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Bizarre Marbree is a fine marbled rose, very double and well shaped, of a bright rose-colour beautifully shaded. Comte Walsh has been described in the catalogue on the faith of a French florist, before it bloomed here. It has not proved true to its description, as it is not margined; but it will, I have no doubt, prove a first-rate show rose.*
Camaieu is one of the most distinct striped roses known. Its flowers are rather small, and sometimes not of a good form: still it is a very pretty rose. Comte de Murinais is a large flattish rose, of a slate-coloured ground, spotted with rose-colour; a very distinct and good variety. Cramoisie Picotee is a distinct and curious spotted rose, not so pretty and brilliant as the Old Picotee, as its spots have a brownish tinge. Cymodocee is a large and robust-growing rose, very double, of good shape, and likely to prove a fine show rose. Delille is a new rose, very prettily spotted on a purple ground. Like most of the roses of this colour, it is only to be seen in perfection in the morning, if the weather is sultry; but in cloudy weather it will retain its beauty the entire day. Duc de Trevise is a most beautiful rose, of firstrate form for a show rose, and of a robust and distinct habit. Duc d'Orleans is also a fine and brilliant rose, large, finely cupped, and distinctly spotted with white; and of the most robust and vigorous habit. E'clatante is a rose that may be distinguished in a group, however crowded. As it is so extremely bright, it perhaps ought not to be called scarlet; yet no other term so well describes its colour.
E'clat des Roses is a very double and large rose, of the most perfect form for a show rose. It seldom produces deformed or ill-shaped flowers; the plant is also of the most vigorous habit. To Fanny Parissot this description may also be applied, only that its colour is much more delicate. Fanny Bias is a name also given to this rose. Fanny Esler is a new and pretty spotted rose; but it has not yet bloomed here in perfection. Fleur d'Amour is one of the most vivid-coloured roses in this group, much like Assemblage des Beautes, but more double. Grandissima is a most robust-growing and very large rose, likely to prove a show rose of first-rate excellence. Hortense Beauharnois is a fine and large rose, very delicately and slightly spotted with white. Iphigenie is also a good spotted variety; but, like the preceding, perhaps too delicately so to be called a variegated rose. The King of Rome, or Theodore de Corse (for they are one and the same), is a beautiful double and compact rose, so exactly like a double ranunculus, that it might almost be mistaken for one. Leopold is a fine dark rose, much like that old favourite the Tuscany Rose; but with smaller and more double flowers.
* This term is applied to those varieties that produce very double and perfect flowers, fit to be exhibited singly, as dahlias are.
La Capricieuse is indeed capricious; for some of its flowers are plain, and some most beautifully pencilled with white; which, on the vivid rose-coloured ground of this rose, has a pretty effect. La Moskowa is a large dark rose, not quite double enough for a show rose; but its flowers have a fine effect on the plant. Lafayette is a pencilled rose, quite different from the generality of these roses, and much like Nationale Tricolore: it is shaded with purple and crimson, and varies much with the season. Lady Peel is a most curious and pretty rose: some of its flowers are like a variegated rose-coloured hollyhock, very remarkable in their form and colour; but the variegation of this rose is not constant, for it often produces plain-coloured flowers, perhaps equally beautiful with those that are striped. La Nationale is a new and distinct variety, of a bright rose-colour, marbled and striped with crimson; one of the prettiest of its class. Lord Byron is a new and brilliant spotted rose, not producing large or very double flowers; but a desirable and pretty variety. Lucile is also a new spotted rose. This, like many of the new variegated roses, has, perhaps, owing to the change of climate, not yet bloomed in perfection.
Madame Cottin is a large and well-shaped rose, adapted
for a show rose; as is also Madame Dubarry, perhaps one of the very finest double roses known. These are both of the most vigorous habits and first-rate excellence. Malesherbes is a purple spotted rose, requiring to be kept from the hot sun; for, like all roses inclining to purple or slate,colour, it soon fades. Nationale Tricolore is one of the prettiest of variegated roses, generally shaded with red and purple, with a white or yellowish centre; but this central colour is not constant. Oracle du Siecle is a most charming rose, perfect in form, and rich and beautiful in its fine crimson and scarlet colouring.
Oriflamme is a rose which I ventured, last season, to describe as deep scarlet, on the faith of a very honourable florist who raised it from seed. It has not yet bloomed in this country; but it seems of a distinct habit, and I expect it will prove one of the finest varieties in this division. Picotee, or Violet Picotee, in some soils, produces flowers of a deep violet crimson, striped with white; in others it loses its variegation; but, under all circumstances, it is a pretty and most distinct rose. Princess Victoria was raised from seed at Linton in Cambridgeshire, by a Mr. Gimson. This is a fine brilliant crimson rose, and generally a good show flower, as it is very double, and regular in its form. Porcelaine Royale is a beautifully shaped mottled rose; not large, but cupped, and perfect in its form, and adapted for a show rose. Renoncule Ponctuee, or the Spotted Ranunculus, is happily named; for it is much like a ranunculus both in its form and in the disposition of its colours. When this rose opens well (which, owing to the crowded state of its petals, it sometimes fails to do), it is a peculiar and beautiful variety. The Superb Tuscany is a seedling from the Old Tuscany, with larger and more double flowers; very dark, perhaps more so than those of its parent, yet their colour is not so brilliant.
Sir Walter Scott is a good rose, finely shaped; of that deep purplish rose-colour which has a very rich appearance: it is well calculated for a show rose, as its shape is generally perfect. Sombrieul is a delicate spotted rose, something like Aurelie; probably having the same origin, as it was raised from seed by the same grower. Scabiosasflora has a tufted centre to the flower, much resembling the flower of the Scabious. Sophie Arnold is a prettily shaped, bright rosecoloured variety, spotted or marbled with crimson. Tricolor, or La Belle Alliance, is now a very old variety; in some soils producing flowers 'prettily striped with yellowish white; in others its flowers are quite plain. Tricolor Pompon seems to be merely a variety of the preceding, with smaller petals, and a greater proportion of white in them: probably, it owes its origin to a sporting branch of the original Tricolor. Tricolor Superba is one of the finest of the striped roses: its ground colour is of the darkest crimson, on which its regular stripes of nearly pure white have a good effect; it also bids fair to be constant in its variegation.
Triomphe de Rennes is a very large and finely shaped show rose; the habit of the plant is also most luxuriant, and it forms a fine standard. Tullie is of a bright rose-coloured ground, prettily marbled, a new rose, and very good. The Prince is also a new rose, slate-coloured, marbled with crimson. Like all the roses of this colour, it requires to be kept from the sun. The Village Maid, or Provins Panachee, is now a well-known rose; varying so much in colour in different soils, that many assert there are two or three varieties; but this is not the case, for there is as yet but one Village Maid Rose, which, in some situations, has red or carnation-coloured, in others slate-coloured or purple, stripes.
Uniflore Marbree has a tendency to produce its flowers on single footstalks; whence its name. It is a good shaped and very double rose, beautifully marbled.
Most of the varieties of Rosa gallica are robust and hardy, and flourish equally as bushes on their own roots, grafted or budded on short stems, or as standards; but they cannot be recommended for tall standards, as their growth is too compact to be graceful. To grow them fine for exhibition as single blooms, or "show-roses," the clusters of buds should be thinned early in June, taking at least two thirds from each; manure should also be laid round their stems on the surface, and manured water given to them plentifully in dry weather. With this description of culture, these roses will much surpass any thing we have yet seen in this country. To prolong their season of blooming, two plants of each variety should be planted; one plant to be pruned in October, and the other in May. These will be found to give a regular succession of flowers. In winter pruning, shorten the strong shoots to within six or eight buds of the bottom: those that are weak cut down to two or three buds.
HYBRID PROVENCE ROSES.
These beautiful roses are exactly intermediate between the French and the Provence rose, partaking almost in an equal degree of both parents. They have upon the long and graceful shoots of the Provence the close and more dense foliage of the French rose; and, in some of the varieties, the pale and delicate colouring of the first is enlivened by the rich and deep crimson hues of the latter. The origin of these roses may be soon attested; for, if the single moss, or Provence rose, is fertilised with the farina of Rosa gallica, hybrid Provence roses will be produced, agreeing in every respect with the above description. Among the most superior varieties is Agnes Sorel, a delicate flesh-coloured rose, very double and finely shaped; Amelie Guerin is evidently from the seed of that good old rose, the Globe hip, but with smaller and more double flowers, of the same pure white, a pretty and distinct variety. Blanchefleur is of the most delicate flesh-colour, or nearly white, a new variety, very distinct and