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38 his possession, which the Lord gave unto them. Now rise up, [said I,] and get you over the brook Zered. And we

14 went over the brook Zered. And the space in which we came from Kadeshbarnea, until we were come over the brook Zered, [was] thirty and eight years ; until all the generation of the men of war were wasted out from among the host, as

15 the Lord sware unto them. For indeed the handof the Lor a was against them, to destroy them from among the host, until they were consumed.

16 So it came to pass, whea all the men of war were consumed

17 and dead from among the people, That the Lord spake unto

18 me, saying, Thou art to pass over through At, the coast of

19 Moab, this day: And [when] thou contest nigh over against the children of Amnion, distress them not, nor meddle with them: for I will not give thee of the land of the children of Ammon [any] possession ; because I have given it unto the

20 children-of Lot [for] a possession. (That also was accounted a land of giants; giants dwelt therein in old time ; and

21 the Ammonites call them Zamzummims; A people great, and many, and tall, as the Anakims ; but the Lord destroyed them before them » succeeded them, and

22 dwelt in their stead: As he did to the children of Esau, which dwelt in Seir, when he destroyed the Horims from before them; and they succeeded them, and dwelt in their stead,

23 even unto this day And the Avims which dwelt in Hazerim, [even] unto Azzah, the Caphtorims, which came forth out of Caphtor, destroyed them, and dwelt in their stead.)

34 Rise ye up, take your journey, and pass over the river Arnon : behold, I have given into thine hand Sihon the Amorite, king of Heshhon, and his land : begin to possess [it,]

25 and contend with him in battle. This day will J. begin to put the dread of thee and the fear of thee -upon the nations [that are] under the whole heaven, who shall hear report of thee,

26 and shall tremble, and be in anguish because of thee. And I sent messengers out of the wilderness of Kedemoth unto Si

87 hon king of Heshhon with words of peace, saying, Let me pass through thy land: I will go along by the highway, I will

Si neither turn unto the right hand nor to the left. Thou shalt sell me meat for money, that I may eat; and give me water for money, that I may drink: only I will pass through on my

29 feet; (As the children of Esau which dwell in Seir, and the Moabites which dwell in Ar, did unto me;) until I shall pass over Jordan into the land which the Lord our God giveth us.

50 But Sihon king of Heshbon would not let us pass by him; for the Lord thy God hardened his spirit, and made his heart obstinate, that he might deliver him into thy hand, as [appear*

.3} eth] this day. And the Lord said unto me, Behold, I have . .begun to give Sihon and his land before thee J begin to pos

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32 sess, that thou mayest inherit his land. Then Sihon cam*

33 out against us, he and all his people, to fight at Jahaz. And the Lord our God delivered him before us ; and we smote him and

34 his sons, and all his people. And we took all his cities at that time, and utterly destroyed the men, and the women, and the

35 little ones, of every city, we left none to remain: Only the cattle we took for a prey unto ourselves, and the spoil of the

3$ cities which we took. From Aroer, which [is] by the brink of the river of Arnon, and [from] the city that [is] by the river, even unto Gilead, there was not one city too strong for

37 us: the Lord our God delivered all unto us: Only unto the land of the children of Ammon thou earnest not, [nor] unto any place of the river Jabbok, nor unto the cities in the mountains, nor unto whatsoever the Lord our God forbad us.


The story of the conquest of Og Icing of Bashan; Moses' prayer to enter into the land, and permission giveA him to see it.

1 f I ^ H E N we turned, and went up the way to Bashan:

JL and Og the king of Bashan came out against us, he

2 and all his people, to battle at Edrei. And the, Lord said unto me, Fear him not: for I will deliver him, and all his people, and his land, into thy hand ; and thou shalt do unto him as thou didst unto Sihon king of the Amorites, which

8 dwelt at Heshbon. So the Lord our God delivered into our hands Og also, the king of Bashan, and all his people: and we

4 smote him until none was left to him remaining. And we took all his cities at that time, there was not a city which we took not from them, threescore cities, all the region of Ar

C gob, the kingdom of Og in Bashan. All these cities [were] fenced with high walls, gates, and bars; beside unwalled

6 towns a great many. And we utterly destroyed them, as we did unto Sihon king of Heshbon, utterly destroying the men,

7 women, and children of every city. But all the cattle, and the spoil of the cities, we took for a prey to ourselves.

8 And we took at that time out of the hand of the two kings of the Amorites the land that [was] on this side Jordan, from

9 the river of Arnon unto mount Hermon ; ([Which] Hermon the Sidonians call Siron j and the Amorites call it Shenir;)

10 All the cities of the plain, and all Gilead, and all Bashan, unto Salcah and Edrei, cities of the kingdom of Og in Bashan.

i 1 For only Og king of Bashan remained of the remnant of gi* ants ; behold, his bedstead [was] a bedstead of iron; [is] it notinRabbath of the children of Amnion? nine cubits [was]

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the length thereof, and four cubits the breadth of it, after the cubit of a man.

12 And this land, [which] we possessed at that time, from Aroer, which [is] by the river Arnon, and half mount Gilead, and the cities thereof, gave I unto the Reubenites and to the

13 Gadites. And the rest of Gilead, and all Bashan, [being] the kingdom of Og, gave I unto the half tribe of Manasseh ; all the region of Argob, with all Bashan, which was called the land of giants. Jair the son of Manasseh took all the country of Argob unto the coasts of Geshuri and Maachathi ; and called them after his own name, Bashanhavothjair, unto this

15 16 day. And I gave Gilead unto Machir. And unto the Reubenites and unto the Gadites I gave from Gilead even unto the river Arnon, half the valley, and the border even unto the river Jabbok, [which is] the border of the children of

17 Ammon; The plain also, and Jordan, and the coast [thereof,] from Chinnereth even unto the sea of the plain, [even] the salt sea, under Ashdothpisgah eastward.

It 'And I commanded you at that .time, saying, The Lord your God hath given you this land to possess rt: ye shall pass over armed before your brethren the children of Israel, all

19 [that are] meet for the war. But your wives, and your little ones, and your cattle, ([for] I know that ye have much cat

20 tie,) shall abide in your cities which I have given you; Until the Lord have given rest unto your brethren, as well as unto you, and [until] they also possess the land which the Lord your God hath given them beyond Jordan : and [then] shall ye return every man unto his possession, which I have given you.

21 And 1 commanded Joshua at that time, saying, Thine eyes have seen all that the Lord your God hath done unto these two kings: so shall the Lord do unto all the kingdoms

22 whither thou passest. Ye shall not fear them: for the Lord your God he shall fight for you.

33 24 And I besought the Lord at that time, saying, O Lord God, thou hast begun to show thy servant thy greatness, and thy mighty hand : for what god [is there] in heaven or in earth, that can do according to thy works and according to

25 thy might? I pray thee, let me go over and see the good land that [is] beyond Jordan, that goodly mountain, and Leb

26 anon. But the Lord was wroth with me for your sakes, and would not hear me: and the Lord said unto me, Let it suf

27 fice thee; speak no more unto me of this matter. Get thee up into the top of Pisgah, and lift up thine eyes westward, and northward, and southward, and eastward, and behold [it]

28 with thine eyes: for thou shalt not go over this Jordan. But charge Joshua, and encourage him, and strengthen him t for he shall go over before this people, and he shall cause

29 them to inherit the land which thou shalt see. So we abode in the valley over against Bethpeor.


Moses having recited the history of God's favours to the Israelites in the "Wilderness, and their sins and punishments, proceeds in this chapter to exhort them to obedience.

1 "^T O W, therefore, hearken, O Israel, unto the statutes, -L^| the ordinances relating to divine ivorship, and unto the judgments, the laws relating to your private behaviour to one another, which I teach you, for to do [them,} that ye may live, and go in and possess the land which the Lord Gen of your fathers giveth you, and not perish, as they did, by their

2 rebellions. Ye shall not add unto the word which I command 'you, by devising other doctrines or ways of worship than what I have taught or prescribed, neither shall ye diminish [aught] from it, by rejecting or neglecting any thing that I have com* manded, though it seems never so small; he then adds, a motive, that ye may keep the commandments of the Lord your God

3 which I command you. Your eyes have seen what the Lois did because of Baalpeor: for all the men that followed Baal, peor, the Lord thy God hath destroyed them from among

4 you. But ye that did cleave unto the Lord your God [are] alive every one of you this day, not one of so many thousands

5 have died since that time. Behold, I have taught you statutes and judgments, even as the Lord my God commanded me, that ye should do so in the land whither ye go to possess it.

t Keep, therefore, and do [them ;] for this [is] your wisdom and your understanding in the sight of the nations, which shall hear all these statutes, and say, Surely this great nation [is] a wise and understanding people ; this will be most for your

7 interest and reputation* For what nation (is there so] great, who [hath] God [so] nigh unto them, as the Lord our God [is] in all [things that] we call upon him [for ?] What nation hath had such signs and miracles, a God ready to hear prayer', to defend us from evil, and to bestow blessings t JVb people had more interest in heaven, such tokens of the divine presence, such

9 righteous statutes, and regular worship. And what nation [is there so] great, that hath statutes and judgments [so] right.

9 eous as all this law, which I set before you this day. Only take heed to thyself; and keep thy soul diligently, lest thou forget the things which thine eyes have seen, and lest they depart from thy heart all the days of thy life: but teach them 10 thy sons, and thy sons' sons; [Specially] the day, the great and memorable day, that thou stoodest before the Lord thy God in Horeb, when the Lord said unto me, Gather me the1

• It was Bo in .fact; Moses was applauded by the heathen nations ; the Jewish laws :were adopted by them; and their oracles pronounced the Jews to be the wiseft of men, be> came they never changed their laws.

jpeople together, and I will make them hear my words, that they may learn to fear me all the days that they shall live upon the earth, and [that] they may teach their children.

11 And ye came near and stood under the mountain ; and the mountain burned with fire unto the midst of heaven, with

•12 darkness, clouds, and thick darkness. And the Lord spake unto you out of the midst of the fire: ye heard the voice of the words, but saw no similitude; only [ye heard] a voice.

13 And he declared unto you his covenant, which he commanded you to perform, [even] ten commandments; and he wrote them upon two tables of stone ; these he recommends to their

14 peculiar regard. And the Lord commanded me at that time, to teach you statutes, and judgments, that ye might do them in the land whither ye go over to possess it.

15 Take ye, therefore, good heed unto yourselves, beware of idolatry, -which you are in most danger of, from the corrupt inclinations you drought out ofKgypt, and the evil customs of your neighbours, for remember ye saw no manner of similitude on the day [that] the Lord spake unto you in Horeb out of the midst

16 of the fire; Lest ye corrupt [yourselves,] and make you a graven image, the similitude of any figure, the likeness of male or

17 female, The likeness of any beast that [is] on the earth, the

18 likeness of any winged fowl that flieth in the air, The likeness of any thing that creepeth on the ground, the likeness of

19 any fish that [is] in the waters beneath the earth: And lest thou lift up thine eyes unto heaven, and when thou seest the •-sun, and the moon, and the stars, [even] all the host of heaven, shouldst be driven to worship them, and serve them, which the Lord thy God hath divided unto all nations under the whole heaven; the heathens worshipped these, therefore the

20 Israelites are so expressly cautioned against them. But the Lord hath taken you, and brought you forth out of the iron furnace, (a common phrase to express great misery) [even] out of Egypt, to be unto him a people of inheritance, as [ye are] this day, and therefore it would be peculiarly ungrateful.

21 furthermore, the Lord was angry with me for your sakes, with me, his minister and servant, whom he so highly favoured, because I did not keep close to his directions; and he sware that I should not go over Jordan, and that I should not go in unto that good land, which the Lord thy God giveth thee [for] an

§"3 inheritance: But I must die in this land, I must not go over Jordan: but ye shall go over and possess that good land; h* grants you the favour which he hath seen good to deny me, and

23 Ma lays you under the strongest obligations. Take heed unto yourselves, lest ye forget the covenant of the Lord your God, which he made with you, and make you a graven image, [or] the likeness of any [thing,] which the Lord thy God hath forbidden thee ; idolatry is the most direct breach of that cov

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