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built or com- hereby authorized to cause such of the fortification beTepaindOT'0 heretofore built or commenced, as he may deem necesss oftTSorbtt ry< t° ue impaired or completed, and such other fortifi be erected, &c cations and works to be erected as will afford moreef. fectual protection to our ports and harbors, anil pre serve therein the respect due to the constituted authorities of the nation; and that the sum of one million of do!£1,000,000audi- lars, in addition to the sums heretofore appropriated, i'«TforX0purI be, and the same is hereby, appropriated for that pur i>o>e, &c pose, out of any money in the treasury, not otherwise appropriated. [Approved, January 8, 1808"

CHAPTER L1II.

An act authorizing the sale of public arms.

Sec. 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of titThe president prssenfatives of the United States of America in Congrw *"^*Z»assembled. That the president of the United States!*, be Mid toNndiri" an(^ 'ie 's hereby, authorized to cause to be sold tn imlidial states, &c vidual states who may wish to purchase, any arras nof

owned by the United States, and which may be paw Amounts of sales with without injury to the public: Accounts of suA congres,"ami*esales shall be laid before congress, and the money ^e£a?nTpntarising- therefrom be, and the same is hereby, approarmT, &c.u,her P«ated, under the direction of the president of the

United States, to the purchase or manufacture of other Proviso-.tbearmsarms for the use of tlie United States: Provided, Tbil

cd^ranydsme'r'Wlc!l arms lie not delivered to any state or their agents, until the pay. until the payment of the purchase money be first ma*

inent of the pur- . ,, * * .,, fi ., , r,. ." rt„ ;„

chase money,&c into the treasury of the United States, in money, oi « the stock of the" United States, at its value, as established by an act, entitled. "An act to repeal so much ol any act or arts as authorize" the receipt of evidencesol the public debt in payment for the lands of the Unite" States, and for other purposes relative to the P"1»IC h-nvisojtbe pre-debt:" Provided also, That this provision shall not exSfeEl tend to any purchase, not exceeding five thousand stand ^iXby'a of arms, which shall be made by a state to which the staietowhichthe United States, by existing engagements, arc bound to ro'payaromoi pay a sum of monev, equal to the amount of such p«r'

money, &c. ^^ • [Jppmed, April 2, 1808.]

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CHAPTER LIV.

An act to raise, for a limited time, an additional military force.*

Sec. 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of He- Five regiments of presentatives of the United States of America in Congress SiES',TM* of assembled, That, in addition to the present military es- Ji**'of"jiYftra* tablishinent of the United States, there be raised five re-goom, iu he e»

. « . P • , « *a iistuu for 5 yeari,

giments ot intantry, one regiment ot riflemen, one re iu addition^ the giment of light artillery, and one regiment of light dra- Saw.'shioent?'7 goons, to he enlisted lor the term of five years, unless sooner discharged.

Sec. 2. And beit further enacted, That the said regi- organisation or ments of infantry, riflemen, and artillery, shall consist of^s""TM". ten companies each, and the regiment of light dragoons of eight troops; and the field and staff officers of each regiment, of one colonel, one lieutenant-colonel, one major, one adjutant, one quartermaster, one paymaster, one surgeon, one surgeon's mate, one sergeant-major, one quartermaster-sergeant, two principal musicians, and, for the regiment of light dragoons, one riding master; each company of infantry and riflemen to consist of oneS^Slli0' captain, one first and one second lieutenant, one ensign, t,0^,s• two cadets, four sergeants, four corporals, two musicians, and sixty-eight privates; eacli company of artillery, of one captain, one first and one second lieutenant, two cadets, four sergeants, four corporals, two musicians, eight artificers, and fifty-eight matrosses; and each troop of light dragoons, of one captain, one first and one second lieutenant, one cornet, two cadets, four sergeants, four corporals, two musicians, one saddler, one farrier, and sixty-four privates.

Sec. 3. And be it further enacted. That when, in the when, asuit. opinion of the president of the United States, a suitable0nhetr.»pThave proportion of the troops authorized by this act shall beSSd"i<Tn«Tb'.-i^raised, there may be appointed two additional bris-a rfi«grntraiSm»y

,. , , i ii , • i i -ii ^ appointed, &c

dier-generals, who shall be entitled to one aid-de-camp each, to be taken from the subalterns of the line; two brigade inspectors, and two brigade quartermasters; and such number of hospital surgeons, and surgeon's mates, as the service may require, but not exceeding five surgeons and fifteen mates, with one steward, and

•The provisions of this act regarding the organization of the regiment of light artillery, the compensation, subsistence and clothing, of ihe officers and troops, and those respecting wounds and disabilities, widows and children, and allowances generally, are adopted by act of 3d March, 1815, chapter 95, sections 2, i, and 7. The residue may be considered as superseded by that act.

19 A

4

one wardmaster to each hospital; the brigade inspectors appointed under this act shall be taken from the line; and the brigade quartermasters, the adjutants, regime'nral quartermasters, and paymasters, from the subalterns of the line.

Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That the compenrfXHffl«i"rn., Ration of the officers, cadets, non-commissioned officers, Omu-u, "°"-^'m-musicians, artificers, and privates, authorized by this

missioned cm- . «■•■• i L

««, mu.i?i»n^ act, shall be, viz: to each brigadier-general, one nun"pri^wX."1 died and four dollars per month, twelve rations per day, or an equivalent in money, and sixteen dollars per month for forage, when not furnished by the public; each brigade inspector, thirty dollars per month, in addition to his pay in the line; each brigade quartermaster and aid-de-camp, twenty dollars, and each adjutant, regimental quartermaster, and paymaster, ten dollars per month, in addition to their pay in the line, and to each six dollars per month for forage, when not furnished as aforesaid; each hospital surgeon, seventy-five dollars per mouth, six rations per day, or an equivalent in money, and twelve dollars per month for forage, when not furnished as aforesaid; each hospital surgeon's mate, forty dollars per month, two rations per day, or an equivalent in money, and six dollars per month for forage, when not furnished as aforesaid; each hospital steward, twenty dollars per month, and two rations per day, or an equivalent in money; each wardmaster, sixteen dollars per month, and two rations per day, or an equivalent in money; to the colonel of light dragoons, ninety dollars per month, six rations per day, and forage for five horses; to the lieutenant-colonel of light dragoons, seventy-five dollars per month, five rations per day, and forage for four horses; to the major of light dragoons, sixty dollars per month, four rations per day, and forage for four horses; to each captain of light dragoons, fifty dollars per month, three rations per day, and forage for three horses; to each lieutenant of light dragoons, thirty-three and one third dollars per month, two rations per day, and forage for two horses; to each cornet of light dragoons, twenty-six and two thirds dollars per month, two rations per day, and forage for two horses; to the riding master, twenty-six and two thirds dollars % per month, two rations per day, and forage for two horses; each saddler and farrier, ten dollars per month, one ration per day, and a suit of uniform clothing annually; and all other officers, cadets, non-commissioned officers, musicians, artificers, and privates, authorized by this art, shall receiv^ the like pay, clothing, rations, forage, and other emoluments, as the officers, cadets, non-commissioned officers, musicians, artificers, and privates, of the present military establishment: Pro- l^TTM^^ vided, The officers, and riding master, furnish their own J^Thcir" «mu" horses and accoutrements, and actually keep in service hones, &e. the aforesaid number of horses, to entitle them to the aforegoing allowance for forage, or its equivalent in money: Jlnd provided also, That the whole, or any part, Proviso;theregi. of the regiment of light dragoons, shall be liable tou'rap.L inijie serve on foot, as light infantry, until, by order of the^u^tiSan^.' president of the United States, horses and accoutre-&cments shall be provided to equip the whole, or any part thereof, as mounted dragoons.

Sec. 5. Jlnd be it further enacted, That the officers, Theofncen, cacadets, non-commissioned officers, musicians, artificers, Iln^JeaSicen, and privates, raised pursuant to this act, shall be enti-TM"^TM^^ tied to the like compensation, in case of disability by "'*?. i>«TM»n'.'

... *. , . ,, . .. "> >hi> act, enif

wounds, and otherwise, incurred in the service, as thenm u> uk? ow officers, cadets, non-coinmissioned officers, musicians, ia^'iTsiiWiity artificers, and privates, in the present military estab- ££ o",,^'TM: lishment, and with them, shall be subject to the rules sent miliary «•

i • *i t* i'ii « . •• . i tabhshnient, aial

and articles of war, which have been established, or may ««i>ject to the be hereafter by law established: And that the provisions ufwari'&c."11'" of the act, entitled <*An act fixing the military peace Tht.provijion!.f establishment of the United States," relative to the wi-ti«-»«8jiMg;the dow, child, or children, of any commissioned officer TMLBi£m? who shall die, while in the service of the United States, t^£",hma'" by reason of any wound received in actual service of the ^jjn'ulc'in"';.,' United States, to courts-martial, the regulation and =»>« m«"''"s "f compensation of recruiting officers, the age, size, qualifications, and bounties, of recruits, arrears of pay, the bonds and duties of paymasters, penalties for desertion, punishment of persons wlio shall procure or entice any soldier to desert, or shall purchase from any soldier his arms, uniform clothing, or any part thereof; and the punishment of any commanding officer of any ship or vessel who shall receive on board his ship or vessel, as one of his crewj knowing him to have deserted, or otherwise carry away, any such soldier, or shall refuse to deliver him up to the orders of his commanding officer, to the oath or affirmation to be taken and subscribed by officers, non-commissioned officers, musicians, and privates, to the allowance for extra expense to any commissioned officer in travelling and sitting on general courts-martial, to arrests of non-commissioned officers, musicians, and privates, for debts, to the allowance to

soldiers discharged from service* except by way of punishment, shall be in force, and applied to all persons, matters, and things, within the intent and meaning of this ad, in the same manner as if they were inserted at large in the same, subsistence of Sec. G. And be it further enacted. That the subsistence urn.-.TM, esii- ,,f the officers of the army, when not received ill kind,

mated at twenty .... . . *

cents Iht ration.shall be estimated at twenty cents per ration.

„_ . Sec. 7. And be it further enacted, That there shall be

One etiptain to , J . , . i i u 1

earn brigade, appointed to each brigade, one chaplain, who shall lie rmo'iumeniVofaentitled to the same pay and em()ltiments as a major in ■najur.&c. the infantry.

The resident ^EC' 8- "^"^ ^e *' further enacted. That, in the remay app..imnoie cess of the senate, the president of the United States is ?,wX!h,el-re"hereby authorized to appoint all or any of the officers, g"neViroXJj'ro,'ier tnan *ne general officers, proper to be appointed under this act; which appointments shall be submitted to the senate, at the next session, for their advice and consent.

Sec. 9. And be it farther enacted. That every com

Everv romniis- . . ** . . . r ,.

sion.tt and staff missioned and staff officer, to be appointed in virtue ot £,fo!" this act, shall he a citizen of the United States, or some one of the territories thereof.

[Approved, April 12, 1808.]

CHAPTER LV.

An act concerning public contracts.

No member of, Sec. 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Iten°"ntiyVi>,ni- presentatives of the United States of America in Congress Skt'f'in'ih.lie^ assembled. That, from and after the passage of this tra« ^"viST" art> no member of congress shall, directly or indirectly, tiieunite'ds.ates, |,i,nSP]f, or by any other person whatsoever in trust for him, or for his use or benefit, or on his account, underAnTnKmher oftake, execute, hold or enjoy, in the whole or in part, conejenentering ariy contract or agreement hereafter to be made or en&i°ac!mtrary'to'tered into with any officer of the United States, in their tw<aXKiew behalf, or with any person authorized to make contracts aiKMifcOTtiTton *',e Part °f tne United States; and if any member of void, ht. congress shall, directly or indirectly, himself, or by any other person whatsoever in trust for him, or for his use or benefit, or on his account, enter into, accept of, agree for, undertake or execute, any such contract or agreement, in the whole or in part, every member so offending shall, for every such offence, upon conviction thereof,

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