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COME years ago Professor Huxley delivered a lecture at the » Royal Institution, entitled “The Coming of Age of the Darwinian Theory," celebrating thereby the momentous natural history discoveries and events, of which the brilliant discovery of our Biological NEWTON was the parent, nurse, and suggestor.
We desire only to compare great things with small. The present volume also witnesses the “Coming of Age” of SCIENCE-GOSSIP. For twenty-one years we have endeavoured to meet the tastes of students of natural science-to treat of the discoveries, theories, opinions, and guesses in every department of the same-Ornithological Entomological, Conchological (besides many other ologicals); Botany, in its multitudinous departments; Geology (including Paleontology, Petrology, Lithology, &c.); Microscopy, with its enormous and everincreasing “Cast-net" over every science imaginable ; as well as a host of subjects bordering on Astronomy, Meteorology, Chemistry, Folk-lore, and “Notes and Queries ” (which latter will be found tolerably encyclopædic).
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It has been a loving and loveable work on the part of the Editors. For the first seven years this Magazine had the advantage of the Editorship of Dr. M. C. Cooke—for the last fourteen years, the present Editor has had the enjoyment of personal communication with all, or nearly all, the writers whose papers have appeared in these pages.
A brief interregnum, however, has occurred. Owing to failing health, the Editor was obliged to take as long a holiday as he could. Fortunately, the same able agent who piloted Mr. R. A. Proctor through Australia as a Lecturer on Astronomy, came to England, and made a similar arrangement with the Editor of SCIENCE-GOSSIP.
He went, he lectured, he was generously, and even enthusiastically received by the warm-hearted Australian Colonists in South Australia, Victoria, and New South Wales. He has returned with refreshed mental and bodily vigour.
But, meantime, a well-known correspondent of this magazine, Mr. J. W. Buck, B.Sc., &c., was kind enough to act as Editorial locumtenens, and he performed his work so well that the Editor feels he could not honestly write this Preface to the Annual Volume without recognising it.
The mere fact that we are now chronicling our “Coming of Age,” reminds us of the almost numberless competitors for public favour which “twenty-one" years of active Scientific and Literary life in England must necessarily develop. Consequently, it is a proud thing to say, on the part of the Editor, that our Magazine was never so popular, never so much appreciated, never so widely circulated all over the world—in all the eventful years of its history—as it is at the time of publication of its Twenty-first Volume.
Nothing shall be wanting on the part of the Editor to enlarge the sphere, and intensify the operations of this Magazine for the future. His office is smoothed by the generous patience and kindness of his multitudinous Correspondents, who are aware that all their communications cannot appear in the next number—as well as by those patient students who understand the difficulty of answering hard questions in a moment.
We commence a New Era with our next volume. We are taking out a new Lease of Life. The last twenty-one years has seen a good deal of the effect of natural selection. Hosts of magazines with a similar scope to ours have appeared—and dis-appeared. We recognise the vital fact that for a magazine to live, it must prove itself worthy of life!
Our intentions for the next volume are that our literary manhood shall be fully maintained. Will our numerous readers, all over the world, help us to carry out our intentions, by also aiding in the circulation of SCIENCE-GOSSIP ?
LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS.
Acrodus Anningiæ, JAW OF, 109
| Orobanche rapum, 157
Orthacanthus, section of spine, 156 Acrodus nobilis, Tooth of, &c., 108 Gyrocanthus, Spine of, 271 Acrodus, section of spine, 108
Palæospinar priscus, TEETH AND DOKSAL Adiantum caudatum, 133 Haplographium bicolor, chlorocephalum,
SHINES OF, 156. Adiantum flabellulatum, 133
Parexus incurvus, Outline of, 271
Pecten quadricostatus, 12
Petalodus acuminatus, 156
Petalorhynchus psittacinus, Teeth of, 223 Ammonites varicosus, 13
nitidula var. fasciata, 225
Physa acuta and fontinalis, 77
Pleuracanthus lævissimus, Spine and Anemone pulsatilla, 84
section of ditto, 156 Anemone montana, 84 Inseramus conce itricus, 28
Polyrhizodus radicans, Tooth of, 228 Anthomyia meteorica, teeth of, 4
Pristis, Head and rostrum, 228
Pristis Hastingsiæ, Tooth, 228
OF TEETH, 228
Pteris semi-pinnata and serrulata, 149 Arion, sp., 225
Ptychodus; Diagram of Dentition, 109 Arum maculatum, papillæ and spadix, 80 | Lathræn squamaria, 173
Ptychodus mammillaris, Touth of, 108 Arum maculatum, plant, corms, starch, Leucochroa candidissima, 225
Ptychodus polygyrus, Touth of, 109 &c., 60, 61 Limnæa glutinosa, monst. intortum; pa
Puccinia Sanchi, 9 Asplenium japonicum, 149
lustris, monst. turritum peregra var.
Pulex irritans, Developinent of, 252-3
labiosa; peregra small var.; stagnalis Botys hyalinalis, EMBRYOLOGY OF, 33 var. expansa and var. elegantula; var., Brainea insignis, 220
Raia antiqua, DERMAL Tubercle 07, 228 Broom-rape, 157
Limnæa stagnalis, monst. scalariforme, Royston Crow, 129
77 Cardium Hillanum, 12 Lindsæa flabellulata, 133
Sarcophaga carnaria, TEETH OF, 132 Carica Papaya, Fruit and Leaf, 249 Lindsæa heterophylla, 133
Scatophaga stercoraria, Teeth of, 59
Siphonia pyriformis, 12
Sponge spicules, Fossil 13
Squaloraja polyspondyla, Skeletal parts Conserva from the Red Sea, 52
of, 228 Ctenoptychius pectinatus, 228
MALVERN HILLS, DIAGRAMMATIC Sec-Staurosira Harrisonii, var, amphitetras, Cuscuta Epithymum, 173
TION OF, 125
37 Meniscium simplex, 177
Stenogyra decollata, 77
Merganser, The Red-breasted, 181 Stictodiscus Californicus, 135
Stomoxys calcitrans, mouth of, 152 Devonshire, Generalised Section of South Microscope, Direct Illumination, 201
Stomoxys calcitrans, suctorial apparatus Eastern, 12 Microtome, Freezing, 38
and teeth, 153 Diatoms, Diagram of movements, 188 Microtome, Inexpensive, 8
Strophodus as per favosus, and reticulatus
Teeth of, 108
Strophodus medius, Jaw of, 108
Sunflower Bracts, stamens, &c., 204 Drepanephorus canaliculatus, Teeth and Muscari racemosum, 244
Surirella clementis, 37 dorsal spines of, 156
Myliobates, Teeth of, 270
Turritella granulata, 12
Valvata piscinalis, 77
Viscum album, 173 Fucella fucorum, Teeth of, 266
Orchis mascula, anthers and pollinium,
101 Gervillea anceps, 13 Orchis mascula tubers, 124-5
Zygobatis, Teeth of, 271