Imagens das páginas

French and Americans, is forced to capitulate.—

Washington makes preparations for the campaign

of 1782. --------- pp. 164—193.


Washington recommends preparations for another cam-

paign.—Rumours of peace, which are at first doubted,

but afterwards are believed.—Discontents in the army.

—A meeting of the officers.—Address of Washington

• to them.—Soldiers from Lancaster mutiny.—The army

disbanded.—Washington takes leave of his officers.—

Settles his accounts.— Returns his commission to

congress, and retires to Mount Vernon, pp. 194—266.


General Washington, on retiring rom public life, devotes

himself to agricultural pursuits.—Favours inland na-

vigation.—Declines offered emoluments from it.—

Urges an alteration of the fundamental rules of the

society of the Cincinnati.—Regrets the defects of the

federal system, and recommends, a revisal of it.—Is

appointed a member of the continental convention

for that purpose, which, after hesitation, he accepts.—

Is chosen president thereof.—Is solicited to accept

the presidency of the United States.—Writes sundry

letteis expressive of the conflict in his mind between

duty and inclination.—Answers applicants for offices.

■—His reluctance to enter on public life. pp. 267—297.


Washington elected president.—On his way to the seat

of government at New York, receives the most flat-

tering marks of respect.—Addresses congress.—The

situation of the United States in their foreign and

domestic relations at the inauguration of Washing-

ton.—Fills up public offices solely with a view to the

public good.—Proposes a treaty to the Creek Indians,

which is at first rejected.—Colonel Willet induces

the heads of the nation to come to New York, and

treat there.—The north-western Indians refuse a

treaty, but, after defeating generals Harmar and Sin-

clair, they are defeated by general Wayne; they

then submit, and agree to treat.—A new system is

introduced, for meliorating their condition. - - -

pp. 398—322.

CHAP.- xn.

General Washington attends to the foreign relations of

the United States.—Negotiates with Spain.-—Diffi-

culties in the way.—The free navigation of the Mis-

sissippi is granted by a treaty made with major Pinck-

ney.—Negotiations with Britain.—Difficulties in the

way.—War probable.—Mr. Jay's mission.—His treaty

with Great Britain.—Opposition thereto.—Is ratified.

Washington refuses papers to house of representa-

tives.—British posts in United States evacuated.—

Negotiations with France.—Genet's arrival.—Assumes

powers in violation of the neutrality of the United

States.—Is flattered by the people, but opposed

by the executive.—General Pinckney sent as a public

minister to adjust disputes with France.—Is not re-

ceived.—Washington declines a re-election, and ad-

dresses the people.—His last address to the national

legislature.—He recommends a navy, a military

academy, and other public institutions, pp. 323—389.


Washington rejoices at the prospect of retiring.—

Writes to the secretary of state, denying the authen-

ticity of letters, said to be from him to J. P. Custis

and Lund Washington, in 1776.—Pays respect to his

successor, Mr.John Adams.—Review of Washington's

administration.—He retires to Mount Vernon.—Ke-

sumes agricultural pursuits.—Hears with regret the

aggressions of the French republic.—Corresponds oq

the subject of his taking the command of an army to

oppose the French.—Is appointed lieutenant-general.

—His commission is sent to him by the secretary of

war.—His letter to president Adams, on the receipt

thereof.—Directs the organisation of the proposed

army.—Three envoys extraordinary sent to France,

who adjust all disputes with Buonaparte, after the

overthrow of the directory.—General Washington

dies.—Is honoured by congress.—His character.—

pp. 390—430.

APPENDIX; containing the WILL of General

Washington ----------p. 431.

INDEX --------- pp. 451, &c.




Of the family and education of Gborge WashingTon.—He is sent on an embassy to the French commandant on the Ohio^—Is appointed lieutenantcolonel of a regiment, and an aid-de-camp to general Braddock.—Braddock's defeat.—Washington is appointed commander in chief of all the forces in Virginia.—His operations in 1755—1758.—Fort Buquesne taken.—Washington retires, and marries.

MpHE ancestors of George WASHiNGTO)sr -*• were among the first settlers of the oldest British colony in America. He was the third in descent from John Washington, an English gentleman, who, about the middle of the 17th century, emigrated from the North of England, and settled in Westmoreland county, Virginia. In the place where he had fixed himself, his great grandson, the subject of the following history, was born on the 22d of February 1732. His immediate ancestor 1732.

B was

?was Augustine Washington, who died when; his son George was only ten years old. The education of the young orphan, of course, devolved on his mother, who added one to the many examples of virtuous matrons, whor devoting themselves to the case of their children, have trained them up to be distinguished citizens. In one instance, her fears,, combining with her affection, prevented a measure, which, if persevered in, would have given a direction to the talents and views of her son very different from that which laid the foundation of his fame. George Washington, when only fifteen years old,, solicited and obtained the place of midshipman in the British navy; but his ardent zeal to serve his country, then at war with France and Spain, was, on the interference of his mother, for the present suspended, and for ever diverted from the sea service. She lived to see hhr* attain higher honors than he could have obtained as a naval officer; nor did she depart this life till he was elevated to the first offices,, both civil and military, in the gift of his country. She was, nevertheless, so far from being partial to the American revolution, that she frequently regretted the side her son had* taken in the contest between her king and her country. . .

In the minority of George Washington', the means of education in America were scanty. His was therefore very little extended beyond what is common, except in mathematics. Knowledge of this kind eontributes more perhaps than any other to strengthen the mind. In his case it was doubly useful, for in the early part of his life it laid the foundation of his fortune, by qualifying him for the office of a practical surveyor, at a time when good land was of eatey attainment. Its intimate connexion with the military art enabled him at a later period to judge more correctly of the proper means of defending his country.

Of the firft nineteen years of George Washington's life, little is known. His talents, being more solid than brilliant, were not sufficiently developed for public notice, by the comparatively unimportant events of that early period. His contemporaries have reported, that in his youth he was grave, silent, and thoughtful, diligent and methodical in busi* ness, dignified in his appearance, strictly honorable in all his deportment; but they have not been able to gratify the public curiosity with any striking'anecdotes. His patrimonial estate was little, but that little was managed with prudence, and increased

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