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Q. 142. What are the sins forbidden in the eighth com; mandment?

A. The sins forbidden in the eighth commandment, beside the negleet of the duties required (y), are theft(z), robbery (a), man-stealing (b), and receiving any thing that is stolen (c); fraudulent dealing (d), false weights and measures (e), removing land-marks (f ), injustice and unfaithfulness in contracts between man and man (g), or in matters of trust '(h); oppression (i), extortion (k), usury (1), bribery (m), vexatious law-suits (n), unjust in


(Y) 1 John 8. 17. But whoso have set in thine inheritance.--hath this world's good, and seeth Prov. 23. 10. Remove not the his brother have need, and shut- old land-mark; and enter not in teth up his bowels of compassion the fields of the fatherless. from him, how dwelleth the love (3) Amos 8. 5. Saying, When of God in him?

will the new-moon be gone, that (z) Eph. 4. 28. Let him that we may sell corn ? and the Sabstole, steal no more.

bath, that we may set forth wheat, (a) Psal. 62. 10. Trust not in making the eplah small, and the oppression, and become not vain shekel great, and falsifying the in robbery.

balances by deceit ? Psal. 37. 21. (6) 1 Tim. 1. 10. (The law The wicked borroweth, and paywas made) for whoremongers, for eth not again. them that defile themselves with (h) Luke 16. 10. He that is mankind, for men-stealers, for faithful in that which is least, is liars, for perjured persons, and if faithful also in much : and he that there be any other thing that is is unjust in the least, is unjust also contrary to sound doctrine. in much.

(c) Prov. 29. 24. Whosu is (i) Ezek. 22. 29. The people partner with a thief, hateth his of the land have used oppression, own soul : he heareth cursing, and exercised robbery, and havé and bewrayeth it not. Psal. 50. vexed the poor and needy : yea, 18. When thou sawest a thief, they have oppressed the stranger then thou consentedst with him. wrongfully. Lev. 25. 17. Ye shall

rd) 1 Thess. 4. 6. That no not therefore oppress one anman go beyond and defraud his other; but thou shalt fear thy brother in any matter : because God: for I am the Lord your that the Lord is the avenger of God. all such, as we also have fore- (k) Mat. 23. 25. Wo unto you, warned you, and testified. Scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites!

(e) Prov. 11. 1. A false bal- for ye make clean the outside of ance is abomination to the Lord : the cup and of the platter, but but a just weight is his delight. within they are full of extortion Prov. 20. 10. Divers weights, and and excess. divers measures, both of them are (1) Psal. 15. 5. He that put. alike abomination to the Lord. teth not out his money to usury,

(f) Dent 19. 14. Thou shalt nor taketh reward against the innot remove thy neighbour's land- nocent. mark, which they of old time (m) Job 15. 34. For the con

closures and depopulations (0); ingrossing comrao-lities to enhance the price (P), unlawful callings (9); and all other unjust or sinful ways of taking or withholding from our neighbour what belongs to him, or of enriching ourselves (r); covetousness (8), inordinate prizing and affecting worldly goods (t); distrustful and distracting cares and studies in getting, keeping, and using them (v); envying at the prosperity of others (W); as likewise idleness (x), prodigality, wasteful gaming; and all other ways whereby we do unduly prejudice our own outward estate(y), and defrauding ourselves of the due use and comgregation of hypocrites shall be (r) Prov. 21. 6. The getting desolate, and fire shall consume of treasures by a lying tongue, is the tabernacles of bribery. a vanity tossed to and fro of them

(n) 1 Cor. 6. 6—8. But bro- that seek death. ther goeth to law with brother, (8) Luke 12. 15. And he said and that before the unbelievers. unto them, Take heed, and beNow therefore there is utterly a ware of covetousness : for a man's fault among you, because ye go to life consisteth not in the abund: law one with another: why do ye ance of the things which he posnot rather take wrong? why do Sesseth. ye not rather suffer yourselves to (t) 1 Tim. 6. 5. Perverse be defrauded ? Nay, ye do wrong disputings of men of corrupt and defraud, and that your bre- minds, and destitute of the truth, thren. Prov. 3. 29, 30. Devise supposing that gain is godliness : not evil against thy neighbour, see- from such withdraw thyself. ing he dwelleth securely by thee. (0) Mat. 6. 25. Therefore I Strive not with a man without say unto you, Take no thought cause, if he have done thee no for your life, what ye shall eat, or harm.

what ye shall drink, nor yet for CO)Isa. 5. 8. Wo unto them your body, what ye shall put on: that join house to house, that lay is not the life more than meat, field to field, till there be no place, and the body than raiment ? that they may be placed alone in ( w) Psal. 73. 3. For I was the midst of the earth,

envious at the foolish, when I saw (p. Prov. 11. 26. He that the prosperity of the wicked. withholdeth corn,

the people shall (x ) 2 Thes. 3. 11. For we curse him ; but blessing shall be hear that there are some which upon the head of him that selleth walk among you disorderly, workit.

ing not at all, but are busy-bodies. (9) Acts 19. 19. 25. Many Prov. 18. 9. He also that is slothalso of them which used curious ful in his word, is brother to him arts, brought their books together that is a great waster. and burned them before all men ; (y) Prov. 21. 17. He that lovand they counted the price of eth pleasure shall be a joor man: them, and found it fifty thousand he that loveth wine and oil shall pieces of silver. Sirs, ye know not be rich. Prov. 28. 19. He That by this craft we have our that tilleth his land shall have wealth,

plenty of bread : but he that fol

fort of that estate which God hath given us (2).

R. 143. Which is the ninth commandment ?

A. The ninth commandment is, Thou shalt not bear false witness against thy neighbour (a).

Q. 144. What are the duties required in the ninth commandment?

A. The duties required in the ninth commandment are, the preserving and promoting of truth between man and man (b), and the good name of our neighbour, as well as our own (c); appearing and standing for the truth (d); and from the heart (e), sincerely (f), freely (g), clearly (h), and fully (1), speaking the truth, and only the truth, in matters of judgment and justice (k), and in all other things

loweth after vain persons, shall teonsi.ess, and speaketh the truth have poverty enough.

in his heart. (z) Eccl. 4. 8. There is one (S) 2 Chron. 19. 19. And he alone, and there is not a second : charged them, saying, Thus shall yea, he hath neither child nor ye do in the fear of the Lord, brother; yet is there no end of faithfully, and with a perfect all his labour, neither is his eye

heart. satisfied with riches, neither saith (s) 1 Sam. 19. 4. _And Jonhe, For whom do I labour, and athan spake good of David unto bereave my soul of good ? This Saul his father, and said unto him, is also vanity, yea, it is a sore Let not the king sin against his travail. 1 Tim. 5. 8. But if any servant, against David ; because provide not for his own, and he hath not sinned against thee, specially for those of his own and because his works have been house, he hath denied the faith, to thee-ward very good. and is worse than an infidel.

ch) Josh. 7. 19. And Joshua ra) Exodus 20. 16.

said unto Achan, My son, give, I (b) Zech. 8. 16. These are pray thee, glory to the Lord God the things that ye shall do, Speak of Israel, and make confession ye every man the truth to his unto him; and tell me now what neighbour : execute the judgment thou hast done ; hide it not from of truth and peace in your gates. me.

(C) 3 John 12. Demetrius hath (i) 2 Sam. 14. 18. Then the good report of all men, and of king answered and said unto the the truth itself: yea, and we also woman, Hide not from me, I bear record, and ye know that our pray thee, the thing that I shall record is true.

ask thee. And the woman said, rd) Prov. 31. 8, 9. Open thy Let my lord the king now speak. mouth for the dumb in the cause (k) Lev. 19. 15. Ye shall do of all such as are appointed to de- no'ynrighteousness in judgment; struction. Open thy mouth, judge thou shalt not respect the person righteously, and plead the cause of the poor, nor honour the perof the poor and needly.

son of the mighty : but in righte(e) Psal. 15. 2. He that wall ousness shalt thou judge thy tth uprightly, and worketh righ ncighbour.

whatsoever (1); a charitable esteem of our neighbours (m), loving, desiring, and rejoicing in their good name (n); sorrowing for (0), and covering of their infirmities (P); freely acknowledging of their gifts and graces (9), defending their innocency (r); a ready receiving of a good report (s), and unwillingness to admit of an evil report concerning them (t); discouraging tale-bearers (v), flatterers (), and slanderers (x); love and care of our own

(1) 2 Cor. 1. 17, 18. When I selves : for charity shall cover the therefore was thus minded, did I multitude of sins. use lightness? or the things that (9) 1 Cor. 1. 4. 7. I thank I purpose, do I purpose according my God always in your behalf, for to the flesh, that with me there the grace of God which is given should be yea, yea, and nay, nay? you by Jesus Christ; That in But as God is true, our word to every thing ye are enriched by ward you was not yea and nay. him, in all utterance and in all Eph. $. 25. Wherefore putting knowledge. So that ye come beaway lying, speak every man hind in no gift. truth with his neighbour : for we (?) 1 Samuel 22. 14. Then are members one of another. Alimelech answered the king,

(m) Heb. 6. 9. But, beloved, and said, And who is so faithful we are persuaded better things of among all thy servants, as David, you, and things that accompany which is the king's son-in-law, and salvation, though we thus speak. goeth at thy bidding, and is ho1 Cor. 13.7. (Charity) beareth all nourable in thine house? things, believeth all things, hopeth (8) 1 Cor. 13. 6. (Charity) all things, endureth all things. rejoiceth not in iniquity, but re

(n) Rom. 1. 8. First, I thank joiceth in the truth : v. 7. Bearmy God, through Jesus Christ, eth all things, believeth all things, for you all, that your faith is spo bopeth all things, endureth ali ken of throughout the whole things. world. 2 John 4. I rejoiced great- (1) Psal. 15. 3. He that back. ly, that I found of thy children biteth not with his tongue, nor walking in truth, as we have re- doeth evil to his neighbour, nor ceived a commandment from the taketh up a reproach against his Father.

neighbour. (O) 2 Cor. 2. 4. For out of ru) Prov. 25. 23. The north much affliction and anguish of wind driveth away rain : so doth heart, I wrote unto you with many an angry countenance a backbi. tears ; not that you should be ting tongue. grieved, but that ye might know (w) Prov. 26. 24, 25. He the love which I have more abun- that hateth, dissembleth with his dantly unto you.

lips, and layeth up deceit within co) Proverbs 17. 9. He that him. When he speaketh fair, be. covereth a transgression, seeketh lieve him not : for there are seven love ; but he that repeateth a abominations in his heart. matter, separateth very friends. (x) Psal. 101. 5.' Whoso pri1 Pet. 4. 8. And above all things vily slandereth his neighbour, have fervent charity among your him will I cut off.

good name, and defending it when need requireth (y); keeping of lawful promises (z); studying and practising of whatsoever things are true, honest, lovely, and of good report (a).

Q. 145. What are the sins forbidden in the ninth commandment ?

A. The sins forbidden in the ninth commandment are, all prejudicing the truth, and the good name of our neighbours, as well

as our own (b), especially in public judicature (c); giving false evidence (d); suborning false witnesses (e), wittingly appearing and pleading for an evil cause, out-facing and over-bearing the truth (f); passing

Cy) Prov. 22. 1. A good neighbour. Hab. 1. 4. Therefore name is rather to be chosen than the law is slacked, and judgment great riches, and loving favour ra- doth never go forth: for the

wickther than silver and gold. John ed doth compass about the righ8. 49. Jesus answered, I have not teous: therefore wrong judgment a devil; but I honour my Father, proceedeth. and ye do dishonour me.

(d) Prov. 19. 5. A false wit(z) Psalms 15. 4.--He that ness shall not be unpunished, and sweareth to his own hurt, and be that speaketh lies shall not ese changeth not.

cape. Prov. 6. 16. 19. These six ) Phil. 4. 8. Finally, bre. things doth the Lord hate, yea, thren,

whatsoever things are true, seven are an abomination untó whatsoever things are honest, him: A false witness that speakwhatsoever things are just, what- eth lies, and him that soweth dissoever things are pure, whatso- cord among brethren. ever things are lovely, whatsoever re). Acts. 6. 13. And set up things are of good report: if there false witnesses, which said, This be any virtue, and if there be any inan ceaseth not to speak blasphepraise, think on these things. mous words against this holy place,

(b) 1 Sam. 17. 28. And Eliab and the law. his eldest brother heard when he (f) Jer. 9. 3. 5.

And they spake unto the men; and Eliab's bend their tongues like their bow anger was kindled against David, for lies : but they are not valiant and he said, Why camest thou for the truth upon the earth ; for down hither? and with whom hast they proceed from evil to evil, thou left those few sheep in the and they know not me, saith the wilderness? I know thy pride, Lord. And they will deeeive and the naughtiness of thiné every one his neighbour, and will heart; for thou art come down not speak the truth : they have that thou mightest see the battle. taught their tongue to speak lies,

(c) Lev. 19. 15. Ye shall do and weary themselves to commit Ro unrighteousness in judgment; iniquity. Acts 24. 2. 5. And when thou shalt not respect the person he was called forth, Tertullus be. of the poor, nor honour the per- gan to accuse him, For we have son of the mighty : but in righte- found this man a pestilent fellow, musness shalt thou judge thy and a mover of sedition among

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