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umbrella-shaped tree. Bennet's Seedling* is a new variety, found growing among some briars, by a gardener, of the name of Bennet, in Nottinghamshire. Jt is said to be a very pretty double and fragrant rose. Dundee Rambler, is the most double, and one of the best in this division; it blooms in very large clusters; much in the Noisette fashion; and is truly a desirable rose. Elegans, or the Double White, is one of our oldest varieties; its flowers are semi-double, and, individually, not pretty, as their petals in hot weather are very flaccid; but then it blooms in such large clusters, and grows so vigorously, that it forms an admirable Wilderness Rose. Jessica, which I now find to be the same as the "Rose Angle" rose, is a pretty, delicate pink variety, distinct and good.
Lovely Rambler, or the Crimson Ayrshire, is too semidouble, and its petals too flaccid to be much esteemed; it is mentioned here to prevent its two imposing names from misleading the amateur. Myrrh-scented; this name has been applied to two or three roses having the same peculiar scent; this variety has semi-double flowers of a creamy blush. Queen of the Belgians is a fine rose, with very double flowers, of a pure white; this is a most vigorous climber, soon forming a pillar fifteen or twenty feet high. Ruga is now a well-known variety, said to be a hybrid, between the Tea-scented China Rose, and the common Ayrshire; it is a most beautiful and fragrant rose. Splendens is a new variety, with very large cupped flowers, of a creamy blush; this rose has also that peculiar "Myrrhscented" fragrance.
Ayrshire Roses are some of them, perhaps, surpassed in beauty, by the varieties of Rosa sempervirens; still they have distinct and desirable qualities: they bloom nearly a fortnight earlier than the roses of that division: they will grow where no other rose will exist; and to climb up the stems of timber trees, in plantations, near frequented walks, and to form undergrowth, they are admirably well adapted: they also make graceful and beautiful standards, for the ends of the branches descend, and shade the stems, which, in consequence, increase rapidly in bulk. It seems probable, that Ayrshire Roses will grow to an enormous size as standards, and surpass in the beauty of their singular domeshaped heads many other roses more prized for their rarity.
* Rosa Thoresbyana of the Floricultural Cabinet.
The following extract from the Dundee Courier, of July 11th, 1837, will give some idea how capable these roses are of making even a wilderness a scene of beauty.
"Some years ago, a sand pit, at Ellangowan, was filled up with rubbish, found in digging a well. Over this a piece of rock was formed for the growth of plants, which prefer such situations, and amongst them were planted some half dozen plants of the Double Ayrshire Rose, raised in this neighbourhood about ten years ago. These roses now most completely cover the whole ground, a space of thirty feet by twenty. At present they are in full bloom, showing probably not less than ten thousand roses in this small space."
The Rosa multiflora, or many-flowered rose, is a native of Japan, from whence it was brought by Thunberg, and introduced into this country in 1804. Several of the varieties in the catalogue have been raised in Italy, where these pretty roses flourish and bear seed abundantly. In the neighbourhood of Florence, the double red may be seen climbing to an enormous extent, and large plants, completely covered with thousands of its very double and perfect flowers, having a fine appearance. The Single White is also grown in Italy; from this I have this season (1837), raised several hundreds of seedlings; the seed I received from Signor Crivelli, of Como, an Italian Rose amateur, very much devoted to gardening; all the varieties of this family are interesting, as they differ so much from other roses. Alba, or the Double White, is rather a misnomer, for it is not pure white, but rather a pale flesh-colour, pretty and distinct. Crivellii is a new variety, and one of the prettiest; its flowers are of a brilliant and changeable red, very unique; it is a free grower, and well deserves attention. Elegans is a most beautiful little rose, changing from blush to nearly pure white; it is a little hybridised, and consequently more hardy than the true Rosa multiflora. Fragrans is a most robust growing variety, but it has not yet bloomed in this country. Scarlet Grevillia, or Russelliana, is a hybrid, differing much in character from the other varieties of this family; it is more hardy, but does not climb so freely; still it is a beautiful and distinct rose: its large clusters of shaded crimson flowers have a fine effect on a pillar. Grevillia, or the Seven Sisters' Rose, is a vigorous climber, blooming in large clusters, which show a curious diversity of colours; for, soon after expansion the flowers change from crimson to purplish rose, and then to pale rose; so that in the clusters may be seen three or four shades, from rose to deep purplish crimson. In wet soils, it is often killed to the ground by the winter's frost; even in warm situations, and if covered with mats, it shoots so early, that when uncovered, it cannot endure the cold of spring. It would probably form a fine pillar rose, if thatched in November with green furze or whin, which admits air, and yet keeps off the severity of the frost. This covering may continue till March, and then must not be removed at once, but at twice or thrice; as want of caution in not removing their winter covering gradually, is the death of thousands of half hardy plants. If a plant is protected with spray or furze, remove half in mild weather in March, and let the remainder continue a week or fortnight longer, being regulated by the weather. The treatment of the Grevillia Rose as a pillar, may be applied to all the varieties of Rosa multiflora, except Russelliana, as they are impatient of cold. Hybrida, or Laure Davoust, is a hybrid, and a most elegant and beautiful rose, having all the peculiar neatness of the double red and white varieties, with larger flowers and more beautiful foliage. This is one of the prettiest Climbing Roses known. A Genevese friend informs me that some pillars of this rose at Geneva are thirty feet high, and covered with flowers the greater part of summer. Rubra is our oldest variety, but still interesting and pretty. Large plants of this rose may sometimes be seen, seldom putting forth flowers; this is owing to severe pruning, or to the winter killing the small spray-like shoots, from which they are generally produced. Superba is a variety approaching the Grevillia Rose in appearance, but much more dwarf and hardy.
These Roses have but few adaptations. I have given under Grevillia Rose, their culture as pillar roses: for these and for warm situations against walls, they are very ornamental: they also bloom in the greatest perfection as standards, but they will require removing to a warm shed in winter. Grafted on short stems, and grown in large pots, they bloom freely, and form pretty objects, as they produce their myriads of elegant flowers the greater part of summer.
THE EVERGREEN ROSE.
The original of this beautiful family is the Rosa sempervirens, the climbing Wild Rose of Italy, with small single white flowers, and foliage nearly evergreen. Monsieur Jacques, the chief gardener at the Chateau de Neuilly, has had the pleasure of originating most of the varieties now in cultivation; two or three he has named after the daughters of his royal master, King Louis Philippe : — Adelaide d'Orleans is one of these, and a very pretty and excellent rose it is, with dark shining green foliage, and beautiful shaded pale rose-coloured flowers: this has also the honour of being named by Mr. Wood, " Wood's Don Juan ;" and in the Floricultural Cabinet for September, a figure of it is given, which is as like a sunflower as this pretty and distinct rose. Banksiaeflora is more fragrant than the generality of these roses; it seems hybridised in a trifling degree with the old Musk Rose, which has probably imparted a little of its delightful perfume; this has small and very double white flowers. Brunonii is not a true Sempervirens, but approaching so near in its habit, that it cannot be placed in any other division with propriety. It has more colour than usual in roses of this family, as they are all inclined to pale fleshcolour, or white. This is of a vivid rose-colour, and very pretty and distinct. Carnea grandiflora: this name conveys an accurate description, as its flowers are large and fleshcoloured. Donna Maria is of the purest white, with fine dark green foliage, and very double flowers; a good and distinct rose. Eximia is a new variety, that has not yet bloomed here: it has been described as "rose edged with white." In habit, it is much like Indica major. Felicite perpetue has been sold as "Noisette florabunda," "Noisette compacta," "Mademoiselle Euphrasie," "Abelard Sempervirens;" and probably under some other high-sounding appellations, for it is a general favourite, and justly so, as it is one of the most beautiful of roses. No plant can be more lovely than a large specimen of this rose, covered with its double ranunculus-like cream-coloured flowers. It will not bloom if pruned much, therefore its shoots must be tied in their full length, and thinned out if too numerous, but not shortened.