Imagens das páginas

and concludes with an intimation that his admiration of the struêture of his intention to study law, ex- of the human frame had induced prefied in a wish, which we now him to attend, for a featon, to a knou to have been prophetic. course of analomical lectures de.

Mihi fit, oro, non inutjis toga, livered by bis friend the celeNec indiserta lingua, nec turpis manus! brated Hunter:

“ I have already enumerated at “We all recollect, and can refer tainments and works, which, from the following sentiments in his their diversity and extent, seem far Eighth Anniversary Discourse. beyond the capacity of the most “ Theological enquiries are no enlarged minds; but the catalogue part of my present subject; but I may yet be augmented. To a pro- cannot refrain from adding, that ficiency in the languages of Greece, the collection of tracts which we Rome, and Alia, be added the know- call, from their excellence, the ledge of the philosophy of those scriptures, contain, independently countries, and of every thing, cii. of a divine origin, more true subrious and valuable that had been limity, more exquisite beauty, purer taught in thein. The doctrines of morality, more important history, the Academy, the Lyceum, or the and finer strains both of poetry and Portico, were not more familiar to eloquence, than conld be collected him than the tenets of the Vedas, within the same compass from all the mysticism of the Susis, or the other books that were ever comreligion of the ancient Persians; posed in any age, or in any idiom. and whilft, with a kindred genius, --The two parts, of which the scriphe perused with rapture the heroic, tures conuit, are connected by a lyric, or moral coinpositions of the chain of compofitions, which bear most renowned poets of Greece, no resemblance in form or ftyle to Rome, and Asia, he could turn with any that can be produced from the equal delight and knowledge to the stores of Grecian, Indian, Persian, subline fpeculations or mathema, or even Arabian learning; the antical calculations of Barrow and tiquity of those compositions no Newton. With them also he pro- man doubts, and the unftrained apfeffed his conviction of the truth of plication of them to events long the Christian religion; and he juftly subsequent to their publication, deemed it no incongderable advan- is a solid ground of belief that they tage that his researches had corro were genuine predictions, and conborated the multiplied evidence of fequently inspired.” revelation, by confirming the Mo His last and favourite pursuit was saic account of the primitive world. the study of bojany, rhich he ori

“ There were, in truth, few sci- ginally began under the contineences in which he had not acquired ment of a fevere and lingering ditconsiderable proficiency; in most, order, which with most minds his knowledge was profound. The would have proved a disqualincatheory of music was familiar to him: tion from any application. It connor had he neglected to make him- ftituted the principal amusement felf acquainted with the interesting of his leisure hours. discoveries lately made in chemis “ It cannot be deemed vselera try; and I have heard him aflert, or fuperfluous to inquire by what

arts or method he was enabled to from the illiterate ; and wherever attain to a degree of knowledge it was to be obtained, he fought almost universal, and apparently and seized it. beyond the power of man, during “Of the private and social virtues a life little exceeding forty-seven of our lamented president, our hearts years.

are the best records. To you who “ The faculties of his mind, by na-' knew him, it cannot be necessary ture vigorous, were improved by for me to expatiate on the indeconstant exercise; and his memory, pendence of his integrity, his huby habitual practice, had acquired a manity, probity, or benevolence, capacity of retaining whatever had which every living creature partionce been impressed upon it. To cipated; on the affability of his an unextinguished ardour for uni- conversation and manners, or his versal knowledge, he joined a per- modest, unafluming, deportment: severance in the pursuit of it, which nor need I remark that he was tosubdued all obstacles. His studies tally free from pedantry, as well as began with the dawn, and, during from arrogance and self-sufficiency, the intermissions of profeflional du- which sometimes accompany and ties, were continued throughout the disgrace the greatest abilities. His day : - reflection and meditation presence was the delight of every strengthened and confirmed what fociety, which his conversation ex. induitry and investigation had ac- hilerated and improved ; and the cumulated. It was a fixed princi- public have not only to lament the ple with him, from which he never lots of his talents and abilities, but voluntarily deviated, not to be de- that of his example. terred by any difficulties that were " To him, as the founder of our furmountable, from profecuting to inititution, and whilst he lived its a successful termination what he firmest support, our reverence is had onee deliberately undertaken. more particularly due. Instructed,

“But what appears to me more animated, and encouraged by hím, particularly to have enabled him to genius was called forth into exeremploy his talents so much to his iion, and modest merit was excited own and the public advantage, was to distinguish itself. Anxious for the regular allotment of his time, the reputation of the Society, he and a scrupulous adherence to the was indefatigable in his own endeadistribution which he had fixed. vours to promote it, whilft he cheer. Hence all his studies were pursued fully aflisted those of others. In without interruption or confufion. loting him, we have not only been Nor can I here omit remarking, deprived of our brightest ornament, what may probably have attracted but of the guide and pairon, on your obfervation as well as mine, whore inftructions, judgment, and ihe candour and complacency with candour, we could most implicitly which he gave his aitention to all rely. persons, of whatsoever quality, 1a

ó But it will, I trust, be long, very lents, or education : he justly con- long before the remembrance of chmied, that curious or important his virtues, his genius, and abilities information might be gained even lose ibat influence over the mem


bers of this Society, which his liv. venture to assert, he would have ing example had maintained ; and if, replied, “ By exerting yourselves previous to his demise, he had been to support the credit of the Soalked by what pofthumous honours ciety;" applying to it perhaps the or attentions we could best show dying will of Father Paul, “ Efte our respect for his memory, I may perpetua."



Gulielmus Jones, Eq. Cur: sup: in Bengal ex Judicibus unu

Legum peritus, fidusque Interpres,

Omnibus benignus,

Nullius Fautor,
Virtute, Fortitudine, Suavitate Morum.

Nemini fecundus,
Seculi eruditi longé primus
Ibat ubi folum plura cognofcere fas eft

270 Apr. 1794.






C H A P. Í

Comparative State of the Confederacy and the French Republic, at the Close

of 1796.-Spain, drawn into an Alliance with France, declares War
against England. --Conjoined Efforts of the French, Spanish, and Dutch,
Fleets, for overthrowing the navat Domination of England.War in Italy.
--Capture of Mantua.- Political Conduct and military Prepar tions of
the Court of Rome.Letters from Buonaparte to the Cardinal Mattæi.-
The Cardinal's Answer.-The Court of Madrid refuses its Mediation, in
Behalf of the Pope, with the French Republic.Republican Party in Rome,
and other parts of the Ecclesiastical States.-Buonaparte declares / ar
against the Pope.- A French Arny enters the Pipal Dominions. The
Papal Troops completely routed.-Buonaparte, by Promises and Threats,
induces the Romans to submit to the French, without the Effision of
Blood.-Takes Possession of several Provinces in the Ecclesiastical Stales.
Advances towards Rome.-Treaty of Peace with the Pope.


Means for preventing the furure Power of the Roman Pontiffs. And that of
Austria over the
Countries composing the Republics on the

North and South
of the Po.--Moderation and Lenity of the French Repul lic to the Non-ju-
ring Clergy.--At the same Time that their Bigotry, and Superstition are ex-
posed to ridicule.-Excessive Rejoicings and Exultations of the French at
the Successes of their arms in Italy. -Jealousy, Envy, and Reseniment,
against Buonaparte.-Who uses Precautions for warding of the Effects of
these, and gaining Popularity and Confidence, not only in France but Italy,
Moderation and Prudence of the Inhabitants of St. Marino.- Munificence
of Buonaparte to that small Republic.-- Prevalence of Republican Principles
in Italy. ---Honour paid there to the French and Buonaparte. - Preparations


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of Austria, for disputing with the French the Empire of Italy:-The Impe
rial Army in Italy, commanded by the Archduke Charles.-Attacked by the
French, and forced to retreat.-Capture of Gradisca and Goritz.-Muri-
cipal Governments settled in both these Towns, the Republican Plar.-
The Austrians defeated with severe Loss near Tarvis. - Audacious Spirit
of the French Prisoners of War.-The Infection of this Spirit dreaded by
the Imperial. Ministry.--Å Division of the French Army, under Jouberi,
penetrates into the Tyrol.-Reduces most of the strong Forts of that Coure
try.- And gains other signal Advantages.The Frenck obtain Possessian

of Brixen. Proclamations of Buonaparte, addressed to the Subjects of the

Emperor.-The Austrians obliged to abandon their Head-Quarters at Cla-

genfurth.-The French cross the Drave. Farther Successes of the French,

under Joubert, in the Tyrol.- Remarkable Engagement bet tveen the Aus-

trians and French, in the Defiles leading to Newmarck.-—The Austrians

continually defeated, but not discouraged. - Consternation at Vienna.-Bu

invinciblé Courage of the Austrian and Hungarian Nobles.- Interesting

Letter from Buonaparte to the Archduke Charles. And the Archduke's Arc

swer.- Armistice between the Anstrians and Prench.-Honours and Praiser

beslowed by the French Directory on the Army.--Reflections.


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