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on sure grounds, if it were to de salvation. This is to assume the pend solely on the reasonings of authority of the Head of the men.” It must stand in the wis- church. Let him in all things have dom and testimony of God. the pre-eminence. “ The presuniption of examining the poor have the gospel the secret things of God without preached unto them. The greatthe power of such examination, est part of the hearers occupy the is apt to mislead” the friends of room of the unlearned. To such, revelation; and is similar to the abstruse speculations and refinepresumption of its enemies, who ments are unadapted. When the reject the gospel because they preacher's mind is properly im. do not find in it the wisdom they pressed with the dignity and imseek for. Those who exclude a portance of his subject, he will Mediator, and those who attempt endeavour to instruct and edisy, to explain the reasons which rather than to appear learned and guided the divine counsel in the eloquent. A reputation for skill appointment of the Mediator be. in abstract reasoning, or in the tween God and men, presume art of speaking, will be a small that the designs of the infinite thing with him. He will address mind may be known without be- the hearers in the fulness of the ing revealed, or further than they blessing of the gospel, esteeming are revealed. “Our duty is to all things loss for the excellency adore, with the lowest submission of the knowledge of Christ crucifi. of our hearts and minds, things ed; seeking by manifestation of which pass all understanding." his truth, to be commended of etiThe gospel was not desigued to cry man's conscience in the sight inform us what God might possie of God. bly have done ; it only informs By a perspicuous statement of us what he hath done. All things, the doctrines, duties, privileges which do not imply a contradic. and hopes of the gospel; by keeption, are possible with God. But ing one leading point in view in shall we undertake to say, in all every discourse, the preacher cases, what things do or do not may best preserve that just disimply a contradiction? God hath tinction on the various branches mide him, who knew no sin, to of Christian divinity, which be a sin-offering ior us, that we marks a scribe instructed un. might be made the righteousness to the kingdom of heaven. I will of God in him. This is hazard a thought, that were the ly concerns us most seriously to sacred oracles saudied and comconsider; and it is all wirici it pared more, godly edification concerns us to know on this sub- would be better consulted. ject.
The preacher who has a clear On the deep things of God, we view of bis subject, will find no know not how to order our speech. difficulty in the arrangement, or Human theories and deductions in expressing his thoughts with may never be substituted for the precision. Loose declamation, doctrine of Christ and the apos- forid and sonorous language, asules. We shut the kingdom against fected oratory, warm extempora. nien, when we would impose any neous effusions, may afford a human system as essential to momentary gratification to light
minds : But religion is a reasons will avail himself: When his able service. Shall the passions weapon is ready to be wrested usurp the throne, and keep rea- from him, he will take entire son at their footstool ?
possession of it under another Paul's manner was to reason shape. He who engages in conwith his hearers : with the Jews troversy will find himself surout of their scriptures.* With rounded in a net, where, though the heathen he appealed to the he may think it easy to break works of nature and providence;S each single thread ; yet it will and to the law written in their prove an endless labour to break hearts. With both he appealed them all ; and whilst he is thus to the miraculous confirmation engaged, his opponent, if skil. of the gospel. His preaching ful, will not forget to weave the indeed was pungent as well as web anew."* rational. No one ever learnt The gospel exhibits no such from him a frigid, unanimated idea of God's grace, as precludes address to men on immortal con the atonement, and the necessity
of the operation of the Spirit ; - The design of preaching is to nor such an idea of atonement, shew fallen creatures their pover- as enervates our obligations to ty, misery, blindness and naked- the grace which provided it, or Dess; and, by proclaiming the denies the necessity of the renunsearchable riches of Christ, to ovation of the Holy Ghost ; nor persuade them to buy of him re- such an idea of the Spirit's enfined gold, and white raiment. ergy, as implies that the subject How remote from this design are of it may plead his own perfecdiscourses which are merely cal- tion, and therefore needs neither culated to gratify an Athenian cu- a ransom nor grace to justify riosity; or to please a few who him. The first would be to rehave a taste for fine speculations ; ly on grace in contempt of the or to exhibit the preacher as a plan through which it superachampion in religious controver- bounds. The second denies the
honour due to the Father of A clear manifestation of mercies, who first loved us ; and, the truth, as it is in Jesus, is as the highest instance of love, a more sure as well, as more eli- gave his only begotten Son to be gible course to maintain and the propitiation for our sins. spread his cause, than a direct The last is to say that we have and formal refutation of error. no sin ; which is to make God “Error," it is observed, “posses- a liar. The grace of God found ses a wide domain ; and he who a ransom for rebels against undertakes the conquest of the heaven. The voluntary sacrifice whole, undertakes a labour that of Christ is the purchase of is almost infinite. Error is va- their pardon. The sanctificarious and changeable, a circum- tion of the Spirit unto obedience stance of which a skilful hand is the qualification of the
gospel. These distinguishing • Acts xvii. 2, 3. 5 Acts v. 22–31. xxiv. 25. Rom. ii. 14, 15.
• Christian Observer, vol. I. p. 601. Vol. I. No. 7. Qa
doctrines God hath joined to- eternal life ;" these things afgether. The rejecters of atone. firm constantly, to the intent, ment frustrate grace and the that believers might be careful to death of Christ. The solifidian maintain good works. Doctrinal makes void the law,
points should be discussed in a • He, who spared not his own manner adapted to warm and imSon, but delivered him up for us prove the heart, as well as to inall, shall he not with him also form the judgment. Let their freely give all things ? all things religious uses be pointed out connected with our interest in and applied in an impressive this greatest gist. No conclu- manner. No doctrine of religsion can be plainer.
ion can be treated properly, unThe gospel of the grace of less it is shewn to be of use in God, which the chief of the regulating our affections and apostles preached with all assi- passions, and in the conduct of duity and zeal, he comprehends life. in two words, repentance and - Ye are, said Jesus to his minfaith. These he considered as isters, the light of the world. A of the highest importance. Hay city that is set on a hill cannot be ing constantly testified them, hid. It behoves us to be blameon all occasions, public and less and harmless, the sons of God private, he was assured that without rebuke, in the midst of a he had declared the whole crooked and perverse nation, counsel of God; and called among whom we should shine as upon the pastors of Ephesus to lights in the world; holding forth bear witness that he was pure the word of life. Upon their from the blood of all men. Re- maintaining this character deviewing this apostolic course, pend consequences of high moand resolved to persevere in itment to themselves, to their hearamidst all trials, he was confi- ers, to the church, and to the dent of a glorious issue. His world. Sound doctrine and a solemn charge in this connex- good conversation in Christ will ion, to the Ephesian pastors, im- best put to silence the ignorance of plies, that Christ's ministers foolish men. then take heed to themselves To keep the unity of the Spirit and to Christ's flock, when they in the bond of peace should be plainly, continually, and forcibly the mutual care of all denominapreach faith and repentance to tions. For there is one body, and all men every where.
one Spirit, even as we are called All evangelical preaching is in one hope of our calling ; one practical. These things I will Lord, one faith, one baptism, one that thou affirm constantly ; that God and Father of all, who is is, “ free grace through Jesus above all, and through all, and in Christ our Saviour" in the “jus. us all. As many as walk accord. tification" of sinners ; “regen- ing to this rule, peace be on them eration, the renewing of the and mercy, through Jesus Christ. Holy Ghost," and “the hope of
CONSTITUTION OF PHILLIPS' ACADEMY..
The seminary, of which the fol. A serious consideration of the lowing is the Constitution, was the
premises, and an observation first of the kind established in Amer. ica. Many others have since been of the growing neglect of youth founded on similar principles, and the have excited in us a painful anxi. means of good education, in conse. ety for the event, and determin. quence, have been increased and ex ed us to make, in the following tensively diffused.
conveyance, a humble dedication Many, who have been concerned in to our HEAVENLY BENEFACTOR forming similar institutions, as well of the ability, wherewith he has as others, have requested copies of
of blessed us, to lay the foundation,
bl. this Constitution, as a model for their imitation. For the gratification of of a public Free School or Academy, such applicants, and to disseminate a for the purpose of instructing knowledge of the principles on which youth, not only in English and this flourishing seminary was found. Latin Grammar, Writing, Arithed, it is now, for the first time, made public.
metic, and those sciences, where, in they are commonly taught,
but more especially to learn them CONSTITUTION.
the great end and real business
of living, A SHORT reflection upon the Earnestly wishing that this grand design of the GREAT institution may grow and flourPARENT of the Universe in the ish; that the advantages of it creation of mankind, and on the may be extensive and lasting ; improvements of which the that its usefulness may be so mind is capable both in knowl. manifest, as to lead the way to edge and virtue, as well as upon other establishments on the same the prevalence of ignorance and principles ; and that it may fi. vice, disorder and wickedness; nally prove an eminent mean of and upon the direct tendency advancing the interest of the and certain issue of such a GREAT REDEEMER, to his patcourse of things, must occasion ronage and blessing we humbly in a thoughtful mind, an earnest commit it. solicitude to find the source of [Here follows an account of these evils and their remedy ; the first bequest made by SAMU, and a small acquaintance with EL PHILLIPS, Esq. of Andover, the qualities of young minds, and John Phillips, Esq. of Exhow susceptible and tenacious eter, consisting of lands and they are of impressions, evi, money, to the following gentle: dences that youth is the impor- men, who constituted the first tant period, on the improvement board of Trustees, viz. Hon. or neglect of which depend the WILLIAM PHILLIPS, Esq. OLIV. most important consequences ER WENDELL and Join Low. to individuals themşelves and ELL, Esqs. of Boston ; Rev. Jo-the community,
SIAN STEARNS, of Epping, Rev.
ELIAS SMITH, of Middleton, mon with any other member ; Rev. Wm. Symmes, Rev. Jona. and, whenever there shall be an FRENCH, Messrs. SAMUEL Phil- equal division of the members on LIPS, ELIPHALET PEARSON, and any question, it shall be deter. NEHEMIAH ABBOT of Andover.*] mined on that side whereon the
T'he trustees shall meet on President shall have given his the last Tuesday of April instant, vote ; and in his absence at any and ever after once in every year meeting of the trustees another on such day, as they shall appoint, shall be appointed, who shall be also upon emergencies, when vested with the same power durcalled thereto, as hereafter di- ing such absence; he shall call rected ; and a major part of the special meetings upon the applitrustees shall, when regularly cation of any three of the trusconvened, be a quorum, of which tees, or upon the concurrence of quorum a major part shall have any two of the trustees in sentis power to transact the business of ment with him on the occasion their trust, except in cases here, of such meeting. after excepted.
And upon the decease of the There shall be chosen annual President a special meeting may ly a President, Clerk and Trease be called by any three of the urer, as officers of the trust, out trustees. All notifications for of their own number; who shall special meetings shall express continue in their respective of the business to be transacted, if fices, till their places are suppli, convenient, and be given at least; ed by a new election; and upon one month previous to such the decease of either of them an- meeting, if not incompatible with other shall be chosen in his room the welfare of the seminary i at the next meeting. The mas; and, when a special meeting shall ter shall not be chosen President, be called for the appointment of and no member shall sustain the an instructor, or to transact other office of clerk and treasurer at business of material consequence, the same time,
information shall be given by The President shall in all cases leaving a written notification at give his voice and vote in com, the house of each trustee, or in
such other way, as that the Pres:
ident, or members notifying, * Present Board of Trustees.
shall have good reason to believe Hon. OLIVER WENDELL, Esq.
that each member has received ELIPHALET PEARSON, LL.D.
the notice. SAMUEL ABBOTT, Esq.
The clerk shall record all WILLIAM PHILLIPS, Esq. votes of the trustees, inserting Rev. JONATHAN FRENCH,
the names of those present at ev, Mr. NEHEMIAH ABBOTT,
ery meeting: He shall keep a Rev. JEDIDIAH MORSE, D. D. Hon. John PHILLIPS, Esq.
fair record of every donation, Hon. John PuLLIPS, jun. Esq.
with the name of each benefac. Hon. Josian QUINCY, Esq. tor ; the purpose, to which it
SANUEL FARRAR, Esq. is appropriated, if expressed, and Rev. DANIEL DANA.
of all expenditures; and a true The present number of students is copy of the whole shall be taken,' about 70.
and kept in the seminary, to bę