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unjust sentence (g), calling evil good, and good evil; rewarding the wicked according to the work of the righteous, and the righteous according to the work of the wicked (h); forgery (i), concealing the truth, undue silence in a just cause (k), and holding our peace when iniquity calleth for either a reproof from ourselves (1), or complaint to others (in); speaking the truth unseasonably (n), or maliciously to a wrong end (o), or perverting it to a wrong meaning (P), or in doubtful and equivocal expressions, to the prejudice of truth or justice (9); speaking untruth (r), lying (s), slandering (t), backbiting (v), detracting (r), tale-bearing (x),

all the Jews throughout the world, swered Doeg the Edomite, which and a ringleader of the sect of the was set over the servants of Saul, Nazarenes.

and said, I saw the son of Jesse (9) Prov. 17. 15. He that jus coming to Nob, to Abimelech, the tifieth the wicked, and he that son of Ahitub. condemneth the just, even they c ) Psal. 56. 5. Every day both are abomination to the Lord. they wrest my words: all their

(h) Isa. 5. 23. Which justify thoughts are against me for evil. the wicked for a reward, and () Gen, 3, 5. For God doth take away the righteousness of know, that in the day ye eat the righteous from him.”.. .thereof, then your eyes shall be

(i) Psal. 119. 69. The proud opened : and ye shall be as gods, have forged a lie against me : but knowing good and evil. Gen. 26. I will keep thy precepts with my 7. And the men of the place askwhole heart.

ed him of his wife ; and he said, (k) Lev. 5. 1. And if a soul She is my sister : for he feared to sin, and hear the voice of swear say, She is my wife. ing, and is a witness, whether he (r) Isa. 59. 13. In transgresshath seen or known of it, if he do ing and lying against the Lord, not utter it, then he shall bear his and departing away from our God, iniquity.

speaking oppression and revolt, Tu i Kings 1. 6. And his conceiving and uttering from the father had not displeased him at heart words of falsehood. any time, in saying, Why hast ( 8 ) Lev. 19. 11. Ye shall not thou done so ? Lev. 19. 17. Thou steal, neither deal falsely, neither shalt not hate thy brother in thine lie one to another. Col. 3. 9. Lie heart: thou shalt in any wise re- not one to another, seeing that ye buke thy neighbour, and not suf- have put off the old man with his fer sin upon him.

deeds.. cm) Isa. 59. 4. None calleth (t) Psal, 50. 20. Thou sittest for justice, nor any pleadeth for and speakest against thy brother ; truth : they trust in vanity. thou slanderest thine own mo

(n) Prov. 29. 11. A fool utter- ther's son. eth all his mind : but a wise man (0) Psal. 15. 3. He that backkeepeth it in t'll afterwards. biteth not with his tongue.

so) i Sam. 22. 9. Then an- ( w ) James *. 11. Speak not

whispering (y),scoffing (2), reviling (a), rash (b), harsh (C); and partial censuring (d), misconstructing intentions, words and actions (e);-flattering (f), vain-glorious boasting (g), thinking or speaking too bighly or too meanly of ourselves or others (h); denying the gifts and graces of God (i), aggravating smaller faults (k), hiding, excusing, or

evil one of another, brethren. He played the harlot; and also be- * that speaketh evil of his brother, hold, she is with child by whoreand judgeth his brother, speaketh dom : and Judah said, Bring her evil of the law, and judgeth the forth, and let her be burnt. law ; but if thou judge the law, ) Neh, 6. 6. Wherein was thou art not a doer of the law, written, It is reported among but a judge. .

the heathen, avd Gashmu saith rx Lev. 19. 16. Thou shalt it, that thou and the Jews think not go up and down as a tale-bear- to rebel : for which cause thou er among thy people : neither buildest the wall, that thou may. shalt thou stand against the biood est be their king, according to of thy neighbour: 'I am the Lord. these words.

Cy) Rom. 1. 29. Being filled ( Psal. 12. 2. They speak with all unrighteousness, fornica. vanity every one with his neightion, wickedness, covetousness, bour: with flattering lips, and with maliciousness : full of envy, mur- a double heart do they speak. der, debate, deceit, malignity; V. 3. The Lord shall cut off all flatwhisperers, v. 30. Backbiters,. tering lips, and the tongue that haters of God.

speaketh proud things. Cz) Gen. 21. 9. And Sarah (g) 2 Tim. 3. 2. For men saw the son of Hagar the Egyp- shall be lovers of their own selves, tian, which she had borne unto covetous, boasters. Abraham, mocking. Compared (h) Luke 18. 9. And he spake with Gal. 4. 29. But as then he this parable unto certain which that was born after the flesh, per- trusted in themselves that they secuted him that was born after were righteous, and despised the spirit, even so it is now others. Exod. 4.'10.14 And 'n

ra) i Cor. 6. 10. Nor thieves, ses said unto the Lord, O my nor covetous, nor drunkards, nor Lord, I am not eloquent, neither revilers, nor extortioners, shall, heretofore, nor since thou hast inherit the kingdom of God. spoken unto thy servant; but I

(b) Mat. 7. 1. Judge not, am slow of speech, and of a slow that ye be not judged.

tongue. And the anger of the Lord (c) Acts 28. 4. And when was kindled against Moses, &c. the barbarians saw the venomous (1) Job 27. 5, 6. God forbid beast hang on his hand, they said that I should justify you: till I among themselves, No doubt this die, I will not remove my integ. man is a murderer, whom, though rity from me. My righteousness he hath escaped the sea, yet ven- I hold fast, and will not let it go : geance suffereth not to live. my heart shall not reproach me

rd) Gen. 38. 24. And it came so long as I live. to pass, about three months after,. rk) Mat. 7. 3. And why be. that it was told Judah, saying, holdest thou the mote that is in Tamar thy daughter-in-law hath thy brother's eye, but oonsiderest

extenuating of sins, when called to a free confession (1); unnecessary discovering of infirmities (m); raising false rumours (n), receiving and countenancing evil reports (0), and stopping our ears against just defence (p); evil suspicion (9); envying or grieving at the deserved credit of any (r), endeavouring or desiring to impair it (s), rejoicing in their disgrace and infamy (t);scornful contempt(v), fond admiration (w); breach of lawful promises (x); neglecting such things as are of good report (y), and practising, or not avoiding ourselves, or not hindering what we can in others, such things as procure an ill name (z).

thy brother's eye, but considerest (8) Ezra 4. 12. Be it known not the beam that is in thine own unto the king, that the Jews which eye?

came up from thee to us, are (1) Prov. 28. 13. He that come unto Jerusalem, building covereth his sins shall not pros- the rebellious and the bad city, per': but whoso confesseth and and have set up the walls thereof, forsåketh them, shall have mercy. and joined the foundations.

rm) Gen. 9. 22. And Ham (0) Jer. 48. 27. For was not the father of Canaan say the Israel a derision unto thee? was nakedness of his father, and told he found among thieves ? for since his two brethren without

thou spakest of him, thou skiprn Exod. 23. 1. Thou shalt pedst for joy. not raise a false report : put not (0) Psal. 35. 15. 16. But in thine hand with the wicked to be mine adversity they rejoiced, and an unrighteous witness.

gathered themselves together : ro) Prov. 19. 12. If a ruler yea, the abjects gathered themhearken to lies, , all his servants selves together against me. . are wicked.

(70) Jude 16. These are mur. ) Acts 7.56. And (Stephen) murers, complainers, walking af said, Behold, I see the heavens ter their own lusts; and their opened, and the Son of man staad- mouth spcaketh great swelling ing on the right hand of God. words, having men's persons in

ro) 1 Cor. 13. 5. (Charity) admiration because of advantage. doth not behave itself unseemly, Acts 12. 22. And the people gave seeketh not her own, is not easily a shout, saying, It is the voice of provoked, thinketh no evil. '1 a god, and not of a man. Tim. 6. 4. He is proud, knowing (x) Rom. 1.31. Without under. nothing, but doting about ques. standing, covenant-breakers. Tim. tions and strifes of words, where- S. 3. Without natural affection, of cometh envy, strife, railings, truce-breakers, false-accusers. evil surmisings.

Cu) 1 Sam. 2. 24. Nay, my Cr) Numb. 11. 29. And Mo- sons; for it is no good report that ses said unto him, Enviest thou I hear; ye make the Lord's peofor my sake? would God that all ple to transgress. the Lord's people were prophets, (:) 2 Sam. 13. 12. And she and that the Lord would put his answered him, Nay, my brother, Spirit upon them.

do not force me: for no such

: Q. 146. Which is the tenth commandment ?

A. The tenth commandment is, Thou shalt not covet thy .. neighbour's house, thou shalt not covet thy neighbour's wife,

nor his man-servant, nor his maid-servant, nor his ox, nor his ass, nor any thing that is thy neighbour's (a).

Q. 147. What are the duties required in the tenth commandment ?

A. The duties required in the tenth commandment are, such a full contentment with our condition (b), and such a charitable frame of the whole soul toward our neighbour, as that all our inward motions and affections touching him tend unto and further all that good which is his (c).

R. 148. What are the sins forbidden in the tenth commandment ?

A. The sins forbidden in the tenth commandment are, discontentment with our own estate (d); envying (e), and grieving at the good of our neighbour (f), together with all inordinate motions and affections to any thing that is his (g). thing ought to be done in Israel ; spoken to him : for he had said, do not thou this folly.

I will not give thee the inheritra) Exodus 20. 17.

ance of my fathers; and he laid (O) Heb. 13. 5. Let your con- him down upon his bed, and turnvermtion be without covetous. ed away his face, and would eat ness; and be content with such no bread. things as ye have: for he hath (e) Gal. 5. 26. Let us not be said, I will never leave thee, nor desirous of vain-glory, provoking forsake thee. 1 Tim. 6. 6. But one another, envying one another. godliness, with contentment, is James 3. 14. 16. But if ye have bitgreat gain.

ter envying ad strife in your ro) Job 31. 29. If I rejoiced hearts, glory not, and lie not at the destruction of him that against the truth. For where en. bated me, or lift up myself when vying and strife is, there is confueril found him. Rom. 12. 15. Re- sion, and every evil work. joice with them that do rejoice, (f) Psal. 112, 9. He hath dis and weep with them that weep. persed, he hath given to the poor, Psal. 122. 7. Peace be within thy his righteousness endureth for walls, and prosperity within thy ever; his horn shall be exalted palaces. v. 8. For my brethren with honour. and companions' sake, I will now rg Rom. 7. 7. What shall say, Peace be within thee. we say then ? Is the law sin? God

(d) 1 Kings 21. 4. And Ahab forbid. Nay, I had not known sin, eame into his house, heavy and but by the law; for I had not displeased, because of the word known lust, except the law had which Naboth the Jezrec lite had said, Thou shalt not coret.

Q. 149. Is any man able perfectly to keep the commandments of God?

A. No man is able, either of himself (h), or by any grace received in this life, perfectly to keep the commandments of God (i); but doth daily break them in thought(k), word, and deed (1).

Q. 150. Are all transgressions of the law of God equal· ly heinous in themselves, and in the sight of God ?

A. All transgressions of the law of God are not equally heinous; but some sins in themselves, and by reason of several aggravations, are more heinous in the sight of God than others (on).

Q. 151. What are those aggravations that make some sins more heinous than others ?

A. Sins receive their aggravations,

1. From the persons offending (n): if they be of riper age (0), greater experience or grace (P), eminent for

(h) James 3.2. For in many com ) John 19. 11. Jesus anthings we offend all. If any man swered, Thou couldest have no offend not in word, the same is power at all against me, except a perfect man, and able also to it were given thee from above : the whole body.

therefore he that delivered me (i) Ecc!. 7. 20. For there is unto thee hath the greater sin. not á just man upon earth, that Ezek. 8. 6.-But turn thee yet doth good and sinneth not. 1 John again, and thou shalt see greater 1. 8. If we say that we have no abominations. sin, we deceive ourselves, and the (1) Jer. 2. 8. The priests truth is not in us.

said not, Where is the Lord ? and (ke) Gen. 6. 5. And God saw they that handle the law, knew that the wickedness of man was me not: the pastors also transgreat in the earth, and that every gressed against me, and the proimagination of the thoughts of his phets prophesied by Baal, and heart was only evil continually. walked after things that do not Gen. 8. 21.-Ănd the Lord said profit. ' in his heart, I will not again curse r o) Job. 32. 7. 9. I said, Days the ground any more for man's should speak, and multitude of sake; for the imagination of man's years should teach wisdom. Great heart is evil from his youth. inen are not always wise : neither

CI) Rom. 3. 9. 19. We have do the aged understand judgment. before proved both Jews and Eccl. 4. 13. Better is a poor and Gentiles, that they are all under a wise child, than an old and foolgin; Now we know that what ish king, who will no more be ad. things soever the law saith, it monished. .. saith to them who are under the () 1 Kings 11. 4. For it came law : that every mouth may be to pass when Solomon was old, stopped, and all the world may that his wives turned away his become guilty before God, heart after other gods : and Dis.

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