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Been thus encounter'd. A figure like

A figure like your father,
Arm'd at all points exactly, cap-à-pé,
Appears before them, and with folemn march
Goes flow and stately by them: thrice he walk’d,
By their opprest and fear-surprized eyes,
Within his truncheon's length; whilst they, distillid
Almost to jelly 6 with the act of fear,
Stand dumb, and speak not to him.' This to me
In dreadful fecresy impart they did;
And I with them, the third night, kept the watch:
Where, as they had deliver'd, both in time,
Form of the thing, each word made true and good, ,
The apparition comes. I knew your father :
These hands are not more like.

Ham. But where was this?
Mar. My lord, upon the platform where we

Ham. Did you not speak to it?

Hor. My lord, I did;
But anfver made it none: yet once, methought,
It lifted up its head, and did address
Itself to motion, like as it would speak :
But, even then, the morning cock crew loud;
And at the found it shrunk in haste away,
And vanish'd from our figlit.

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6. with the act of fear,] Shakespeare could never write to improperly as to call the passion of fear, the act of fear. Without doubt the true reading is,

-with Th’EFFECT of fear. WARBURTON. Here is an alteration of subtiity without :ccuracy. Fear is every day considered as an agent. Fecr laid kold on him; fear drove bir etc. If it were proper to be rigorous in examining trifles, it might be replied, that Shakespeare would write more erroneously, if he wrote by the direction of this critick; they were not di,lilled, whatever the word may mean, by the effect of fear ; for that difillation was itself the effect ; fear was the cause, the active cause, that distilled them by that force of operation ivhich we strictly call act involuntary, and power in involuntary agents, but popularly call c£i in both.' But of this too much. JOHNSON.


Ham. 'Tis very strange.

Hor. As I do live, my honour'd lord, 'tis true;
And we did think it writ down in our duty
To let you know of it.

Ham. Indeed, indeed, Sirs, but this troubles me. Hold you the watch to-night?

Both. We do, my lord.
Ham. Arm’d, say you?
Both. Arm’d, my lord.
Ham. From top to toe?
Both. My lord, from head to foot.
Hem. Then faw you not his face?
Hor. Oh, yes, my lord, he wore his beaver up.
Ham. What, lookd he frowningly?
Hor. A countenance more in forrow than in

Ham. Pale, or red ?
Hor. Nay, very pale.
Ham. And fix'd his eyes upon you

Hor. Most constantly.
Ham. I would I had been there.
Hor. It would have much amaz'd
Ham. Very like, very like : staid it long?
Hor. While one with moderate hafte might tell a

Both. Longer, longer.
Hor. Not when I saw it.
Ham. His beard was grizzld ? No?

Hor. It was, as I have seen it in his life,
A fable silver'd.
Ham. I'll watch to-night; perchance, 'twill walk

Hor. I warrant you, it will.

Ham. If it assume my noble father's person,
I'll speak to it, though hell itself should gape,
And bid me hold my peace. I pray you all,
If you have hitherto conceal'd this light,



L 4

7 Let it be tenable in your filence ftill:
And wisdicever eise roll hop to-night,
Give it an underítanding, but no tongue;
I will require your loves. So fare ye well.
Upon the platform ’twixt eleven and twelve

I'li vilit you.

All. Our duty to your honour.

[Exeunt. Fion. Your loves, as inine to you. Farewell. My father's fpirit in arms! all is not well; I doubt some foul play. Would the night were

come! 'Till then so it:ll, my soul. Foul deeds will rise, Tho' ali the earth o'erwhelm them, to incn's eyes.

Lin epartment in Polonius's house.

Enter Lceries azd Ophelia.
Lcer. My neceffaries are embark'd; farewell :
And, fifter, as the winds give benefit,
And convoy is ar tant, do not feep,
But let me hear from you.

Orh. Do you dcubt that?

Ler. For Hamlet, and the trifling of his favour, Hold it a fashion, and a toy in blood; A violet' in the youth of primy nature; Forwaril, not permanent; sweet, not lasting : 8 The perfume, and suppliance of a minute : No more.

Oph. 7 Le: it la treble in your filence fi!!:] If treble be right, in it fluid be read,

1.: it be treble in your filince now: - But the old quarto reads,

Lei it be TENA #LF ive your silence fill. And this is riht. WARBURTON.

8 The perfunde, end doppliance of a minute :) Thus the quarto : the folio has it,

-Szucct, 2:00 loftrig,
The uppliance of a minute.


Oph. No more but so?

Laer. Think it no more:
For nature, crescent, does not grow alone
In thews, and bulk ; but, as this temple waxes,
The inward service of the mind and soul
Grows wide withal. Perhaps, he loves you now;
9 And now no soil, nor cautel, doth besmerch
The virtue of his will : but, you must fear,
His greatness weigh’d, his will is not his own :
For he himself is subject to his birth :
He may not, as unvalued persons do,
Carve for himself; for on his choice depends
'The fanity and health of the whole state ;
And therefore inuft his choice be circumscrib'd

It is plain that perfume is necessary to exemplify the idea of fweet, nit lafting. With the word juzpliance I am not satisfied, and yet dare har ly offer what I imagine to be right. I suspect that sofiance, or some such word, formed from the Italian, was then uted for the act of fumigating with sweet scents. Johns.

The perfume, and fup; liance of a minute ; i. e. what is fupplied to us for a minute. The idea feems to be taken fron the hort duration of vegetable perfumes. STEEVENS.

s And now no jail, nor cautel,-) From cautela, which fignifies only a prudent foresight or caution ; but, paffing thro' French hands, it lost its innocence, and now fignifics fraud, deceit. And so he uses the adjective in Julius Cæsar,

Swear priests and cowards and men cautelous. But I believe Shakespeare wrote,

And 110w no joil of cautelwhich the following words confirm,

-doth besmerch The virtue of his will: For by virtue is meant the fimplicity of his will, not virtuous will: and both this and bejmerch refer only to foil, and to the foil of craft and insincerity. WARBURTON.

Virtue seems here to comprise both excellence and power, and may be explained the pure effe£t. JOHNSON.

The sanctity and health of the cvhole flate :] What has the fanétity of the state to do with the prince's disproportioned marriage? We hould read with the old quarto safety.

WARBURTON. HANMER reads very rightly, fanity. Sanclity is elsewhere printed for fanity, in the old edition of this play. Johnson.


honour may

Unto the voice and yielding of that body,
Whereof he is the head. Then, if he says, he loves

It fits your wisdom fo far to believe it,
As he in his particular act and place
May give his saying deed, which is no further,
Than the main voice of Denmark goes withal.
Then weigh, what loss

your may sustain,
If with too credent ear you lift his songs;
Or lose your heart; or your chaste treasure open
To his * unmaster'd importunity.
Fear it, Ophelia, fear it, my dear sister ;
And 3 keep you in the rear of your affection,
Out of the shot and danger of desire.
The chariest maid is prodigal enough,
If she unmask her beauty to the moon:
Virtue itself 'scapes not calumnious strokes :
The canker galls the infants of the spring,
Too oft before their buttons be disclos'd;
And in the morn and liquid dew of youth
Contagious blastments are most imminent.
Be wary then: best safety lies in fear ;
Youth to itself rebels, though none else near.

Oph. I shall the effect of this good lesson keep,
As watchman to my heart. But, good my brother,
Do not, as some ungracious pastors do,
Shew me the steep and thorny way to heaven;
4 Whilft, like a puft and reckless libertine,




—unmaster'd— ] i.e. licentious. Johnson. 3 ---heep within the rear, &c.] That is, do not advance fo far as your affection would lead you. JOHNSON.

Wilft, like a puft and careless libertine.) This reading give us a sense to this effect, Do not you be like an ungracious preacher, who is like a careless libertine. And there we find, that he who is so like a careless libertine, is the careless libertine himself. This could not come from Shakespeare. The old quarto reads,

Whiles a puft and reckless libertine, which dire&is us to the right reading,


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