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So under fiery cope together rush'd
-κατα δ' εσκιασαν βελιεσσι
was as expert as a commander Τιτηνας, ,
in chief. So that the angels are but Milton has improved the celebrated first for their number, horror of the description, and a then for their strength, and lastly shade of darts is not near so for their expertness in war. great and dreadful an image as 236. The ridges of grim war:] a fiery cope or vault of flaming A metaphor taken from darts.
ploughed field; the men answer 229. ---though number'd such
to the ridges, between whom, &c.] Each legion was in num- the intervals of the ranks, the ber like an army, each single furrows are. The ridges of grim, warrior was in strength like a fierce frightful looking, war ; legion, and though led in fight that is, the ranks of the army,
None of retreat, no unbecoming deed
the files are implied. The ranks So stood the war, till Hector's matchare the rows of soldiers from
less might flank to flank, from side to side,
With fates prevailing turn'd the scale of fight.
Pope. from the left to the right; the files are from front to rear.
And in several particulars he Richardson.
has had his eye upon Homer, 236. —no thought of flight,] and commonly exceeds his masSo Homer, Iliad. xi. 71.
ter. Homer says that the Greeks Ουδ' έτεροι μνωοντ’ ολοοιο φοβοιο.
and Trojans fought like burning None stoop'd a thought to base in. fire: glorious flight. Pope. “Ως οι μεν μαρναντο, δεμας πυρος αιθο
Iliad. xiii. 673. And Iliad. xxiv. 216.
But how much stronger is it in -ουτε φοβου μεμνημενον, ουτ' αλε
Milton, that the war ewens. 239. As only in his arm the mo
Tormented all the air; all air seem'd
then ment lay
Conflicting fire ! Of victory :) As if upon his single arm had It would be entering into too depended the whole weight of minute a detail of criticism to the victory. The moment, the mention every little circumstance weight that turns the balance, that is copied from Homer; and as the word signifies in Latin, where he does not directly copy Ter. Andr. i. V. 31. Dum in from Homer, his style and dubio est animus, paulo momento colouring is still very much in huc vel illuc impellitur: and as
Homer's manner; and one may he has employed here the me
see plainly that he has read him, taphor of the weight, so of the
even where he does not imitate scale a little afterwards—long
him. Wonderful as his genius time in even scale the battle hung was, he could hardly have drawn --using as a metaphor what the battles of the angels so well Homer makes a simile of, Iliad. without first reading those in xii. 433.
the Iliad ; and Homer taught
him to excel Homer. Αλλ' ' Xor, ώστε σαλαντα γυνή
242. That war and various, “Ως μεν των εσι ισα μαχη τιτατο στο: λεμος τι.
sometimes on firm ground As wben two scales are charg'd with
A standing fight, then soaring doubtful loads
A standing fight, then soaring on main wing
The syntax and sense is; The by Abdiel in the beginning of war was sometimes a standing the action : but I fight on the ground, and some- poet did not consider Abdiel as times the war soaring on main equal to Satan, though he gained wing tormented all the air. that accidental advantage over Pearce.
him. Satan no doubt would 244. Tormented all the air ;] have proved an overmatch for Here Milton takes the same Abdiel, only for the general enliberty of applying the word gagement which ensued, and torment, which the Latin poets broke off the combat between did before him in using the term them. verare. So Marino describing 251. -with huge two-handed Neptune raising a storm, Adon. sway &c.] It shows how entirely cant. i. st. 123.
the ideas of chivalry and romance - d'Aquiloni
had possessed him, to make MiCol fulmine deniato (emulo a Gioue) chael fight with a two-handed Tormentando la terra, il mar com. sword. The same idea occa
sioned his expressing himself Thyer.
very obscurely in the following So Spenser in the Morning Muse lives of his Lycidas, v. 130. of Thestylis, speaking of Æolus,
But that two-handed engine at the Who letting loose the winds
door Tost and tormented th' air.
Stands ready to smite once, , and
smite no more. 247. -and met in arms
Warburton. No equal,] The poet seems almost to have 255. Of tenfold adamant,] In forgotten how Satan was foiled other poets the angels are armed
A vast circumference: At his approach
Author of ev'il, unknown till thy revolt,
270 And faithful, now prov'd false? But think not here To trouble holy rest; heav'n casts thee out From all her confines. Heav'n the seat of bliss Brooks not the works of violence and war, Hence then, and evil go with thee along,
in adamant, and in Tasso there and more engages the reader's is particular mention of an ada- attention. mantine shield, cant. vii. st. 82. 275. Hence then, and evil go Scudo di lucidissimo diam ite.
with thee along, 262. Author of evil, &c.] Thy offspring, to the place of These speeches give breath as it eril, hell, were to the reader after the Thou and thy wicked crew ; hurry of the general battle ; and there mingle broils,] prepare his mind, and raise his Imitated from Tasso, where Miexpectation the more for the chael in like manner rebukes ensuing combat between Min the infernal spirits who fought chael and Satan. It is the prac- against the Christians, cant. ix. tice likewise of Homer and st. 64. Virgil, to make their heroes
Itene maledetti al vostro regno, discourse before they fight; it
Regno di pene, e di perpetua morte : renciers the action more solemn,
E sinno in quegli a voi dovuti chiostri 280
Thy offspring, to the place of evil, hell,
So spake the prince of angels ; to whom thus
They ended parle, and both address'd for fight
Le vostre guerre, et i trionsi vostri. 282. —Nor think thou &c.] Go hence you curst to your appointed Hom. Il. xx. 200.
lands, The realms of death, of torments, Πηλείδη, μηδη μ' εσιισσι γε, νησυτιον ώς, and of woes,
Ελπιο δειδιξεσθαι. And in the deeps of that infernal lake
296. They ended parle) Thus Your battles fight, and there your in Par. Reg. iv. 529. By parle &c. triumphs make.
Fairfax. And Shakespeare, Hamlet, a. i. 282. The Adversary.] Not as s. 1. any enemy in fight may
So frown'd he once, when in an called, but in a sense peculiar to
angry parl him, Satan being his name, and
He smote the sledded Polacks on Satan in Hebrew signifying the the ice. adversary.
Dunster. VOL. I.