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FUNDS, 1884.
Realised Assets ... ...

.. ... £3,491,378
Life Assurance and Annuity Funds ... ... ... ... ... £3,391,789
Annual Income ... ... ... ... ...

... £685,369 Moderate Rates of Premium. Liberal Scale of Annuities. Loans granted upon Security of Freehold, Copyhold, and Leasehold Property, Life Interests, and Reversions; also to Corporate and other Public Bodies, upon Security of Rates, &c.

BONUS YEAR, 1885. POLICIES effected before the ist July 1885 on the profit tables, with annual premiums, will participate in the Bonus to be declared next year, in the manner prescribed by the regulations of the Society,

JOSEPH ALLEN, Secretary. Prospectus, Reports, and Proposal Forms can be obtained on application to the Society's Agents and Branch Offices, or to

JOSEPH ALLEN, Secretary.



• INCORPORATED BY ROYAL CHARTER AND SPECIAL ACTS OF PARLIAMENT. Authorised Capital, £3,000,000. Subscribed Capital, £2,500,000. Paid-up Capital, £125,000. Chairman-JOHN WHITE CATER, ESQ.

Deputy-Chairman-CHARLES Morrison, Esq.
Fire Department-G. H. BURNETT.

Manager of Life Department and Actuary-HENRY COCKBURN.
Foreign Sub-Manager-Philip WINSOR.

Secretary-F. W. LANCE.

FIRE DEPARTMENT. The Net FIRE FUNDS, irrespective of the Paid-up Capital, now amount to £1,592,235 5s. 2d.

LIFE DEPARTMENT. The LIFE FUND now amounts to £3,340,918 1ls. 2d. The ANNUITY FUND now amounts to £500,275 178. 11d. THE PRINCIPLES on which this Company is conducted combine the system of Mutual Assurance with the safety

1 of a large Protecting Capital and Accumulated Funds, and thus afford all the facilities and advantages which can prudently be offered by any Life Assurance Office.

NINETY PER CENT. of the WHOLE PROFITS is divided among the Assurers on the Participating Scale. The PROFITS are divided every Five Years. POLICIES are INDISPUTABLE after Five Years. ANNUITIES of all kinds are granted.

Prospectuses and every Information can be obtained at the Chief OfficesLONDON : 61, THREADNEEDLE ST., E.C. WEST END OFFICE, 8, WATERLOO PLACE, S.W. EDINBURGH, 64, PRINCES ST.



Incorporated under Act 7 a 8 Vict. cap. 110, and further empowered by Special Act, 15 Vict, cap. 53.

DIRECTORS. JOHN RUNTZ, Esq., Chairman. I J. H. TROUNCER, M.D., Lond., Deputy-Chairman. H. M. BOMPAS, Esq., Q.C. William GROSER, Esq.

GEORGE Phillips, Esq. Hugh CAMPBELL, M.D.

PEARSON Hill, Esq.


Accumulated Fund, 1883, nearly $1,000,000 | Profits already Divided . . £847.000
Annual Income, 1883 ... ... €184.101 | Claims Paid to 31st Dec, 1883 £1,166,027
Policies in force ... ... ... £4,434,661.

EDWIN BOWLEY, F.I.A., F.S.S., Secretary.



W. WATSON & SONS having purchased the

Business of Mr. E. WHEELER, Late of Tollington Type Slide Diatomacea. 100 different kinds, all named , 21s.

Road, Holloway, including between 40,000 and 50,000 Type Slide Foraminifera. 19 different kinds, all named12s.

choice specimens, are enabled to offer an unequalled Most beautiful and elaborate arranged Slides of Diatoms, Anchors and Plates of Synapta, Wheels of Chirodota,

selection of objects of interest. &c. For dark ground illumination these are unequalled, each . . . . . . . . 78. 6d., 10s., 16s., 21s.

FUST PUBLISHED, Discased Lung from Coal Miner, Chimney Sweep, Saw

(to include Mr. WHEELER's Stock) Grinder, Gin Drinker, Effects of London Smoke,

New Classified List of Objects for the cach . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ls. 9d. Jaw of Mole, Horizontal Section. Through all the teeth

Microscope. in situ ................ 6s. Illustrated Catalogue of Microscopes and Human Scalp. Double Stained Vertical or Horizontal

Sections, each .............. ls. 9d.
Any of the above forwarded on receipt of remittance, and

| Either of the above forwarded post-free to any part of exchanged if not approved.



BY E. T. D.

NOV 16 1942


No. 14.—TOE OF Mouse, INJECTED.



HIS subject ex- | the fins and tail of minnows, many of the larvæ of

plains itself, water insects, and, par excellence, the yolk bag of
revealing a distri freshly hatched fish, may be, by well-known methods,
bution of blood | arranged, and disclose on the stage of the microscope,
vessels, in a trans exhibitions of energetic life, in the circulation of the
parent section of blood, of the deepest and most impressionable
the toe of a mouse. significance.
The skill required Addendum. Eylaïs extendens : In the January
to successfully article on this subject, it was stated that the comely
inject the vessels, rotundity of the Hydrachnæ rendered them difficult to
and afterwards preserve, as permanent specimens for the cabinet,
procure so delicate except at the sacrifice of their shapeliness, the
a scission, is es. dilemma being to find a medium of just the density
sentially the pro- | needed to preserve the integuments from wrinkling
vince of the pro or collapse. The writer has since received, through
fessional preparer; the courtesy of Mr. Henry Francis, the President of
but, the object is the Bristol Microscopical Society, a specimen en
sufficiently“popu- permanence, mounted three years ago : enclosed in
lar,” to be pur- a deep circular cell. The medium Mr. Francis used
chasable, and is is a mixture of eight parts of distilled water (just

found in most col tainted with carbolic acid), to one part of pure lections of microscopic objects. Although not glycerine ; under severe examination, although a approaching the stern requirements of the biologist little “off colour,” its characteristic plumpness is or anatomical student, as revealing disentanglement perfectly intact, and such important features as the of delicate tissues, or isolation of determinate curious ocelli, the palpi, the parts about the mouth structure, it is eminently a valuable educational or and the genital plates, are so well preserved and class preparation, as exhibiting conditions of distinct displayed, as to bear scrutiny under the highest parts seldom found, in one view so intimately or reaching powers. compactly associated. The drawing was made from Crouch End. a “happy" cut, just cleaving, without injuring or disturbing, the tarsal bones, showing them in perfect integrity, surrounded by minute blood vessels BATS.-A correspondent in the December issue spreading from the digital artery, and continuing to tells us he has often seen bats flying about the streets the capillary loops terminating in the papillæ of the of Maidstone in mild weather during the autumn and thick, but highly sensitive, and vascular epidermic winter months. This reminds me of what I saw in cushion under the surface of the claw, the matrix of Paris on the first Sunday in January 1871. During, which is seen, penetrated with minute blood vessels. the service in the church of St. Roch, I saw several Elegant and instructive as this preparation may be, as bats flying about in the church between three and a microscopic exhibit, it is as nothing compared to four in the afternoon. Afterwards in the evening such a condition in a living state, with the blood twilight of the same day, I saw a good number flit coursing through the vessels; the web of a frog's about in a very lively fashion on the banks of the foot, the branchiæ and transparent parts of a tadpole, Seine.-H. M., Birkdale.

No. 242.- FEBRUARY 1885.

Bristol, &c., besides private collections. Mr. Davis NOTES ON NEW BOOKS.

accepts Günther's classification ; and without de

voting more than half a page to his introduction, CLEMENTARY Text-Book of Zoology, by Dr. | he plunges at once into his subject, like a practical L C. Claus. Translated and edited by Adam man. The plates are 65 in number, coloured, and Sedgwick, M.A., and F. G. Heathcote, B.A. (London: | very artistically got up; so that the volume is a W. S. Sonnenschein & Co.). To a seeker after credit to the Royal Dublin Society, and one which scientific truth and knowledge that parochial minded. cannot fail to greatly enhance the high reputation as ness which we sometimes dignify under the title of a palæontologist which the author has been deservedly “ Patriotism ” gives place to a candid recognition earning for some years past. of merit wherever it is found. Otherwise we should Phillips's Manual of Geology, edited by Robert have regretted that no English Zoologist had pro- | Etheridge, F.R.S., and H. G. Seely, F.R.S. (London: vided students with a work of this class. Nicholson's Charles Griffin & Co.). We cannot complain of Manuals go part of the way, but only a part. A want of manuals in geology, although palæontology really good text-book of Zoology, something like is by no means so well off. The present volume is Sachs' Manual of Botany, was much wanted. Dr. devoted to “ Physical Geology,” and is edited by Claus's name, both as a teacher and investigator, are Prof. Seely, who has taken the well-known and well known, and this translation of his well-known almost classic work of Prof. John Phillips as a basis, manual will be thankfully received by zoological and it evolved this book. It must have been a students. Let us add that we think the work has harder task for Mr. Seely to work on these lines than been improved by editing and translating. Certainly to have written an original manual. But he has none could better have fulfilled this task than Mr. loyally fulfilled his work, and under the rôle of Adam Sedgwick. The chief feature which strikes | editor, has really given to geological students a work, us in reading the present work is its lucidity. The whose erudition, painstaking succinctness, and English is of the best, and the illustrations apt and thoroughness, none would have more heartily pointed. Although it only includes the invertebrate recognized than the genial John Phillips himselfanimals from the Protozoa to the Insecta (in the who would have been amused in no small way at special part), the preceding general part is of great | finding how his little book had grown into a big one ! value. Nothing in connection with the science and Many of the illustrations are those used in the philosophy of zoology has been lost sight of, and the original work. comparison of the same organs in different classes of The Student's Elements of Geology, by Sir Charles animals, of similar structures, their embryological Lyell, Bart., F.R.S. Fourth edition, Revised by and general development, the discussion of the | P. M. Duncan, F.R.S. (London: John Murray). doctrines of evolution, natural selection, the histori | It is late in the day to praise Lyell's Elements. It is cal review of Zoology-all of which are duly treated far beyond the region of criticism. But one feels upon in the general part-recommend the work as a glad that so old a friend as this book is--endeared by most attractive one. The woodcuts are very numerous those recollections of the past, when it sent us with and of a high artistic character.

delighted enthusiasm to the work, and the fossils of On the Fossil Fishes of the Carboniferous Lime which it treated—has not been allowed to fall out of stone Scries of Great Britain, by J. W. Davis, F.G.S. | the ranks of geological literature. It is seven years (Dublin : Published by the Royal Dublin Society). | since the last edition appeared, and geology has Here is a work of quite another character, one which progressed marvellously in the meantime; more demands infinite pains and patience, and that quick particularly with regard to the help it has received and ready intuitive diagnosis of specimens which from microscopical investigation. The publisher was almost amounts to genius. And yet the author (a fortunate enough to get an editor who has a high young man) is no salaried professor, or state endowed reputation as a geologist and palæontologist, and investigator, but a British manufacturer with a who also knows how to write for students. Conbrisk business to successfully superintend. British sequently this is by far the best edition of Lyell's science owes much to such men, and we are proud | “Student's Elements," which has ever appeared. of them--our Lubbocks, Evans, Tylors, Sorbys, Plant-Lore, Legends, and Lyrics, by Richard and Davises ! The present monograph will be a Folkard, jun. (London : Sampson Low & Co.). No great boon to real workers, particularly on the department of natural knowledge has taken such interesting carboniferous limestone. Mr. Davis a hold on the public mind as plants. No other derived the materials for his examination and study | natural objects are so intimately associated with from the well-known collection of the Earl of the historical mental and moral development of Enniskillen, now in the British Museum, South | mankind at large, or have so grown up, and interKensington. He has laid under contributions the mingled with its hopes and fears, joys and sorrows. collections in the National Museum ; the museums of There is hardly a common wayside weed which is the Geological Society, of Dublin, Cambridge, York, I not sanctified to us in these modern times by

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