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all, they argued, that emancipation tithe which remains payable on the would act as a direct security to the land; and that the Papist, with all his Church in the possession of those clamour, would look upon it as the tithes; that the act of 1829 would in- worst day he ever saw, when, instead stantly extinguish all the jealousy of paying that tithe direct to the cler. which existed against their collection, gyman, whom he cheats in every pos. that “ jealousy having arisen wholly sible way, and whom he calculates on in consequence of the denial of eman- cheating, he were to pay its equiva. cipation." And the Government at lent to the landlord, whom he cannot the time, accepting this declaration cheat at all. The Lord of the Bedas the great and indeed the only se. chamber knows this, for it is impossi. curity—the purchase money of eman. ble that he should not. We advise cipation the Papists now in a body him, for the comfort of his conscience, refuse to pay; just as any single vil. to turn Papist wholly, and without lain may refuse to pay the price which loss of time. he had himself set upon a commodity, One sentence more. He proceeds and finish the argument by putting the “ It cannot be, that civil or religious money back again into his pocket. The liberty exists in a country where a Marquis talks of himself as still a Pro- system of tithes exists, be they modi. testant, and therefore he has not, yet at fied or constructed as they may." Of least, any of those happy privileges course he has never heard of a counwhich give such ease of heart to the try called England, or has never O'Connell generation. After having discovered that " a system of tithes thus, with a ridiculous simplicity worthy exists there ;" or that it is not alto. of no one on earth but himself, lament. gether a country of drains and based that the Bill of 1829 did not extin tiles. For, in the opinion of this Bedguish tithes; in other words, that the chamber Marquis, is neither civil nor very and only consideration on which religious liberty can possibly exist the Bill was built was not abolished where tithes exist." This is the man for by the Bill itselfso much for the Mr O'Connell ; a shepherd silly as his commonsense of this Lord of the sheep;a babe still redolent of the cradle; Bedchamber_his Lordship proceeds, a helpless maid of all work; a ribbandwith consistent absurdity-- This was valet ready to walk up to his chin in always my feeling, and indeed, I mire in the track of his master. The think, the earnest desire of the Roman Arabs bave, in the procession of the Catholic portion of the community, caravan to Mecca, a camel which as well as of the liberal Protestants and carries the Koran, which camel is Dissenters." The Lord of the Bed. constantly followed by a slave with a chamber evidently does not regard brush, and a pitcher, whose business the Dissenters as Protestants; proba- is solely to attend on the rear of the bly with him they are Pagans or Ma. holy brute. We recommend Lord hometans; but such difficult questions Headfort to Mr O'Connell as his atare not to be allowed to ruffle the tendant for similar purposes, on his smooth front of a courtier. He next sacred itinerancy through Iretotters on-" I think it monstrously land. He has shown exactly the absurd, as well as being penal in the range of qualities suitable to the emextreme, that Catholics should be ployment; and as he is evidently a forced to pay for the religious support volunteer in the Papist interest, the of Protestants.” We have already Agitator may rely for once on his fi. given this very childish personage delity. But there is one hit, for which credit for blundering by the necessity we must do him justice. The Irish of his nature; but we cannot go to are a people of jest ; they burn and the extravagant length of supposing assassinate a good deal, but, as Hamlet him ignorant that the Papist does not says, “ It is all in jest" -and the nopay for the Protestant clergy; that torious way to their brains or bosoms the fiftieth part of a farthing in the is by making them laugh. This propound would be fifty times more pensity is so prominent, that not even than the Papist has ever paid to the his Lordship's faculties have been Established Church ; that the land is simple enough to overlook it. So he Protestant ; that every Papist, like concludes_ I moreover assert that, every other man, has a deduction al. if some measure more congenial to lowed in his rent, equivalent to the the feelings of the majority be not devised, it will prejudice the interests of did not, what culpability in his nethe Establishment to a degree which gligence ? If he did, what more than many who are adverse to it are not culpability in his appointing men aware of.” We believe not ; indeed with such opinions ? Are we not it would be remarkably difficult for then entitled to ask whether such any body to find out what greater opinions are those of the Minister himprejudice could be done to the Esta- self ? This he must answer and soon, blishment than knocking it to pieces. and perhaps heavily, to the empire.

What is the very meaning of Esta. But the evil does not end with the blishment ? It is not a religion, it is follies of a coronetted simpleton, not even a creed; it is a fixed system whose whole soul is in a song-book. for religious purposes in a state, sup. Lord Howick has already declared ported by a definite and publicly ac. that the Church in Ireland is a nui. knowledged and secured property. sance. How many others are at This innocent personage probably this moment ready to play the same thinks also that the Establishment game, and asking nothing but an of England is the only Establishment assurance of the same impunity! mison earth; has he ever heard of the erable creatures, to whom place is Scottish Church, which is, with principle, and salary soul. How many scarcely any difference of principle, an are looking up to the Downing-Street Establishment, a system with a fixed weathercock, and trimming their ragand publicly secured income? But ged sails to the next turn of the wind ! this would argue an ignorance too pro How many are as ready as the strolfound even for the Marquis. The whole lers of a country barn to beg, under must have been evident as a burlesque, pretence of bearing a “ character," and we allow it to have been a better and to plunder in the name of “ Her one than we could have expected Majesty's Servants ;” to make themfrom the performer. We can con- selves a laughing-stock for the sake ceive with what a roar of jollity of the shillings at the door, and to it must have been received by the think that when they have caricatulaughter-loving, though rather cut- red greatness before the curtain, they throat rabble, who came together to are entitled to burlesque common hosettle the state, in front of the Meath nesty behind it? jail ; that ominous place where patri. In the mean-time, in the interval of otism has so often figured before! With the session, Mr O'Connell is, we may what a sardonic smile old Lord Plun. be assured, busy and insolent as ever. ket must have heard it on his Chan. He publishes, from time to time, his cery Bench? With what additional and proclamations, and in them he tells undisguised contempt Mr O'Connell the rabble that they are to rely on nomust have meditated on the material thing but “physical force." At the which sometimes acts as the substitute same time, in his old villanous strain, for brains in the crania of popularity he recommends that all be done with hunting peers ? The Lord of the the utmost meekness! He asks but Bedchamber's argument, if it be taken two millions of recruits, who are all to with any degree of gravity, is this be saints and Quakers, raised out of to the sailor it says scuttle the ship, the pacific peasantry of Ireland, and to prevent her going down-to the who are to carry every thing by supsoldier, blow up your ammunition, to plication, on their bended knees we prevent your arms from being use- presume, and this, too, to a people and less to the trader, burn your stock, Legislature whom he describes as bitto prevent your being bankrupt. But terly hostile, and to be moved by nowhether grave or jesting, the matter thing in the shape of reason. does not and must not rest here. We And these are his propositions in must ask Lord Melbourne, did he his manifesto to the assembled patriots know what he was doing when he re- of Kanturk-the manifesto being apcommended this Marquis as a fit and propriately addressed to the priest, or, proper person to stand in the presence as the letter formally designates him, of the Queen, to have a right to any the Catholic Rector of Kanturk :kind of influence in the Court, and to " We must have corporate reform. receive the salary paid by a Protestant We must have the right of voting as people? Did he, or did he not know extensive in Ireland as in England. what his principles were ? (!) If he We must have the tithes, whether called rent-charge or composition, or by would not be the more unacceptable whatever name they may be called, if they were from the bank of O'Conextinguished. We must have our just nell and Company. In the meanshare of members in the House of time, be it remembered that the great Commons. If I can get two millions Agitator and great Everything has of precursors, I will carry all those no less than five machines, of exactly measures ; and thus, above all things, the same order, at work at this mowill the Irish people be relieved from ment, screwing money out of the the compulsory payment to a Church beggary of the people. With what to which they do not belong."

jealousy must not Spring Rice look So the grand object is again avowed upon such achievements, and how to be the destruction of that Estab. many times in the day must he not lishment which Mr O'Connell, and thank his stars that it has not occur. the class of hypocrites who act with red to the great Irish financier to cast him, swore not to molest or weaken his eye upon the English Chan-cellorin any way whatever ; for let the ship of the Exchequer ! Protestant observe that the Papist Can any man believe that foreigners oath of 1829 is not only to refrain would have dared to insult this great from injuring the Protestant religion, country as they have lately done if a matter in which their efforts never we had a manly Ministry? But when have succeeded, and never can suc. they see a Ministry the very emceed, until they have the power to ex- blem of every weakness, living on tinguish reason and the Bible in this chance-to-day truckling to this party, country, but to refrain from injuring to-morrow licking the dust off the feet the Protestant Established Church, of another -- to-day told by O'Conwhich the extinction of tithes, almost nell that he keeps them in, and told its only revenue, would obviously and truly; and to-morrow by Sir Robert inevitably destroy. So much for the Peel, that he suffers their existence, faith of Rome, and the Popish respect and this truly too ; and the day for an oath.

after shown clinging to the knees of But then comes the true O'Connell Wellington--all their measures meretouch, the stamp by which we could ly struggles to keep place ; pegs to recognise him in the most secret piece hang on; apologies for doing nothing of knavery that he ever fabricated for -- what haughty foreigner but thinks his fellow-pikemen. Mammon is at that now is his time, and relieves himthe bottom of all. The “rint" is the self of his old sense of inferiority by true meaning of the manifesto. “ So immediate insult. Thus we have soon," saith this most prodigious of France keeping Africa, in spite of us beggarmen, “ as twenty persons enrol and honesty ; Russia building ships themselves as precursors, let one of by the score; and every other power them take the shillings of the other of Europe joining in jealous restrictwenty, and a pound-note to Mr T. tions on our commercial rights. Even M. Ray, Corn-Exchange, Dublin. Spain and Portugal joining to realize The sooner this is done the better. the fable of the sick lion, and lifting The true patriotism consists in zeal. up their ass's hoof against us. What ous," &c. &c.—meaning thereby the a contrast in the dull indolence and active contributions of the shillings of low pursuits of those feeders on royala people complaining perpetually of ty is presented by the Russian Em. pauperism, to a patriot boasting per peror, rushing from corner to corpetually of disinterestedness, and mak- ner of his immense territory, inspecting a vast revenue out of their rags, ing every thing, and stimulating for purposes which have never been every thing. Who can be surprised at disclosed, but which every man of his baffling those nincompoops, and sense sees as clear as the sun at noon- holding in contempt the country that day. We presume, too, that the notes endures them?





A SHADY seat by some cool mossy spring,
Where solemn trees close round, and make a gloom,
And faint and earthy smells, as from a tomb,
Unworldly thoughts and quiet wishes bring :-
Such hast thou been to me each morn and eve;
Best loved when most thy call did interfere
With schemes of toil or pleasure, that deceive
And cheat young hearts; for then thou mad'st me feel
The holy Church more nigh, a thing to fear.
Sometimes all day with books, thoughts proud and wild
Have risen, till I saw the sunbeams steal
Through painted glass at even-song, and weave
Their threefold tints upon the marble near,
Faith, prayer, and love, the spirit of a child !


Still may the spirit of the ancient days
Rest on our feasts, nor self-indulgence strive,
Nor languid softness to invade the rule
Manly, severe and chaste- the hardy school
Wherein our mighty fathers learnt to raise
Their souls to Heaven, and virtue best could thrivo
They, who have felt how oft the hour is pass'd
In idle, worldly talk, would fain recall
The brazen eagle that in times of yore
Was wont to stand in each monastic hall,
From whence the Word, or some old father's lore,
Or Latin hymns that spoke of sin and death,
Were gravely read; and lowly-listening faith
In silence grew, at feast as well as fast.


Sacred to early morn and evening hours,
Another Chapel reared for other prayers,
And full of gifts, smells after noon-day showers,
When bright-eyed birds look out from leafy bowers,
And natural perfumes shed on midnight airs,
And bells and old Church clocks and holy towers,
All heavenly images, that cluster round.
The rose and pink acacia and green vine,
Over the fretted wall together twine
With creepers fair and many, woven up
Into religious allegories, made
All out of strange Church meanings, and inlaid
With golden thoughts drunk from the dewy cup
Of morns and evenings spent in that dear ground !

A churchyard, with a cloister running round,
And quaint old effigies in act of prayer,
And painted banners mouldering strangely there,
Where mitred prelates and grave doctors sleep,-

Memorials of a consecrated ground!
Such is this antique room, a haunted place
Where dead men's spirits come, and angels keep
Long hours of watch with wings in silence furled.
Early and late have I kept vigil here:
And I have seen the moonlight shadows trace
Dim glories on the missals blue and gold,
The work of my monastic sires, that told
Of quiet ages men call dark and drear,
For faith's soft light is darkness to the world.


There are strange, solemn times, when serious men
Sink out of depth in their own spirit,-caught
All unawares, and held by some strong thought
That comes to them they know not how or when,
And bears them down through many a winding cell,
Where the soul's busy agents darkly dwell-
Each watching by his wheel that, bright and bare,
Revolveth day and night to do its part
In building up for Heaven one single heart.
And moulds of curious form are scattered there,
As yet unused, the shapes of after-deeds ;
And veiled growths, and thickly-sprouting seeds
Are strewn, in which our future life doth lie
Sketched out in dim and wondrous prophecy !


I heard thee say that thou wert slow of speech ;
Thou didst complain thy words could never reach
The height of thy conceptions. Ah ! dear friend,
Envy me not, if thou art wise, this gift.
Fierce reckless acts and thoughts unbridled range,
And cherished passion, that at times hath rocked
My soul to its foundations,—these did lift
Me into eloquence : 'twas sad to spend
So great a price to win so poor a dower.
Thine is a deep clear mind : nor inward change,
Nor outward visitation yet hath shocked
Thy heart into a consciousness of power.
So calm and beautiful thou art within,
That thou wilt scarce believe that power is sin.


Dreary and gray the twilight hour came on,
Duddon was sounding in his wooded vale ;
And through the ferns, and round each hollow stone,
The spirit of the chill night breeze did wail.
With low and piteous moaning did it swell,
Like a poor ghost, upon the shaggy fell.
When, as we rode, the sun came round and stood
On the hill top,—an altar all of gold:
Twisting in gorgeous coils, like a huge flood,
The crimson stream along the valleys rolled.
Rain-drops, like gems, upon the heath were seen,
And the whole earth was hid in golden green.
0, it was well our hearts within us quailed,
The throne of the Eternal was unveiled!

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