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the samp are hereby, extended to the widows and orphan children of commissioned offices of the troops of the United States, and of the militia, who have died by reason of wounds received since the fourth day of March, one thousand seven hundred and eighty-nine, in *""*$•"$; the actual service of the United States: Provided, apJrfltotwoy^n.plication shall be made within two years after the end of the present session of congress.

[Approved, March 14, 1798.]

CHAPTER XXX.

An act to provide an additional regiment of artillerists and engineers.*

Sec. I. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of ReAn«Mitkm»ire*«rese?!fatives of the United States of America in Congress &TymXTM assembled, That an additional regiment of artillerists and engineers shall and may be engaged, by voluntary enlistments, to serve for the term of five years, unless sooner discharged, and to be organized as follows, that ftgnfeuicnoristo say: there shall be one lieutenant-colonel comthe regiment. mandant, one adjutant, one surgeon, and three battalions, each to consist of one major, one adjutant and paymaster, one surgeon's mate, and four companies, of one captain, two lieutenants, two cadets, with the pay, organization of clothing, and rations, of a sergeant, four sergeants, four acmipany. c0,.p0ra!s, forty-two privates, sappers and miners, ten artificers, to serve as privates, and two musicians, in each company.

Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That the addition?TMS'«al regiment which shall be raised, pursuant to this art, upa" Ktawuil sf,a11 ue considered as a part of the military establish.•X esta "mentof the United States, for the time being; and the commissioned officers, non-commissioned officers, privates, artificers, and musicians, who shall engage in the said regiment, shall be entitled to the same bounty, pay, Bounty.pay, »i-and allowances, respectively, according to their corrcsiowantes,&c. pon(ient ranks, as are, or shall be, by law, authorized and provided for the other parts of the same, establishment, and shall be governed by the same rules and articles of war, and shall be armed and accoutred in such manner as the president of the United States shall diThe regiment rect, and shall and may be employed by him, in detach. rfly*tiTpre£njent8, or otherwise, in the field, or the fortifications

•Repealed and supplied by act of 16th March, 1802—see chapter 46, sections 1, 2, 26 and 29.

upon the sea coast, as, in his opinion, the public service dem as he may Khali require. tSS^f^"

Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That the secreta- <iTM£ ry of war shall provide, at the public expense, under thefcctobeprovid direction of the president of the United States, all ne-e^!Ll!ee.imbli': cessary books, instruments, and apparatus, for the use and benefit of the said regiment.

[Approved, April 27, 1798.]

CHAPTER XXXI.

An act supplementary to the act providing for the further defence of the ports and harbors of the United States.*

Sec. 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Rej)resentatives of the United States of America in Congress additional, .p. assembled, That a sum not exceeding two hundred and OSSInt*1 fifty thousand dollars, in addition to the sums heretofore appropriated, remaining unexpended, shall be, and is hereby, appropriated, and shall and may be paid out of any moneys not before appropriated, to make and complete, at the discretion of the president of the United States, the fortifications heretofore directed for certain ports and harbors, and to erect fortifications in any other place or places, as the public safety shall require, in the opinion of the president of the United States; and which other fortifications he is hereby authorized to cause to be erected, under his direction, from time to time, as he shall judge necessary.

Sec 2. And be it further enacted, That where any stat«indebted state which was found indebted to the United States, bv 1°^^^ the report of the commissioners for settling the accounts V"****>*«■•

r , ,,»,, , credit therefor.

between the United States and the individual states, shall, with the approbation of the president of the United States, proceed to finish or complete any fortifications heretofore commenced by such state, for the detence of any port or harbor within the same, or shall, under the direction of the president of the United States, make and erect any additional fortifications, pursuant to the act, entitled "An act to provide forthe further defence of the ports and harbors within the United States,"! as well the previous expenditures, made since the twentieth day of March, one thousand seven hundred and ninety-four, which shall be approved by the president of the United

•Original, act of 23d June, 179?, chapter 28. tSee chapter 28. .

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States, as tlic expenditures wliicli have been, or which shall lie, directed by him, shall be allowed and credited to such state, on account of the balance found and re'''Wbotnown-ported, as aforesaid: Provided, That no expenditure °g exceeding the balance found and reported against the respective state, shall be allowed as aforesaid; and provided, that the fortifications for which the whole or any part of the expenditures shall be so allowed and credited as aforesaid, with their privileges and appurtenances, shall be, and shall be declared and established as, the property of the United States, while maintained by them.

Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That, these words of the said act, entitled "An act for the further defence of the ports and harbors of the United States,"* that is to say, "provided, the said states shall and do cede to the United States, the lands or places on which such fortifications shall be so erected, in cases where the lands are the property of such states," shall be, and the same are hereby, repealed. [Approved, May 3, 1798.]

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CHAPTER XXXII.

-. An act to enable the president of the United States to procure cannon, arms, and ammunition; and for other purposes.f

soo.ooodollars Sec. 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of HeJuSTMTMi-° presentatives of the United States of America in Cojigrcss iion, jmaii arms,assembled, That a sum, not exceeding eight hundred thousand dollars, shall be, and hereby is, appropriated, and shall and may be paid out of any moneys not before appropriated, under the direction of the, president of the United States, to purchase, as soon as may be, a sufficient number of cannon, also a supply of small arms, and of ammunition and military stores, to be deposited, and used, as will be most conducive to the public safety and defence, at the discretion of the president of the United States. •riiepr«ident Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That the president SSJdriS^.d'at-<>f the United States be, and lie is hereby, authorized, urarira, &c. jn case hP sjiaii f,nd it impracticable to procure by purchase, with certainty and despatch proportionate to the necessities of the public service, the cannon and arms hereby required, and any considerable part thereof shall

•See chapter 28, sec. 3.

tSee act of 2d April, 1791, chapter 19; also chap. 44, and 56.

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l>e likely to be deficient, to take, by lease, for a term of years, or by sale, in fee, to the United States, one or more suitable place or places where cannon or small arms may be advantageously cast and manufactured, and shall and may there establish foundries and armories, for the manufacture of the same, respectively, and shall cause suitable artizans and laborers to be there employed, for account of the United States; and shall and may appoint one or more persons to superintend the said works, under the direction of the department of Avar. And an account of the expenditures, which shall Account of exbe incurred in forming and employing these establish-KiS ilfo"'conmerits, and of the cannon and arms which shall be cast6"35'"""11'"^ and manufactured therein, respectively, shall be laid before the congress of the United States, at their next session, and annually thereafter, so long as the same shall be continued.

Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That the sum of one 100.000 doiis. ap hundred thousand dollars shall be, and hereby is, appro- FiK^urposesof priated, and shall be paid out of any moneys not beforethu "*• appropriated, for the hire, purchase, and employ, of the said foundries and armories, respectively, in case such establishments shall be found necessary, as hereinbefore provided. [Approved, May 4, 1798.]

CHAPTER XXXIII.

An act to amend the act, entitled "An act to amend and repeal, in part, the act, entitled 'An act to ascertain and fix the military establishment of the United State*."*

Sec. 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of .Re-The brigadier; preservatives of the United States of America in CongressK^'hlTbrigassembled, that the brigadier-general who is now, or?<leiBaJ0'i?nd

,■ ■ i • i' , Tt • i «-» inspector from

may hereatter be, in the service ot the United States, be,'^commissioned and he hereby is, authorized to choose his brigade- ina-iinefrs ° jor and inspector, or either of them, from the commissioned officers in the line of the army; and that so much of the second section of the act, entitled "An act to amend and repeal, in part, the act, entitled 'An act to ascertain and fix the military establishment of the United States," as confines the choice ot brigade-major and inspector to the captains and subalterns of the line, be, and the same is hereby repealed.

•Repealed by act of 16th March, 1802, chap. 46—For the act amended, see chap. 27.

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pay andoiiow- Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That the account i,

uSby,i»w^o0ffice,'s »f the treasury shall allow to major Gushing t\

t"mC°iU!?"6 montub' liay» rations, forage, and allowances, for tl

same, as established by law, for an inspector, duriii

the time he has acted in said capacity by appointmei

of General Wilkinson. [Approved, May 22, 1798.J

CHAPTER XXXIV.

An act authorising the president of the United States to raise a prov: sional army.*

Sec. I. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of HeiSy^TM'?TM1' presentatives of the United States of America in Congress SgpSSr"1 assembled, That the president of the United States oe, raiKan an»yof ail(] ne [s hereby, authorized, in the event of a derlara

10,000 men, for •; . TT . _ _, _

thm. yems. tion of war against the United states, or, ot actual invasion of their territory, by a foreign power; or of imminent dangerof such invasion discovered, in his opinion, to exist, before the next session of Congress, to cause to be enlisted, and to call into actual service, a number of troops, not exceeding ten thousand non-commissioned officers, musicians, and privates, to be enlisted for a term not exceeding three years; each of whom shall be Bount of Bio. entitled to receive a bounty of ten dollars, one half on enlisting, and the other half on joining the corps to which he may belong. • Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That the president nuij ol^nSe he, and he is hereby, authorized to organize, with a apiS'officws, suitable number of major-generals, and conformably to tL'ser^^&f t,,e military establishment of the United States, the said troops into corps of artillery, cavalry, and infantry, as the exigencies of the service may require; and, in the recess of the senate, alone, to appoint the commissioned officers. The appointment of the field officers to be subfidKffiSSl'to mitted to the advice and consent of the senate at their thV&t"!t£ next subsequent meeting. The commissioned, and nonrhe,nu stobecommissioned officers, musicians, and privates, raised m the footing of in pursuance of this act, shall be subject to the rules and ofX unifedps articles of war, and regulations for the government of «repieAunty the army, and be entitled to the same pay, clothing, rations, forage, and all other emoluments, bounty excepted, and in case of wounds or disability, received in service, to the same compensation, as the troops of the United States are by law entitled.

* Repealed by act of 16th March, 1802,—See chapter tt.-Ste also, chapter 41, in connexion with this act.

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