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as fragrant in October as in June. The York and Lancaster rose, with pale striped flowers, is one of the oldest varieties of this division in our gardens. There is perhaps a little too much sameness of character in some of the varieties of the damask rose, their gradations of colour are sometimes too delicate to be distinct, but the following may be depended upon as fine leading sorts. Arlinde, a beautifully formed rose, of a delicate rose-colour, not a pure damask, as its foliage is less pubescent than in some other varieties.
Angele is a pretty bright-coloured rose, very double and distinct. Blanche borde de Rouge is a fine rose when it opens well, but in moist weather its petals are too numerous to expand freely; sometimes its flowers are pure white, at others finely margined with purplish red. Bachelier, so named from a Belgian amateur, is one of the finest show roses in this division, producing large double compact flowers, of a fine rose-colour, and very perfect shape. Claudine is a new variety that has scarcely yet shown itself in perfection, but it appears to be a fine-shaped pale rose, distinct and good. Couronne Blanche is a pure Damask Rose, distinct in habit, and a pretty white variety. Coralie is a beautifully formed rose, of a pale flesh-colour, with rosy centre, to which several of this family are inclined. Deesse Flore is a first-rate variety, with flowers rather larger than Coralie, and much like it in colour: when about half expanded, they are most beautiful.
Imperatrice is not a pure Damask Rose but very nearly allied. This is a large compact rose, very robust, and distinct in habit. La Fian$ee seems a hybrid between the Globe Hip and the Damask, a pretty shaded rose, nearly white, with a pale rosy centre. La Ville de Bruxelles is a new variety, with rose-coloured flowers, very large and double: this is a distinct and fine rose. Lady Fitzgerald is a beautiful rose, most valuable in this division, as its brilliant rose-coloured flowers are so conspicuous in a clump of Damask Roses; this is not a pure Damask Rose, but
very nearly so: its foliage when young is a little stained with the colouring matter of some variety of Rosa Gallica, which much adds to its beauty. Ma Favorite is a very small rose, of a delicate flesh-colour, and exceedingly neat and pretty. Madame Hardy was raised from seed in the Luxembourg gardens, by Monsieur Hardy in 1832; this is not a pure Damask Rose, as its leaves have scarcely any pubescence; but a more magnificent rose does not exist, for its luxuriant habit and large and finely shaped flowers place it quite first among the white roses.
Madame de Maintenon is a pretty delicate rose with deeper colouring towards its centre; this is a new variety, and has not yet bloomed quite in perfection. Moheleda is a hybrid Damask, with large double rose-coloured flowers, prettily marbled: this is a new and good rose. The Painted Damask is a rose which for some time to come will be a favourite, as it is distinct and beautiful; its large and thick foliage and painted flowers are quite unique, but like most of the variegated roses it is a little inconstant, as its flowers are sometimes pure white; in general, however, the outer edge of each petal is tinged with a fine purple.
The roses of this neat and elegant family have a pretty effect arranged in a mass; like the varieties of Rosa alba, they are so beautiful in contrast with the dark roses; they also form fine standards, more particularly Madame Hardy and the Painted Damask, which will grow into magnificent trees, if their culture is attended to: the pruning recommended for Rosa gallica will also do for these roses.
THE SCOTCH ROSE.
The varieties of this distinct and pretty family owe their origin to the Dwarf Wild Rose of the north of England and Scotland, nearly all of them having been raised from seed by the Scotch nurserymen; in some of their catalogues, two or three hundred names are given, but in many cases these names are attached to flowers without distinctive qualities. In my catalogue the names of a few of the best varieties are given, but even these vary much with the seasons; for I remarked that in the summer of 1836, after the peculiar cold and ungenial spring, and again this season (1837), they departed much from their usual characters, and bloomed very imperfectly; in warm and early seasons they flower in May, and are then highly ornamental.
The following varieties have generally proved good and distinct. Aimable Etrangere, a French hybrid with very double pure white flowers. Adelaide, a large red rose, double, and a good variety. Blanda is one of the best of the numerous marbled Scotch roses, as these are generally much alike. Countess of Glasgow, Daphne, Erebus, and Flora, are all good vivid coloured dark roses, varying in their shades, and very pretty. Guy Mannering is a large and very double blush rose, distinct and good. La Cenomane is a French hybrid, pure white, with large and very double flowers; a beautiful rose, but not so robust as the pure Scotch varieties. La Neige is deserving of its name, for it is of the purest white, and very double and good. Lady Baillie, Marchioness of Lansdown, and Mrs. Hay, are all pretty, pale sulphur-coloured roses: from the seed of these it is very probable that some good yellow varieties may, at some future time, be raised.
Painted Lady is a French hybrid, white, striped with red, but rather inconstant, as its flowers are often pure white; when it blooms in character, it is a charming little rose. Princess Elizabeth and the Queen of May are both bright pink varieties, very distinct and pretty. The True Yellow is a hybrid raised in France, and in most seasons is a pretty sulphur-coloured rose, much admired, but in very hot weather it fades very soon to white: this was the case more particularly this summer, (1837) ; it seemed much influenced, in common with the other Scotch roses, by the cold spring and the rapid transition to hot weather. William the Fourth is the largest white, pure Scotch rose known; a luxuriant grower, and a good variety. Venus is an excellent dark rose, with very double flowers and distinct character.
Scotch roses may be grown as standards, and the yellow, and one or two of the more robust varieties make good heads, but in general they form a round and lumpish tree, in ill accordance with good taste; when grown in beds or clumps, as dwarfs, they are beautiful, and in early seasons they will bloom nearly a fortnight before the other summer roses make their appearance; this, of course, makes them desirable appendages to the flower garden. They bear seed profusely; and raising new varieties from seed will be found-a most interesting employment. To do this, all that is required, is to sow the seed as soon as ripe, in October, in pots or beds of fine earth, covering it with nearly one inch of mould; the succeeding spring they will come up, and bloom in perfection the season following.
THE SWEET BRIAR.
Who knows not the Sweet Briar? the Eglantine, that plant of song, the rhyme of which jingles so prettily, that nearly all our poets, even love-stricken rustics, have taken advantage of its sweet sound.
"I will give to my love the Eglantine,"
has been often the beginning of a country lover's song; but in sober truth, every one must love this simplest and sweetest of flowers, for what odour can surpass that emanating from a bush of Sweet Briar in the dewy evenings of June? It pleases not the eye, for the single Sweet Briar bears flowers, in comparison with other roses, quite inconspicuous; but it gratifies in a high degree by its delicious perfume, and gives to the mind most agreeable associations, for it is so often (at least in Hertfordshire) the inhabitant of the pretty English cottage garden — such a garden as one sees nowhere but in England. The Single Sweet Briar is a native plant, growing in dry and chalky soils in some of the southern counties; from it the following varieties, with some others, have been originated, more or less hybridised. The Cluster Sweet Briar, with semi-double rosy lilac flowers. The Celestial, a beautiful little rose, with flowers very double and fragrant, of the palest flesh-colour, approaching to white. Hessoise, or Petite Hessoise, is a pretty French hybrid, with bright rosecoloured flowers, and leaves not so fragrant as some others. The Monstrous Sweet Briar is a very old variety, with large and very double flowers, distinct and good; Maiden's Blush and Manning's Blush, are both double and pretty, with fragrant leaves like the original. Rose Angle Sweet Briar,