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Notable Books Published during 1900 by THE MACMILLAN COMPANY
ADAMS.- America's Economic Supremacy. By BROOKS ADAMS.
Cloth, 12mo, $1.25. ALLEN.-The Reign of Law. A TALE
OF THE KENTUCKY HEMP FIELDS. By JAMES LANE ALLEN, author of "The Choir Invisible." Illustrated by HARRY EARL and J. C. Fexx.
Cloth, 12mo, $1.50. APRIL BABY'S Book of Tunes (The).
WITH THE STORY OF HOW THEY CANE TO BR WRITTEN, By the author of “Elizabeth and hes German Garden," etc.
Cloth, square 16mo, $1.50 net. BAILEY.-Cyclopedia of American
Horticulture. By L. H. BAILEY, Cornell
ready. Each cloth, imperial 8vo, $5.00 net. CLARKE. - The Distribution of
Wealth. A TABORY OF WAGES, INTEREST, AND PROFITS. By PROF. JOHN BATES CLARKE, Columbia University.
Cloth, 8vo, $3.00. CRAWFORD. - In the Palace of the
King. A LOVE STORY OF OLD MADRID. By F. MARION CRAWFORD, author of " Saracinesca,' " etc. Illustrated by FRED ROE.
Cloth, 12mo, $1.50. The Rulers of the South: SICILY,
CALABRIA, AND Malta, Superbly illustrated by HENRY BROKMAX. With photogravure plates and nearly 100 smaller cuts in the text. In two volumes.
Cloth, crown 8vo, $6.00 net. DOUGLAS.- Fra Angelico. By LANGTON DOUGLAS. Over 60 illustrations.
Cloth, 8vo, $5.00. EARLE.-Stage Coach and Tavern
Days. A companion to “Home Life in Colonial Days" and other social and Domestic Histories. By MRS. ALICE MORSE EARLE. Profusely illustrated.
Cloth, crown 8vo, $2.50. FRICKER.— The Antarctic Regions.
By DR. KARL FRICKER.
Cloth, 8vo, $3.00. GATES.-Studies and Appreciations. By LEWIS E. GATES, Harvard University.
Cloth, 12mo, $1.50. GIDDINGS. – Democracy and Em
pire, WITH STUDIES OF THEIR PSYCHOLOGICAL, ECONOMIC, AND MORAL FOUNDATIONS. By FRANKLIN HENRY GIDDINGS, Co
lumbia University. Cloth, 8vo, $2.50. GOODNOW. - Politics and Adminis
tration. A STUDY IN GOVERNMENT. By, FRANK J. GOODNOW, Columbia University.
Cloth, 12mo, $1.50. GOODSPEED. - Israel's Messianic
Hope in the Time of Jesus. A Study in the Historical Development of the Foreshadowings of the Christ in the Old Testament and Beyond. Cloth, 12mo, $1.50.
ORMOND. — Foundations of Knowl
edge. In Three Parts. By ALEXANDER T. ORMOND, Princeton University.
Cloth, 8vo, $3.00. PEABODY. - Jesus Christ and the
Social Question. An Examination of the Teaching of Jesus in Relation to Some of the Problems of Social Life. By FRANCIS GREENWOOD PEABODY, Harvard University.
Cloth, 12mo, $1.50. PEARSON. - The Grammar of Sci
ence. By KARL PEARSON. Second edi.
tion, revised and enlarged. Cloth, $2.50. REINSCH. - World Politics AT THE
END OF THE NINETEENTH CENTURY, as Influenced by the Oriental Situation. By PAUL 8. REINSCH, University of Wisconsin. Citizens' Library.
Cloth, $1.25. RHODES. — History of the United
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Books of the New Testament. By
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Higher Criticism of the New Tes-
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Its Rise, Its GROWTH, AND ITS FALL, 4211797. By W. CAREW HAZLITT.
Cloth, 8vo, $12.00. HEWLETT. - The Life and Death
of Richard Yea and Nay. By MAURICE HEWLETT, author of "The Forest Lovers."
Cloth, 12mo, $1.50. HOLLS. -- The Peace Conference at
the Hague, AND ITS BEARINGS ON INTERNATIONAL LAW AND Policy. By FRED
ERICK W. HOLLS, D.C.L. Cloth, 8vo, $3,
By CLIFTON JOHNSON, author of "Among
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INTRODUCTION TO THE SYSTEMATIC STUDY
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ton, Late President of the Royal
Cloth, crown 8vo, $3.00.
POET, DRAMATIST, AND Max. By HAMIL-
Ooze calf, crown 8vo, $6.00.
tion, FROM THE EARLIEST TIMES TO THE PRESENT Dar. By HENRY C. MORRIS. In two volumes.
Cloth, 8vo, $4.00.
ican Life and Letters. By DANIEL
D. ADDISON. Cloth, 12mo, $1.25. NICHOLSON.-The Hoosiers. By MEREDITH NICHOLSON.
Cloth, 12mo, $1.25. SWIFT. - Brook Farm, ITS MEM
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Child in Health. By NATHAN OPPEN-
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States After the Compromise of 1850. By JAMES FORD RHODES. Four volumes.
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Growth in the Nineteenth century.
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tistical and Historical Annual of the States of the World for the Year 1900. Edited by J. SCOTT KELTIE.
Cloth, 12mo, $3.00 net. STEEL. - The Hosts of the Lord.
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English Novel. By FRANCIS H. STOD.
Cloth, 12mo, $1.50.
of small volumes of condensed information introductory to great subjects, written by leading authorities, offering a wide range for individual selection. Send for a circular. The 15 volumes now ready on Scientific, Historical, and Literary Subjects.
Each cloth, 18mo, 40 cts, net. VAN DYCK. - Anthony Van Dyck.
AN HISTORICAL STUDY OF HIS LIFE AND WORKS. By LIONEL CUST, Director of the National Portrait Gallery, London.
Imperial 8vo, $35.00.
Its PRINCIPLES AND THEIR APPLICATION TO
STRONG. Illustrated. Cloth, 8vo, $8.00.
ature. Essays by GEORGE EDWARD WOODBERRY, Columbia University.
Cloth, 12mo, $1.50. WRIGHT. - The Dream Fox Story
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A Masterpiece of Biography
Life and Letters of Thomas Henry Huxley
By his son, LEONARD HUXLEY
In Two Volumes. Ilustrated. 8vo, cloth, 549 & 547 pp., with Index.
Price, $5.00 net.
“ The most important addition made to biographical literature in this decade.”
- NEW YORK HERALD. “ An admirable biography.”— LONDON SPECTATOR. “ A full-length picture of a remarkable man.”— NEW YORK MAIL AND EXPRESS. “ Destined to take high rank among epistolary autobiographies.” — THE DIAL, CHICAGO.
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Mr. Garland's Best Work
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A Story of the West
By HAMLIN GARLAND
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century just ended. The subject is one that THE DIAL, Fine Arts Building, Chicago.
has already received a certain amount of atten
tion in other quarters, and that will doubtless No. 349. JAN. 1, 1901. Vol. XXX.
be handled by many sorts of pens during the
coming months. It is a subject of deep and CONTENTS.
enduring interest, because it affords one way,
at least, and probably the most important way, THE GREAT BOOKS OF THE CENTURY
of determining what the nineteenth century has THE CASE AT STANFORD UNIVERSITY
done for civilization. We propose to confine
our attention, in the present article, to the COMMUNICATIONS
books of thought as distinguished from the Poe and the Hall of Fame. Kate W. Beaver.
books of art, and to enumerate, with some sort A Discredited Museum of Etruscan Archæology. F. B. Tarbell.
of brief accompanying comment, some of the Reading Shakespeare as a Duty. H. M. Stanley. works of the century that may fairly be char
acterized as epoch-making; the books, in a LETTER-WRITER AND POET. E. G. J.
word, that have opened men's eyes to a deeper CHRISTIANITY IN AMERICA BEFORE COLUM- view of scientific or philosophical truth, and BUS. Edwin Erle Sparks .
12 have made permanent changes in the current
of human thought. TWO BOOKS ON BANKING. Frederick W. Gookin 13
Considered in this respect, the book of the FINDING A FRESH LAND. Wallace Rice
15 century, beyond any possibility of a successful RECENT RELIGIOUS DISCUSSIONS. John Bascom 17 challenge to its preeminence, is “ The Origin
, Pfleiderer's Evolution and Theology, and Other
of Species,” by Charles Darwin. The influence Essays.- Dole's Religion of a Gentleman.-Askwith's
of this book ranks it with the treatises of CoThe Christian Conception of Holiness. — Granger's pernicus and of Newton, with the “ Contrat The Soul of a Christian. – Watson's The Doctrines Social ” and the “ Wealth of Nations." It is of Grace. – Haeckel's The Riddle of the Universe.
doubtful if any other book, in all the history of Carus's Whence and Whither.
modern thought, has been so far-reaching in BRIEFS ON NEW BOOKS
its influence, or productive of such immense Some notable bibliographical work on Dante. intellectual results. There is a difference, not Short lives of three great Americans. — The story of a tramp in England. - Mr. Hearn's “Shadowings
merely of degree but almost of kind, between of Japan. – Tales of a zoophilist. — The Psalms as the intellectual processes of the men who lived poetry. — “A Garden of Simples.” – Huxley as a before Darwin and those who have grown to leader in science. - Retaliating on Mr. Kipling. - A manhood during the period in which the evobook of pleasant fancies. — A new volume of “Na
lutionary leaven has been working in men's ture's Miracles." — Views of the Grand Cañon. Love letters of a musician.
minds. We no longer think in the same terms
as of old, and we see that the true measure of BRIEFER MENTION.
the power of the great thinkers of the past is NOTES
to be found in the extent to which their work
foreshadowed or anticipated the evolutionary TOPICS IN LEADING PERIODICALS .
method. LIST OF NEW BOOKS
23 It is because the influence of Darwin has
thus extended far beyond the biological field cism of sources and ideas, has triumpbed so in which his work was done that his most completely that little in the way of superstition famous book stands thus preëminent. Among is left for it to slay. Many men have fought the books that have proved epoch-making in valiantly in this cause, and it is difficult to more restricted fields of thought, we may men. specify individual scholars. But if our test tion Lyell's “Principles of Geology,” Helm- be that of direct influence upon great numbers holtz’s “ Tonempfindungen, Froebel's “ Edu- of people, it is probably true that the “ Leben
” cation of Man,” Ruskin's “Modern Painters,” | Jesu" of Strauss and the “ Vie de Jésus of and Maine's “ Ancient Law.” The science of Renan have been the most important popular comparative philology, which hardly existed agencies in bringing about a restoration of the before the nineteenth century, dates from the Christian religion to its proper place in the publication of Bopp's “Comparative Gram- perspective of general history. mar”; and the scientific pursuit of historical In the domain of economics, the most influscholarship, whose ideals are very different ential book of the century has probably been from those of the eighteenth century histo- one whose teachings are repudiated by those rians, although Gibbon did much to anticipate who have the best right to speak in the name them, really began with the publication of of this science. The propaganda of socialism Niebuhr's “Römische Geschichte." Dalton's has become so marked a feature in the political “New System of Chemical Philosophy" laid life of most of the civilized nations that it can. the foundations for atomic chemistry, and the not be ignored in any survey of the tendencies
Mécanique Céleste” of Laplace provided a of nineteenth century thought, and credit must firm mathematical basis for the nebular theory, be given to the book which, more than any previously outlined, it is true, by Kant, but other, has been responsible for this movement. lacking in the confirmation that was brought That book, it need hardly be added, is the to it by the masterly analysis of the French “Kapital" of Karl Marx; and its force is astronomer. Here is also the appropriate place not yet spent.
not yet spent. Indeed, we are inclined to for mention of the researches of Pasteur, which think that fifty years hence it will loom have proved so immensely fruitful in the do- even larger than it now does among the writmain of bacteriology, and upon which, more ings that have most profoundly influenced the than upon the labors of any other investi- thought of modern times. For the socialist gator, the new science is based. To the experiment has not yet worked itself out, and work of Pasteur and his followers we owe it will not be discredited until civilization has the first rational theory of disease and its suffered
some very rude shocks. Mill's treatment that has ever been formulated, a “ Political Economy,” on the other hand, somewhat surprising fact when we consider while it has profoundly influenced the real the paramount importance of the subject to thinkers in this field, and has an absolute value mankind.
far exceeding that of “ Das Kapital,” falls What were once supposed to be the founda- short of being an epoch-making book for the tions of religious belief have, during the cen- simple reason that, instead of setting new tury just ended, been sapped and mined by ideas in motion, its energy was devoted to many agencies. The study of ancient civiliza- clarifying the old ones, and to setting them tions has proved to be the merest fables many forth in logical arrangement. It is still the things that the credulous earlier ages accepted best single treatise on political economy that without question. The new scientific view of has ever been written, and for this, at least, it man and nature has also brought about a silent deserves an honorable place in any review of transformation in many matters of opinion the intellectual history of the nineteenth cenonce thought to be indissolubly connected with tury. We are inclined to give a place in this religious belief, but now seen to have little or connection to the writings upon political and nothing to do with it. As far as religion is a social subjects of the great apostle of Italian. question of the interpretation of the Scriptures, unity, Guiseppe Mazzini. It is not merely the historical methods that have dealt so effect- because they brought about the political regenively with Greek and Roman tradition have eration of his own country that these writings also made an enduring impression upon the are of the highest importance — although that traditions of the Hebrew people and of the would suffice to justify the estimate — but Christian church. The “higher” criticism, rather because they brought the element of which means simply the new historical criti. I spirituality into the discussions with which
they were concerned, and supplemented the period, although now, at the end of the period,
, conception of the rights of man, of which we see that the former is a waning influence, something too much had been made during while the latter is an influence still to be taken the period that followed the French Revolution, into account in any study of the forces which with the hitherto neglected conception of the still sway the minds of thoughtful men. It duties of man, thus giving an ethical turn to supplies, better than any other metaphysical the general movement of European emancipa. system yet produced, the needed corrective for tion, and allying it with something higher and
that material view of the universe which would finer than merely material interests. The seem to be the outcome of modern science, and teaching of Mazzini, enforced by the singular enforces the fundamental teachings of the purity and nobility of his devoted life, has had philosophers — of Plato, and Spinoza, and a widespread influence upon political thought, Berkeley, and Kant — in the terms of the
, and bas given it an ethical impulse that would modern intellect, and with a cogency that is be difficult to overestimate.
irresistible to the logical mind. Turning last of all to the philosophers, that inclined to believe that if the “ ,
Origin of is, to the men who, as far as may be, take all Species ” is approached in its influence upon knowledge for their province, and seek to sys- nineteenth-century thought by any other one tematize the various results of special intel- book, “ Die Welt als Wille und Vorstellectual activity, we find the names of Humboldt, lung" is that book.
, Hegel, Schopenhauer, Comte, and Mr. Herbert Spencer to be the conspicuous names of the nineteenth century.
The "Kosmos" of Alexander von Humboldt marks, in a sense,
THE CASE AT STANFORD the end of the period of general scholarship
UNIVERSITY. and the beginning of the period in which The recent case of alleged "interference with specialization has held full sway. Never the freedom of academic teaching ” at Stanford again can anyone hope to master the scientific University bas called out a range of discussion and knowledge of his time in the sense in which criticism that seems to us disproportionate to the Humboldt mastered it; even the magnificent importance of the case. It was, of course, to be achievement of Mr. Spencer falls short of that
expected that the matter would be made the most ideal and shows the futility of any further en
of by sensation-seeking newspapers, and those of
California in particular seem to have improved deavor in that direction. We owe to Mr. Spencer the most thorough-going application of equities or to the injury they might be doing the
their opportunities without much regard to the finer the conception of evolution to history that has institution and those who have made it one of the ever been made, and that is glory enough for chief glories of their State. Into the details of the one man ; but we cannot read his “ Synthetic affair we do not now propose to go. Broadly Philosophy ” without at the same time realizing viewed, it seems less a question of academic freethat there are gaps in his knowledge and de
dom than of academic common-sense. fects in his philosophical comprehension. We
that an instructor was asked to resign his position, have the same feeling in more marked degree
as he claims, on account of some sentiments, uttered when we read Comte; and in his case, while
by him in a public speech, which were objectionable recognizing bis great influence, we must admit
to the founder of the University; as the other side
claims, on account of an antagonism of long standthat it is an influence no longer active. Even ing, aggravated by some offensive references to the the eloquence of Mr. Frederic Harrison cannot family of the founder, the instructor questioning in galvanize the “Cours de Philosophie Positive"
his class-room the legitimacy of the fortune by into any semblance of the life that left it a which the University had been established, while generation ago. Nevertheless, it will always not scrupling to accept a portion of the same forbe reckoned among the most influential books tune in payment of his professorial salary. Now of the century just ended. Taking philosophy if these things were true, or Mrs. Stanford believed in the stricter sense, as primarily concerned
them to be true, her resentment was natural and with the ultimate problems of thought, the
inevitable; and in any event, it seems to us that. names of Hegel and of Schopenhauer stand
such generous devotion and boundless liberality as
she has shown to the institution whose welfare lies preëminent in the bistory of the nineteenth
80 near her heart might fairly have entitled her to century. The “ Logic" of the one and Die
more considerate and more kindly treatment than Welt als Wille und Vorstellung” of the other she has received from some quarters. We do not have been the chief metaphysical forces of the believe, from all we know of this case, that the