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OR,

SCHEMES OF SOCIAL IMPROVEMENT.

FROM SIR THOMAS MORE TO KARL MARX.

BY THE

REV. M. KAUFMANN, M.A.,

AUTHOR OF

“SOCIALISM; ITS NATURE, ITS DANGERS, AND ITS REMEDIES CONSIDERED.”

LIBRIRI

UNIVERSITY OF

CALIFORTI.

LONDON:

C. KEGAN PAUL & CO., I, PATERNOSTER SQUARE.

1879.
41

Gonzalo.

Alonso.

{Zhe Rights of Translation and of Reproduction are reserved.]

I” the commonwealth I would by contraries
Execute all things; for no kind of traffic
Would I admit; no name of magistrate;
Letters should not be known; riches, poverty,
And use of service, none; contract, succession,
Bourn, bound of land, tilth, vineyard, none;
No use of metal, corn, or wine, or oil;
No occupation; all men idle, all :
And women too, but innocent and pure;
No sovereignty;-

+ + + + +.
All things in common nature should produce
Without sweat or endeavour; treason, felony,
Sword, pike, knife, gun, or need of any engine,
Would I not have ; but nature should bring forth,
Of its own kind, all foison, all abundance,
To feed my innocent people. *---

+ + + + +
I would with such perfection goverh, sir,
To excel the golden age.

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PREFACE.

THE special interest taken in the sudden development of Modern Socialism, owing to recent events in Germany, has induced the author to collect a series of papers contributed to a periodical during

the current year, which have received much kind

attention, into a volume. This may serve as a short

and popular account of the principal socialistic

schemes from the Reformation to the present day,

and might not improperly be called a short History

of Socialism.

Socialism is here regarded as a consecutive move

ment developed in the course of time, adapting itself to prevailing social conditions, and passing successively through the imaginative, the critical, and the

scientific stages of an evolutionary process.

15079

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