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An act to authorize the survey of two millions of acres of the public lands, in lieu of that quantity heretofore authorized to be surveyed in the territory of Michigan, as military bounty lands

Sec. 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Tie- so much of the presentatives of the United States of America, in Congress f Jsivm^ assembled. That so murh of the "Act to provide for de- JTM^^,^ signating, surveying, and granting, the military bounty »««*°f military lands,"* approved the sixth day of May, one thousand Miiilipui, re-"1 eight hundred and twelve, as authorizes the president ofTM the United States to cause to he surveyed two millions of acres of the lands of the United States in the territory of Michigan, for the purpose of satisfying the bounties ut" land promised to the non-commisioned officers and soldiers of the United States, be, and the same is hereby, repealed; and in lieu of the said two millions of acres of land, the president of the United States be, and The president to he is hereby, authorized to cause to be surveyed, of the TMJ^ lu5TM:TM. lands of the United States fit for cultivation, not other-vc>"ii" !"•"*• wise appropriated, and to which the Indian title is extin- V> M^wim.*"** guished, one million five hundred thousand acres in the Illinois territory, and five hundred thousand acres in the Missouri territory, north of the river Missouri: the the said lands shall be divided into townships, and sub- The land, to 1* divided into sections and quarter sections, (each quar-Jjj^^Hj. ter section to contain, as near as possible, one hundredyiiei-&cand sixty acres,) in the manner prescribed by law for surveying and subdividing the other lands of the United States; and the lands thus surveyed, with the exception The landi mrof the salt springs and lead mines therein, and of the ^^^^ quantities of land adjacent thereto, as may be reserved spring*, tad for the use of the same by the president of the United reserTMions°to States, and the section number sixteen in every town- »n,tymj5abouTM ship, to be granted to the inhabitants of such townshipJi^XmTMTM for the use of public schools, shall, according to the pro-and »*«. &c« visions of the above recited act, be set apart for the purpose of satisfying the bounties of land promised to the non-commissioned officers and soldiers of the late army of the United States, their heirs and legal representatives, by the act, entitled "An act for completing the existing military establishment,! approved the twentyfourth day of December, one thousand eight hundred and eleven, and by the act, entitled "An act to raise an additional military force,"! approved the eleventh day of January, one thousand eight hundred and twelve.

•Chapter 68. fchapter 60. ^Chapter 61.

Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That every person

Every person in . J . lit*.

Hiioh favor» m whose lavnr any warrant tor military land bounty is mar7bTM"iTMn- issued, shall be, and is hereby, authorized to draw, by tL'SttJ'iw, '<>*, one of the quarter sections surveyed by virtue of hyiot,oneofthetnj8 acT an(i s],a|| 0bIajn a patent therefor, in the same

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ami ..btain»pa-manner, in every respect, as is or shall be provided Dy ''"'""■ c> law fop patents to issue for other military land bounties, or as is provided by the act, first above recited, for patents to issue for such lands,

[Approved, April 29, 1816.]

CHAPTER Cin.

Resolution authorizing the president of the United States to employ a The president skilful assistant in the corps of engineers.

employ a skilful Resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives of curpsn'uf len).'i-c the United States qf America in Congress assembled, That

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he may think authorized to employ, in addition to the corps of enei

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cetding,&c. neers as now established, a skilful assistant, whose compensation shall be such as the president of the United States shall think proper, not exceeding the allowance to the chief officer of that corps.

[Approved, April 29, 1816.]

CHAPTER CIV.

An act to provide for the prompt settlement of public accounts.*

fie0TM""tTM war Sec. 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and House qf Re^'tTlMom^presentatives of the United States of America in Congress dem'KCnOTinof assembled, That, from and after the third day of March mihtary sup- the offices of accountant and additional accountant of pies, a . j.jje jepap^fup,^ 0f war, the office of accountant of the navy, and the office of superintendent general of military supplies, be, and they are hereby, abolished. ta'satwiTn'tte Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That, from and afmem^r'l"' ter the sai(l third day of March next, all claims and deMarcii,i8i7. mands whatever, by the United States or against them, and all accounts whatever, in which the United States are concerned, either as debtors or as creditors, shall be settled arid adjusted in the treasury department.

*This act prescribes the duties, and indicates the powers, of those charged with the settlement of public accounts; and may, therefore, be useful to a portion of the officers of the army, whose duties relate to the disbursement of the public money.

Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That, from and af- Four auditor. tcr the third day of March next, in addition to the offi- $£*S„^ cevs in the treasury department, already estahlished by j» *ln,^ur)'' law. there shall he the. following officers, namely, four auditors and one comptroller.

Skc. 19. Jlnd be it further enacted, That it shall be Dun of the Am tin* duty of the fust auditor to receive all accounts ac-*u,1,,or• cruing in the treasury department, and, after examination, to certify the balance, and transmit the accounts, with the vouchers and certificate, to the first comptroller, for his decision thereon; that it shall be the duty of Duty of the *the second auditor to receive all accounts relative to the""*'audi,ucpay and clothing of the army, the subsistence of officers, bounties, and premiums, military and hospital stores, and the contingent expenses of the war department; that it shall be the duty of the third auditor to receive all ac-Dmy of the third counts relative to the subsistence of the army, the quar-"iui",rtermastcr's department, and, generally, all accounts of the war department other than those provided for; and it shall be the duty of the fourth auditor to receive all D,">. °r'he

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accounts accruing in the navy department, or relative thereto; and the second, third, and fourth, auditors aforesaid, shall examine the accounts respectively, and certify the balance, and transmit the accounts, with the vouchers and certificate, to the second comptroller, for his decision thereon; and it shall be the duty of the fifth Duty of n* Am

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auditor to receive all accounts accruing in, or relative to, the department of state, the general post office, and those arising out of Indian affairs, and examine the same, and thereafter certify the balance, and transmit the accounts, with the vouchers and certificate, to the first comptroller, for his decision thereon: Provided, P">vbo;astothc

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That the president of the United States may assign to additional acthe second or third auditor the settlement of the accounts ct"""amwhich are now confided to the additional accountant of the war department.

Sec. 5. And be it further enacted, That it shall be the Further dmio of duty of the auditors, charged with the examination 0f",,: audi'"'the accounts of the war and navy departments, to keep all accounts of the receipts and expenditures of the public money in regard to those departments, and of all debts due to the United States on moneys advanced relative to those departments; to receive from the second comptroller the accounts which shall have been finally adjusted, and to preserve such accounts, with their vouchers and certificates, and to record all warrants drawn by the secretaries of those departments, the ex

ami nation of the accounts of which has been assigned to them by the preceding section. And it shall I e the duty of the said auditors to make such reports on the business assigned to them, as the secretaries of the war and navy departments may deem necessary, and require, for the services of those departments. Auditor, to re- Sec. 6. And be it further enacted, That, the said au

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cretary of the ditors shall annually, on the first Monday in November, report to the secretary of the treasury the application of the money appropriated for the military and naval departments for the preceding year, which shall be laid before congress, by him, with the annual statement of the public expenditure. Th<Mre»!urerto Sec. 7. And be it further enacted, That the treasurer ney. ordered for of the United States shall disburse all such moneys as wTr a'nd m^ie- shall have been previously ordered for the use of the partment,, &c war an(j naVy departments by warrants from the treasury, which disbursements shall be made pursuant to warrants drawn by the secretary of the war and navy departments, respectively, countersigned by the second comptroller, and registered by the auditors respectively. Duty of the r.rst Sec. 8. And be it further enacted, That, it shall be comptroller. the j^y 0f tne grgj. comptroller to examine all accounts settled by the first and fifth auditors, and certify the balances arising thereon to the register; to countersign all warrants drawn by the secretary of the treasury, which shall be warranted by law; to report to the secretary the official forms to be issued in the different offices for collecting the public revenue, and the manner and form of keeping and stating the accounts of the several persons employed therein; he shall also superintend the preservation of the public accounts, subject to his revision, and provide for the regular payment of all moneys which may be collected. Buty of these- sEC. 9. And be it further enacted, That it shall be Lr. c<Bnpm>" the duty of the second comptroller to examine all accounts settled by the second, third, and fourth, auditors, and certify the balances arising thereon, to the secretary of the department in which the expenditure has been incurred; to countersign all warrants drawn by the secretaries of the war and navy departments, which shall be warranted by law; to report to the said secretaries the official forms to be issued in the different offices for disbursing the public money in those departments, and the manner and form of keeping and stating the accounts of the persons employed therein^ and it ill also be his duty to superintend the preservation of i public accounts subject to his revision.

Sec. 10. And be it further enacted, That it shall beKntom^dier B duty of the first comptroller to superintend the re- the recowry of very of all debts to the United States; to direct suitsaUdebt'-&cid legal proceedings, and to take all such measures, ; may be authorized by the laws, to enforce prompt lyment of all debts to the United States.* Sec. 11. And be it further enacted, That the provi- The Ptmtm01^ on cotitained in the second section of the act, passed ^cmS'section of le third March, one thousand seven hundred and nine-*^0/^^. f -seven, entitled "An act to provide more effectually for^^^S^ lie settlement of accounts between the United States and of ihe w and c-ceivers of public money," which directs that in every j£2tt,HT'" ase where suits have been, or shall be, instituted, a ranscript from the books and proceedings of the treaury, certified by the register, shall be admitted as evilence, be extended, in regard to the accounts of the war md navy departments, to the auditors respectively ;harged with the examination of those accounts, and that certificates, signed by them, shall be of the same effect as that directed to be signed by the register.

Sec. 12. And be it further enacted, That the auditors Auditors cmof the public accounts shall be empowered to administer ££!*»££* oaths or affirmations to witnesses, in any case in which &cthey may deem it necessary for the due examination of the accouuts with which they shall be charged.

Sec. 13. And be it further enacted, That it shall be ^J3"7,,,0^ the duty of the secretary of the treasury to cause all ac- accounts of counts of the expenditure of public money to be settled ofp'S »"■, within the year, except where the distance of the places j°^hf,^iwe^r where such expenditure occurs may be such as to make «pt, && further time necessary; and, in respect to expenditures at such places, the secretary of the treasury, with the assent of the president, shall establish fixed periods at which a settlement shall be required.f And it shall be First comptroller the duty of the first comptroller to lay before congress, SeS^nuTny^ annually, during the first week of their session, a list of|sJil°£t°fflm^e such officers as shall have failed in that year to make settlement, &c. the settlement required by law.

Sec 14. And be it further enacted, That, in the an-The comptroller nualstatement of all accounts on which balances appear to distinguish he

tween luiliiliccs

to have been due more than three years, which the comp- &&
troller is now required by law to make, he shall hereaf-
ter distinguish those accounts, the balances appearing
on which shall, in his opinion, be owing to difficulties of

•See chapter 121, section 1.
•fSee chapter 125, section 2.

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