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Resolved, Tbat tlie president of the United States be The pr«\.i«it requested to cause the foregoing resolutions to be com- ££?$£ pre. municated to major-general Jackson, in such terms as cfdine r,!!oluhe may deem best calculated to give effect to the objects muniratoi to thereof. [Approved, February 27, 1815.] §£Jack,0D>

CHAPTER CXXX.

Resolution directing medals to be struck, and, together with the thanks of congress, presented to major general Harrison and governor Shelby, and for other purposes.

Resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives Thanks of eonof the United States of America in Congress assembled. HarriloiS1^. That the thanks of congress be, and they are hereby, ]^j ^^iStry presented to major-general William Henry Harrison,?ndffl?d?0DdJS and Isaac Shelby, late governor of Kentucky, and. Bri>r«TMniEiD> through them, to the officers and men under their com- Thaw" &! mand, for their gallantry and good conduct in defeating the combined British and Indian forces under major-general Proctor, on the Thames, in Upper Canada, on the fifth day of October, one thousand eight hundred and thirteen, capturing the British army, with their baggage, camp equipage, and artillery; and that the president of the United States be requested to cause two gold medals to Ge struck, emblematical of this triumph, S.med*''t0 and presented to general Harrison, and Isaac Shelby, late governor of Kentucky.

[Approved, April 4,1818.]

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CHAPTER I.

An act more effectually to provide for the national defence, by establishing an uniform militia throughout the United States.*

Sec. 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Re- Erery »we tx> presentatives of the United States of America in Congress c-^'"^^ assembled, That each and every free able bodied white »F'ofl8-nn'1 male citizen of the respective states, resident therein, wteeuroiied,' who is or shall be of the age of eighteen years, and &c' under the age of forty-five years, (except as is hereinafter excepted,) shall, severally and respectively, be enrolled in the militia by the captain or commanding officer of the company, within whose bounds such citizen shall reside, and that within twelve months after the passing of this act. And it shall, at all times hereafter, Dfraptains be the duty of every such captain or commanding officer with respect to of a company, to enrol every such citizen, as aforesaid,TMTM me' and also those who shall, from time to time, arrive at the age of eighteen years, or, being of the age of eighteen years and under the age of forty-five years, (except as before excepted,) shall come to reside within his bounds; and shall, without delay, notify such citizen of the said enrolment, by a proper non-commissioned officer of the company, by whom such notice may be proved. That every citizen so enrolled and notified, shall, within six citizens enrolled. months thereafter, provide himself with a good musket, ".^^'J;TM; or firelock, a sufficient bayonet and belt, two spare flints, >n<l ***«??

■ i • • - ■ ■ , i -i i • "*■■»• in six

and a knapsack, a pouch, with a box therein to contain months afterTMnot less than twenty-four cartridges, suited to the bore ofro mTMt' * his musket or firelock, each cartridge to contain a proper quantity of powder and ball: or, with a good rifle, knap

•See additional act of 2d March, 1803, chapter 5, appendix, by which the provisions of this act are modified in some respects.

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sack, sliot poucli, and powder horn, twenty balls, suited

to the bore of his rifle, and a quarter of a pound of pow

Aiiiiti»mento«p-dor; and shall appear, so armed, accoutred, and pro

»fc""Srf out"vided, when railed out to exercise, or into service; ex

Skj"b£&c' cept, that when called out on company days to exercise

only, he may appear without a knapsack. That the

commissioned officers shall, severally, be armed with a

sword or hanger, and espontoon; and that, from and

after five years from the passing of this act, all muskets

for arming the militia, as herein required, shall be of

wa,kei, to carry bores sufficient for balls of the eighteenth part of a

^pooiatm t0 pound. And every citizen so enrolled, and providing

himself with the arms, ammunition, and accoutrements,

Arm,. fcc. fi« required as aforesaid, shall hold the same exempted from

Surioti'S!' TM" all suits, distresses, executions, or sales, for debt, or fur

the payment of taxes.

Enumeration of Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That the vice-pre

*^t^ *ident of the United States; the officers, judicial and ex

S1dUrJ"£^iB"ecutive, of t,ie government of the United States; the

tiui aa. meiiiliers of both houses of congress and their respective

officers; all custom-house officers, with their clerks; all

post officers, and stage drivers, who are employed in

the care and conveyance of the mail of the post office of

the United States; all ferrymen employed at any ferry

on the post road; all inspectors of exports; all pilots; all

mariners, actually employed in the sea service of any

citizen or merchant within the United States; and all

persons who now are, or may hereafter be, exempted

by the laws of the respective states, shall be, and are

hereby, exempted from militia duty, notwithstanding

their being above the age of eighteen, and under the age

of forty-five years.

Miikia in each gEC> 3< j[n([ ie ,7 further enacted, That within one

stat< Hi lx- ar- , J ... .

lymg.d ii.ra d,vi year alter the passing <>f this act, the militia ol the re£"*Lr[h?iegi8. spei tive states shall be arranged into divisions, briray'ciL,e.1cueof g:>des, regiments, battalions, and companies, as the legislature of each state shall direct; and each division, brigade, and regiment, shall be numbered at the formation thereof; and a record made of such numbers in the adjutant-general's office in the state; and when in the field, or in servire in the state, each division, brigade and regiment shall, respectively, take rank according to their numbers, reckoning the first or lowest number organization of- highest in rank. That, if the same be convenient, each laX.'&cr811 brigade shall consist of four regiments; each regiment of two battalions; each battalion of five companies; each company of sixty-four privates. That the said militia shall he officered by the respective states, as follows: To he officered To earh division, one major-general and two aids-de- t&%niw'b£e camp, with the rank of major; to eaHi brigade, one bri-1>"»"1*<<gadier-general, with one brigade-inspector, to serve also as brigade-major, with the rank of a major; to each regiment, one lieutenant-colonel commandant; and to each battalion, one major; to each company, one captain, one lieutenant, one ensign, four sergeants, four corporals, one drummer, and one filer or bugler. That there shall be a regimental staff, to consist of one adjutant and one quartermaster, to rank as lieutenants; one paymaster; one surgeon, and one surgeon's mate; one sergeant-major; one drum-major, and one fife-major.

Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That out of the mi- one eompany of litia enrolled, as is herein directed, there shall bcEl^X formed, for each battalion, at least one company of gre- '%££'"* batnadiers, light infantry, or riflemen; and that, to each division, there shall he at least one company of artillery. A company of and one troop of horse: there shall be to each comnanv "?',""> ^'""P

_ ...« ... I . tit liorse to each

ot artillery, one captain, two lieutenants, four sergeants, division. four corporals, six gunners, six bombardiers, one drummer, and one filer. The officers to be armed with a sword, or hanger, a fusee, bayonet and belt, with a cartridge box, to contain twelve cartridges; and each private, or matross, shall furnish himself with all the equipments of a private in the infantry, until proper ordnance and field artillery is provided. There shall be, to each troop of horse, one captain, two lieutenants, oneomcen of tincornet, four sergeants, four corporals, one saddler, one drasuu,u. «i«j

» . • ° „,,' . . , ... hones, arms, to:.

lamer, and one trumpeter. 1 he commissioned officers to furnish themselves with good horses, of at least, fourteen hands and an half high, and to be armed with a sword, and pair of pistols, the holsters of which to be covered with bearskin caps. Each dragoon to furnish Drap50onSithl,ir himself with a serviceable horse, at least fourteen hands >»>"«."»«. &<• and an half high, a good saddle, bridle, mail pillion, and valise, holsters,, and a breastplate and crupper, a pair of boots and spurs, a pair of pistols, a sabre, and a cartouch box, to contain twelve cartridges for pistols. That each company of artillery and troop of horse shall company ofaibe formed of volunteers from the brigade, at the discre-^'Sse'wT1' tion of the commander-in-chief of the state, not ex-formed.of voiunceeding one company of each to a regiment, nor more in' number than one-eleventh part of the infantry, and shall be uniformly clothed in regimentals, to be furnished at their own expense; the color and fashion to be determined by the brigadier commanding the brigade to which they belong.

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