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Conestoga Indians : On the Manor, and Critico, 78. Socrates and
173. Massacre of, 174, 175.

Glaucon, 78.
Congress: Franklin delivers their Dialogue between X, Y, and Ze

Declaration of Rights, 214. Frank- 165.
lin a member of, 216, 217. Send Dialogue between two Presbyte-
Franklin to France, 217, 218–220. rians, 78.
Send Adams out and recall Deane, Dialogue between Britain, France,
231. Appoint Franklin sole min-

etc., 225.
ister, 232. Accept his resigna- Dialogue between Franklin and the
tion, 240.

Gout, 236.
Connecticut, issues paper bills, 57. Dickinson, John, 181, His speech,
Constables in old times, 83.

182. Called “ The Maybe," 182.
Constitutions of the States : Trans- Tries to defeat Franklin, 186, 187.

lated by Dubourg, 224. Forbid- Dictionary: Publication of Cham-
den to be published, 230. French bers's, begun in Keimer's news.
estimate of, 224.

paper, 48. Ended, 65.
Conyngham, Gustavus, 229-239. Dogood, Silence, Essays of, 23–26.
"Cool Thoughts,” 180, 181.

Dollar, Spanish, petition to increase
Copley medal given to Franklin, number of shillings in, 58, 59.
156.

Donegal, 174.
Courant, The New England : Start- “ Drinkers' Dictionary,” 78.

ed by James Franklin, 21. Char- Duane, William, edits Franklin's
acter of, 23. Articles contributed works, 261.
by Franklin, 23-26. Notice of Dubourg, Barbeu, translates Frank-
pirates off Block Island, 26, 27. lin's electrical writings, 156.
Editor of, in jail, 27, 28. Remarks Meets Franklin, 207. Translates

the conduct of Governor his writings, 207. Difficulty of,
Shute, 28, 29. Franklin forbid. 207, 208. Letter to Franklin, 219.
den to print, 29. Benjamin Translates the State Constitu-
Franklin becomes printer, 30. tions, 224. Forbidden to publish,
Dr. Janus, 30-32.

230.
Coxe, D. His plan of union for the Duel, relative to Hutchinson Let-
colonies borrowed by Franklin,

ters, 211.
162, 163.
Crequi, Marquise de, 223.

Easton, 164.
Credit bills in the colonies, 55, 57- Economists, The, 206.
64.

“Edict of the King of Prussia,"
Crown Point, 161, 164.

204, 205.
Cuba, call for volunteers to plun- Edinburg Review, charges against
der, 138, 139.

J. Franklin, 262.
Cushing, Thomas, 210.

Education: Franklin's proposals re-
garding, 135, 149.

His scheme,
Dalibard, draws electricity from the 149-151. Founds the Philadel-
clouds, 156.

phia Academy, 151. His “ Idea
Dashwood, Sir Francis, abridges of an English School,” 151, 152.

the Book of Common P.ayer, 92. Education of Franklin, 3-9, 18-21.
David, paraphrased by Franklin, Election, An old time, 184-186.
86.

Electricity,“ New Experiments and
Deane, Silas, 219, 229, 230, 231.

Observations in,'' 155, 156.
Declaration of Rights, 214.

Franklin's experiments repeated
Denman, befriends Franklin, 44. in France, 156. The kite, 150.
D'Estaing, 231.

“ Ephemera, The," 236, 237.
Defense of Printers, 75, 76.

Epictetus : first translation in Amer-
De Foe: Keimer publishes his Re-

ica, 94.
ligious Courtship, 48.

" Essay to do Good,” Mather's, 5.
Delaware, outrages on the river, “ Essays on Projects,” De Foe, 5.
140, 141, 142.

Essays of Franklin in the Courant,
De Lor, 156.

23-25. In the Mercury,

49-53, 117.
Dialogues between Philocles and In the Pa. Gazette. In London

Horatius, 78. Between Socrates journals.

9

" Farmer's Letters," Franklin's

preface to, 206.
"Family of the Boxes,” 78.
Fires : Method of extinguishing, 84.

Franklin's attempt at reform, 85.
Fire companies, 85. Action for

defense of Philadelphia, 146, 147.
Fleet, Thomas, Boston publisher,

18.
Folger, Abiah, 3.
Forts, the French chain of, 161.
Franklin, Abiah, 3.
Franklin, Benjamin: Baptized in

Old South Church, 2. Name of
parents, 3. Date of birth, 3.
Education, 3. Taste for the sea,
4. Early reading, 5, 6. Buys
Pilgrim's Progress, 8. Appren-
ticed to his brother, 11. Writes
ballads, 14. Sent to hawk them,
18.

Efforts to get books, 18, 19.
Studies the “ Spectator," 20-21.
Writes Dogood Papers, 23, 24, 25.
His indenture cancelled, 30. Edits
the Courant, 30. His fiction of
Dr. Janus, 30, 31. Quarrels with
his brother, 32, 33. Leaves Bos-
ton, 33. Seeks work of W. Brad-
ford, 33.

Walks across New Jer-
sey, 34, 35.

Reaches Philadel-
phia, 35. Finds work, 39. Re-
turns home, 39. Sent to London
by Keiiner, 40. Becomes journey-
man printer, 40. His Disserta-
tion on Liberty and Necessity,
41-43. Meets Bernard de Mande-
ville and Henry Pemberton, 43.
His London life, 43, 44. Re-
turns to Philadelphia, 44. Em-
ployed by Keimer, 44. Founds
the Junto, 44. Becomes father
of a son, 45. Forms partnership
with Meredith, 45, 46. First job,
46. Prints part of Sewel's Hist.
of the Quakers, 46. Plans
newspaper and is betrayed by
Webb, 47. Writes “The Busy
Body" for the “Mercury,” 48,
49, 50. Denies that he printed
"A Touch of the Times,” 50.
Ridicules Keimer, 50, 51. Prob-
ably wrote “ A Short Discourse,"
etc., 50, 51, Buys the “Universal
Instructor,” 53.

a

Writes a pam-
phlet on paper money, 60-64.
Prints the Penna. paper money,

64.
“ The Pennsylvania Gazette," 65.
Character of the Gazette, 66-88.
Defends Mr. Hemphill, 79-82.
Attempted reforms, 82-85. Forms

a fire company, 85. Paraphrases
of the Bible, 85-89. The
“ Levee," 89. The Parables, 90-
92. Abridgment of the Cate-
chism, 92. Poems, 93. Dissolves
partnership with Meredith, 96.
Opens a shop, 96. Habits of
work, 97. Begins “Poor Rich-
ard," 97. Takes a hint from
“ Poor Robin," 101. The name
of “ Richard Saunders " from an
English almanac, 101. Issues
“ Poor Richard," 102. The Pre-
faces, 103-109. Humor of, 109,
110. Poor Richard's maxims, 111-
113. Father Abraham's Address,
114-226. Popularity of, 126-
129. Starts

a magazine, 129.
Quarrel with John Webbe, 129–
134. Failure of the magazine,
135. Plans for a school, 136.
Issues“ Proposals for Promot-
ing Useful Knowledge," 136, 137.
Letter to his brother, 140. Writes
“ Plain Truth,” 142. Advertise-
ment of, 142–144. Starts an as-
sociation for defense, 145, 146.
Popularity, 149.

His proposals
relative to the education of youth,
149-151. Founds Academy, 151.
The Academy becomes University
of Pennsylvania, 152. Sells the
newspaper, 153. Prosperity of
Franklin, 153, 154. Returns to
scientific studies, 155. His scien-
tific pamphlets, 155, 156. Re-
printed in London, 156. The
famous

kite experiment,. 156.
“ Translated into French,
Neglected by the Royal Society,
155. Elected a member, 156.
Given the Copley Medal, 156.
Made a postmaster - general for
the colonies, 157. Sent to an
Indian conference at Carlisle,
157. Character as a public man,
158. Appoints his relatives tó
office, 158.

Reforms the post-
office, 158, 159.

" Join or die,”
162. Plan of. Union at Albany,
162.

Similarity to D. Coxe's
plan, 162, 163. The assembly
sends him to Braddock, 163.
Furnishes Braddock with wagons,
164. Is thanked by the assem-

Frames a militia bill,
165.

Writes A Dialogue be-
tween X, Y, and Z," 165. Put
in command of the troops and
goes to Gnadenhütten, 166. Sent

51 156.

bly, 164.

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to represent the province at Lon- edged by France, 231. Quarrels
don, 167. Writes “Meanes of with American envoys, 232. Sole
disposing the Enemie to Peace," Minister to France, 232. His
169, 170. " The Interest of Great friends at Pussy, 233. Madame
Britain,” attributed to him, 171, Brillon, 233.

Madame Helvetius,
172. Returns to Philadelphia, 234, 235. The Bagatelles, 236-240.
172. Sent to remonstrate with Returns to United States, 240-
" Paxton Boys," 177. Writes “ A 241.

Popularity at home, 241-
Narrative of the Late Massacre,' 243. Papers written on the voy-
178.

“Cool Thoughts,”' 180, 181. age home, 241. “Retort Cour-
Speaker of the assembly, 182. teous," 243, 244–246.

“ Sending
Signs the Address to the King, Felons to America,” 243, 244.
182. Preface to Galloway's “ Likeness of the Antifederalists
Speech, 182. Is lampooned, 183, to the Jews,” 243. Delegate to
184. The election, 184–185. Is the Constitutional Convention,
defeated, 185. Sent to London as 246. “Plea for Promoting the
agent of the province,. 187. Condition of the Free Blacks,".
"Remarks on a Protest,

187. 246. “ Address to the Public,”
Starts for London, 187. His

etc., 246.

Account of the
character defended by Hughes, Supremest Court," 246, 247.
187, 188. Estimate of, by Pem- “ Martin's Account of his Consul-
berton, 188.

Reaches London, ship,” 249. Death, 249, 250. His
189. Recommends Hughes as a Autobiography, 251-269. His
stamp officer, 191. His opinion works, 270-272. His place among
of the Stamp Act, 191, 192. Pop- men of letters, 272, 273. His
ular rage against Franklin, 193– teaching, 274, 275.

His style,
195. Examined before Parlia- 276. Letters, 276-278. His
ment, 198. Lampooned, 198–200. greatness, 278, 279.
Writings in the London 'news- Franklin, Benjamin (uncle of Ben-
papers, 200-202.

" Rules for jamin), 4 and note.
reducing a great empire to a Franklin, Deborah Read : Aids her
small one," 203. “An Edict of the husband. Letter to her husband,
King of Prussia," 204, 205. Mis- 194. Life and family, 215.
cellaneous Pieces, 205, 206. Trip Franklin, Josiah : Father of Ben-
to Paris, 206,208. Meets the jamin, 3. Seeks a trade for Ben-
“Economists," 206. First edition jamin, 4, 5. Books in his library,
in English of his works, 207. 5.
First translation into French, 207. Franklin, James : Benjamin appren-
Difficulties of, 207, 208. Hutchin- ticed to, 11. Prints Boston Ga-
son Letters, 208–212. Turned

zette, 13.

Starts New England
out of the post-office, 213. De-

ourant, 21.

Character of Cou-
fends his action in the Hutchin- rant, 23. In jail for libel, 27, 28.
son affair, 213. Tory press Forbidden to print Courant, 29.
attacks him, 213. Delivers the Cancels the indenture of Ben-
Declaration of Rights, 214. Re-

jamin, 30.
turns to America, 214. Deborah Franklin, William, 166.
Franklin and her family, 215. Franklin, William Temple : Inher.
Franklin chosen to Congress, its his grandfather's papers, 254.
216, 217. Sent to France, 217. Advertises for them, 256, 257.
History of the mission, 218-220. Goes to London, 258. Accused of
Reception at Nantes, 220. Mes- selling the papers, 260-264. Pub-
senger sent to forbid his coming lishes part, 264. History of the
to Paris, 220. Reception at Passy, rest, 264, 265. Bought by U. S.,
221.

Great popularity of, 221- 265. Trades the manuscript of
223. Abused in French books, the Autobiography, 266.
223. Writes “A Comparison of Friends, establish a press, 39.
Great Britain and America,” 225. “Freedom of Thought,” 26.
"A Dialogue," etc., 225. His life French, The: Wars with the English,
at Passy, 226, 227. Trouble with 55–57. Explorations and discoveries
the privateers, 229, 230. Acknowl- by, 159,160. Found Mobile and New

At-

Orleans, 160. Build Crown Point, | Hemphill, Samuel, 79. Persecuted
Niagara, Presque Isle, 161.
tempt to drive the English from
Ohio Valley, 161, 162. Continued
success, 164, 166. Defeats, 168.

Is

Galloway, Joseph, 181. Franklin's
Preface to his speech, 182.
defeated for assembly, 185. Let-
ter to Franklin, 193, 194. Frank-
lin leaves his papers with, 252.
"Gazette, The Pennsylvania: "
Founded by Keimer, 47, 48.
Bought by Franklin and Meredith,
65. Character of, 66-88. Ac-
count of the witch trial, 71-74.
Reply to the ministers. 74-76.
Defense of Mr. Hemphill, 79-82.
Account of the "Associators,"
142-144. Sold to D. Hall, 153.
Effect of Stamp Act on, 196.
Gazette, The Boston, 13.
"General Magazine," 129 135.
Genesis, Franklin's, 51st chapter, 90.
"Gentleman's Magazine," 91, 205.
German language: First newspaper
in, 94. First book printed with
German type, 94.
Gnadenhütten, 164, 166.

Governor of Pa.: Sends Franklin to
Boston, 39. To London, 40. Asks
assembly to defend the province,
137. Reply of assembly, 138.
Proclamation of, calling for
troops, 138, 139. Quarrel with
assembly over redemptioners, 139.
Quarrels with assembly over tax-
bills, 165, 167. Conduct toward
the "Paxton Boys," 175, 176.
Green, Dr. S. A., cited, 112, note.
Grenville: His Stamp Act, 188-190.

Gives the colonial agent an au-
dience, 190. Falls from power,

193.

Hall, D.: Franklin sells the Gazette,
Almanac, and printing house to,

152.

"Hand-in-hand," The, 85.
"Handsome and Deformed Leg,"
236.

Hanging Scenes at the hanging of
pirates, 14, 15,

Harvard College: Books not in
library in 1723, 7. First copy of
"News Letter" carried to pres-
ident of, 13.
"Heart-in-hand," 85.
Helvetius, Madame, 233-235. Baga-
telles written for, 236, 237, 238.

by the presbytery, 79-80. De-
fended by Franklin, 80-82.
"Hints for those that would be
Rich," 110.

"Historical Collections," Burton's,
8.

"Hooped Petticoats Arraigned," 6.
"Honour of the Gout," 97.
Hopkinson, Francis, 240.
Hodge, William, 229, 230.
"How to Please in Conversation,"
78.

"Human Vanity," 237.
Hunter, Wm., a postmaster-gen-
eral with Franklin, 157.
Humble Petition, presented to Ma-
dame Helvetius by her Cats, 237.
Hughes, John: Defends Franklin,
187. Stamp distributer, 191.
Letters to Franklin, 195.
Hutchinson, Thomas, famous letters
of, 208-212.

"Idea of an English School," etc.
151.

Indians: Franklin has a conference
with, 157. Massacres by, in Penn-
sylvania, 164. Conspiracy of
Pontiac, 172, 173. Moravian In-
dians, 173. Massacre by the
"Paxton Boys," 174, 175. Rem-
nant taken to Philadelphia, 175.
Threatened by the Paxton Boys,
176, 177. "Remarks concerning
the Savages," 157, 240.
"Information to those who would
remove to America," 240.
Inoculation: Mather attempts to in
troduce it at Boston, 22.
abused by the Courant, 22, 23.
"Interest of Great Britain Consid-
ered," dispute as to authorship,
171, 172.

Is

Intelligencer, The National, charges
against Temple Franklin regard-
ing the Autobiography, 260-261.
Izard, Ralph, 211, 232.

James, Abel, finds MS. of Autobiog
raphy, 255.

Jansen, Reynier, 39.

"Janus, Dr.," the pretended dic
tator of the Courant, 30-32.
Jackson, Richard, 171.
Jackson, James, Franklin's reply to
248, 249.
Jay, John, 218.

Jerman, John, ridiculed in "Poor
Richard," 108-109.

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Jones, John Paul, 113, 114.

Effect

of

Journal, The Pa.: Charges against
Franklin, 199, 200.
Stamp Act on, 196.
Junto, The, 94, 95.

Kalendarium Pennsilvaniense, 37,
38.

Kames, Lord, reprints one of Frank-
lin's Parables, 90.
Keimer, Samuel: Opens a printing-
office at Philadelphia, 39. Em-
ploys Franklin, 44. Franklin
leaves Keimer, 45. Prints part of
Sewel's History of Quakers, 46. Is-
sues "Universal Instructor," etc.
47, 48. Writes"A Touch of the
Times," etc., 150. Is ridiculed
by Franklin, 50, 51. Is ruined in
business, 53.

Keith, William, Governor of Pa., 39.
Sends Franklin to Boston, 39.
Then to London, 40.
"Kitelic," 26.

Lafayette, 230.

Lancaster: Scotch-Irish in, 173, 174.
Massacre in, 174, 175.
La Salle, 160.

Lampoons of Franklin, 183, 184, 186,
195, 198-200.

Law, John, his Mississippi Co.,
160.

Le Caron, 160.

Le Despencer, Franklin helps in
abridging Prayer Book.
"Le Moyen de s'Enricher," 208.
Lee, Arthur, 211, 219, 232.
Lee, William, 232.

Leeds, Daniel, Almanacs of, 96-100.
Leeds, Titan: Ridiculed in prefaces
to Poor Richard, 103-107, 108.
Compared with "Poor Richard,"
111, 112.

Letters, The Hutchinson, 208-212.
"Letter to a Friend in the Coun-
try," 80.

"Levee, The," 89.

Lewiston, excitement caused by pri-
vateers, 142.

"Liberty and Necessity," Disserta-
tion on, by Franklin, 40-43.

Liberty of the Press, 246-248.
Library Company of Phila., 94-95.
Library in Boston, 6. Harvard
Library, 8.

"Likeness of the Antifederalists to
the Jews," 243.

Literature read in the colonies, 6,

7. Produced in the colonies, 8.
"Lords of Trade and Plantations,"
warn Pennsylvania not to issue
more paper bills, 59, 60.
Lottery, to aid Battery Association,
146.

Louisburg, rejoicings over the cap-
ture of, 140, 167.

"Louse, History of a French,"
Franklin abused in, 223.
"Lying Tradesmen," 78.

Magazine, The Gentleman's, reprints
the Parable against Persecution,
90, 91. Franklin starts "The
General Magazine," 129-134.
Bradford starts "The American
Magazine," 134. Each fails, 135.
Manuscripts, the Franklin, history
of, 251-270.

"Martin's Account of his Consul-
ship," 248, 249.
Marquette, 160.

Massachusetts: First newspaper in
U. S. printed in, 11. Suppresses
it, 12. Persecutes James Frank-
lin, 27-29. Issues paper money,
56, 57, 58. A stamp act in, 190.
Massacres by the Indians, 164. Ex-
citement caused by, 165, 166.
Mather, Cotton: Character of, 9, 10.
Introduces inoculation, 22.
nounced by the people, 22. By
the Courant, 23. Replies to Cou-
rant, 23.

De-

Maxims of "Poor Richard," 111-
114. Collected in "Father Abra-
ham's Address," 114-126.
Maybe, The," 182.

66

"Meanes of disposing the Enemie to
Peace," 169.

Mecom, Benjamin, 171.
Medal, The Copley, given to Frank-
lin, 156.

"Meditations on a Quart Mug,"
70.

"Memorabilia," 19.

"Mercury, The American," 21, 47.
Franklin's essays in, 49-53. "The
Detection, " 130-134.
Meredith, Hugh, 45, 46.
Meseres, Baron, 171.
Mesnard, 160.

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