Oficers of the Branch at Dahlonega, Ga.
Salary. J. J. Singleton, Superin. . $2,000 David M. Mason, Coiner .. 1,500 J. W. Farnham, Assayer .. 1,500
Officers of the Branch at Charlotte, N. C.
Salary. J. H. Wheeler, Superin. • $2,000 John R. Bolton, Coiner ..$1,500 J. H. Gibbon, Assayer.....1,500
Number of Post Offices on the 1st of May, 1840....13,376.
Privilege of Franking. Letters and packets to and from the following officers of the government, are by law received and conveyed by post, free of postage :
The President and Vice-President of the United States, Secretaries of State, Treasury, War, and Navy; Attorney-General; Postmasters-General, and Assistant Postmasters-General; Comptrollers, Auditors, Register, and Solicitor of the Treasury ; Treasurer; Commissioner of the General Land Office; Commissioners of the Navy Board; Commissary-General; Inspectors-General; Quartermaster-General; Paymaster-General; Superintendent of Patent Office; Speaker and Clerk of the House of Representatives; President and Secretary of the Senate; and any individual who shall have been, or may hereafter be, President of the United States; and each may receive newspapers by post, free of postage.
Each member of the Senate, and each member and delegate of the House of Representatives, may send and receive, free of postage, newspapers, letters, and packets, weighing not more than two ounces, (in case of excess of weight, excess alone to be paid for,) and all documents printed by order of either house, from the period
of sixty days before he takes his seat in Congress, till the next meeting of the next Congress.
Postmasters may send and receive, free of postage, letters and packets not exceeding half an ounce in weight; and they may receive one daily newspaper each, or what is equivalent thereto.
Printers of newspapers may send one paper to each and every other printer of newspapers within the United States, free of postage, under such regulations as the Postmaster-General may provide.
United States Executive Government. The fourteenth presidential term of four years, since the establishment of the government of the United States under the constitution, began on the 4th of March, 1841, and it will expire on the 3d of March, 1845.
William H. Harrison, Ohio, President.. $25,000
Va., Vice-President, and President
THE CABINET. The following are the principal officers in tné executive department of the government, who form the cabinet, and who hold their offices at the will of the President:
Salary. Samuel L. Southard, New Jersey, acting Vice-President. $5,000 Daniel Webster, Mass., Secretary of State
..6,000 A. P. Upshur, Virginia, Secretary of the Navy
.6,000 John C. Spencer, New York, Secretary of War
..6,000 Walter Forward, Penn., Secretary of the Treasury . .6,000 Charles A. Wickliffe, Kentucky, Postmaster-General. .6,000 Hugh S. Legare, South Carolina, Attorney-General .4,000
Officers of the Senate.
-$3,000 Second Engrossing Clerk.$1,500 Chief Clerk..
£1,800 Sergeant at Arms and ? Executive Clerk
.1,500 Doorkeeper, First Legislative Clerk. .1,500 | Assistant Doorkeeper .1,450 Second do. .1,500 Messenger
.700 First Engrossing Clerk....1,500
} ... 1,500
Officers of the House of Representatives.
Salary. .1,500 . 1,450 .1,500
LIBRARY OF CONGRESS.
Salaries in the different Departments of the General Government.
DEPARTMENT OF State.
Salary. Secretary . $6,000 Another
$1,000 Chief Clerk...... 2,000 Another
.900 Diplomatic Bureau. One Clerk. .1,600 Translator
1,500 Distributing Agent........1,400 Another...
Commissioner of Patents..3,000 Two Clerks, each.... .1,400 Chief Clerk.....
..1,700 Home Bureau.
Two Examiners, each.. ..1,500 Two Clerks, each..
Salary. Secretary $6,000 | 5th Auditor..
.3,000 Chief Clerk.. $2,000 Chief Clerk.
Treasurer's Ofice. 1st Comptroller.. .3,500 Treasurer..
.3,000 Chief Clerk. .1,700 | Chief Clerk.
.1,700 2d Comptroller,
.3,000 Chief Clerk..
Chief Clerk..... ..1,700 1st Auditor
.3,000 Chief Clerk,
Solicitor's Office. 2d Auditor...
.3,500 Chief Clerk..
Land Office. 3d Auditor..
..3,000 Commissioner General....3,000 Chief Clerk. ..1,700 Recorder
.2,000 4th Auditor. ..3,000 Solicitor..
..2,000 Chief Clerk.. ...1,700 | Chief Clerk.
- $6,000 Commissioner... .3,000 Chief Clerk...
.2,0:0 Chief Clerk...... ..1,600 Pension Office.
Paymaster-General's Ofice. Commissioner.
..3,000 Paymaster-General .2,500 Chief Clerk.....
.......1,760 | Chief Clerk...... ..1,700 Adjutant-General's Office.
Purchasing Department. Colonel and Adjutant-General. Com. General of Purch. ..3,000 Sx Assistant Adjutants-Gen. Chief Clerk...... ..1,700 Clerk.
Surgeon-General .2,500 Principal .1,600 Clerk..
.3,500 Secretary .,
.2,000 Chief Clerk.
SURVEY OF THE COAST OF THE UNITED STATES.
Salary. Principal....... • $6,000 Three others, each $2,000 Two Assistants, each.. ..4,000 Three others, each. .1,500 Two others, each... ..3,000 | Another...
Post OFFICE DEPARTMENT. Assistant Postmaster-General, First Division...
.2,500 ..2,500 ..2,000 .3,000 .2,000
Salaries of the Officers of the Supreme Court.
Salary. Chief Justice... . $5,000 Reporter
$1,000 Eight Assoc. Justices, each 4,500 Clerk .....
.1,000 Attorney-General ...4,000 Marshal...
.Fees, &c. The Supreme Court is held in the city of Washington, and has one session annually, commencing on the 2d Monday of January.
Congress. The Congress of the United States consists of a Senate and House of Representatives, and must assemble, at least, once every year, on the 1st Monday of December, unless it is otherwise provided by law.
The Senate is composed of two members from each state; and of course the regular number is now 52. They are chosen by the legislatures of the several states, for the term of six years, one third of them being elected biennially:
The Vice-President of the United States is the President of the Senate, in which body he has only a casting vote, which is given in case of an equal division of the votes of the Senators. In his absence, a President pro tempore is chosen by the Senate.
The House of Representatives is composed of members from the several states, elected by the people for the term of two years. The Representatives are apportioned among the different states ac
cording to population; and the 23d, 24th, 25th, and 26th Congresses have been elected in accordance with an act of Congress of 1832, one representative being returned for every 47,700 persons, computed according to the rule prescribed by the constitution; (five slaves being computed equivalent to three free persons.) The present regular number is 242 representatives, and 3 delegates.
Since the 4th of March, 1807, the compensation of each member of the Senate and House of Representatives has been $8 a day, during the period of his attendance in Congress, without deduction in case of sickness; and $8 for every twenty miles' travel, in the usual road, in going to and returning from the seat of government, The compensation of the President of the Senate, pro tempore, and of the Speaker of the House of Representatives, is $16 a day.
Votes for President and Vice-President. The following table, which we have prepared at the expense of some labor, will
be found nseful for reference. It exhibits the electoral votes given for the most prominent candidates for President and Vice-President of the United States, at the different elections since Gen. Washington's retirement.
1796 — President, John Adams 71, Thomas Jefferson 68; VicePresident, T. Pinkney 58, Aaron Burr 50.
1800 — President, Thomas Jefferson 73, John Adams 64; VicePresident, Aaron Burr 73, T. Pinkney 58.
1804 — President, Thomas Jefferson 162, Charles C. Pinkney 14; Vice-President, G. Clinton 163, R. King 14.
1808 - President, J. Madison 152, C. C. Pinkney 45; Vice-President, G. Clinton 118, R. King 47.
1812– President, J. Madison 127, De Witt Clinton 89 ; VicePresident, E. Gerry' 128, Jared Ingersoll 58.
1816 — President, J Monroe 188, R. King 34; Vice-President, D. D. Tompkins 113, opposition scattering.
1820 — President, J. Monroe 218, no opposition, except one vote given from New Hampshire ; Vice-President, D. D. Tompkins 212, opposition divided.
1824 Andrew Jackson 99, J. Q. Adams 84, W. H. Craw. ford 41, H. Clay 37. J. Q. Adams chosen by the house.
1828 — President, A. Jackson 178, J. Q. Adams 83; Vice-President, J. C. Calhoun 173, R. Rush 83.
1832— President, A. Jackson 219, H. Clay 49, John Floyd 11, Wm. Wirt 7; Vice-President, Martin Van Buren 189, John Sar geant 49, William Wilkins 30, Henry Lee 11, Levi Ellmaker 7.
1836 -- President, Martin Van Buren 170, W. H. Harrison 73, H. L. White 26, W. P. Mangum 11, Daniel Webster 14; Vice-President, R. M. Johnson 147, Francis Granger 63, scattering 84.
1840— President, William Henry Harrison 234, Martin Van Buren 60 ; Vice-President, John Tyler 234, Richard M. Johnson 48, J. K. Polk 1, L. W. Tazewell 11. (Harrison 19 states; Van Buren 7 do.] The electors meet at the capitals of the respective states in which