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TIIK NEW YORK

PUBLIC LIBRARY

258081

ASTOR, LENOX AND TILDEN FOUNDATIONS 另 1939

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A.D.

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1661 Rigour of the High-church party

8

1662 Presbyterian clergy ejected

ibid.

This impolitic measure unites the Protestant Diffenters in a

common hatred of the church

ibid.

The King and his brother the Duke of York, being secretly

Catholics, form the plan of a general toleration

9

Declaration to that purpose

ibid.

The plan of toleration opposed by the Parliament, and laid

afide

Presbyterians persecuted in Scotland

ibid.

King's marriage

II

Sale of Dunkirk

ibid.

3664 War with the United Provinces

12

State of the affairs of that republic

13

Character of the penfionary De Wit

ibid.

Great naval preparations of England and Holland

14

1665 Dutch defeated by the English fleet under the Duke of York is

Plague rages in London

16

France and Denmark league with the United Provinces against

England

ibid.

1666 Memorable sea fight of four days

17

After various turns of fortune, the Durch fleet, under de Ruyter

and young Tromp, forced to retreat by the English, com-

manded by Prince Rupert and i he Duke of Albemarle

19

The Hollanders insulted in their harbours

Fire of London

State of religion in Scotland

Insurrection of the Presbyterians

23

Battle of Pentland Hills

24

The rebels routed, and the Presbyterian prisoners treated with

severity

ibid.

State of Ireland

25

1667 A&t of the English parliament prohibiting the importation of

Irish cattle

That law ultimately beneficial to Ireland

27

Negociations at Breda

ibid.

The Dutch fleet under de Ruyter, takes poffeffion of the mouth

of the Thames

28

Burning of the ships at Chatham

ibid.

Consternation of the city of London

29

Peace of Breda

ibid.

Impeachment and banishment of the Earl of Clarendon

30

His character

31

Retrospective view of the state of France and Spain ibid.

Character of Lewis XIV.

ibid.

Dangerous greatness of the French monarchy

32

His munificence, splendor, and popularity

ibid.

26

. A.D.

Page 1667 Examples of the arrogance of Lewis XIV.

33 He refuses to pay to England the honours of the flag ibid.

34 Feeble administration of Mary Anne of Austria, Queen Regent of Spain

ibid. The King of France invades the Spanish Netherlands, and makes himself master of many places

35 All Europe filled with terror at the rapid progress of his arms

ibid. 1668 Triple Alliance the consequence of that terror

36 France and Spain equally displeased at the terms of this league

37 Treaty of Aix-la Chapelle

38 Independency of Portugal acknowledged

ibid.

40

L E T T E R XIII.
The general View of the Affairs of Europe continued, from the

Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle, in 1668, to the Peace of Nime

guen, in 1678.
Preamble
Retrofpective view of the affairs of Hungary

41 The Hungarian nobles revolt, and crave the affistance of the Turks

ibid. 1669 The Turks make themselves masters of the inand of Candia 42

Lewis XIV. meditates the conquest of the United Provinces ib.
Charles II. of England gives up his mind to arbitrary councils

43 Concludes a secret Treaty with France

44 1670 Mock Treaty intended to conceal the real one

45 Death of the Duchess of Orleans

ibid. Rise of the Duche's of Portsmouth

46 The French monarch makes himself master of Lorrain

47 The King of England obtains a large supply from his Parliament

ibid. 1671 Still neceffirous, he shuts the Exchequer The Duke of York declares himself a Catholic

ibid. Charles II. exercises several acts of arbitrary power 49 1672 Attempt upon the Dutch Smyrna ficet

ibid. France and England declare war against Holland

50 Great preparations both by sea and land

51 Defenceless state of the United Provinces

ibid. Account of William III. Prince of Orange

52 He is appointed commander in chief of the forces of the re. public

53 De

48

A

ibid.

56

57

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63

A.D.

Page 1672 De Wit and de Ruyter with ninety-one Dutch ships of war,

give battle to the combined fleets of France and England,

commanded by D'Eftrees and the Duke of York (May 29.] 54
Desperate valour of the Earl of Sandwich
Furious combat between de Ruyter and the Duke of York 55
The Dutch admiral ultimately compelled to seek safety in fighe

ibid. Lewis XIV. enters the United Provinces at the head of a great

army, and advances to the banks of the Rhine
Famous passage of that river (June 12.]
Rapid progress of the French arms
Dittracted Itate of the United Provinces
The fluices opened, and the country laid under water ibid.

The Prince of Orange declared Stadtholder [July 5.) 60
Massacre of the de Wits

ibid.
Magnanimous behaviour of the Prince of Orange
Heroic resolution of the Dutch

62 The Kings of France and England endeavour to corrupt the young Stadtholder

ibid. He rejects all their tempting offers Circumstances that contributed to save the republic of Holland

ibid. 1673 Meeting of the English Parliament

64
The King's declaration of liberty of conscience ibid,
He finds himself under the neceflity of recalling it
The Tef AA

ibid. Three indecisive engagements between the Dutch fleet, con

ducted by De Ruyter and Van Tromp, and the combined ficets of France and England

66 Sprague, the English rear-admiral, drowned in attempting to thift his flag

ibid. The Dutch obliged to retreat, in the third engagement, by

the valour of Prince Rupert and the Earl of Ollory 67 The French had little share in the action

ibid. Lewis XIV. obliged to abandon his conguests in the United Provinces

ibid. The Emperor and the King of Spain sign an alliance with the Stares General

68 1674 Peace between England and Holland

69 Charles II. offers his mediation to the contending powers

70 Sir William Temple appointed ambassador from England to the States

ibid. His conference with the King before his departure

7, He combats the arbitrary principles of Charles

ibidi The King seems to be convinced by his arguments 72

65

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