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under all their temptations and sufferings (1), restraining and overcoming all their enemies (0), and powerfully ordering all things for his own glory (p), and their good (9); and also in taking vengeance on the rest who know not Ged, and obey not the gospel (r).. • Q. 46. What was the estate of Christ's humiliation ? · A. The estate of Christ's humiliation was that low eondition, wherein he, for our sakes, emptying himself of his glory, took upon him the form of a servant, in his conception and birth, lise, death, and after his death, until his resurrection (s).
Q. 47. How did Christ humble himself in his conception and birth?
A. Christ humbled himself in his conception and birth, in that, being from all eternity the Son of God, in the bosom of the Father, he was pleased, in the fulness of time, to become the Son of man, made of a woman of low estate, and to be born of her; with divers circumstances 'of more than ordinary abasement (1)
(12) Isa. 63. 9. In all their not the gospel of our Lord Jesus affliction he was a Micted, and the Christ. . angel of his presence saved them: ro) Phil. 2. 6. Who being in in his love and in his pity he re- the form of God, thought it not deemed them, and he bare them, robbery to be equal with God: v. and carried them all the days of 7. But made himself of no repu
tation, and took upon him the rol i Cor. 15. 25. For he form of a servant, and was made must reign, till he hath put all in the likeness of men: T. 8. And enemies under his feet.
being found in fashion as a man. CP) Rom. 14. 10. But why he humbled himself, and became dost thou judge thy brother? or ' obedient unto death, even the wly dost thou set at bought thy death of the cross. Luke 1, 31. brother? for we shall all stand And behold, thou shalt conceive before the judgment-seat of in thy womb, and bring forth a Christ. v. 11, For it is written, son, and shalt call his name Jesus.* "Aš I live, saith the Lord, every 2 Cor. 8. 9. For ye know the knee shall bow to me, and every grace of our Lord Jesus Christ, tongue shall confess to God.**-' that though he was rich, yet for
*CQ) Romans 8. 28." And we your sakes he became poor, that know that all things work together ye through his poverty miglit be for good, to them that love God, rich. Acts 2. 24. Whom God to them who are the called ac- hath raised up, having loosed the cording to his purpose. A pains of death: because it was
Cr) 2 Thess. 1. 8. In flaming pot possible that he should be. fire, taking vengeance on them holden of it. that know not God, and that obey (1) John '1. 14. 'And the
· Q. 48. How did Christ humble himself in his life? ... Christ humbled himself in his life, by subjecting himself to the law (V), which he perfectly fulfilled (w); and by conflicting with the indignities of the world (K), temptations of Satan (y), and infirmities in his flesh, whether common to the nature of man, or particularly accompanying that his low condition (Z).
Q. 49. How did Christ humble himself in his death?
4. Christ humbled himself in his death, in that having been betrayed by Judas (a), forsaken by his disciples (b), scorned and rejected by the world (c), condemned by Pilate, and tormented by his persecutors (d); having also conflicted with the terrors of death, and the powers
Word was made flesh, and dwelt Then was Jesus led up of the among us (and we beheld his glo- Spirit into the wilderness, to be ry, the glory as of the only begot- tempted of the devil, &c. Luke ten of the Father), full of grace 4. 13. And when the devil had and truth. v. 18. No man hath ended all the temptation, he dejeen God at any time; the only parted from him for a season. begotten Son, which is in the (z) Heb. 2. 17. Wherefore bosom of the Father, he hath in all things it behoved him to be declared him. Gal. 4. 4. But made like unto his brethren ; that when the fulness of the time was he might be a merciful and faithoome. God sent forth his Son ful high priest, in things pertain. made of a woman, made under ing to God, to make reconciliation the law. Luke 2. 7. And she for the sins of the people. brought forth her first-born son, (a) Mat. 27. 4. Saying, I and wrapped him in swaddling have sinned, in that I have beclothes, and laid him in a manger, trayed the innocent blood. And because there was no room for they said, What is that to us? them in the inn.
see thou to that. ro) Gal. 4. 4. But when the (6) Matthew 26.56. But all fulness of the time was comc, this was done, that the scriptures God sent forth his Son made of a of the prophets might be fulfilled. woman, made under the law. Then all the disciples forsook him
(w) Mat. 5. 17. Think not and fied. that I am come to destroy the (c) Isa, 53, 2. For he shall law or the prophets: I am not grow up before him as a terder come to destroy, but to fulfil. plant, and as a root out of a dry Rom. 5. 19. For as by one man's ground: he hath no form nou disobedience many were made comelincos: and sinners, so by the obedience of see him, there is no beauty that one shall many be made righteous. We should desire lim.
(x) Psalms 22. 6. But I am d) Mat. 27. 26. to verse 50. a worin, and no man; a reproach Then released he Barrabbas un of men, and despised of the them: and wben he had scourged people.
Jesus, he deürered him to bi iry Mat. 4. 1. to verse 12. cruciiled, &c. John 19. 54. But
of darkness, felt and borne the weight of God's wrath (e), he laid down his life an offering for sin (f), enduring the painful, shameful, and cursed death of the cross (g).
9. 50. Wherein consisted Christ's humiliation afier his death ?
£. Christ's humiliation after his death consisted in his bcing buried (h), and continuing in the state of the dead, and under the power of death till the third day (i); which hath been otherwise expressed in these words, He descended into hell.
Q. 51. What was the estate of Christ's exaltation ?
A. The estate of Christ's exaltation comprehendeth his resurrection(k), ascension (1), sitting at the right hand of the Father (m), and his coming again to judge the world (n).
one of the soldiers with a spear rose again the third day according pierced his side, and forthwith to the scriptures. came there out blood and water. (i) Acts 2. 24. Whom God
re) Luke 22. 44. And being hath raised up, having loosed the in an agony, he prayed more pains of death : because it was not earnestly; and his gweat was as possible tbat he should be holden it ware great drops of blood fall- of it. Rom. 6. 9. Knowing that ing down to the ground. Mat. 27. Christ, being raised from the ið. And about the ninth hour dead, dieth no more ; death hath Jesus cried with a loud voice, no more dominion over him. earing, Eli, Eli, lama sabachthani? Mat. 12. 40. For as Jonas was that is to say, My God, my God, three days and three nights in why hast thou forsaken me? the whale's belly, so shall the Son
CE) 12, 53. 10. Yet it pleased of man be three days and three the Lord to braise him, he hath nights in the heart of the earth. put him to grief: when thou (k) 1 Cor. 15.4. And that he shalt make his soul an offering for was buried, and that he rose sin, he shall see his seed, he shall again the third day according to proloag bis days, and the pleasure the scriptures. of the Lord shall prosper in his ri) Mark 16. 19. So then band.
after the Lord had spoken'unto ($) Phil. 2. 8. And being them, he was received up into found in fashion as a man, he heaven, and sat on the right hand humbled himself, and became of God. obedient unto death, even the (72) Eph. 1. 20. Which he death of the cross.
wrought in Christ, when he rais(h) 1 Cor. 15. 3, 4. For I ed him from the dead, and set delivered unto you first of all, lim at his own right hand in the that which I also received, how heavenly places. that Christ died for our sins, ac- (11) Acts 1. 11. Which also cording to the scriptures. And said, 'Ye mem of Galilee, why that he was buried, and that he stand ye gazing up into heaven?
Q. 52. How was Christ exalted in his resurrection ? ... Christ was exalted in his resurrection, in that, not having seen corruption in death (of which it was not possible for him to be held (o), and having the very same body in which he suffered, with the essential properties thereof (P), (but without mortality, and other common infirmities belonging to this life) really united to his soul lo he rose again from the dead the third day by his own power (r); whereby he declared himself to be the Son of God (s), to have satisfied divine justice (t), to lave vanquished death, and him that had the power of it (v), and to be Lord of quick and dead (w); all which he did as a public person (x), the head of his church (y), for
this same Jesus which is taken up ment have I received of my from you into heaven shall so Father. some in like manner as ye have (s) Rom. 1. 4. And declared seen him go into heaven. Acts to be the Son of God with power, 17. 31. Because he hath appoint- according to the Spirit of holiness, ed a day, in the which he will by the resurrection from the judge the world in righteousness, dead. . by that man whom he hath or- (t) Rom. 8. 34. Who is he dained; whereof he hath given that condemneth? It is Christ assurance'unto all men,' in that that died; yea, rather, that is he hath raised him from the risen again : who is eren at the dead.
right hand of God; who also ro) Acts 2. 24. Whom God maketh intercession for us. hath raised up, having loosed the rv) Heb. 2. 14. Forasmuch pains of death : becanse it was not then as the children are partakers possible that he should be holden of flesh and blood, he also himself of it.
likewise took part of the same; ( Luke 24. 39. Behold my that through death he might dehands and my feet, that it is I stroy him that had the power of myself : handle me, and see, for a death, that is, the devil. spirit hath not flesh and bones, (w) Rom. 14. 9. For to this as ye see me have.
end Christ both died, and rose, Co) Romans 6. 9. Knowing and revived, that he might be that Christ being raised from the Lord both of the dead and lira dead, dieth no more ; death hath ing. no more dominion over him. Rev. . °(x) 1 Cor. 15. 21. For since I. 18. I am he that liveth, and by man came death, by man came was dead ; and behold, I am alive also the resurrection of the for evermore, Amen; and have dead. the keys of hell and death.
Cy) Col. 1. 18. And he is rpy John 10. 18. No man the head of the body, the church; taketh it from me, but I lay it who is the beginning, the firstdown of myself: I have power to born from the dead ; that in all lay it down, and I have power to things he might have the preto take it again. This command- eminence.
their justification (2), quickening in grace (a), support against enemies (b), and to assure them of their resurrection from the dead at the last day (c).
Q. 53. Honi ras Christ exalted in his ascension? - A. Christ was exalted in his ascension, in that having, after his resurrection, often appeared unto and conversed with his apostles, speaking to them of the things. pertaining to the kingdom of God (d), and giving them commission to preach the gospel to all nations (e): forty days after his resurrection, he, in our nature, and as our head (f), triumphing over enemies (8), visibly went up into tire highest heavens, there to receive gifts for men (h), to raise up our affections thither (i), and to prepare a place for us (k), where himself is, and shall continue till his second coming, at the end of the world (1).
(z) Rom. 4. 25. Who was and lo, I am with you alway, even delivered for our offences, and unto the end of the world. Amen. was raised again for our justifica- (f) Heb. 6. 20. Whither the tiun. ..
'forerunner is for us entered, even Ca) Eph. 2.1. And you hath Jesus, made an high priest for he quickened who were dead in ever after the order of Melchitrespasses and sins.
sedec. , b) 1 Cor. 15. 25. For her g) Eph. 4. 8. Wherefore must reign, till he hath put all he saith, When he ascended up enemies under his feet.
on high, he led captivity captive, (c) 1 Cor. 15, 20. But now is and gave gifts unto men." Christ risen from the dead, and rh Acts 1. 9. And when he become the first fruits of them had spoken these things, while that slept.
they beheld, he was taken up, Y d) Acts 1. 2. 3. Until the and a cloud received him out of lav in which he was taken up, their sight.. Psalms 68. 18. Thou after that he through the Holy hast ascended on high, thou hast Ghost had given commandments led captivity captive : thou hast ' unto the apostles whom he had received gifts for men ; yea, for
chosen. To whom also he shewed the rebellious also, that the Lord * himselt alive after his passion, by God might dwell among them. many infallible proofs, being se
Col. 3. 1.* If ye then be of them forty days, and speaking risen with Christ, seek those of the things pertaining to the things which are above, where kingdom of God.
Christ sitteth on the right hand e) Mat. 28. 19, 20. Go ve of God. therefore and teach all nations, . (k) John 14. 3. And if I go baptizing them in the name of and prepare a place for you, I the Father, and of the Son, and will come again, and receive you of the Holy Ghost. Teaching unto myself, that where I am, them to observe all things what there ye may be also soever I have commanded you : Acts 3. 21. Whom the