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Sound drums and trumpets, &c. Enter MARTIUS and MUTIUS: after them, two Men bearing a coffin covered with black; then LUCIUS and QUINTUS. After them, TITUS ANDRONICUS; and then TAMORA, with ALARBUS, CHIRON, DEMETRIUS, AARON, and other Goths, prisoners; Soldiers and People, following". The Bearers set down the coffin, and Trrus speaks.
Tit. Hail, Rome, victorious in thy mourning weeds!
These that survive let Rome reward with love;
These that I bring unto their latest home,
With burial amongst their ancestors :
Here Goths have given me leave to sheath my sword.
[The tomb is opened.
There greet in silence, as the dead are wont,
Sweet cell of virtue and nobility,
How many sons hast thou of mine in store,
That thou wilt never render to me more?
Luc. Give us the proudest prisoner of the Goths,
That we may hew his limbs, and on a pile
Ad manes fratrum sacrifice his flesh,
Soldiers and People, following.] "As many as can be," adds the stagedirection of the old copies, 4to. and folio.
- HER fraught] All the old copies, "his fraught ' '-a frequent error of the press, corrected in the fourth folio: his and her were not, of old, always applied as we now use them.
Before this earthy prison of their bones;
Tit. I give him you; the noblest that survives,
Tam. Stay, Roman brethren!-Gracious conqueror,
A mother's tears in passion for her son:
Tit. Patient yourself, madam, and pardon me.
To this your son is mark'd; and die he must,
T' appease their groaning shadows that are gone
2 Before this EARTHY prison] The folio has earthly; but the 4tos. of 1600 and 1611 as in our text.
3 That so THEIR shadows] We have had "their bones" in the preceding line, and "their shadows" in this line is probably correct: "their" is from the corr. fo. 1632; and we may readily imagine that in the MS., "their" having been expressed by the abbreviation y', it was read y and printed the. We also have "their groaning shadows" farther on.
These are THEIR brethren,] So the 4tos: the folio the. Steevens adduces several instances of the use of "patient" (in the preceding line) as a verb. T' appease their groaning shadows that are GONE.] "That are dust," says the old annotator of the corr. fo. 1632, which ends the speech less flatly than the words "that are gone," as the text appears in all the extant old editions, 4to. and folio. We apprehend that the MS. emendations in this play, at least such as appear to restore rhymes, whether in couplets or in stanzas, represent some older text than we have in the 4to, 1600-possibly that of 1594 mentioned by Langbaine, or even a still more antiquated copy. Blank-verse came into use for the stage soon after Shakespeare joined a theatrical company in London, and in order to adapt "Titus Andronicus" to the improved taste of the town, he may
Luc. Away, with him! and make a fire straight; And with our swords, upon a pile of wood,
Let's hew his limbs, till they be clean consum'd.
[Exeunt LUCIUS, QUINTUS, MARTIUS, and MUTIUS, with ALARBUS.
Tam. Oh cruel, irreligious piety!
Chi. Was ever Scythia half so barbarous ?
To tremble under Titus' threatening look.
Upon the Thracian tyrant in his tent,
May favour Tamora, the queen of Goths,
(When Goths were Goths, and Tamora was queen)
To quit the bloody wrongs upon her foes.
Re-enter LUCIUS, QUINTUS, MARTIUS, and MUTIUS, with their swords bloody.
Luc. See, lord and father, how we have perform'd Our Roman rites. Alarbus' limbs are lopp'd,
And entrails feed the sacrificing fire,
Whose smoke like incense doth perfume the sky.
[Trumpets sounded, and the coffins laid in the tomb.
In peace and honour rest you here, my sons;
Rome's readiest champions, repose you here in rest,
Here grow no damned grudges'; here are no storms,
have altered many of the rhyming lines, as well as other portions of the tragedy. It is not, however, beyond the range of possibility, that, when the old corrector of the folio, 1632, saw the drama, some of the rhymes had been restored; but this is not a question we are at all in a condition to decide, and our object is, as far as we can form a judgment, to present the play such as our great dramatist left it. the Thracian tyrant] Polymnestor, assailed by Hecuba.
Here grow no damned GRUDGES;] So the 4to, 1611, and the folio: the 4to, 1600, has drugs (spelt drugges) for "grudges."
No noise, but silence and eternal sleep.
In peace and honour rest you here, my sons!
Lav. In peace and honour live lord Titus long;
Tit. Kind Rome, that hast thus lovingly reserv'd
And fame's eternal date, for virtue's praise!
Enter MARCUS ANDRONICUS, SATURNINUS, BASSIANUS, and
Mar. Long live lord Titus, my beloved brother, Gracious triumpher in the eyes of Rome!
Tit. Thanks, gentle tribune, noble brother Marcus. Mar. And welcome, nephews, from successful wars, You that survive, and you that sleep in fame.
Fair lords, your fortunes are alike in all,
That in your country's service drew your swords;
And triumphs over chance in honour's bed.-
Tit. A better head her glorious body fits,
8 Rising.] This stage-direction, and Kneeling, which precedes it, are from the corr. fo. 1632, and show what was the old custom of the stage.
What! should I don this robe, and trouble you?
Sat. Proud and ambitious tribune, canst thou tell?-
Romans, do me right.
Luc. Proud Saturnine, interrupter of the good
That noble-minded Titus means to thee!
Tit. Content thee, prince: I will restore to thee The people's hearts, and wean them from themselves. Bas. Andronicus, I do not flatter thee,
But honour thee, and will do till I die:
My faction if thou strengthen with thy friends,
Of noble minds, is honourable mecd.
Be chosen with PROCLAMATIONS to-day;] The corr. fo. 1632 gives the line thus:
"Be chose with acclamations to-day;"
and though we feel considerable confidence that it is right, since an emperor was not "chosen with proclamations," yet we adhere to our rule of not altering where the sense does not, with some authority, require it. For the same reason, in the next line but one, we allow "abroad" to remain in the text, though the corr. fo. 1632 alters it to abroach, and the misprint was extremely easy and probable. Professor Mommsen renders "with acclamations" mit lautem Beifall.
1 Titus, thou shalt obtain the empery.] So the corr. fo. 1632: in the ordinary text and ask is made to follow "obtain," to the injury of the verse as well as of the sense; for if and ask be intruded into the line, at all events it ought to precede "obtain." Titus was not likely to obtain "the empery," until he had asked it, and Saturnine's question shows that and ask ought to be omitted.
with thy FRIENDS,] The two 4tos, and the folios of 1623 and 1632, have friend for "friends," a trifling correction made in the folio, 1664, and not in the fourth folio, as stated by Malone.