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Settlement of the Colonies.
.1607 | Maryland
1624 South Carolina
..1633 ..1635 ..1636
. 1650 ..1670 ..1682 ..1733
Forces supplied to the Revolutionary Army by each State, from
1775 to 1783, inclusive. New Hampshire .12,497 | Delaware.
.2,386 Massachusetts .67,907 Maryland
.13,912 Rhode Island .5,908 Virginia
26,678 Connecticut .31,939 | North Carolina..
.7,263 New York. .17,781 South Carolina.
6,417 New Jersey: .10,726 Georgia ....
.25,678 Total. — Regular troops
Chronological List of the Cabinet Officers of each Administration.
First Administration; 1789 to 1797; -8 years. GEORGE WASHINGTON,.. Virginia, ..April 30, 1789. President. John Adams,
Massachusetts,.. April 30, 1789. Vice-President.
Appointed. Thomas Jefferson, Virginia, Sept. 26, 1789. Edmund Randolph,. Virginia,
..Jan. 2, 1794. Secretaries of State. Timothy Pickering,.....Pennsylvania,...Dec. 10, 1795. Alexander Hamilton,....New York,......Sept. 11, 1789. Secretaries of the Oliver Wolcott,.. ..Connecticut, ....Feb. 3, 1795. Treasury. Henry Knox,
Massachusetts,..Sept. 12, 1789. Timothy Pickering,.....Pennsylvania, ..Jan. 2, 1795. Secretaries of War. James McHenry, Maryland, ...Jan, 27, 1796. Samuel Osgood, Massachusetts, ..Sept. 26, 1789. Timothy Pickering,.....Pennsylvania,... Nov. 7, 1791. Postmasters General. Joseph Habersham, ..... Georgia, ..Feb. 25, 1795. Edmund Randolph,..... Virginia,.. ..Sept. 26, 1789. William Bradford, ..Pennsylvania,...Jan. 27, 1794. Charles Lee,
Virginia,.... ..Dec. 10, 1795.
Second Administration; 1797 to 1801; 4 years. JOHN ADAMS,
Massachusetts, ..March 4, 1797. President. Thomas Jefferson, Virginia,... March 4, 1797. Vice-President.
Appointed. Timothy Pickering, ....Pennsylvania, -. (cont'd in office.) Secretaries of State. John Marshall,
.. Virginia, ........May 13, 1800. Oliver Wolcott, .Connecticut, ....(contd in office.) Secretaries of the Samuel Dexter,.........
Massachusetts, ..Dec. 31, 1800. } Treasury. James McHenry, .Maryland, ..(cont'd in office.) Samuel Dexter,... .Massachusetts, .. May 13, 1800. Secretaries of War. Roger Griswold,........Connecticut, ....Feb. 3, 1801. George Cabot, ::........Massachusetts, .. May 3, 1798. Secretaries of the Benjamin Stoddert,.....Maryland, ..May 21, 1798. } Navy. Joseph Habersham, ..Georgia, .(cont'd in office.) Postmaster General. Charles Lee,
. Virginia,... .(cont'd in office.) Attorney General.
Third Administration ; 1801 to 1809 ;-8 years.
Vice-Presidents. George Clinton, ......New York, March 4, 1805.
Appointed. James Madison,
. Virginia,... March 5, 1801. Secretary of State. Samuel Dexter,
Massachusetts, ..(cont'd in office.) Secretaries of the Albert Gallating. Pennsylvania,...Jan. 26, 1802. } Treasury. Henry Dearborn, Massachusetts, . . March 5, 1801. Secretary of War. Benjamin Stoddert, . Maryland, ....(cont'd in office.) Secretaries of the Robert Smith, ..Maryland, .Jan. 26, 1802. Navy. Joseph Habersham, .....Georgia, . ..(cont'd in office.)
Postmasters General. Gideon Granger,.. ..Connecticut, ....Jan. 26, 1802. S · Levi Lincoln,
Massachusetts, . . March 5, 1801. John Breckenridge,.....Kentucky, ......Dec. 23, 1805. Attorneys General. Cæsar A. Rodney,.......Delaware, ......Jan. 20, 1807.
Fourth Administration ;-1809 to 1817; -8 years. James MADISON, Virginia, March 4, 1809. President. George Clinton,.. N. Y., 1809, (died April 20, 1812. | Vice-Presidents. Elbridge Gerry, ..Mass., 1813, (died Nov. 23, 1814.) )
Appointed. Robert Smith,
. Maryland, March 6, 1809. James Monroe, .. Virginia,..... .Nov. 25, 1811. Secretaries of State. James Monroe,
Virginia,.. .......Feb. 28, 1815. Albert Gallatin, ..Pennsylvania,...cont'd in office.) Secretaries of the George W. Campbell,... Tennessee,
...Feb. 9, 1814. Alexander J. Dallas,
......Massachusetts, ..March 7, 1809. John Armstrong,. .New York, .....Jan. 13, 1813.
Secretaries of War. James Monroe,
Virginia,.. .Sept. 27, 1814. William H. Crawford, ..Georgia,
March 2, 1815. Paul Hamilton, . South Carolina, .March 7, 1809.
Secretaries of the William Jones, .Pennsylvania,...Jan. 12, 1813.
Connecticut, ....(contd in office.) Postmasters General. Return J. Meigs,
March 17, 1814. ) Cæsar A. Rodney, ......Delaware, ......(cont'd in office.) William Pinkney, ......
... Maryland, ....Dec. 11, 1811. Attorneys General. Richard Rush,...
..Pennsylvania,...Feb. 10, 1814.
Virginia, March 4, 1817. President.
Appointed. John Q. Adams,... Massachusetts, ..March 5, 1817. Secretary of State William H. Crawford, ..Georgia, ........March 5, 1817. Sec. of the Treasury
Isaac Shelby,.. ..Kentucky, .March 5, 1817.
Secretaries of War. John C. Calhoun, ...... South Carolina, .Dec. 16, 1817. Benj. W. Crowninshield, Massachusetts, ..(cont'd in office.) Secretaries of the Smith Thompson,....... New York,...... Nov. 30, 1818.
.Pennsylvania, ...March 7, 1825. Sec. of the Treasury. James Barbour, . Virginia,.. March 7, 1825.
Secretaries of War.
Seventh Administration ; – 1829 to 1837 ;-8 years.
.....New York, Edward Livingston, .... Louisiana,
Secretaries of State Louis McLane, .Delaware, John Forsyth, ..Georgia, Samuel D. Ingham,.....Pennsylvania,. Louis McLane, ..Delaware,
Secretaries of the William J. Duane, ......Pennsylvania,..
Tennessee, Lewis Cass, ..Michigan,..
Secretaries of War. Benj. F. Butler, (acting,) New York,.. John Branch,.. North Carolina,
Secretaries of the Levi Woodbury, .New Hampshire, Mahlon Dickerson,. New Jersey,
Navy. John McLean, ..Ohio,
Postmasters General, William T. Barry, ...... ..Kentucky, .................
[now first considered Amos Kendall, ...Kentucky,
às Cabinet officers.] Eighth Administration ; 1837 to 1841;-4 years. MARTIN VAN BUREN,... New York,.. March 4, 1837. President. Richard M. Johnson,....Kentucky, .March 4, 1837. Vice-President.
Appointed. John Forsyth, ..Georgia, .(cont'd in office.) Secretary of State. Levi Woodbury,.. New Hampshire, (cont'd in office.) Sec. of the Treasury. Joel R. Poinsett,. .South Carolina, .March 5, 1837. Secretary of War. Mahlon Dickerson,.. ...New Jersey, ....(cont'd in office.) Sec. of the Navy. Amos Kendall, .Kentucky, .(cont'd in office.) John M. Niles,..........Connecticut,
Postmasters General Ninth Administration ; 1841. William H. HARRISON, Ohio,..... March 4, 1841. President. John Tyler,
Virginia,........March 4, 1841. Vice-President Daniel Webster, . Massachusetts,
Secretary of State. Thomas Ewing, ..Ohio,
Sec. of the Treasury. John Bell,...
.......... Secretary of War. George E. Badger, ....North Carolina,
...... Sec. of the Navy, Francis Granger, ....... New York,
.......... Postmaster General. John J. Crittenden,.....Kentucky, .
.. Attorney General
A Record of Events connected with the History of the
1492. Columbus, on the 12th of October, landed at San Salvador, one of the Bahama Islands. He was the first European who set foot in the New World.
1493. He discovered St. Domingo, Jamaica, and other islands in the vicinity:
1497. North America was discovered by John Cabot and his son, who sailed from England on an exploring expedition.
1498. Columbus discovered South America.
1613. The Dutch erected a fort near Albany, and established a few trading houses at New York, then New Amsterdam, Manhattan Island.
1620. The Mayflower arrived at Plymouth; her crew commenced the first settlement in Massachusetts.
This year the Dutch first introduced slaves into Virginia. 1634. A settlement was made in Maryland by Lord Baltimore. 1635. The first settlement was made in Connecticut.
1664. New York, then New Amsterdam, was surrendered by the Dutch into the hands of the English.
1680. Carolina began to be permanently settled. 1681. A settlement was made in Pennsylvania by William Penn.
1720. Difficulties arose between the representatives of the people and the governor of New England.
1721. Carolina was divided into North and South Carolina.
1733. The first settlement was made in Georgia. At this period the whole coast between New Brunswick and Florida became settled with colonies, under the government of Great Britain.
1748. Delegates from seven of the colonies met at Albany to hold a conference with the Indians.
1755. Braddock was defeated by the Indians. George Washington was his aid, and took command after Braddock and others in command were slain.
1764. The British Parliament enacted a law imposing a duty on certain articles of merchandise. The colonies denied the right, asserting that they had domestic governments, which they alone supported.
1765. The stamp act was passed by Great Britain. This led to a quarrel between the colonies and the mother country:
1770. An affray took place between the British and Americans, in King Street, Boston, (now State Street,) in which four persons were killed, and others wounded.
1773. The tea, sent from England, was thrown from the ships into the sea, in Boston harbor.
Soon after, large bodies of troops were sent to subject the people.
1774. The General Court of Massachusetts recommended a Con. tinental Congress. It first assembled in 1775, in October.
1775. General Gage was commander-in-chief of the British forces in America.
This year the militia was fired at by the British at Lexington, Massachusetts, and a battle followed. A few months after, the battle of Bunker Hill took place.
1775. Bills of credit, or paper money, were first authorized by Congress.
The population of the colonies at this time, about three millions.
1776. A written constitution was adopted by New Hampshire. It acknowledged no source of power but the people. This was the first adopted in the colonies.
This same year, Congress recommended the colonies generally to adopt constitutions.
1776. July 4, the Declaration of Independence was proclaimed by order of Congress.
1776. December. A law was passed by the English Parliament, amounting to a declaration of war against the colonies.
1777. September. The battle of Stillwater was fought.
1777. Congress adopted articles of confederation, which were subsequently ratified by the several states.
1778. The independence of the United States was acknowledged by France.
1779." Up to this period $150,000,000 of paper money had been issued by order of Congress.
Thirty dollars of paper were given for one of silver : people finally refused to take it.
1781. Cornwallis surrendered to General Washington at Yorktown. The British naval force at this place was at the same time surrendered to count de Grasse.
* 1782. Pacific overtures were made by Great Britain to the colonies. John Adams, of Massachusetts, had been previously appointed, on the part of the colonies, to treat with Great Britain; three others were now added to act with him. Preliminary articles were, in November of this year, agreed upon at Paris.
1783. December. A definite treaty of peace between Great Britain and the United States was signed.
1783. The patriot army was dissolved. In November of this year, the British troops left New York.
“ Independence and peace did not immediately produce all the advantages which had been anticipated by an ardent and sanguine people. The evils of war were protracted beyond its duration. Public and private debts bore heavily upon the people, restraining their enterprise, and demanding all their resources.'
1786. In Massachusetts, the commercial distress, and the difficulty of effecting exchanges of property, was
so great, that an assembly of two thousand persons chose Daniel Shays for their leader, and demanded that the collection of debts should be suspended, and that the legislature should authorize an emis