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The volume containing the Journal of the Conve ation was in an incomplete state. The journal of Friday, Sep tember 14, and a commencement of that of Saturday, September 15, filled three fourths of the 153d page; then terminated abruptly, and were, with the exception of five lines crossed out with a pen. President Madison, to whom application for that purpose was made, has furnished, from bis own minutes, the means of completing the Journal, as now published.

The yeas and nays were not inserted in the journals, but were entered partly in a separate volume, and partly on loose sheets of paper. They were taken, not individually, but by states. Instead of publishing them as they appear in the manuscript, they are now given immediately after each question upon which they were taken.

General Joseph Bloomfield, executor of David Brearly, one of the members of the Convention, transmitted to the department of state several additional papers, which are included in this publication.

The paper purporting to be Colonel Hamilton's Plan of a Constitution is not noticed in the journals. It was not offered by him for discussion, but was read by him, as part of a speech, observing that he did not mean it as a proposition, but only to give a more correct view of his ideas.

The return of the members in the several states appears to have been an estiinate used for the purpose of apportioning the number of members to be admitted from each of the states to the House of Representatives.

In order to follow, with clear understanding, the course of proceedings of the Convention, particular attention is required to the following papers, which, except the third, successively formed the general text of their debates:

1. May 29, 1787. The Fifteen Resolutions offered by Mr. Edmund Randolph to the Convention, and by them referred to a committee of the whole.

2. June 13. Nineteen Resolutions reported by this committee of the whole, on the 13th, and again on the 19th of June, to the Convention.

3. July 26. Twenty-three Resolutions, adopted and elaborated by the Convention, in debate upon the above nineteen, reported from the committee of the whole; and on the. 23d and 26th of July, referred, together with the plan of Mr. C. Pinckney, and the propositions of Mr. Patterson tu a committee of five, to report a draft of a Constitution.

4. August 6. The Draft of a Plan of a Constitution, reported by this committee to the Convention; and debated from that time till the 12th of September.

5 September 13. Plan of a Constitution, brought in by a committee of revision, appointed on the 8th of September, consisting of five members, to revise the style and arrange the articles agreed to by the Convention. The second and fourth of these papers are among

those deposited, by President Washington, at the departiment of state.

The first, fourth, and fifth, are among those transmitted by General Bloomfield.

The third is collected from the proceedings of the Convention, as they are spread over the Journal from June 19th to July 26th.

This paper, together with the plan of Mr. C. Pinckney, a copy

of which has been furnished by him, and the propositions of Mr. Patterson, included among the papers forwarded by General Bloomfield, comprise the materials upon which the first draft was made of the Constitution, as reported by the committee of detail, on the 6th of August.




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May 29.
May 28.
May 25.
May 28.

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1. John Langdon,

John Pickering,
2. Nicholas Gilman.

Benjamin West.
Francis Dana,

Elbridge Gerry,
3. Nathaniel Gorham,
4. Rufus King, .

Caleb Strong

[No appointment.]
+ 5. Wm. Sam. Johnson,
6. Roger Sherman,

Oliver Ellsworth.

Robert Yates, .
7. Alexander Hamilton,

John Lansing..
t 8. William Livingston,
9. David Brearly,

William C. Houston,
10. William Patterson,

John Nelson,

Abraham Clark, 11. Jonathan Dayton.

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June 2.
May 30.
May 29.
May 25

June 2.
June 5.
May 25.

New Jersey.

June 21.

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Altended PENNSYLVANIA. . . 12. Benjamin Franklin,

May 28, 1787 13. Thomas Mifflin,

do. 14. Robert Morris,

May 25 15. George Clymer,

May 22 16. Thomas Fitzsimons,

May 25 + 17. Jared Ingersoll,

May 28 18. James Wilson,

May 25. 19. Gouverneur Morris.

do. DELAWARE. 20. George Read,

do. 21. Gunning Bedford, Jun.

May 28. 22. John Dickinson,

do. 23. Richard Basset,

May 25. 24. Jacob Broom.

do. MARYLAND. 25. James M’Henry,

May 29.
26. Daniel of St. Thomas Jenifer, June 2.
27. Daniel Carroll,

July 9.
John Francis Mercer,

August 6.
Luther Martin.

June 9.
28. George Washington,

May 25.
Patrick Henry,

(declined.) Edinund Randolph,

May 25 29. John Blair,

do. 30. James Madison, Jun.

do. George Mason,

do. George Wythe,.

do. J. M'Clurg, (room of P. Henry.] do. North CAROLINA. Richard Caswell,

(resigned ) Alexander Martin,

May 25.
William R. Davie,.

31. Wm. Blount, (room of R. Caswell,] June 20.
Willie Jones,

(declined.) 32. Richard D. Spaight, .

May 25. 33. H. Williamson, [room of W. Jones.] May 25. SOUTH CAROLINA. 34. John Rutledge,

May 25. 35. Charles C. Pinckney,

do. 36. Charles Pinckney,

do. 37. Pierce Butler.

do. GEORGIA. 38. William Few,

+ 39. Abraham Ba.dwin,

June 11
William Pierce,

May 31
George Walton,
William Houstoun,

June 7
Nathaniel Pendleton.


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Those with numbers before their names signed the Constitut on,
Those in Italics never attended,
Members who attended, but did not sign the Constitution,

39 10 16

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An Act for appointing Deputies from this State to the Convention proposed to be holden

in the City of Philadelphia, in May, 1787, for the Purpose of revising the federal
Whereas, in the formation of the federal compact, which frames the bond of union
of the American states, it was not possible, in the infant state of our republic, to
devise a system which, in the course of time and experience, would not manifest im-
perfections that it would be necessary to reform :

And whereas the limited powers, which, by the Articles of Confederation, are vested in the Congress of the United States, have been found far inadequate to the enlarged purpuses which they were intended to produce; and whereas Congress hath, by repeated and most urgent representations, endeavored to awaken this, and other states of the Union, to a sense of the truly critical and alarming situation in which they may inevitably be involved, unless timely measures be taken to enlarge the powers of Congress, that they may be thereby enabled to avert the dangers which threaten our existence as a free and independent people; and whereas this state hath been ever desirous to act upon the liberal system of the general good of the United States, without circumscribing its views to the narrow and selfish objects of partial convenience; and has been at all times ready to make every concession, to the safety and happiness of the whole, which justice and sound policy could vindicate;

Be it therefore enacted, by the Senute and House of Representatites in General Court condened, That John Langdon, John Pickering, Nicholas Gilman, and Benjamin West, Esqrs., be, and hereby are, appointed commissioners: they, or any two of them, are hereby authorized and empowered, as deputies from this state, to meet at Phila. delphia said Convention, or any other place to which the Convention may be ad. journed, for the purposes aforesaid, there to confer with such deputies as are, or may be, appointed by the other states for similar purposes, and with them to discuss and decide upon the most effectual means to remedy the defects of our federal Union, and to procure and secure the enlarged purposes which it was intended to effect, and to report such an act to the United States in Congress, as, when agreed to by them, and duly confirmed by the several states, will effectually provide for the same.

STATE OF New HAMPSHIRE. - IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES, June 27, 1787. The foregoing bill having been read a third time, voted that it pass to be enacted. Sent up for concurrence.

JOHN SPARHAWK, Speaker. IN SENATE, the same day. This bill having been read a third time, - voted that the same be enacted.

JOHN SULLIVAN, President. Copy examined, per Joseph PEARSON, Secretary.

[L. s.]

By his excellency, James Bowdoin, Esq., Governor of the Commonwealth of
[L. s.]

To the Hon. Francis Dana, E'bridge Gerry, Nathaniel Gorham, Rufus King, and

Caleb Strong, Esqrs, Greeting :
Whereas Congress did, on the 21st day of February, A. D. 1787, resolve, " That, in
the opinion of Congress, it is expedient that, on the second Monday in May next, a
convention of delegates, who shall have been appointed by the several states, be held
at Philadelphia, for the sole and express purpose of revising the Articles of Confed.
eration, and reporting to Congress and the several legislatures such alterations and
provisions therein as shall, when agreed to in Congress, and confirmed by the states,
render the federal constitution adequate to the exigencies of government and the
preservation of the Union ;” And whereas the General Court have constituted and
appointed you their delegates, to attend and represent this commonwealth in the said
proposed Convention, and have, by a resolution of theirs of the 10th of last,
requested me to commission you for that purpose ;

Now, therefore, Know ye, That, in pursuance of the resolutions aforesaid, I do, by these presents, commission you, the said Francis Dana, Elbridge Gerry, Nathaniel Gorhain, Rutus King, and Caleb Strong, Esqrs., or any three of you, to meet such delegates as may be appointed by the other, or any of the other, states in the Union, to meet in Convention at Philadelphia, at the time and for the purposes aforesaid.

In testimony whereof, I have caused the public seal of the commonwealth aforesaid to be hereunto affixed. Given at the Council Chamber, in Boston, the ninth day of April, A. D. 1787, and in the 11th year of the independence of the United States of America.

JAMES BOWDOIN. By his excellency's command. - JOHN AVERY, Jun., Secretary.


At a General Assembly of the State of Connecticut, in America, holden at Hart[L. S.]

ford, on the second Thursday of May, A. D. 1787. An Act for appointing Delegates to ineet in Convention of the States, to be held at Phil

udelphia, on the second Monday of Muy instant. Whereas the Congress of the United States, by their act of the 21st February, 1787, have recommended inat, on the second Monday of May inst., a Convention of delegales, who shall have been appointed by the several states, be held at Philadelphia, for the sole and express purpose of revising the Articles of Confederation,

Be it enucted by the governor, council, and representutives, in General Court assembled, and by the authority of the same, That the Hon. William Samuel Johnson, Roger Sherman, and Oliver Ellsworth, Esqrs., be, and they hereby are, appointed delegates to attend the said Convention, and are requested to proceed to the city of Philadelphia, for that purpose, without delay; and the said delegates, and, in case of sickness or accident, such one or more of them as shall attend the said Convention, is and are hereby authorized and empowered to represent this state therein, and to confer with such delegates appointed by the several states, for the purposes mentioned in the said act of Congress, that may be present and duly empowered to sit in said Convention, and to discuss upon such alterations and provisions, agreeably to the general principles of republican government, as they shall think proper to render the Federal Constitution adequate to the exigencies of government and the preservation of the Union ; and they are further directed, pursuant to the said act of Congress, to report such alterations and provisions as may be agreed to by a majority of the United States rep: resented in Convention, to the Congress of the United States, and to the General Assembly of this state.

A true copy of record. Examined by GEORGE WILLYS, Secretary.


By his excellency, George Clinton, governor of the state of New York, general and (l. s.] cominander-in-chief of all the militia, and admiral of the navy of the same.

To all to whom these presents shall come. It is by these presents certified, that John M'Kesson, who has subscribed the annexed copies of resolutions, is clerk of the Assembly of this state.

In testimony whereof, I have caused the privy seal of the said state to be hereunto affixed, this 9th day of May, in the 11th year of the independence of the said state.

GEO. CLINTON. STATE OF New YORK. — IN ASSEMBLY, February 23, 1787.- A copy of a resolution of the honorable the Senate, delivered by Mr. Williams, was read, and is in the words following, viz. :-

Resolved, If the honorable the Assembly concur therein, that three delegates be appointed, on the part of this state, to meet such delegates as may be appointed on the part of the other states, respectively, on the second Monday in May next, at Philadel. phia, for the sole and express purpose of revising the Articles of Confederation, and reporting to Congress, and to the several legislatures, such alterations and provisions therein us shall, when agreed to in Congress, and confirmed by the several states, ren der the Federal Constitution adequate to the exigencies of government and the pres ervatiou of the Urion ; and that in case of such concurrence, the two houses of the

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