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and fop defraying the expense of any military posts' which the president shall judge expedient and proper to establish; there be, and hereby is, appropriated, a sum, not exceeding three hundred and twelve thousand six Not «re«!m£ hundred and eighty-six dollars and twenty cents, to beauts."'"'" paid out of the moneys which, prior to the first day of January next, shall arise from the duties imposed upon Fund. spirits distilled within the United States, and from stills, by the act, entitled "An act repealing, after the last day of June next, the duties heretofore laid upon distilled spirits imported from abroad, and laying others in their stead; and also upon spirits distilled within the United States, and for appropriating the same;" together with the excess of duties which may arise from the duties imposed by the said act on imported spirits, beyond those which would have arisen by the act, entitled "An act making further provision for the payment of the debts of the' United States."

And to the end that the public service may not be impeded for want of necessary means:

Sec. 16. Be it further enacted, That it shall be law- President mas ful for the president to take on loan, the whole sum by apTMpriafeS,TMt this act appropriated, or so much thereof as he may judge TM»5nn^tsu£« requisite, at an interest not exceeding six per centumcemper annum; and the fund established for the abovementioned appropriation, is hereby pledged for the repay- Hedge of fund; ment of the principal and interest of any loan to be obtained in manner aforesaid; and in case of any deficiency in the said fund, the faith of the United States is And of public hereby also pledged to make good such deficiency.

[Approved, March 3, 1791.]

CHAPTER XIV.

An act for making farther and move effectual provision for the pr»tection of the frontiers of the United States.*

Sec. 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Re- Tib- battalion of preventatives of the United States of America in Congress *wo re§nwm> of assembled, That the battalion of artillery now in ser* jjjjjjjj}*! he vice, be completed according to the establishment, and that the two regiments of infantry now in service, be completed to the number of nine hundred and sixty noncommissioned officers, privates, and musicians, each.

•Repealed and supplied by act of 3d March, 1795—see chap. 24.

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Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That there shall bo raised, for a term not exceeding three years, three additional regiments, earh of which, exclusively of the commissioned officers, shall consist of nine hundred and sixty non commissioned officers, privates, and musicians; and that one of the said regiments be organized in the following manner, that is to say: two battalions of infantry, each of which, exclusively of the commissioned officers, shall consist of three hundred and twenty non-commissioned officers, privates, and musicians; and one squadron of light dragoons, which, exclusively of the commissioned officers, shall consist of three hundred and twenty non-commissioned officers, privates, and musicians; and that it shall be a condition in the enlistment of the said dragoons, to serve as dismounted dragoons, whenever they shall be ordered thereto: That the organization of the said squadron of light dragoons shall be. as follows, to wit: one major, one adjutant, one quartermaster, one surgeon's mate, and four troops, each of which shall consist of one captain, one lieutenant, one cornet, four sergeants, four corporals, one farrier, one saddler, one trumpeter, and sixty nine dragoons; and the president may arm the said troops, as he shall think proper.

Sec. 3. Provided always, and be it further enacted, That it shall be lawful for the president of the United States to organize the said five regiments of infantry, and the said corps of horse and artillery, as he shall judge expedient, diminishing the number of corps, or taking from one corps and adding to another, as shall appear to him proper, so that the whole number of officers and men shall not exceed the limits above prescribed: Provided, That the said three regiments shall be discharged as soon as the United States shall be at peace with the Indian tribes.

Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That the non-commissioned officers, privates, and musicians, of the said three regiments, shall be enlisted for the term of three years, unless previously discharged.

Sec. 5. And be it further enacted, That every recruit who shall be enlisted by virtue of this act, shall receive eight dollars bounty, and that the same shall be made up to the non-commissioned officers, privates, and musicians, now in service, who have enlisted for three years, since the passing of the act, entitled " An act for regulating the military establishment of the United States."*

•See chapter 12.

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Sec. 6. And be it further enacted, That the commis- Allowance to resumed officers who shall be employed to recruit for the &"ung"fflcers' establishment, shall be entitled to receive for every recruit, duly enlisted and mustered, two dollars.

Sec. 7. And be it further enacted, That the monthly Monthly pay of pay of the commissioned officers, non-commissioned of- priTM!?!?"and ficers, privates, and musicians, on the military establishment of the United States, and of the three regiments authorized by this act, shall be, in future, as follows, free of all deductions, to wit: General Staff: a major-general, one hundred and sixty six dollars. A brigadier general, one hundred and four dollars. Quartermaster, one hundred dollars. Adjutant, to do also the duty of inspector, seventy-five dollars. Chaplain, fifty dollars, burgeon, seventy dollars. Deputy quartermaster, fifty dollars. Aid-de-camp, in addition to his pay in the line, twenty-four dollars. Brigademajor, to act also as deputy-inspector, in addition to his pay in the line, twenty-four d •liars Principal artificer, forty dollars. Second artificer, twenty-six dollars. Regimental: Lieutenant-colonel commandant, seventyfive dollars. Major-commandant of artillery, and major of dragoons, fifty-five dollars. Paymaster, in addition to his pay in the line, ten dollars. Quartermaster, in addition to his pay in the line, eight dollars. Adjutant, in addition to his pay in the line, ten dollars. Majors of infantry, fifty dollars. Captains, forty dollars. Lieutenants, twenty-six dollars. Ensigns and cornets, twenty dollars. Surgeons, forty-five dollars. Mates, thirty dollars. Sergeant-majors and quartermaster sergeants, seven dollars. Senior musicians, six dollars. Sergeants, six dollars. Corporals, five dollars. Privates, three dollars. Musicians, four doldollars. Artificers allowed to the infantry, light dragoons, and artillery, and included as privates, eight dollars. Matrons and nurses in the hospital, eight dollars.

Sec. 8. And be it further enacted, That the rations, RatioTM for offl; or money in lieu thereof, for the commissioned, non-JJL^f* commissioned officers, privates, and musicians, of the additional troops herein mentioned, shall be the same as described in the aforesaid act, entitled, "An act for regulating the military establishment of the United States,"* and in the act passed in the third session of the first congress, entitled "An act for raising and adding another regiment to the military establishment of

•See chapter 12.

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the United States, and for making farther provision fur the protection of the frontiers."*

Sec. 9. Jlnd be it further enacted, That the forage, to he allowed to the officers of the additional regiments authorized by this act, be the same as described by the acts before mentioned.

Sec. 10. And be it further enacted. That the allow, ance of clothing, for non commissioned officers and privates of the infantry of the said three regiments, shall be the same as is by law established: that suitable clothing be provided for the cavalry, and adapted to the nature of the service, and conformed, as near as may be, to the value of the clothing allowed to the infantry and artillery.

Sec. 11. Jlnd be it further enacted. That all the commissioned and non-commissioned officers, privates, and musicians, of the said three regiments, shall take the same oaths, shall be governed by the same rules and regulations, and, in cases of disabilities, shall receive the same compensations as are described in the beforementioned act, entitled "An act for regulating the military establishment of the United States."!

Sec. 12. Jlnd be it further enacted, That it shall be lawful for the president of the United States to forbear to raise, or to discharge after they shall be raised, the whole, or any part, of the said three additional regiments, in case events shall, in his judgment, render his so doing consistent with the public safety.

Sec. 13. Jlnd be it further enacted, That the president be, and he hereby is, authorized, from time to time, to call into service, and for such periods as he may deem requisite, such number of cavalry as, in his judgment, may be necessary for the protection of the frontiers: Provided, That the non-commissioned officers shall not be allowed more than one dollar per day, nor the privates more than seventy-five cents per day, each person finding his horse, arms, and accoutrements, and at his own risk, and twenty five cents per day in lieu of rations and forage: Provided he furnish himself therewith.

Sec. 14. Jlnd be it further enacted, That the president alone be, and he hereby is, authorized to appoint, for the cavalry so to be engaged, the proper commissioned officers, who shall not exceed, in number and rank, the proportions assigned to the said three regiments, and whose pay and other allowances shall not, exclusively

•See chapter 13. fSee chapter 12.

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of fifty cents per day for the Use and risk of their horses, exceed those of officers of corresponding rank, in tlie said regiments.

Sec. 15. And be it further enacted, That the presi- President may dettt of the United States be authorized, in case he shall &"fJJ Indians' deem the measure expedient, to employ such number of the Indians, and for such compensations, as he may Prmix. „„_ think proper: Provided, The said compensations do not, pen»»«on5 to m

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in the whole, exceed twenty thousand dollars. <*«i 20,000duiu.

[Approved, March 5, 1792.]

CHAPTER XV.

An act supplemental to the act for making farther and more effectual provision for the protection of the frontiers of the United States.*

£:.c. I. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of 7fe-Thepreside.it presentatives of the United States of America in Congress JHurbngadierge. assembled. That it shall be lawful for the president ofneialsthe United States, by and with .the advice and consent of the senate, to appoint sucli number of brigadier-generals as may be conducive to the good of the public service. Provided the whole number appointed, or to be appointed, shall not exceed four.

[Approved, March 28, 1T92.]

CHAPTER XVI.

An act making alterations in the Treasury and War Departments.

[extract.] Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That there be a A paymaster to paymaster, to reside near the head quarters of the troops a^«erT" head" of the United States, That it shall be the duty of the Hu duties; bond; said paymaster to receive, from the treasurer, all theoa,h'&cmoneys which shall be entrusted to him for the purpose of paying the pay, the arrears of pay, subsistence, or forage, due to the troops of the United States. That he shall receive the pay abstracts of the paymasters of the several regiments or corps, and compare the same with the returns or muster rolls which shall accompany the said pay abstracts. That he shall certify, accurately, to the commanding officer, the sums due to the respec

*The act of 3d March, 1795, chap 24, recognized and continued the then existing establishment, without enumerating officers. The provisions of this act appear therefore to have been in force till superseded by act of 30th May, 1796, chap. 26.

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