Imagens das páginas

tendance would give offence to To ine'ruct and to persuade scrupulous brethren.

may comprehend the whole duNow though Christians might ty of a preacher. Men are ig. cat at the social festivities of hea- norant of their Maker and of thens, yet they might not eat at a themselves ; of their various resocial and convivial feast of an ex- lations to God, and of the duties communicated brother, might not arising from those relations. accept an invitation from him, The preacher is to pour upon nor give him an invitation to at- them the light of truth, derived tend such a feast ; because this from the sacred scriptures. Men would be to mingle with him as are indisposed to good, borne a companion, and countenance away by passion, and unwilling him in his vice and impenitence. to follow the convictions of their Such companying with him they minds. He is to stop them in should avoid, that he may be their mad career, and to entreat ashamed. But those duties them by every pressing considwhich result from family rela- eration to walk in the sober path tion ; those civilities, which be- of wisdom and uprightness. long to common neighbourhood; Useless indeed will be his into social connexion, to ordi- structions, and unheeded as the nary intercourse, ought still to idle wind the exhortations of his be paid him, that we may win lips, unless the Spirit of grace him by our goodness, may ad- carry them home to the heart, monish him by our conversation, but this Spirit is promised, and may reprove him by our exam- when he is tempted to despond ple, and thus encourage his re- in the view of the inefficacy of pentance.

L. J. his labours, the cheering voice

of “ Lo, I am with you,' should

exhilarate his mind and quicken For the Panoplist.

his exertion. ON PREACHING.

As, then, the exhibition of

truth is the first great duty of The man, to whom is com- the preacher, it is worthy of inmitted the delightful task of quiry what truths are best calcupreaching the everlasting gospel, lated to make men holy and hapis placed in a situation interest. py, and what manner of exhibiting and vastly important, both ing them will be most likely to with respect to himself and his impress. hearers. If he be an unfaithful For instruction on both these steward of the mysteries of our points we must have recourse “to holy religion ; if he impart not the law and to the testimony;" truth to the ignorant, and warn and the apostles are examples, not the sinner of his danger, of which should be carefully fol. him will the blood of transgres- lowed by all their successors. sors be required by his Master. While we were yet sinners, it is On the contrary, if from the written, Christ died for us. He Areasures of wisdom he scatter that believeth not on the Son of abroad and dispense food to the God hath not life, but the wrath of hungry; his reward is with his God abideth on him. Excepta God.

man be born again, he cannot sec the kingdom of God. The sinful them to the eye. It relieves and perishing condition of men, the mind from the pain of abthe atonement of Christ, the straction by permitting it to rest necessity of believing in his upon a sensible object, and it name, and of a change in our pleases, while it instructs, by moral characters by the grace of pointing out a resemblance beGod, are truths asserted in these tween this object and the subject passages, inculcated throughout of thought. the gospel, and which were con- Our Saviour frequently spake stantly proclaimed and insisted in figurative language, but bis upon by our divine Master and speech always distilled as the his disciples. They are there- dew. All his illustrations were fore foundation stones, on which natural, easy, familiar, and appromodern preachers should build priate, and therefore beautiful. the goodly edifice of Christian But when rhetorical figures are morality.

evidently the fruit of labour, and These truths should now be when they are awkwardly intropreached as formerly; not with duced, they tend not to instruct, words of man's wisdom, but for they withdraw our attention with plainness, clearness, and from the subject, and lead us ir. faithfulness. not the pure resistibly to notice the talents light be reflected from a thou- of the writer. sand gilded words, which dazzle Another aim of the preacher the eye, and render the percep should be to persuade. Instruction confused ; nor let it be put tion is of no use, it is worse than under the bushel of learned ob- useless, unless it be followed ; scurity. Let it shine, unreflect, and to induce compliance with it ed, directly upon us to lighten our is the object of persuasion. path to the kingdom of heaven. Every one, who observes man,

The most happy style of must be convinced that the affec, preaching is that, which is least tions do not always conform to noticed, and which, like the deep the dictates of the understanding, and gentle stream, carries us si, and that the mind may be well lently and imperceptibly along furnished with truth, for which from one object to another. So the heart has a total disrelish. far therefore as any singularity The ground work of persuaof attitude or gesture, any con- sion is the presentation of some tortion of feature, peculiar mod- motive, which will interest and ulation of voice, or strangeness excite to action. These motives of composition tends to with- will crowd upon the speaker. draw the attention from the sub- Let him alarm the fears of his ject to the manner; so far is the hearers by pointing out the con speaker removed from perfec- sequences of sin, the disgrace, tion.

the pain, the anguish, the ruin Figurative language, when in which will follow. Let him hold troduced for the purpose, not of up before them their insensiembellishing the discourse, but bility, their ingratitude, their of illustrating the subject, has madness and folly. Let him apthe most happy effect. It em- peal to every natural sentiment bodies our ideas and presents in their minds, and let him dis


play to them that high and inesti- adorn it with all the flowers of mable reward, that glory, honour, rhetoric. and perfection, which are laid up Men are keen-sighted in obin store for the righteous. serving improprieties, and can

It was in this manner that St. easily distinguish the warm effu. Paul preached. But a minister sions of passion from the unaffeccan never affect the hearts of his ting productions of labour and audience, unless he feels himself taste.

Z Z. the truths, which he delivers ; and his usefulness will be abridged in proportion as his sincerity

For the Panoplist. and piety are doubted. Persua- PROOFS OF A UNIVERSAL DELsion hangs only upon sincere Tips. When a preacher exhorts

No. 5. us by the most solemn considera- (Continued from p. 152.) tions to follow the light of truth, In Japan the priests and noto repent and to believe, and ex- bility have the title of Cami. horts us in a cold and inanimate The country is called the kingmanner, which gives us no con- dom of Chamis. Chamis was viction of his sincerity and earn- Scin, or San, the sun, who was estness ; his words will be in- Cham, or Ham, the son of Noah. effectual ; and the strange com- The laws of the empire are the bination of interesting motives laws of Chamis, and all their gods and cold presentation of them are styled Sin or Chami.* The will leave upon the mind a confu- founder of the empire is said to sed impression of wonder, and a have been Tensio Dai Sin, or kind of incredulous belief, which Tensio the god of light. Near his can hardly force the mind to ex- temple is a cavern visited for ertion.

religious purposes, on account But in order to true pulpit elo- of his having been once hidden, quence it is not necessary to dis- when neither sun nor stars applay all the gesticulations of the peared. A common method of theatre ; nor will the powers of representing the time when persuasion be increased in any Noah was shut up in the ark. proportion to careful attention to One of their principal gods manner. Art can never affect is Jakusi, similar to Tacchus us like nature ; and would the of the west. He is the Apolpreacher draw the bow with such lo of Japan, and his characenergy as to impel the arrow to ter is like Orus in Egypt. Half the heart, his own soul must first a large scollop shell forms his be impressed with the truths, canopy, and his head is surroundwhich he delivers. Without the ed with a crown of rays. He was fervour of benevolence in his de- Noah. Canon, another deity of livery even a truly eloquent dis- the Japanese, is the reputed lord course would lose its effect; and of the ocean, represented coming without warmth of feeling in the out of a fish, crowned with composition of his sermon, in vain would he introduce in it the * Kaemfer. most alarming considerations, and S Father Bouşliet. Hennipin.

flowers. In India the same deity the dead, did not return for some is called Vishnou, and Macauter. time, but finally came back with He is known in other parts of a green branch. The peopie of the East. The Indians have al- Terra Firma had received a traso a tradition of a flood in the dition of the flood ; that it was days of Vishnou, which covered universal, that one man and womthe whole earth.* The Bramins an, and their children were presay there was a time when the served in a canoe, from whom serpent of a thousand heads with- the world was again peopled. drew himself, and would not sup- The Peruvians gave information port the world, because it was that they had heard from their So overburdened with sin. Imme- ancestors, that many years before diately the earth sunk into the they had kings or Yncas, when great abyss of waters, when man- the world however was very pop. kind and all that breathed were uious, there happened a great destroyed; but Vishnou raised food; the sea, bursting over its the earth from the flood. The bounds, covered the earth, and oldest mythological books of the destroyed all the inhabitants. The East Indies give an account of a people of the inland parts of Brauniversal deluge, sufficiently cor- zil had little knowledge of God responding with that of Moses.* or religion ; yet they had distinct

The Parsees mention a time traditions of the flood, when all of great wickedness, when there mankind perished, excepting two scemed to be an universal oppo- brothers, and their wives, who sition to the supreme Deity, became the heads of two distinct when it was thought proper to people. I The inhabitants of Otabring an universal inundation heite have a tradition that their over the face of the earth, that

island was broken from the conall impurity might be washed tinent a long time ago, when the away. This being accomplished, supreine God was angry, and every living creature perished, dragged the earth through the and the earth was for some time

şea. entirely covered.

The natives of New England The Mexicans have a tradition had a tradition of the universal of a flood in which all men were deluge, when all mankind perishilrowned. The Iroquois say,

ed, excepting one man and womthat a lake of their country once an, who escaped by ascending overflowed, and in a short time one of the White hills, supposed covered the whole carth. The to be the highest summits in original inhabitants of Cuba had North America. much information concerning a So uniformly have the inlabflood, which destroyed the whole itants of the world maintained world, excepting an old man, a remembrance of the flood. who foreseeing the deluge, built Though their accounts are disa great ship, went into it with his ferent, as might have been exfamily, and abundance of ani- pected, as to immaterial circum, mals; after a season he sent stances, yet they all coincide in forth a crow, which feeding on proclaiming an universal deluge,

* Sir 11. Jones. Encyclopedia.

M. Thevet,


In one

If, not satisfied with the testi- Noah. We add only one proof mony of every age and country,

From the institutes of we dig into the bowels of the Menu, an ancient work on Hinearth, there we behold traces of doo jurisprudence, written in the the deluge; if we appeal to Sanscrit language and translated the world itself, the world, the by Sir W. Jones, it appears, not rocks, the hills, and mountains only that the Hindoo account of reply, there has been un universal the creation confirms the reladeluge. In the Andes of South tion of Moses, but that the HinAmerica, ten thousand feet above doo puranas contain the history the level of the ocean, are found of the deluge, and of Noah. marine shells in abundance. In They relate that he was preservthe Alleghany mountains of ed in an ark from a deluge North America the stones are which destroyed all mankind. full of sea shells; not only those The story which follows, rein the vallies, but those on the specting him and his sons, exsummits are marked with these actly corresponds with the hismarine substances.*

tory of the Hebrew Legislator. place among the Alleghany

Philo. mountains are forty thousand acres covered with oyster and (To be concluded in the next number.) cockle shells.

If from America we pass to the eastern continent, the moun

For the Panoplist. tains of Scotland, of Switzerland and Italy, Atlas and Ararat still exhibit on their summits, the spoils of the ocean ; moun

(Concluded from p. 209.) tains of every region from Japan IN describing his office as to Mexico proclaim the same Mediator, the scriptures particufact, recorded in scripture, that larly reveal him as the prophet of the waters of the flood once over- the highest, who came immeHowed their highest summits. diately from God." Never man The moose deer of America is spake like this man.”. Friends found buried in Ireland ; the and foes, the wise and unwise, Elephant of Asia and Africa is were astonished at his wisdom. found in England and North- The Jewish rulers expressed America. Crocodiles of the their surprise thus: “ How Nile are dug up in the heart of knoweth this man letters, having Germany. What is more, the never learned ?” His answer solruins of plants, trees, and ani- ved the difficulty, and is the only mals, now not known in the solution of it.

“My doctrine is world, are discovered in various not mine, but his who sent me.” countries.

It could not otherwise be, that These are facts which give all

a person of his obscure birth and possible support to the history education should excel, beyond of Moses respecting the univer- comparison, every teacher who sal inundation in the time of had gone before him-confound

the wise, and bring to nothing * Evans.

the understanding of the prudent,




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