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Thousands of believing pilgrims (such is the cussion was of course the event of the week. efficacy of faith) had knelt before them and It took place in the large Library, which was had their souls eased thereby and their bodies packed with expectant humanity eager healed, and had gratefully bestowed their always for a fray in which the blows were to obolus on departing. But to the hard eye of be borne by somebody else. Professor Hensthe man of science and little faith the bones low presided, and by his side sat Huxley were not sacred, were not even Rosalia's. “hair jet black, slight whiskers, pale full “ They are,” said he, “the bones of a goat, fleshy face, the two strong lines of later years not of a woman” — and the sanctuary doors already marked, an ominous quiver in his were abruptly shut in his face, as Oxford doors mouth, and an arrow ready to come out of it." would have been before had Gaisford and the Professor Draper of New York, “eminent, rest bad their way about it.
serious, nasal,” read a paper on Evolution ; Before taking leave of Buckland let us quote after which an irrelevant person rose to say his Jobpsonian retort to a North Briton who that all theories as to the ascent of man were “heckled” him during a lecture:
vitiated by the fact that, in the words of Pope, " It would seem,' queried a sceptical Caledonian
Great Homer died three thousand years ago. during a lecture in North Britain, that your animals To this Professor Huxley sarcastically declined always walked in one direction ?' Yes,' was the re- to reply; so the Bishop of Oxford, author of ply, “Cheirotberium was a Scotchman, and he always
an article in the “Quarterly " denunciatory of travelled south.'”
Darwinism, and the accepted champion of What the initiative and persistence of Dr. Orthodoxy, took the floor. The Bishop, says Acland did for the establishment of Science
our author, was “argumentative, rhetorical, and Art at Oxford is, or ought to be, well amusing.” He does not appear to have been known. He settled there as a physician in dignified or profound. 1844, and was made Lee's Reader of Anatomy “ He retraced the ground of his article, distinguished at Christchurch. His lectures began in 1845, between a "working and a causal hypothesis,' compliand a great impetus was at once given to the
mented • Professor Huxley who is about to demolish movement in favor of a Museum. It was felt
me, plagiarized from a mountebank sermon by Burthat the old Ashmolean must be supplanted by
gon, expressing the disquietude' he should feel were
a 'venerable ape' to be shown to him as his ancestress a temple worthy of the University, Economists in the Zoo: a piece of clever, diverting, unworthy clapopposed the proposal ou the ground of cost,
trap." the classicists fought it because it was novel, In short, the Bishop of Oxford undertook to and the theologians condemned it as a subtle upset Darwinism by making fun of it; and device of the evil one designed to sap the the fun, being of a cheap and puerile order, foundations of belief. Sewell of Exeter, “ more had no effect beyond tickling the ears of the Puseyite than Pusey,” fulminated against it groundlings, and provoking a retort of unparin a University sermon which was too bigoted liamentary severity. even for the bigots, and which went far to “ Huxley rose, white with anger. I should be sorry convince sensible men that the hour for a de- to demolish so eminent a prelate, but for myself I termined stand against the bats and owls of would rather be descended from an ape than from a the corporation councils was come. To the
divine who employs authority to stifle truth.' A gasp
and a shudder through the room, the scientists uneasy, defenders of the Museum were soon joined
the orthodox furious, the Bishop wearing that fat, promen like Liddell and Professor Phillips ; 'and voking smile which once, as Osborne Gordon reminds early in the Fifties the money was voted, the us, impelled Lord Derby in the House of Lords to an design adopted, and the first stone of the new
unparliamentary quotation from Hamlet.' building laid by Lord Derby. Once begun, book'as a complete causal hypothesis. Belated on a
asked,' Huxley went on, if I accept Mr. Darwin's the edifice rose like an exhalation,” glorified | roadless common on a dark night, if a lantern were by the genius of artists like Woodward, Burne- offered to me, should I refuse it because it shed an imJones, Skidmore, the brothers Shea, Rossetti, perfect light? I think not - I think not.?” Prinsep, Monro, Morris.
Happily the great Darwinian debate at the The Museum's memorable welcome to the Museum was not without its humors. One British Association was marked by the day of ominous pause was broken by the important the
great Darwin fight, when the opposing announcement of an elderly gentleman with a hosts, led respectively by Huxley and S. Wil. Roman nose that Mr. Darwin's book “ had berforce, did battle over the strange hypothesis given him acutest pain." A roar of “ Quesfrom morn till dewy eve. The Darwinian dis- tion!” overwhelmed bim, and he departed and
was seen no more.
Another volunteer rose He chose “a complete set of the Fathers”
"! from the back benches during a lull in the His mother used to relate how in the Long storm, stepped smartly to the rostrum, and Vacations he would sit for hours in a shady asked for a black board. This was produced, corner of the garden reading his folios, with whereupon he, after deep thought, chalked two a tub of cold water at hand into which he cabalistic crosses on opposite corners of it, would plunge his head whenever study made it opened his mouth to speak, lost his intellectual ache. The immersions must have been frequent. bearings, and stood vainly groping in the But we must now take leave of Mr. Tuck. crypts of memory, until forced to his seat by well's chatty and multifarious book, recominextinguishable laughter, the thought he had mending it as an entertaining repository of in him remaining, as Carlyle says, conjectural familiar talk about old Oxford, its ways and till this day.
worthies, from the pen of a shrewd and symMr. Tuckwell's sense of humor and keen pathetic observer whose sense of humor and eye for personal peculiarities lend zest and appreciation of the original or the eccentric in freshness to his portraits of Oxford worthies,
conduct and character brightens his pages and and of these sketches his book forms a'varied freshens his descriptions. It would have been and amusing, and we dare say in their kind easy to make a dull book or a stale one about pictorially faithful, gallery. The subjects Oxford in the Thirties ; but Mr. Tuckwell's range from genuine notabilities, as Pasey, impressions, being both lively and his own, Newman, the Arnolds, Clough, Jowett, Lid- are worth recording. There are sixteen illusdell, Max Müller, Mark Pattison, A. P. Stan- trations, among them some quaint plates after ley, etc., down to mere oddities, like " Horse" old prints and portraits.
E. G. J. Kett and “Mo.” Griffith, who were notable mainly because they were odd. Mr. Tuckwell has a good deal to say about Pusey, who, we
A MODERN ADAM AND EVE.* suspect, attracted him more through his peculiarities than his intellectual gifts — for there
Whoever sits down to the perusal of Mrs. is a dash of caricature in his somewhat elab- Albee's “ Mountain Playmates” will rise reorate portrait of this spectral and mediæval freshed and exhilarated. There has been a
. izing divine :
vivifying contact with a many-sided, cultivated “Two things impressed me when I first saw Dr.
personality, and what is more grateful than Pusey close: his exceeding slovenliness of person, the privilege of such exceptional companionand the almost artificial sweetness of his smile, con- ship? The subjects treated by the writer are trasting as it did with the sombre gloom of his face when in repose. He lived the life of a godly eremite; reading life, now the deepest questions that stir an
varied, now the external affairs of every day . no newspapers, he was unacquainted with the commonest names and occurrences; and was looked upon with
earnest soul. A sparkling humor lends its much alarm in the Berkshire neighborhood, where an fascination to the lighter matters, while the old lady much respected as a deadly one for prophecy,'
graver themes lose no shade of interest from had identified him with one of the three frogs which
the more serious manner with which they are were to come out of the dragon's mouth.
In contrast with his disinclination for general talk was his
discussed. morbid love of groping in the spiritual interiors of those
The Mountain Playmates” are no other
“ with whom he found himself alone. He would ask of than Mrs. Albee and her husband, a “studious, strangers questions which but for his sweet and cour
inactive” and in their friends' account, “imteous manner they must have deemed impertinent."
practical pair,” who throw their united energies Mr. Tuckwell goes on to relate the Doctor's into the work of transforming into a congenial attempts to play confessor with a surly groom summer home a long-abandoned farm in the who used to drive him in and out of Oxford. Sandwich range of the White Mountains. This man of Belial gruffly refused to have his Their means will permit of very slender outlay “spiritual interior” vivisected, and was finally for the repair and equipment of their new abandoned by the baffled Doctor as a “repro- possession, hence their wits are called into bate."
active employment for the supply of necessary In Pusey's case the boy was certainly father requisites. It was inexpedient to rob their of the man.
When a boy (if such we may city residence of coveted rugs, chairs, draperies, call him) he was once invited by his gratified etc., and search was instituted “in the garret,
“ father to select some valuable present commem
*MOUNTAIN PLAYMATES. By Helen R. Albee. Boston: orative of a prize-winning success at school. Houghton, Mifflin & Co.
the tool-house, and the corn chamber for pos- The final strokes being applied to the insible articles that could be made to serve a terior, the outer walls of the old house deneedful purpose.
manded attention. It was decided to shingle “Was there a dissipated wreck of a table, I took it them. Adam early took a hand in order to firmly in hand and said • Brace up; I intend to set you hasten the slow progress of the carpenters. on your feet again, and shall put new life into you:
Then Eve, who always wanted to do whatever there is a happy future awaiting those who behave themselves.' Was there a chair with an amputated leg
he did, joined in without delay. It proved or disintegrated vitals; a little surgical attention, a few
such good fun the carpenters were dismissed, stitches and supports, an iron tonic in the form of nails and the two “bad beautiful hours together, and screws, made another creature of it. . . . With
each seeing who could do the best work in the such good-will and purpose did I apply myself to reformatory work that the lame and halt stood without a
quickest time.” · It was with reluctance that limp, the infirm and decrepit assumed a jaunty air of they gave themselves a respite when both were youth, the tramps of the corn chamber became useful tired out. and reliable members of our household.”
"Just hand me a few of those shingles,' he pleaded, The masculine partner in the firm of the
and in about three minutes more I shall have com
pleted my half of this course.' During the brief re“ Playmates," whom his companion individual
prieve, I became so engrossed with my own end of the izes by the name of Adam, doubted the pru- line that we came nearer and nearer together, until we dence of some of the lady's desperate aims at had not only finished the whole course, but had comresurrection, and there arose lively controver- pleted several more. We did tear ourselves away at sies waxing at times into actual opposition on
length, and I got eggnog, or fruit and wafers, generally
the thing that would take longest to eat, and we sat in bis part. She scored a victory in every in- the sbade wbile we chattered and laughed; and then stance, as courage and invention deserve to do, we began the shingling again, which was only play, inand flaunted defiantly his own vindicated prin- terspersed with discussions on philology and Celtic litciple that economy is the handmaid of the
erature between the strokes of the hammers." art of living.” After skimming “ off a coating Was it not all a pure idyl? It was bringing of household articles, enough, if spread thin, the ideal into the real. It was making poetry to cover the bareness of the cottage” with the out of the prose of life. It was spiritualizing help of the long-buried pieces ingeniously the material, an achievement constantly in view brought back to life, the couple proceeded to of the “ Playmates," who strove to conform in set up their penates in the new habitation in thought and deed to the third prime article in the wilderness.
Adam's creed : to make each day and each And now had they been ever so "inactive" event as picturesque as possible. in the past they were so no longer. A second The cottage brought into harmony with æstenet in Adam's complex creed was borrowed
thetic tastes inside and out, the diligent pair from Emerson : " Labor is God's education.” set to work in the garden, which experienced The busy pair toiled with delightful earnest- a similar glorification through the instrumenness from this time on.
tality of seeds from the florist, and wild vines “ The handmaid as an advance guard preceded us
and ornamental trees and shrubs from the with soap and mop, we following at her heels with paint adjacent forest. Everything grew with wonbuckets and carpenter's tools. We painted floors, derful luxuriance, because they put of their papered walls, whitewashed ceilings. We repainted and covered the furniture, adding curtains, portières,
own heart and soul into it. 66 A miserable and rugs to the cottage."
little thread of a Virginia creeper," for example, The dilapidated old farm-house speedily as
which had been barely able to keep hold on the
out stems and branches to the length of fifty neighborhood was alive with interest as
feet or more in less than two years, covering rational consequence. Visitors would say on
the front and sides of the cottage with a rich entering the house :
green mantle. you done anything new since we were here last? We must see it. Mark the wording; it was
6. What a beautiful vine !’ people would exclaim. never · Have you bought anything new?' We made
•What do you do to it? We have a vine that we have it a principle never to buy the smallest thing we could
tended for years and can't make grow.' •We love it,' construct, and in consequence our talents in that direc
would be my reply; and then they would look at me tion became enormously developed. . . . I, who had
with an incredulous smile, not understanding the truth. known only the ennui of city life and social amuse
But really there was no further explanation to give, for
that was all there was to it." ments, bad never conceived of the pure joy this fresh plaything brought."
A unique variation in the Playmates' diver
such informed and determined fingers. The cir
sified experiences was the uplifting and re- when a thing dies, death does not involve annihilation moval of huge rocks which spotted their lawn
of the spirit within, but merely facilitates its progress, at too frequent intervals.
« The gentle game
Nature calmly sees one prey upon another, assured that
the time will come, – and it is only a question of time, of bouldering,” the lady pronounces it, and it when it will have less maw and more spirit. ... began in this wise:
Remember, I do not offer this as final truth, but I do “One says to another, “My dear, will you come out
claim that it interprets the seeming warfare of good just a moment ? I want you to keep your hand on a
and evil, that it gives me increasing peace of mind bar; I have a boulder in the garden that I cannot
and happivess, and helps me to see a world not suffering, manage alone.' The uninitiated partner thinks on the
but growing." way out, • This is a queer thing to ask a woman to do; One may smile at the insufficiency of the arthis is a man's work,' which idea shows that she knows nothing about the game.
gument, but the force and earnestness with She acquiesces, and acting under directions, with very little expenditure of power
which it is presented command respect. on her lever, she takes advantage of every slight gain
That Adam and Eve are gifted with the he makes with his pry, and in less than half a minute artistic sense is early divined, but it is not until they bave laid bare to the sunshine that which is older,
close to the end of her story that she discloses and has lain longer buried, than the oldest mummy in Egypt. This first triumph having been so easily won,
her identity with the inventor of the Abpákee the newly admitted member of the Society for Exca
rug, the manufacture of which forms an invation becomes eager for another bout. A wily master dustry for the comfort and profit of women will play upon the vanity of the neophyte, and will shut away in the lone farmhouses of New render unstinted praise of her skill and dexterity. By England.' Her account of the studious expera proper stirring of her ambition she will ever be ready
iments which resulted in dyes and designs apto lend a hand in an emergency. I know one such teacher, who by dint of encouragement secured the propriate to the exaltation of the original services of an ambitious pupil to exhume fifty boulders, crude hooked rug is as piquant and clever as some of them weighing a ton.”
everything else she relates. It was after much studying of the ways of
The “ Playmates” have dwelt three summers plants and trees in the woods and fields that and a winter in their mountain home, happy the chronicler of the “ Playmates” settled to in each other and in the simple wholesome life her private satisfaction the great problem of they have led with the quiet and inspiration the warfare of good and evil in the world.
of Nature around them. “Let us go and do While Adam transplanted young cabbages in
likewise,” is the involuntary prayer of the the garden, she unfolded to him the interpre- reader who is allowed in the pages of their book tation of life to which the inequality in con- a glance into their earthly Paradise. ditions and the tragic struggle for existence
SARA A. HUBBARD. in the vegetable kingdom, had conducted her. It fills one of the most interesting chapters in the volume. As she finds seeming injustice and real suffering present in the lower ranks
SONGS OF MODERN GREECE.* of being, she is reconciled to their prevalence One of the leading British reviews, in comamong mankind. It is the law of Nature menting on Mr. Abbott's “Songs of Modern which she robs of cruelty by the supposition Greece," cites bis rendering of “The Woman that the germ of the vital principle of life, that of Chios” as proof of the allegation that the which in man we call soul, exists primordially translator must have done his work poorly. in the plant. It rises through ascending grades | The writer for the review in question is eviof the organic world in pursuance of the pro- dently a layman with opinions of his own. cess of evolution until it is fit to inbabit the The truth is that Mr. Abbott's translations human frame. It then chooses the parentage are remarkably accurate and sympathetic. and the environments that will best conduce They show evidence of his own familiarity to its continued development. Its desting from with the Modern Greek, and they have been the beginning is to go on and on by successive touched up by the hand of Mr. Gennadius, for reincarnations, each new form starting on a years Greek Minister to London, beyond whom level with the highest point attained in its there is no appeal. last existence.
In reading these translations, one must re“ To my mind, this accounts for Nature's apparent member that the soul of poetry is rather assoindifference to the universal death and wanton des
ciation than meaning of words, and that when truction of life in the world. Death is a token of growth — the means by which spirit escapes and makes * Songs OF MODERN GREECE. By G. F. Abbott, B.A. its ascent from one form to another. Knowing that New York: The Macmillan Co.
the association does not exist, the effect is lost. people, are many that are worthy to be trans* The Woman of Chios” calls up a picture of lated by a poet. Are there not sweet possigirls washing clothing by the sea shore, a bilities in this, entitled “Maria"? familiar sight in Greece from the times of “The star of Morn was just beginning to shine sweetly, the Nausicaa down, and when a Greek hears it, air to pour forth its perfume on the fair first of May
before the songs, the sports, and the dances commenced, who knows what image it may bring up before
when thou, Maria, camest forward first, first of all. his mind? A little village perhaps, his happy * Thy hair fell in profusion o'er thy milk-white throat, and youth, the fishing boats drifting by, the saucy a fair majdenly rose adorned thy breast. maidens with their lithe bodies and their swing- “A year later I went the same way again, Maria ; I passed
by the desolate church where I saw thee for the first time. ing paddles flashing in the sunlight as they
But, instead of meeting a pretty form, a heavenly, lovely beat the clothes.
glance, my eyes met a white stone with a cross upon it. Mr. Abbott has very wisely refrained from “ Alone in the desert I knelt close by thy grave, Maria, and rendering these songs into rhymed verse. He
kissed it gently. From among the scattered flowers I
picked one alone - & white, pure, and, like thee, virgin has used prose in most instances and has thus blossom - and matched it to the one which thou hadst been able to keep closely to the original. He given me from the garden of lilies for cruel remembrance:
the one an emblem of death, the other, of youth and beauty, has rendered a distinct service to the student,
and of joy which, here below, is ever sister to sorrow.” as many of the words of vulgar vernacular,
Mr. Abbott's accompanying text is remarkwhich cannot be found in any of the wretched
ably clear and clean, and he has adopted the dictionaries in existence, are thus defined, and their actual use exemplified.
sensible method of representing elisions by This
means of apostrophes, following the English but it gives, on the whole, admirably selected style in such words as “ 'tis” and “ aren't." examples in the various departments of Modern
The comprehension of the foreign reader is
thus facilitated. Greek folk song, which is, in its entirety, a
An introduction and some quite searching very rich and interesting field. Several omis.
notes, with numerous classical references, comsions are scarcely accounted for by the author's
plete a book that must be a joy to all earnest explanation that he has “ avoided including any
students of that true dialect of Greek which is poems previously published in Western Eu
known as - Modern Greek." rope.” The previous collections (Passow, Fau
GEORGE HORTON. riel, Legrand, Marcellus) are either out of print or difficult of access. Lucy Garnett's work is next to useless from the fact that the Greek text does not accompany the renderings. ESSAYS ON MUSIC AND MUSIC CULTURE.* A large amount of space is given over to the
Lyric song is the most accessible and widely distiches, those rhymed couplets of which
prevalent form of music, since it needs for every Greek peasant knows a hundred or more. These are extremely typical, but they would performance no expensive orchestra, stage, or be more worthy of the space occupied if a
chorus, like symphony, opera, and oratoria ; little more care had been used in their selection.
yet, notwithstanding that the genius preëminent
in this sphere must rank with the highest of A prose translation gives a poor idea of a
composers, it is a branch of musical art that rhymed distich. In this case, perhaps the
has always been inadequately treated by musical original spirit could have been better conveyed critics.
“Songs and Song Writers," by Mr. by means of two metrical lines.
Here are a
, few of Mr. Abbott's renderings of these pithy Henry T. Finck, is perhaps the first book ever poems which are so useful to the Greek swains when courting :
amateurs and professionals in the choice of the "Even if thon wert a queen thou couldst not be more graceful:
best songs; and the author has embodied his a flower among maidens, the pride of the neighborhood." | ideas, theories, and investigations in such a "Mountains bloom not; birds sing not; for my love has manner as to make his volume
useful deserted me: mourn ye all.”
abstract a sort of omnium gatherum of "School-mistress, please permit my Helen to come out, that I may see her for one instant; for my life is ebbing out.”
matters pertaining to the Lied. "I want the sky for paper, the sea for ink to write to thee,
*SONGS AND SONG WRITERS. By Henry T. Finck. Illusmy graceful one, all that passes through my mind."
trated. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons. The dance songs being intended for occasions MUSICAL STUDIES AND SILHOUETTES. By Camille Belof unrestrained mirth are often risqué, some
laigue. Translated from the French by Ellen Orr. Illus
trated. New York: Dodd, Mead & Co. times quite coarse. Among the idy Is and love
For MY MUSICAL FRIEND. By Aubertine Woodward songs, so dear to the heart of the common Moore. Illustrated. New York: Dodge Publishing Co.