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President of the United States, vested with the executive power, shall be chosen for four years, . .

2 1 8 How elected, .

2 1 9 Qualifications for,

10 Compensation of,

1 lv Shall take oath of office,

2 1 10 May be removed by impeachment,

2 4 11 President of the Unitrd States, powers of Shall le commander-in-chief of army and navy,

2 2 10 May require the written opinions of the beads of departments,

2 2 10 May reprieve and pardon, ...

2 2 11 May make treaties, with consent of the Senate,

2 11 May appoint to office, with consent of the Senate,

2 11 Shall fill up vacancies happening during the recess of the Senate, 2 2 11 President of the United States, duties of Shall give information to Congress, and recommend measures,

2 3 DI May convene both houses, or either house,

2 3 11 May adjourn them in case of disagreement,..

2 3 1 Shall receive ambassadors and other public ministers,

2 3 11 Shall take care that the laws be faithfully executed,

2 3 11 Shall commission all officers of the United States,.

2 3 1 In case of death, &c., shall devolve on the Vice-President, and on such other officer as may be provided by law,

2 1 10 Privileges and iminunities of citizens of states. (See Citizens.) Property shall not be taken for public use without just compensation. 5th amendment,

19 Quorum, what shall be, for business,...

1 5 4 Of stales, in choosing a President by the House of Representatives, 2 1 9 Receipts and expenditures, accounts of, to be published, .

19 8 Records. (See Judicial Proceedings.)....

4 1 13 Representatives, House of, composed of members chosen every second year,. 1 2 1 Qualifications of the electors of its members,..

1 2 1 Qualifications of members,

1 2 1 Shall not exceed one for 30,000,..

1 2 2 Shall choose its speaker and other officers,.

1 2 2 Shall have the power of impeachment,

1 2 Shall be the judge of the returns, elections, and qualifications of its members, .....

1 5 4 What shall be a quorum of,.....

1 5 Any nuinber may adjourn, and compel the attendance of absentees, 1 5 4 May determine the rules of proceeding,

1 5 May punish or expel a member,

15 Shall keep a journal, and publish the same, except the parts requiring secrecy,....

15 Shall not adjourn for more than three days, nor to any other place, without the consent of the Senate,

1 5 4 One fifth of present may require the yeas and nays,

1 5 4 Shall originate bills for raising revenue,.

1 7 5 Shall receive a compensation, to be ascertained by law,

1 6 4 Privileged from arrest during attendance, and in going and returning, except in certain cases,

16 4 Shall not be questioned elsewhere for any speech or debate in the house,. :

1 6 Shall not be appointed to the offices created, or whose compensations

shall have been increased, during the time for which they are elected, 1 6 Can, whilst serving, hold no office under the United States,

1 6 Shall not serve as priinary electors of President,

2 1 9 Kepresentatives and direct lares apportioned according to numbers,

1 2 Representation of a state, vacancies in, supplied until a new election by the executive authority thereof,

1 2 2 Resolution, order, or vote, requiring the concurrence of both houses, (except

for an adjournment,) shall be presented to the President, and undergo
the formalities of bills,

1 5 Rederue. (See Vessels.)

Ant. Das P

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Rights of the citizen declared to be
Liberty of conscience in matters of religion,

Amendment, 1
Freedom of speech and of the press,.

1
To assemble and petition,...

1
To keep and bear arms,..
To be exempt from the quartering of soldiers in any house, in time of

peace, without the consent of the owner; and in time of war, unless
prescribed by law,

3
To be secure froin unreasonable searches and seizures,
To be free, except in the army, navy, and militia, from answering

for a capital or otherwise infainous crime, unless on presentment or
indictment of a grand jury,.

5
Not to be jeopardized twice for the same offence, ;

5 Not to be compelled, in criminal cases, to be a witness against himself, 5 Not to be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due course of law,...

5 Private property shall not be taken for public use, without just compensation, :

5
That the accused, in criminal prosecutions, shall enjoy the right of a

speedy public trial by an impartial jury of the vicinage ; and the
means necessary for his defence,.

6
That, in civil cases, facts tried by a jury sball only be reexamined ac-
cording to the rules of the common law,

7 That in guits at common law, where the value shall exceed twenty dol. lars, the right of trial by jury shall be preserved,...

7 That excessive bail shall not be required, excessive fines imposed, nor cruel or unusual punishments inflicted,

8 That the enumeration of certain rights shall not operate constructively against the retained rights,

9 Rules, each house shall determine its own,

15 Sonate of the United States, composed of two senators from each state, 1 3 How chosen, classed, and terms of service,

1 3 Qualifications of members, thirty years of age, nine years a citizen, and an inhabitant of the state,

1 3 Shall choose its officers, except the President,.

1 3 Shall be the judge of the elections, returns, and qualifications, of its members,

1 5 What number shall be a quorum,

1 5 Any nuinber may adjourn, and compel attendance of absentees, 1 5 May determine its rules,

1 5 May punish or expel a member,

1 5 Shall keep a journal, and publish the same, except parts requiring secrecy,

1 5 Shall not adjourn for more than three days, nor to any other place, without the consent of the other house,

I 5 One fifth of present may require the yeas and nays,

1 5 May propose amendments to bills for raising revenue,

1 7 Shall try impeachments,

1 3 Their judgments only to extend to removal from office, and to disqualify for any other,..

1 3 Members shall receive a compensation, to be ascertained by law,. 1 6 Privileged from arrest, ..

1 6 Shall not be questioned elsewhere for any speech or debate in the house, 1 6 Shall not be appointed to offices of the United States created, or whose

emoluments shall have been increased, during the terms for which
they were elected,..

1 6 Senators and Representatives, elections of, how prescribed,

1 4 Slades. (See Persons held to service.)... Senator shall not be an elector of President,

2 1 Speaker, how chosen,...

1 2 States prohibited from Entering into any treaty, alliance, or confederation,

1 10 Granting letters of marque,

1 10 Coining money,

1 10 Emitting bills of credit,

1 10 Making any thing a tender but gold and silver coin,.

1 10

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4 4 4 4

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3 4 4 4

4 3 7 9 2

8 8 8

Art in

States prohibited from

Passing bills of attainder, ex post facto laws, or laws impairing contracts,

1 10 8 Granting titles of nobility,

1 10 8 Laying imposts, or duties on imports and exports, for their own use, 1 10 8 Laying duties on tonnage without the consent of Congress,

1 10 8 Keeping troops or ships of war in time of peace,

1 10 8 Entering into any contract or agreement with another state, or a foreign power,

1 10 8 Engaging in war, unless invaded or in imminent danger,

1 10 8 States, new, may be admitted into the Union, ...,

4 3 14 May be formed within the jurisdiction of others, or by the junction of

two or more, with the consent of Congress and the legislatures con-
cerned,

4 3 14 States, judges of, bound to consider the treaties, the Constitution, and the laws under it, as supreme,.

6 1 15 States, majority of all, necessary to the choice of President,

2 1 9 State, each, to be guarantied a republican form of government; protected

against invasion ; and secured, upon application, against domestic
violence,...

4 4 14 Tar, capitation or direct, shall be laid only in proportion to census,

1 9 Tar on exports from a state prohibited,

1 9 7 Taxes, direct, shall be apportioned according to representation,

1 2 2 Territory, or property belonging to the United States, Congress may make rules concerning,

4 3 14 Test, religious, shall not be required, .

1 18 Titles. (See Nobility.).

1 9 8 Title, from foreign state. (See Presents.)

19 8 Treason, defined,...

3 3 13 Two witnesses, or confession, necessary for conviction,.

3 3 13 Punishment of, may be prescribed by Congress with one limitation,... 3 3 13 Treason, or other crime, persons charged with in one state, fleeing into another, shall, on demand, be delivered up,...

4 2 13 Treasury, money drawn from only by appropriation,

1 9 8 Treaties, the supreme law,

6 1 15 Vacancies happening during recess of the Senate may be filled temporarily by the President,

2 2 1 In representation in Congress, how filled,

1 2 2 Vessels to enter, clear, and pay duties in the states in which they arrive, or from which they depart,

1 9 7 Vice-President of the United States

To be President of the Senate, except when exercising the office of
President of the United States,

1 3 3 How elected

2 1 8 Qualifications for. 12th amendment,

20 Shall, in certain cases, discharge the duties of President,.

2 1 10 May be removed by impeachment, .

2 4 11 Vote of one house requiring concurrence of the other,

1 7 5 Warrants for searches and seizures, when and how they shall insue. 4th amendment,

19 Witness, in criminal cases, no one compelled to be against himseif. 5th

amendment,...

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19

CONSTITUTION

OF THE

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA.

Copied and carefully compared with the original in the Department of State. Punctuation,

paragraphs, and capital letters, same as said original.

CONSTITUTION.

WE the people of the United States in order to form a more perfect

union, establish justice, ensure domestic tranquillity, provide for the common defence, promote the general welfare and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America.

ARTICLE I.

SECTION I.

All legislative powers herein granted shall be vested in a Congress of the United States, which shall consist of a Senate and House of Representatives.

SECTION II.

The House of Representatives shall be composed of members chosen every second year by the people of the several States, and the electors in each State shall have the qualifications requisite for electors of the most numerous branch of the State Legislature.

No person shall be a Representative who shall not have attained to the age of twenty-five years, and been seven years a citizen of the United States, and who shall not, when elected, be an inhabitant of that State in which he shall be chosen.

1

VOL. I.

1

Representatives and direct taxes shall be apportioned among the several States which may be included within this Union, according to their respective numbers, which shall be determined by adding to the whole number of free persons, including those bound to service for a term of years, and ex cluding Indians not taxed, three fifths of all other persons. The actual enumeration shall be made within three years after the first meeting of the Congress of the United States, and within every subsequent term of ten years, in such manner as they shall by law direct. The number of Representatives shall not exceed one for every thirty thousand, but each State shall have at least one Representative; and until such enumeration shall be made, the State of New Hampshire shall be entitled to choose three, Massachusetts eight, Rhode Island and Providence Plantations one, Connecticut five, New York six, New Jersey four, Pennsylvania eight, Delaware one, Maryland six, Virginia ten, North Carolina five, South Carolina five, and Georgia three.

When vacancies happen in the representation from any State, the Executive authority thereof shall issue writs of election to fill such vacancies.

The House of Representatives shall choose their Speaker and other officers; and shall have the sole power of impeachment.

SECTION III.

The Senate of the United States shall be composed of two Senators from each State, chosen by the Legislature thereof, for six years; and each Senator shall have one

vote.

Immediately after they shall be assembled in consequence of the first election, they shall be divided as equally as may be, into three classes. The seats of the Senators of the first class shall be vacated at the expiration of the second year, of the second class at the expiration of the fourth year, and of the third class at the expiration of the sixth year, sc

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