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:«*, t°n<*rcf;i-assembled, That, from and after the first day oP May
ment of militia . _ * r _. _ . J , J
Bin<i<ihigi>rtwo next, instead of one lieutenant-colonel commandant to jtald/foc.'after each regiment, and one major to each battalion, of the ih^mof May, ,nj]jtja, as js pP0VjdPri by the act, entitled "An act more effectually to provide for the national defence, by establishing an uniform militia throughout the United States," approved May Jhe eighth, one thousand seven hundred and ninety two,* there shall be one colonel, one lieutenant-colonel, and one major, to each regiment if only <me bat. of the militia consisting of two battalions. Where totoounani there shall be only one battalion, it shall he commanded Prorin; nothing by a major: Provided, That nothing contained herein »ny BimraKi shall be construed to annul any commission in the mili«nfor»-,&c. ^a which may be in force, as granted by authority of any state or territory, in pursuance of the act herein recited, and bearing date prior to the said first day of May next.
[Approved, April 20, 1816.]
mi^y'ma'rlhiiiig An act to defray the expenses of the militia when marching to places of nvilitiato places rendezvous,
SVr^mHiion Sec. 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Jte•uiiTwitiei ajT presentatives of the United States of America in Congress ?orhe(d«^u«ed' assembled, That the expenses incurred, or to be in■ixi paid in the curred, by marching the militia of any state or territory
Mine manner aj „ . rT *,. , „. , ° . . . . „ ,
eiiwme. imur- of the United States to their places of rendezvous, in
a"tr'mral'pursuance of a requisition of the president of the United
States, or which shall have been, or may be, inrurred
in cases of calls made by the authority of any state or
territory, which shall have been, or may be. approved
rieTtfe^ndr. Dy n'm' sna" ^e a«l,justfd and paid in like manner as the
inre authorized expenses incurred after their arrival at such places of
previously to ar- • _ ,. • .. ■ ,. ■ ■ . p Ai
rival, notprovid-rendezvous, on the requisition of the president ot the afteraTrhi'1'"'United States: Provided, That nothing herein contained shall be considered as authorizing any species of expenditure, previous to arriving at the place of rendezvous, which is not provided by existing laws to be paid for after their arrival at such place of rendezvous.
[Approved, April 20, 1818.]
See chapter 1, appendix.
J\% act to establish an uniform mode of discipline and field exercise for the militia of tbe United States.
Sec. 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and Htmse of Re- ^ jyTOm of presentatives of the United States of America in Con stress Ji«jpisne and assembleu, I hat tin- system ot discipline and field exer- *Tv«ib> th>- recise, whirh is and shall bo ordered to be observed by Sirwdby'*!!" the regular army of the United States, in the difTerentmUi,ifc corps of infantry, artillery, and riflemen, shall also be observed by the militia, in the exercise and discipline of the said corps, respectively, throughout the United States.
Sec. 2. And be it further enacted. That so much of ^ „,„,.,, of the the act of congress, approved the eighth of May, one»«°fa»th^yi thousand seven hundred and ninety-two, as approves Ho*, .h.-'t»ron and establishes the rules and discipline of the baron de ^"^diei^ Steuben, and requires them to be observed by the mi-line'rcF€"MJitia throughout the United States, be, and the same is hereby, repealed. [Approved, May 12, 1820.]
IN CONGRESS—Jane30, \775.
Whereas his majesty's most faithful subjects in these colonies are reduced to a dangerous and critical situation, by the attempts of the British ministry, to carry into execution, by force of arms, several unconstitutional and oppressive acts of the British parliament for laying taxes in America, to enforce the collection of those taxes, and for altering and changing the constitution and internal police of some of these colonies, in violation of the natural and civi1 rights of the colonies.
And whereas hostilities have been actually commenced in Massachusetts bay, by the British troops, under the command of general Gage, and the lives of a number of the inhabitants of that colony destroyed; the town of Boston not only having been long occupied as a garrisoned town in an eneinv's country, but the inhabitants thereof treated with a severity and cruelty not to be justified even towards declared enemies.
And whereas large reinforcements have been ordered, and are soon expected, for the declared purpose of compelling these colonies to submit to the operation of the said acts, which hath rendered it necessary, and an indispensable duty, for the express purpose of securing and defending these colonies, and preserving them in safety against all attempts to cany the said acts into execution, that an armed force be raised sufficient to defeat such hostile designs, and preserve and defend the lives, liberties and immunities of the colonist*: for the due regulating and well ordering of which;
Resolved, That the following rules and orders be attended to, and observed by such forces as are or may hereafter be raised for the purposes aforesaid:
Article I. That every officer who shall be retained, and every soldier who shall serve in the continental army, shall, at the time of his acceptance of his commission or enlist
*The insertion of the matter comprised in this supplement, is rather a departuie from the original design; which was, to embrace such only, of the resolutions of the old congress, as are referred to and recognized by the laws passed under the constitution. It was thought, however, that as these show the origin of our present rules and ar ales of war, and mark an important event in our history, they might be acceptable, if not useful, to the inquiring reader.
merit, subscribe these rules anil regulations. And that the officers and soldiers, already of that army, shall also, as soon as may be, subscribe the same; from the time of which subscription every officer and soldier, shall be bound by those regulations. But if any of the officers or soldiers, now of the said army, do not subscribe these rules and regulations, then they may be retained in the said army, subject to the rules and regulations under which they entered intotbe-jervice, or be discharged from the service, at the option orthe commander in-chief.
I!. It is earnestly recommended to all officers and soldiers, diligently to attend divine service; and all officers and soldiers who shall behave indecently or irreverently at any plwe of divine worship, shall, if commissioned officers, be brought before a court martial, there to be publicly and severely reprimanded by the president; if non-commissioned officers or soldiers, every person so offending, shall, for his first offence, forfeit one sixth of a dollar, to be deducted out of his next pay; for the second offence, he shall not only forfeit a like sum, but be confined for twenty-four hours, and for every like offence, shall suffer and pay in like manner; which money so forfeited, shall be applied to the use of the sick soldiers of the troop or company to which the offender belongs.
III. Whatsoever non-commissioned officer or soldier shall use any profane oath or execration, shall incur the penalties expressed in the foregoing article; and if a commissioned officer be thus guilty of profane cursing or swearing, he shall forfeit and pay for each and every such offence, the sum of four shillings, lawful money.
IV. Any officer or soldier, who shall behave himself with contempt or disrespect towards the general or generals, or commanders-in-chief of the continental forces, or shall speak false words, tending to his or their hurt or dishonor, shall be punished according to the nature of his offence, by the judgment of a general court martial.
V. Any officer or soldier, who shall begin, excite, cause, or join in any mutiny or sedition, in the regiment, troop, or company to which he belongs, or in any other regiment, troop or company of the continental forces, either by land or sea, or in any part, post, detachment, or guard, on any pretence whatsoever, shall suffer such punishment, as by a general court-martial shall be ordered.
VI. Any officer, non-commissioned officer, or soldier, who being present at any mutiny or sedition, does not use his utmost endeavors to suppress the same, or coming to the knowledge of any mutiny, or intended mutiny, does not, without delay, give information thereof to the commanding officer, shall be punished by order of a general court-martial, according to the nature of his offence.
VII. Any officer or soldier, who shall strike his superior