Rome's Eastern Trade: International Commerce and Imperial Policy 31 BC - AD 305

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Routledge, 04/10/2003 - 320 páginas
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The spectacular ruins of such places as Palmyra and Petra bear witness to the wealth and power which could be derived from the silks, spices and incense of the east. Such goods were highly prized in the Roman Empire, and merchants were ready to face the perils of deserts, oceans, warfare and piracy to meet the demand for their wares. But exactly how did the trade in luxury goods operate, and to whose benefit? Gary K. Young's study offers unprecedented coverage of the major trading regions of Egypt, Arabia, Palmyra, and Syria, with detailed analysis of the routes used and of the roles of all the participants. He looks closely at the influence of the commerce in eastern goods both on the policy of the Roman imperial government, and upon local communities in the East itself. His findings contradict the standard view that the imperial government had a strong political interest in the eastern trade; rather its primary concern was the tax income the trade brought in. He also demonstrates the need for greater recognition of the efforts made by local authorities to exploit the trade to their own advantage. Incorporating the considerable archaeological research that has been undertaken in recent years, this comprehensive survey provides fresh insight into an important aspect of the eastern Roman Empire.
 

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Índice

1 INTRODUCTION
1
2 THE RED SEA TRADE IN EGYPT
24
3 THE ARABIAN INCENSE TRADE
81
4 THE TRADE OF PALMYRA
123
5 TRADE IN SYRIA AND THE NORTH
169
6 THE LONGDISTANCE TRADE AND THE IMPERIAL GOVERNMENT
181
7 CONCLUSION
192
PRICES OF GOODS OF THE EASTERN TRADE AT ROME IN THE FIRST CENTURY AD
199
SILVER CONTENT OF NABATAEAN AND ROMAN COINS IN THE FIRST CENTURY AD
202
INSCRIPTIONS REFERRING TO PALMYRENE MILITARY ACTIVITIES AD 132225
207
THE CAREER OF SEPTIMIUS ODAENATHUS AND THE STATUS OF PALMYRA AD 251267
209
NOTES
217
BIBLIOGRAPHY
258
INDEX
278
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