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SUMMER ROSE GARDEN.
THE PROVENCE, OR CABBAGE, ROSE.
This rose has long and deservedly been the favourite ornament of English gardens; and if, as seems very probable, it was the hundred-leaved rose of Pliny, and the favourite flower of the Romans, contributing in no small degree to the luxurious enjoyments of that great people, it claims. attention as much for its high antiquity, as for its intrinsic beauty. 1596 is given by botanists as the date of its introduction to our gardens. That " prince of gardeners," Miller, says that it is the prettiest of all roses; and this idea still prevails to a great extent in the agricultural districts of England, where, in the farm and cottage-gardens, the Cabbage Rose and the double wallflower are the most esteemed inmates; forming in their turns, with a sprig of rosemary, the Sunday bouquet of the respectable farm-servant and cottager.
The groves of Mount Caucasus are said to be its native places of growth, and also Languedoc and Provence; but the claims of these latter have been disputed. I lately wrote to a very old rose amateur in France for information on this point. He informs me that the species with single flowers is found in a wild state in the southern provinces; it is therefore very probable that it was called the Provence Rose from growing more abundantly in that province: it has now, however, quite a different name in France, for it is called the " Rose a Cent Feuilles," from the botanical name, Rosa centifolia, or Hundred-leaved Rose. I must here confess that, when I was a young rose-fancier, this name often misled me, as I was very apt to think that it referred to the Scotch and other small and thickly leaved roses, not for a moment supposing that the term was applied to the petals or flowerleaves.
Hybrid roses, between this and Rosa gallica, are called Provence Roses by the French amateurs of the present day. Our Provence, or Cabbage, Rose is exceedingly varied in the form and disposition of its petals: the first in the catalogue Anemoniflora has those in the centre of the flower imperfect and partially fimbriated, giving it something the appearance of a semi-double anemone ; whence its name.
The Celery-leaved Rose, or Rosa apiifolia, is also a curious rose, unlike any other: its leaves are, perhaps, as much like imperfectly curled parsley as celery. The curled Provence is as beautiful as curious, having fine globular-shaped flowers, with petals waved in a very peculiar manner. Dianthaeflora, or the Pink-flowered Rose, is a curious variety, with imperfect laciniated petals, unlike any other rose, and something like a pink. Duchesne is a Provence Rose, a little hybridised, with very large, finely shaped, and double flowers. Due d'Angouleme also slightly departs from the habits of the true Provence rose: this is a finely shaped rose, of a vivid rose-colour. The Dutch, or Large Provence, is exactly like the Old Cabbage Rose, and equally fragrant, but very much larger: this is a fine rose for forcing. Grand Bercam is a superb large-flowering variety, a true Provence, with flowers of a fine deep rose-colour, but with fewer petals than some other varieties. Grande Agathe, also known as the Lacken Provence, is indeed a grand rose, remarkably double, and finely formed. Its flowers are of the palest flesh-colour: like