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It was moved to reconsider the clause declaring that “the number of representatives shall not exceed one for every forty thousand,” in order to strike out “ forty thousand," and insert 6 thirty thousand; which passed in the affirmative.
On the question to agree to the Constitution, enrolled in order to be signed, - all the states answered, “ Ay."
On the question to agree to the above form of signing, it passed in the affirmative.
Yeas: New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Connecticut, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, Georgia, 10. Divided : South Carolina, 1.
It was moved that the Journal, and other papers of the Convention, be deposited with the president; which passed in the affirmative.
Yeas: New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Connecticut, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, 10. Nay: Maryland, 1.
The president having asked what the Convention meant should be done with the Journal, it was resolved, nem. con., 6. That he retain the Journal and other papers, subject to the order of the Congress, if ever formed under this Constitution."
The members proceeded to sign the Constitution ; and the Convention then dissolved itself by an adjournment sine die.
THE JOURNAL OF THE FEDERAL CONVENTION.
The following extract, from the Journal of the Congress of the Confederation, exhibits the proceedings of that body on receiving the report of the Convention :
UNITED STATES IN CONGRESS ASSEMBLED.
FRIDAY, Septemher 28, 1787. Present : New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Connecticut, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia, and from Maryland Mr. Ross.
Congress, having received the report of the Convention lately assembled in Philadelphia,
“ Resolved, unanimously, That the said report, with the resolutions and letter accompanying the same, be transmitted to the several legislatures, in order to be subunitted to a Convention of delegates chosen in each state, by the people thereof, in conformity to the resolves of the Convention made and provided in that case.”
The states having accordingly passed acts for severally calling conventions, and the Constitution being submitted to them, the ratifications thereof were transmitted to Congress as follows:
THE RATIFICATIONS OF THE TWELVE STATES,
Reported in the General Convention.
1. DELAWARE. We, the deputies of the people of the Delaware state, in Convention met, having taken in our serious consideration the Federal Constitution proposed and agreed upon by the deputies of the United States in a General Convention held at the city of Phila. delphia, on the seventeenth day of September, in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and eighty-seven, have approved, assented to, ratified, and confirmed, and by these presents do, in virtue of the power and authority to us given, for and in behalf of ourselves and our constituents, fuily, freely, and entirely approve of, assent to, ratify, and confirm, the said Constitution. Done in Convention, at Dover, this seventh day of December, in the year aforesaid,
and in the year of the independence of the United States of America the twelfth.
Nicholas Ridgely, James Latiner, President,
Gunning Bedford, Sen.
George Manlove. Gunning Bedford, Jun. [L. S.) To all to whom these Presents shall come, Greeting. 1, Thomas Collins, president of the Delaware state, do hereby certify, that the above instrument of writing is a true copy of the original ratification of the Federal Constitution by the Convention of the Delaware state, which original ratification is now in my possession. In testiinony whereof, I have caused the seal of the Delaware state to be hereunto annexed.
IN THE NAME OF THE PEOPLE OF PENNSYLVANIA. Be it known unto all men, that we, the delegates of the people of the common wealth of Pennsylvania, in General Convention assembled, have assented to and ratified, and hy these presents do, in the name and by the authority of the same people, and for ourselves, assent to and ratify the foregoing Constitution for the United States of America. Done in Convention at Philadelphia, the twelfth day of December,
in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and eighty-seven, and of the in dependence of the United States of America the twelfth. In witness whereof, we have hereunto subscribed our names.
FREDERICK A. MUHLENBERG, President
3. NEW JERSEY.
IN CONVENTION OF THE STATE OF NEW JERSEY. Whereas a Convention of delegates from the following states, viz., - New Hamp. shire, Massachusetts, Connecticut, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia, - met at Philadel. phia, for the purpose of deliberating on, and forming, a Constitution for the United States of America, finished their session on the 17th day of September last, and reported to Congress the form which they had agreed upon, in the words following, viz.: (See the Constitution.]
And whereas Congress, on the 28th day of September last, unanimously did resolve, “That the said report, with the resolutions and letter accompanying the same, be transmitted to the several legislatures, in order to be submitted to a convention of del. egates, chosen in each state by the people thereof, in conformity to the resolves of the Convention made and provided in that case ;
And whereas the legislature of this state did, on the 29th day of October last, resolve in the words following, viz., “ Resolded, unanimously, That it be recommended t) such of the inhabitants of this state as are entitled to vote for representatives in General Assembly, to meet in their respective counties on the fourth Tuesday in November next, at the several places fixed by law for holding the annual elections, to choose three suitable persons to serve as delegates from each county in a state Convention, for the purposes hereinbefore mentioned, and that the same be conducted agreeably to the mode, and conformably with the rules and regulations, prescribed for conducting such elections ;
“ Resoloed, unanimously, That the persons so elected to serve in state Convention, do assemble and meet together on the second Tuesday in December next, at 'Trenton, in the county of Hunterdon, then and there to take into consideration the aforesaid Con: stitution and if approved of by them, finally to ratify the saine, in behalf and on the part of this state, and make report thereof tn ihe United States in Congress assembled, in conformity with the resolutions thereto annexed.
“ Resolved, That the sheriffs of the respective counties of this state shall be, and they are hereby, required to give as timely notice as may be, by advertisements, to the people of their counties, of the time, place, and purpose of holding elections, as aforesaid."
And whereas the legislature of this state did also, on the 1st day of November last, make and pass the following act, viz., “An Act to authorize the people of this state to meet in convention, deliberate upon, agree to, and ratify, the Constitution of the United States proposed by the late General Convention, - Be it enacted by the Council and General Asseinbly of this state, and it is hereby enacted by the authority of the same, that it shall and may be lawful for the people thereof, by their delegates, to meet in Convention to deliberate upon, and, if approved of by them, to ratify, the Constitution for the United States proposed by the General Convention held at Philadelphia
and every act, matter, and clause, therein contained, conformedly to the resolutions of the legislature passed the 2.Ith day of October, 1787, - any law, usage, or custom, to the contrary in any wise notwithstanding;
Now be it known, that we, the delegates of the state of New Jersey, chosen by the people thereof, for the purpose aforesaid, having maturely deliberated on and con. sidered the aforesaid proposed Constitution, do hereby, for and on the behalf of the people of the said state of New Jersey, agree to, rality, and confirm, the same and every part thereof. Done in Convention, by the unanimous consent of the members present, this 18th
day of December, in the year of our Lord 1707, and of the independence of the
United States of America the twelfth.
JOHN STEVENS, President,
and delegate from the county of Hunterdon. County of
Middlesex, John Neilson,
Jacob R. Hardenberg, Cumberland,....... David Potter,
Joshua M. Wallace.
Attest. SAMUEL W. STOCKTON, Secretary.
4. CONNECTICUT IN THE NAME OF THE PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF CONNECTICUT. We, the delegates of the people of said state, in general Convention assembled, pur. suant to an act of the legislature in October last, have assented to, and ratified, ano by these presents do assent to, on the 17th day of September, A. D. 1787, for the United States of America.
Done in Convention, this 9th day of January, A. D. 1788.
MATTHEW GRISWOLD, President
Nehemiah Beardsley, Asa Barns,
Stephen Mix Mitchell,
Jededialı Hubbel, Pierpont Edwards,
Hezekiah Fitch, Gideon Buckingham,
Lewis Mallet, Jun.
Amasa Learned, Simeon Smith,
Hendrick Dow, Daniel Sherman,
Moses Cleveland, Samuel H. Parsons,
Williarn Danielson, Hezekiah Goodrich,
Daniel Learned, Hezekiah Brainard,
Oliver Wolcott, William Hart,
Moses Hawley, Jeremiah West,
Eleazer Curtiss, John Phelps,
Seth Crocker. Jedediah Elderkin, Stute of CONNECTICUT, ss. HARTFORD, Junuary Ninth, Anno Domini, 1788. The foregoing ratification was agreed to, and signed as above, by one hundred and twenty-eight, and dissented to by forty delegates in convention, which is a majority of eighty-eight
Certified by MATTHEW GRISWOLD, Presideni. Teste. JEDEDIAH STRONG, Secretary.
The Convention having impartially discussed, and fully considered, the Constitu. tion for the United States of America, reported to Congress by the Convention of Delegates from the United States of America, and submitted to us by a resolution of the General Court of the said commonwealth, passed the 25th day of October last past, and acknowledging, with grateful hearts, the goodness of the Supreme Ruler of the universe in affording the people of the United States, in the course of his providence, an opportunity, deliberately and peaceably, without fraud or surprise, of entering into an explicit and solemn compact with each other, by assenting to and ratifying a new Constitution, in order to form a more perfect union, establish justice, insure domestic tranquillity, provide for the common detence, promote the general welfare, and secure the blessings of liberty to themselves and their posterity, — do, in the name and in behalf of the people of the commonwealth of Massachusetts, assent to and ratify the said Constitution for the United States of America.
And as it is the opinion of this Convention, that certain amendments and alterations in the said Constitution would remove the fears, and quiet the apprehensions, of many of the good people of this commonwealth, and more effectually guard against an undue administration of the federal government, – the Convention du therefore recommend that the following alterations and provisions be introduced into the said Constitution
I. That it be explicitly declared that all powers not expressly delegated by the aforesaid Constitution are reserved to the several states, to be by them exercised.
11. That there shall be one representative to every thirty thousand persons, accord ing to the census mentioned in the Constitution, until the whole number of the representatives amounts to two hundred.
III. That Congress do not exercise the powers vested in them by the 4th section of the 1st article, but in cases where a state shall neglect or refuse to make the regu Jations therein mentioned, or shall make regulations subversive of the rights of the people to a free and equal representation in Congress, agreeably to the Constitution.
IV. That Congress do not lay direct taxes but when the moneys arising from the impost and excise are insufficient for the public exigencies, nor then until Congress