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»rovi»o; u>c u. Prowled, That such terms and conditions, shall nntrt

iS£''.he"un>b£-strain the United States from paying off the sum which

rowed after is raay oc borrowed, after the expiration of fifteen years.

Sec. 10. And be it further enacted, That so much as

surplus of dmie» may be necessary of the surplus of the duties on imports

fi^Tht "inn-IStam' tonnage, beyond the permanent appropriations here

■id (.rincipai oftofore charged upon them by law, shall be, and hereby

oa% . is, pledged and appropriated for paying the interests

all such moneys as may be borrowed pursuant to this

act, according to the terms and conditions on which the

loan, or loans, respectively, may be effected; and also

for paying, by discharging, the principal sum or suras

of any such loan or loans, according to the terms and

conditions to be fixed as aforesaid.

The powers »est- Sec. Ii. And be it farther enacted. That the powers,

tmhttiJvt bv tuP fipst anu second sections of this act vested in the

and 2d sections presi(]ent of the United States, shall cease at the expiia

cease.s&c. unless tion of the session of congress next ensuing the present

^tinned by un]ess thpy s,ia,| be? hy'some future ]aw> continued in

force for a longer time. [Approved, March 2, 1799-]

CHAPTER XL.

An act authorizing the president of the United States to fill certain" cancies in the army and navy.

The president Sec. 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of «■ "Seisin, presentativ.es of the United States of America in Congress J1?'"-»fillet*.assembled, That the president of the United States shall

tain vacancies in i i • i i ■ • i t . , tt

the army and be, and he is hereby, authorized to make appointment to fill any vacancies in the army and navy, which ma) have happened during the present session of the senate.

[Approved, March 3, 1799.]

CHAPTER XLL

An act for the better organizing of the troops of the United States, ^ for other purposes.*

Sec. 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Be

organization ofpresentatives of the United States of America in Congress

1' assembled, That the troops heretofore authorized, a|"'

which hereafter may be authorized, to be raised, shall

be composed and organized as follows, to wit: A regi

•Repealed and supplied by act of 16th March, 1802, chapter 46, so fa as it conflicts with the provisions of that act. Sections 8,22,23, au<i ?*• do not appear to come within the operation of the repealing c'ause

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ent of infantry shall consist of one lieutenant-colonel- A regiment of >tnmandant, two majors, first and second, one adjutant,1" *ntry' le quartermaster, and one paymaster, each being a eutenant, one surgeon, and two surgeon's mates, ten. iptains, ten first and ten second lieutenants, besides le three lieutenants before, mentioned, ten cadets, two ^rgeant-majors, two quartermaster-sergeants, two chief msicians, first and second, twenty other musicians, »rty sergeants, forty corporals, and nine hundred and iventy privates, which, together, shall form two battaions, each battalion of five companies: A regiment of A regiment of m avalry shall consist of one lieutenant-colonel-command-* y" nt, two majors, a first and second, one adjutant, one uartermastcr, and one paymaster, each being a lieuenant; one surgeon, and two surgeon's mates, ten capains, ten first and ten second lieutenants, besides the hree lieutenants before mentioned, ten cadets, two c.rgeant-majors, two quartermaster sergeants, two chief musicians, first and second, ten other musicians, forty ergeants, forty corporals, and nine hundred and tweny privates, including ten saddlers, ten blacksmiths, and en boot makers; which, together, shall form five squadrons, each squadron of two companies: A regiment of A regiment of artillery shall consist of one iieutenaiit-colonel-com-art,"ery" onandant, four majors, one adjutant, one quartermaster, and one paymaster, each being a lieutenant; one sur*ron, and two surgeon's mates, sixteen captains, thirtytwo lieutenants, besides the three lieutenants before mentioned, thirty-two cadets, four sergeant-majors, four quartermaster-sergeants, sixty-four sergeants, sixtyfour corporals, one chief musician, ten other musicians, eight hundred and ninety-six privates, including one hundred and twenty-eight artificers, which, together, shall form four battalions, each battalion of four compauics: Provided always, That the number of privates Provis0. „,c raised, and to be raised, for the regiment of cavalry, I"""brof'"I*

'o ^ ' vates tor cavalry,

and the regiments of infantry heretofore authorized, &c not w exshall not exceed the number, respectively, for-which pro-' vision hath been made by law; nor shall the battalion The battalion of of riflemen, nor the two additional troops of cavalry J'^,TM^-TM; authorized by this act, be raised, until further provi-j«s,TMshaji sion shall be so made, unless war shall break out between the United States and some European prince, potentate, or state, in which case it shall be lawful for the president of the United States, at his discretion, to cause the said regiments, or any of them, to he severally completed to their full establishment.

Sec. 2, And be it further enacted, That every ensign Emig.H and corneiitoViieno. and cornet, iii the regiments heretofore appointed,' w^toi sd lieu-be ,ienomiliatpd hereafter second lieutenants.

Sec. 3. Jlnd be it further enacted. That the officerthToSwil^nnn-rommissioned officers, and privates, hereinafle jTMiniw.ionJd of- mentioned, who now are, or at anv time hereafter ma'

fleers & privates. . » ■ • # i Tt ■ i'

when in actual be, in the actual service of the United States, shall b.

ler/iee, c entitled to, and shall receive the following compwii tions, to wit: a major-general, one hundred anil sixty six dollars per month, and fifteen rations of provision per day, or an equivalent in money; and when fora? shall not be furnished by the United States, the furtk sum of twenty dollars per month. A brigadier-generai one hundred and four dollars per month, twelve rati* per day, or an equivalent in money, and sixteen dollar* per month for forage, when not furnished as aforesaif A lieutenant-colonel-commandant, seventy-five dofc per month, six rations per day* or an equivalent in m ney, and twelve dollars for forage, when not furnisbfi as aforesaid. A major of artillery, or cavalry, earl fifty-five dollars per month, four rations per day, ors equivalent in money, and ten dollars per month forlrage, when not furnished as aforesaid. A major ofi< fantry, fifty dollars per month, four rations per day,e an equivalent in money, and ten dollars per moiilM' forage, when not furnished as aforesaid. A captain" cavalry, forty dollars per month, three rations per da,1 or an equivalent in money, and eight dollars per nv* for forage, when not furnished as aforesaid. A capiat of artillery, and infantry, forty dollars per month,»« three rations per day, or an equivalent in money, i first lieutenant of cavalry, thirty dollars per month.t* rations per day, or an equivalent in money, and six Ail lars per month for forage, when not furnished as aftrr .said. Lieutenants of artillery, each, thirty dollars pK month, and two rations per day, or an equivalent1 money. A second lieutenant of cavalry, twenty-fr' dollars per month, two rations per day, or an cquivi' lent in money, and six dollars per month for fora? when not furnished as aforesaid. A first lieutenant0' infantry, thirty dollars per month, and two rations pff day, or an equivalent in money. A second lieutcna11' of infantry, twenty-five dollars per month, and twoi* tions per day, or an equivalent in money. A regimental surgeon, forty-five dollars per month, three rations p" day, or an equivalent in money, and ten dollars per montk for forage, when not furnished as aforesaid. A surgeons mate, thirty dollars per month, two rations per day> or an equivalent in money, and six dollars per month ft*

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forage, when not furnished as aforesaid. A regimental paymaster, quartermaster, and adjutant, in addition to their pay in the line, each, ten dollars, and six dollars per month for forage, when not furnished as aforesaid. A cadet of cavalry, ten dollars per month, two rations per day, or an equivalent in money, and six dollars per month for forage, when not furnished as aforesaid. AH other cadets, ten dollars per month, and two rations per day, or an equivalent in money. A sergeant-major, and a quartermaster-sergeant, each, ten dollars per month. A chief musician, eight dollars per month. A sergeant, eight dollars per month. A corporal, seven dollars per month. A musician, six dollars per month. An artificer to the infantry and artillery, a farrier, saddler, and hoot maker to the dragoons, each, ten dollars per month. A private soldier, five dollars per month. And to each of the said non-commissioned officers and privates, one ration of provisions per day.

Sec. 4. Jlnd be it further enacted, That all non-com- *"-TM«i*

. /. . «* officers,

missioned officers, artificers, privates, and musicians, prfrat *.&c cxwho arc, and who shall be, enlisted, and the non-com-»TMnaUrrr,r. missioned officers, artificers, privates, and musicians, °" of the militia, or other corps, who at any time may be in the actual service of the United States, shall be, and they are hereby, exempted, during their term of service, from all personal arrests, for any debt or contract. And whenever any non-commissioned officer, artificer, private, or musician, shall be arrested, whether by mesne process, or in .execution, contrary to the intent,

j> - i 11 i Ai i n . -i * /. ■• • *n ca9eoianvsf,,

hereof, it snail be the duty of tiie judge of the disti irt i"<i^. fcc. to court of the United States, and of any court or judge of'Z?,,Lmii*."*' a state, who, by the laws of' such state, arc authorized ^^VTM^ to issue writs of habeas corpus, respectively, on appli-"*01'1"'&<=• cation by an officer, to grant a writ of habeas corpus, returnable before himself: and upon due hearing and examination, in a summary manner, to discharge the non-commissioned officer, artificer, private, or musician, from such arrest, taking common bail, if required, in any case upon mesne process, and commit him to the applicant, or some other officer of the. same corps.

Sec 5. Jlnd be it further enacted, That each non-N'm-rommis*TM comimssioned officer, private, artificer, and musician, wta. &«. tu he who shall hereafter be enlisted for the army of theable,MU,;d,&cUnited States, shall be able bodied, and of a size and age suitable for the public service, according to the directions which the president of the United States shall and may establish; and shall be entitled to a bounty of

fiotety of«u. twelve dollars: but the payment of four dollars tWrent shall be deferred until he shall have joined the array. And each commissioned offirer, who shall be eraplojed in the recruiting service, shall be entitled to receive, for each such non-commissioned officer, and private,

„„ i .and artificer, and for each sufficient musician, duly en

$J2 to the. recruit- , - ,,, .1

hie-officer, for listed and mustered, the sum ol two dollars, the sm< Estinjr&c! being in ftill compensation for his extra expenses in tk

execution of this service. when,officer. Sec. 6. Jnd be it further enacted, That when any of a.e detached, to ficer shall be detached from a regiment, to serve as as

serve a, aides, . #%. . 1

&c. their,.bees aid to a general officer, or as assistant or other inspec

promo*t"on''nr"bytor, or as an assistant to the quartermaster-general,!)'

Ss^c'."'' whatsoever name, or as an assistant to the adji

tant-general, by whatsoever name, the place of such of

The officer de- cer in his regiment shall be supplied, by promotion of

w^Mionrever.ncw appointment, or both, as may be requisite; but Ik

ihei«s,&c. officer detached shall, nevertheless, retain his station is

his regiment, and shall rank and rise therein, in tk

same manner as if he had not been detached.

officers appoint- Sec. 7. Jlnd be it further enacted, That no officer ski.

aid^c'nouo be appointed as the inspector of a division, who, wkc

rartlv&io* appointed, shall be of a rank higher than that of map

wendtoed. 0P as fjic inSpCctor of a brigade, who, when appoiflP

shall be of* a rank higher than that of captain, orastk

aid of a major-general, who, when appointed, sk;

be of a rank higher than that, of captain, or as tlicau.

of a brigadier-general, who. when appointed, shall MB

a rank higher than that of first lieutenant, or as*

quartermaster of a division, who, when appointed, sk'!

be of a rank higher than that of captain,or as the",111'"'

tormaster of a brigade, who, when appointed, shall beo.

a rank higher than that of first lieutenant, or as an*

sistant to the adjutant-general, who, when appointTM

shall be of a rank higher than that of captain.

T«oreRiments Sec. 8. Jlnd be it further enacted, That, in then*'1'1'

!°oahri§id«toanill*y arrangement of the army, two regiments of in'**"1

divi.TM; &c. try. or cavalry, shall constitute a brigade, and shall j"

SnftMiKiing ge-commanded by a brigadier-general; two brigades, a«j

neraimiy vary, vision, and shall be commanded by a major-gen81*!

Provided always, That it shall be in the discretion111

Sr^nSteS the commanding general to vary this disposition, «'hf«;

po,m'ar|,eater' evcr ,ie slia" ju^*?e !t proper: "jhid provided also, Tk

raTMffi.*TM 8KTtn's aft s',a" nnt rcn(te|* 't necessary to appoint a*'*

wooer,&C. c* greater number of general officers than have been W**'

toforc authorized by law, sooner than, in the opin'1"'

of the president, the military service of the UD'<C'

States shall require it.

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