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Been thus encounter'd. A figure like
A figure like your father,
Ham. But where was this?
Hor. My lord, I did;
6. with the act of fear,] Shakespeare could never write to improperly as to call the passion of fear, the act of fear. Without doubt the true reading is,
-with Th’EFFECT of fear. WARBURTON. Here is an alteration of subtiity without :ccuracy. Fear is every day considered as an agent. Fecr laid kold on him; fear drove bir etc. If it were proper to be rigorous in examining trifles, it might be replied, that Shakespeare would write more erroneously, if he wrote by the direction of this critick; they were not di,lilled, whatever the word may mean, by the effect of fear ; for that difillation was itself the effect ; fear was the cause, the active cause, that distilled them by that force of operation ivhich we strictly call act involuntary, and power in involuntary agents, but popularly call c£i in both.' But of this too much. JOHNSON.
Ham. 'Tis very strange.
Hor. As I do live, my honour'd lord, 'tis true;
Ham. Indeed, indeed, Sirs, but this troubles me. Hold you the watch to-night?
Both. We do, my lord.
Hor. It was, as I have seen it in his life,
Ham. If it assume my noble father's person,
7 Let it be tenable in your filence ftill:
I'li vilit you.
All. Our duty to your honour.
[Exeunt. Fion. Your loves, as inine to you. Farewell. My father's fpirit in arms! all is not well; I doubt some foul play. Would the night were
come! 'Till then so it:ll, my soul. Foul deeds will rise, Tho' ali the earth o'erwhelm them, to incn's eyes.
Enter Lceries azd Ophelia.
Orh. Do you dcubt that?
Ler. For Hamlet, and the trifling of his favour, Hold it a fashion, and a toy in blood; A violet' in the youth of primy nature; Forwaril, not permanent; sweet, not lasting : 8 The perfume, and suppliance of a minute : No more.
Oph. 7 Le: it la treble in your filence fi!!:] If treble be right, in propii.tv it fluid be read,
1.: it be treble in your filince now: - But the old quarto reads,
Lei it be TENA #LF ive your silence fill. And this is riht. WARBURTON.
8 The perfunde, end doppliance of a minute :) Thus the quarto : the folio has it,
-Szucct, 2:00 loftrig,
Oph. No more but so?
Laer. Think it no more:
It is plain that perfume is necessary to exemplify the idea of fweet, nit lafting. With the word juzpliance I am not satisfied, and yet dare har ly offer what I imagine to be right. I suspect that sofiance, or some such word, formed from the Italian, was then uted for the act of fumigating with sweet scents. Johns.
The perfume, and fup; liance of a minute ; i. e. what is fupplied to us for a minute. The idea feems to be taken fron the hort duration of vegetable perfumes. STEEVENS.
s And now no jail, nor cautel,-) From cautela, which fignifies only a prudent foresight or caution ; but, paffing thro' French hands, it lost its innocence, and now fignifics fraud, deceit. And so he uses the adjective in Julius Cæsar,
Swear priests and cowards and men cautelous. But I believe Shakespeare wrote,
And 110w no joil of cautelwhich the following words confirm,
-doth besmerch The virtue of his will: For by virtue is meant the fimplicity of his will, not virtuous will: and both this and bejmerch refer only to foil, and to the foil of craft and insincerity. WARBURTON.
Virtue seems here to comprise both excellence and power, and may be explained the pure effe£t. JOHNSON.
The sanctity and health of the cvhole flate :] What has the fanétity of the state to do with the prince's disproportioned marriage? We hould read with the old quarto safety.
WARBURTON. HANMER reads very rightly, fanity. Sanclity is elsewhere printed for fanity, in the old edition of this play. Johnson.
Unto the voice and yielding of that body,
your may sustain,
Oph. I shall the effect of this good lesson keep,
—unmaster'd— ] i.e. licentious. Johnson. 3 ---heep within the rear, &c.] That is, do not advance fo far as your affection would lead you. JOHNSON.
Wilft, like a puft and careless libertine.) This reading give us a sense to this effect, Do not you be like an ungracious preacher, who is like a careless libertine. And there we find, that he who is so like a careless libertine, is the careless libertine himself. This could not come from Shakespeare. The old quarto reads,
Whiles a puft and reckless libertine, which dire&is us to the right reading,