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and salvation are held forth in more fulness, evidence, and efficacy, to all nations (9).
Q. 36. Who is the Mediator of the covenant of grace ?
A. The only Mediator of the covenant of grace is the Lord Jesus Christ (r), who being the eternal Son of God, of one substance and equal with the Father (8), in the fulness of time became man (t), and so was and continues to be God and man, in two entire distinct natures and one person for ever (V).
Q. 37. How did Christ, being the Son of God, become man?
A. Christ the Son of God became man, by taking to himself a true body, and a reasonable soul (w); being conceived by the power of the Holy Ghost, in the womb
and said, Take, eat; this is my ($) John 1.1. In the begin. body, which is broken for you; ning was the Word, and the this do in remembrance of me. Word was with God, and the 7. 25. After the same manner Word was God. Phil. 2. 6., Who also he took the cup, when he being in the form of God, thought had supped, saying, This cup is it no robbery to be equal with the New Testament in iny blood; God. this do ye, as oft as ye drink it, rt) Galatians 4. 4. But when in remembrance of me.
the fulness of the time was ( Heb. 8. 6. 10, 11. But now come, God sent forth his Son hath he obtained a more excellent made of a woman, made under ministry, by how mueh also he is the law. the Mediator of a better covenant, ro) Rom. 9. 5. Whose are which was established upon better the fathers, and of whom as conpromises. For this is the cove- cerning the flesh Christ came, nant that I will make with the who is over all, God blessed for house of Israel after those days, ever. Amen. Col. 2. 9. For in saith the Lord; I will put my him dwelleth all the fulness of laws into their mind, and write the Godhead bodily. Heb. 7. 24. them in their hearts : and I will But this man, because he continu, be to them a God, and they shall eth ever, hath' an unchangeable be to me a people. And they priesthood. shall not teach every man his rw ) John 1. 14. And the neighbour, and every man his Word was made flesh, and dwelt brother, saying, Know the Lord; among us (and we beheld his glo. for all shall know me, from the ry, the glory as of the only beleast to the greatest. Mat. 28. 19. gotten of the Father), full of Go ye therefore, and teach all grace and truth. Mat. 26. 38. nations, baptizing them, &c. Then saith he unto them, My
cmi 1 Tim. 2. 5. For there soul is exceeding sorrowful, even is one God, and one Mediator be- unto death : tarry ye here, and tween God and man, the man watch with me Christ Jesus.
of the Virgin Mary, of her substance, and born of her (x), yet without sin(y).
Q. 38. Why was it requisite that the Mediator should be God ?
A. It was requisite that the Mediator should be God, that he might sustain and keep the human nature from sinking under the infinite wrath of God, and the power of death (2); give worth and efficacy to his sufferings, obedience, and intercession (a); and so satisfy God's justice (b), procure his favour (c), purchase a peculiar people (d), give his Spirit to them (e), conquer all their
(x) Luke 1. 27, 31, 35. To us, who is holy, harmless, undea virgin espoused to a man, whose filed, separate from sinners, and name was Joseph, of the house made higher than the heavens. of David ; and ihe virgin's name Who needeth not daily, as those was Mary. And behold, thou high priests, to offer up sacrifice, shalt conceive in thy womb, and first for his own sins, and then for bring forth a son, and shalt call the people's: for this he did once, his naine Jesus. And the angel when he offered up himself, answered and said unto her, The (6) Rom. 3. 24. Being justiHoly Ghost shall come upon thee, fied freely by his grace, through and the power of the Highest the redemption that is in Jesus shall overshadow thee : therefore Christ: v. 25. Whom God hath also that holy thing, which shall set forth to be a propitiation, be born of thee, shall be called through faith in his blood, to dethe Son of God.'
clare his righteousness for the reCy) Heb. 7.26. For such an mission of sins that are past, high priest became us, who is through the forbearance of God; holy, harmless, unslefiled, sepa- v. 26. To declare, I say, at this: rate from sinners, and made high- time, his righteousness: that he er than the heavens.
might be juist, and the justifier (z) Acts 2. 24. Whom God of him which believeth in Jesus, hath raised up, having loosed the (c) Eph. 1. 6. To the praise pains of death : because it was of the glory of his grace, where. not possible that he should be in he hath made us accepted in holden of it.
the beloved. Mat. 3. 17. And ra) Heb. 9. 14. How much lo, a voice from heaven saying, more shall the blood of Christ, This is my beloved Son, in whoin who through the eternal Spirit I am weil pleased, offered himself without spot to fd) Tit. 2. 13. Looking for God, purge your conscience from that blessed hope, and the glorious
tò serve the living appearing of the great God and God ? Heb. 7. 25, 26, 27. Where- cur Saviour Jesus Christ ; v. 14. fore he is able also to save them Who gave himself for us, that he to the uttermost, that come unto might redeem us from all iniquity, God by him, seeing he ever liveth and purify unto himself a peculiar to make intercession for them. people, zealous of good works. For such an high priest became (e) Gal. 4. 6. And because
enemies (f), and bring them to everlasting salvation (g).
Q. 39. Why was it requisite that the Mediator should be inan.?
A. It was requisite that the Mediator should be man, that he might advance our nature (h), perform obedience to the law (i), suffer and make intercession for us in our nature(k), have a fellow-feeling of our infirmities (1), that we might receive the adoption of sons (m), and have comfort and access with boldness unto the throne of grace (n).
Q. 40. Why was it requisite that the Mediator should be God and man in one person?
A. It was requisite that the Mediator, who was to reconcile God and man, should himself be both God and man, and this in one person, that the proper works of each nature might be accepted of God for us (0), and relied on by us, as the works of the whole person (p).
ye are sons, God hath sent forth Heb. 7. 24. But this man, because the Spirit of his Son into your he continueth ever, hath an unhearts, crying, Abba, Father. changeable priesthood
(f) Luke 1. 74. That he (i) Heb. 4. 15. For we have would grant unto us, that we, be- not an high priest which cannot ing delivered out of the hands of be touched with the feeling of our enemies, might serve him our infirmities; but was in al without fearin
points tempted like as we are, (5) Heb. 5. 8, 9,
g . Though yet without sin. he were a Son, yet learned he (n) Gal. 4. 5. To redeem obedience by the things which he them that were under the law, suffered: and being made perfect, that we might receive the adophe became the author of eternal* tion of sons. salvation unto all them that obey (12) Heb. 4. 16. Let us there.
; fore come boldly unto the throne Cha) Heb. 2. 16. For verily of grace, that we may obtain he took not on him the nature of mercy, and find grace to help in angels; but he took on him the time of need. : seed of Abraham.
(0) Mat. 1. 21. 23. And she (i) Gal. 4. 4. But when the shall bring forth á son, and thou fulness of the time was come, shalt call his name Jesus : for he God sent forth his Son, made of shall save his people from their a woman, made under the law. sins. Behold, a virgin shall be
rk) Heb. 2. 14. Forasmuch with child, and shall bring forth a then as the children are parta- son, and they shall call his name, kers of fresh and blool, he also Emmanuel, which being interpre. himself likewise took part of the ted is, God with us. same: that through death he () 1 Peter 2. 6. Wherefore might destroy him that had the also it is contained in the scrip. power of death, that is, the devil. ture, Behold, I lay in Sion a chief
Q. 41. Why was our Mediator called Jesus ?
Å. Our Mediator was called Jesus, because he saveth his people from their sins (9)...
Q. 42. Why was our Mediator called Christ? i
Ā. Our Mediator was called Christ, because he was anointed with the Holy Ghost above measure (r); and 80 set apart, and fully furnished with all authority and ability (s), to execute the offices of prophet (t), priest (v. and king of his church (w), in the estate both of his humiliation and exaltation.
Q. 43. How doth Christ execute the office of a prophet?
A. Christ executeth the office of a prophet, in his revealing to the church (x), in all ages, by his Spirit and word (y), in divers ways of administration (2), the whole
eorner-stone, elect, precious : and roHeb. 4. 14. Seeing then he that believeth on him shall not that we have a great high priest, be confounded.
that is passed into the heavens, (9) Mat. 1. 21. And she shall Jesus the Son of God, let us hold bring forth a son, and thou shalt fast our profession. call his name Jesus : for he shall (w Psal. 2. 6. Yet have I set save his people from their sins. my King upon my holy bill of
(n) John 3. 34. For he whom Zion. God hath sent, speaketh the (x) John 1. 18. No man hath words of God : for God giveth seen God at any time ; the only not the Spirit by measure unto begotten Son, which is in the him.' Psalms 45. 7. Thou lovest bosom of the Father, he hath derighteousness, and hatest wicked- clared him. ness: therefore God, thy God, (y) 1 Pet. 1, 10, 11. Of which hath anointed thee with the oil of salvation the prophets have engladness above thy fellows. quired, and searched diligently,
(8) John 6. 27. Labour not who prophesied of the grace that for the meat which perisheth, but should come unto you: Searching for that meat which endureth un- what, or what manner of time the to everlasting life, which the Son Spirit of Christ which was in of man shall give unto you : for them did signify, when it testified him hath God the Father sealed. before-hand the sufferings of Mat. 28, 18. And Jesus came, Christ, and the glory that should and spake unto them, saying, All follow. power is given unto me in heaven (z) Heb. 1. 1, 2. God, who at and in earth.'
• sundry times, and in divers manrt) Acts 3. 22. For Moses ners, spake in time past unto the truly said unto the fathers, A pro- fathers by the prophets, Hath in phet shall the Lord your God these last days spoken unto us by raise up unto you, of your bre- his Son, whom he hath appointed thren, like unto me; him shall ye heir of all things, by whom also hear in all things whatsoever he he made the worlds. shall say unto you.
will of God(a), in all things concerning their edification and salvation (b).
Q. 44. How doth Christ execute the office of a priest ?
A. Christ executeth the office of a priest, in his once offering himself a sacrifice without spot to God (C); to be a reconciliation for the sins of his people (d), and in making continual intercession for them (e).
Q. 45. How doth Christ execute the office of a king?
A. Christ executeth the office of a king, in calling out of the world a people to himself (f), and giving them officers (g), laws (h), and censures, by which he visibly governs them (i); in bestowing saving grace upon his elect (k), rewarding their obedience (1), and correcting them for their sins (m), preserving and supporting them
(a) John 15. 15. Henceforth f) Acts 15. 14. Simeon hath I call you not servants; for the declared how God at the first did servant knoweth not what his visit the Gentiles, to take out of lord doth : but I have called you them a people for his name. friends ; for all things that I have r & Eph. 4. 11, 12. And he heard of my Father, I have made gave some, apostles; and some, known unto you.
prophets; and some, evangelists; (6) Acts 20. 32. And now, and some, pastors and teachers ; brethren, I commend you to God, For the perfecting of the saints, and to the word of his grace, for the work of the ministry, for which is able to build you up, the edifying of the body of Christ. and to give you an inheritance rh) Isa. 33. 22. For the Lord among all them which are sanc- is our Judge, the Lord is our Law. tified.
giver, the Lord is our King; he (c) Heb. 9. 14. How much will save us. more shall the blood of Christ, (i) Mat. 18. 17, 18. And if who through the eternal Spirit he shall neglect to hear them, tell offered himself without spot to it unto the church : but if he God, purge your conscience from neglect to hear the church, let dead works to serve the living him be unto thee as an heathen God?
man, and a publican. rd) Heb. 2. 17. Wherefore ck) Acts 5. 31. Iim hath in all things it behoved him to be God exalted with his right hand made like unto his brethren ; that to be a Prince and a Saviour, for he might be a merciful and faith- to give repentance to Israel, and ful high priest, in things pertain- forgiveness of sins. ing to God, to make reconciliation (I) Rev. 22. 12. And behold, for the sins of the people.
I come quickly ; and my reward (e) Heb. 7. 25. Wherefore is with me, to give every man ac. he is able also to save them to the cording as his work shall be. uttermost, that come unto God by rm) Rev. 3. 19. As many as him, seeing he ever liveth io I love, I rebuke and chasten : be make intercession for them. . zealous therefore and repent.