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not to be precipitate in disposing of the landed property therein directed to be sold, if, from temporary causes, the sale thereof should be dull, experience having fully evinced, that the price of land (especially above the falls of the rivers, and on the western waters) has been progressively rising, and cannot be long checked in its increasing value. And I particularly recommend it to such of the legatees (under the clause of my will) as can make it convenient, to take each a share of my stock in the Potomac company, in preference to the amount of what it might sell for, being thoroughly convinced myself, that no- uses to which the money can be applied, will be so productive as the tolls arising from this navigation when in full operation, and this, from the nature of things, it must be ere long, and more especially if that of the Shenandoah is added thereto.

The family vault at Mount Vernon requiring repairs, and being improperly situated besides, I desire that a new one of brick, upon a larger scale, may be built at the foot of what is commonly called the Vineyard Inclosure, on the ground which is marked 'out; in which my remains, with those of my deceased relations (now in the old vault), and such others of my family as may chuse to be entombed there, may be deposited. And it is my express desire that my corpse may be interred in a private manner, without parade or funeral oration.

Lastly, I constitute and appoint my dearly beloved wife, Martha Washington, my nephews, G e William

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Mr. Waiii- William Augustine Washington, Bushrod WashwiiL ington, George Steptoe Washington, Samuel Washington, and Lawrence Lewis, and my ward, George Washington Park Custis (when he shall have arrived at the age of twenty-one years), excutrix and executors of this will and testament.

In witness of all and each of the things herein contained, I have set my hand and seal, this ninth day of July, in the year one thousand seven hundred and ninety .*, and

of the independence of the United States
the twenty-fourth.

George Washington..

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* It appears tiie testator omitted the word nine.


Page 24. Hue 13. for Mrs. Curtis read Ctuti*.
—— 66. — 15. for Mislin read Mi/Jin.


Adams, Mr. John, mention of, p. 328.—Succeeds to the
"presidency, 395.—'Writes to Mr. Washington, 396.—i

Negociates with Buonaparte, 403.—His answer to the

address of the senate, condoling with him on the

death of Washington, 410.
Address and petition to Congress, of the officers of the

army of the United States, p. 198.
—— (anonymous) to the officers of the army, p. 204.
Adet, M. arrives as minister from the French republic,

P- 351 -.

Alexandria; Mr. Washington makes a bequest for the
support of a free school there, p. 433.

America; controversy between her and the mother
country touched on, p. 27.—The strength of the
forces entrusted to Washington at the commencement
of the war, 32.—Congress deputes Mr. Lynch, Dr.
Franklin, and Mr. Harrison, to confer with Wash-
ington on the means of supporting the arrny, 34.—.
Their plan attended with innumerable obstructions,
ib.—Reinforcements are at length obtained, 39.—>
Congress sends a vote of thanks to Washington on the
evacuation of Boston by the British, 42.—Increase of
its forces, 46.—Experience a defeat at Long island,
50^—The army dispirited, 51.—A war of posts deter-
mined on, 54.—The troops fly without waiting the
approach of the enemy, 55.—Their gallantly at
King's bridge, 58.—Driven from Jersey, 61.—The
flower of the army made prisoners on the reduction
of fort Washington, 63.—Congress removes from Phi-
ladelphia to Baltimore, 65.—Pardon offered to all
Americans who would relinquish the British service,
78.—The people entertain a high opinion of the
army, 84.—Congress votes its thanks to the general
and the troops after the battle of Germantown, 02.—•
Sufferings of the army, 97.—Co ' again dilute*
a committee to concert with general Washington,
106.—Adopts the measures of reform propo-ed for
bettering the condition 6f the forces, 109.—Destitute

. V 6 G 2 C0illlln~a

condition of the troops in the camp at Valley Forge,
. ib.—Congress votes its thanks to general Washington
on his gaining the battle of Monmouth, 118.—Dis-
content of the people at the conduct of D'Estaing,
121.—Projected expedition against Canada given up,
125.—Congress relaxes in warlike preparations, and
torpor of the public mind, 126.—Discontents in the
Jersey line, 127.—Destitute condition of the officers
of the army, 134.—Depreciation of the paper money,
and other national evils, 135.—The commander in
chief has no alternative, but to support his troops by
force, or disband them, 136.—The whole southern
army surrenders, 147^—Distress of the no; them
forces, ib.—Congress without the means of assisting
them, 150.—A disposition to mutiny indicated, ib.—
A part of the army revolts, 164.—Exhausted state of
the resources of the country, 178.— Have recourse for
help to France, ib.—Assisted with men and money,
180.—Success of the united armies at Yorktown,
190—Followed by the thanks of congress, the
triumph of the people, 191, 192.—The army univer-
sally discontented, 107.—The officers present a peti-
tion to congress, 198.—Intelligence of peace received,
and general joy of the army, 200.—The discontents
of the officeis increased by an inflammatory anony-
mous address, 204.—Its effects counteracted hy gene-
ral Washington, 207.—Congress decides on the claims
of the army, 29.4.—Mode of reducing the troops, ib.^—
A small portion of the new levies mutiny, and, march-
ing from Lancaster to Philadelphia, commit open out-
rage, 225.—A day fixed for the disbanding of the
troops, 247.—Address of the president of congress on
receiving back the commission of general Washing-?
ton ; witii the general's reply, 258.—Gloomy prospect
of the states tor ihe'first five or six years subsequent
to the peace, 279.—A new constitution formed, 290—
• Aid ti president chosen, 298.—btate of the country
at this period,. 315.—V\ ar with the Indians, 321.—
State or its foreign relations, 323.—Division among
its senators, 342.—.I he people take an enthusiastic
interest in the French cause, 344. 348.—The.French
republic sends away their ambassador, and seizes
American \ei.sels, 354.—The people take leave of
their ok' president, and elect a new one, 393,—A new
army ordered to repel a threatened invasion by the


French, 395.—Accommodation of the dispute with
France, 403.—Proceedings of the government on
learning the death of Washington, 405.— Unfeigned
grief of the nation, 414.
Armstrong, general, mention of, pp. 66. 89.

Barras, 1110ns. de, commands the French squadron at
New Fort, p. 181.

Blair, Mr. John, appointed an associatejudge, p 319.

Boston, blockaded by the Americans, p. 37.—Evacuated,
by the British, 41.

Braddock, general, arrives at the head of two British
regiments, p. 9.—Invites colonel Washington to his
aid, ib.—Engages the French and Indians, and has
three horses shot from under him, 13.—His death, ib.

Brandi/rcine, battle of, p. 84.

Buchan, earl of, mention of in Washington's will, p. 441.

Burgoyne; intelligence of his surrendering arrives, p. 94.

Campaign of 1775, p. 27.—Of 1776, p. 43.—Of 1777,
p. 75.—Of 1778, p. 106.—Of 1779, p. 126.—Qf
1780, p. 144—Of 1781, p. 164.

Carleton, sir Guy, succeeds Clinton as commander
in chief of the iorces of Great Britain, p. 196.—
Announces the probability of a speedy peace, ib.

Castries, the marquis de, mention of, p. 180.

Charleston, surrenders to the British, p. 145.—Its en-
thusiastic notice of the French ambassador, 344.

Chastelleux, chevalier de, assists in forming the plan of
operations, p. 182.

Choisy, general de, invests a part of the British force,
p. 188.

Cincinnati, society of the, p. 278.

Clair, St. general, sent against the Indians, p. 321.

Clinton, sir Henry, succeeds general Howe in the
command of the British army, p. ill.

Columbia; Washington makes a bequest for endowing
a university within its limits, j<. 436.

Commission of general Washington, p. 260.

Connecticut laid waste by the British, p. 138.

Cornwaltis, lord, surrenders to the confederated forces,
p. 190.

Craik, Dr. a legntee named in Washington's will. p. 442.

Cmhing, Mr. William, made an associatejudge, \ . 319.

Custis, Mrs. marries Mr. Washington, p. 24.

c G 3 D'Estaia

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