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19 all those kings.* There was not a city that made peace with the children of Israel, save the Hivites, the inhabitants of Gibeon: all [other] they took in battle, that is, by assault; this made the war. so long. They might have had some terms of peace, but they were desperately resolved to fight it out to

20 the last; For it was of the Lord to harden their hearts, that they should come against Israel in battle, that he might destroy them utterly, [and] that they might have no favour, but that he might destroy them, as the Lord commanded Moses. God gave them up to their own pride and stubbornness, as a punishment for their idolatry, lewdness, and other abominations.

21 And at that time came Joshua, and Caleb also, f see chap. xv. 14.) and cut off the Anakims from the mountains ; that tall, gigantic people, who had affrighted the spies, and who dwelt

. in the caves or strong holds; these were tut off some at one time, and some at another i from Hebron, from Debir, from Anab, and from all the mountains of Judah, and from all the mountains of Israel ; Joshua destroyed them utterly with

2$ their cities. There was none of the Anakims left in the land of the children of Israel: only in Gaza, in Gath, and in Ashdod, there remained ; these were Philistine giants, from

23 whence came Goliath. So Joshua took the whole land, according to all that the Lord said unto Moses; and Joshua gave it for an inheritance unto Israel, according to their divisions by their tribes. And the land rested from war, that is, open wars; Joshua so far subdued it, that none of the inhabitants dared to rise up. in arms, so that he could peaceably make a division; and he assigned to each tribe their inheritance; who afterward divided it among themselves.- „' %.rr •• «r> .r*?i:.r


1. "\7T7" E may observe the goodness of God in animating his V V people when fresh difficulties arose. The chariots and horsemen terrified Israel -, they had never seen such a sight before: they were no match for such an host. Josephus mentions twenty thousand chariots, and some hundred thousands of men. But when God. says, Be not afraid, that is enough, if there were a thousand times as many. Such encouragement he gives to the good soldiers of Jesus Christ, who are fighting for the heavenly Canaan. He assures them of success, and encourages them against their fears. Let us then thank God, and take courage. Let us depend on him, whose right hand and holy arm is able to baffle the proudest, the most powerful and numerous foes, 2. It is a good thing to be able to appeal to God that we have done as he commanded us. A remarkable manner of speaking

* It was about five years before that country was entirely subdued. This was a great • exercise of their faith and patience; it kept them dependent on God, as they still warned bis help; and made them bold/ warlike, and resolute, to secure their conquests.

is made use of in this chapter; it is often said, as God command* ed Moses. This intimates to us our duty. We are to observe the commands of the divine law; what Jesus, who had a divine commission, has enjoined. We are to look narrowly into our lives, and to compare them with the rule. We are not only to do this or the other thing that he commands, but to leave nothing undone; to walk in all his statutes and ordinances blameless, and to be complete in all the will of God. Then we may renew our work with pleasure, and God will accept it through Jesus Christ, and mercifully reward it through the riches of his grace.

3. Sometimes God's people meet with the most formidable enemies' at last, in the close of their days, when their warfare is just accomplished. The Anakims had so terrified Israel before, that they thought they should never enter and possess Canaan; and thereby these enemies exposed them to sorrow and labour for forty years. Thus Satan is sometimes most busy, and temptations are most strong, at the end of life. Death is then to be attacked; Christians have many fears about it; some are all their life time subject to bondage; but God will give them the vie. tory, and not suffer them to be tempted above what they are able. Israel at length rested from war. Death is the last enemy to be destroyed; and then our warfare will be over. But-we are not, till then, to think ourselves secure, and past all danger. Let us resolutely press on ; over this last foe we are sure of victory ; and, if we-are faithful unto death, we shall receive a crown of life; and enter triumphantly into that rest which remains for the people of God. -,-lt . » • »o,,i,


This chapter contains only a recapitulation of Israel's victories over the Canaanites, under Mobes and Joshua.

1 ""^TO W these [are] the kings of the land, which the chil-LN dren of Israel smote, and possessed their land on the other side Jordan toward the rising of the sun, from the river Arnon, unto mount Hermon, and all the plain on the east:

2 Sihon king of the Amorites, who dwelt in Heshbon, [and] ruled from Aroer, which [is] upon the bank of the river Arnon, and from the middle of the river, and from half Gilead, even unto the river Jabbok, [which is] the border of the chil

3 dren of Ammon; And from the plain to the sea of Chinneroth on the east, and unto the sea of the plain, [even] the salt sea on the east, the way to Bethjeshimoth ; and from the south,

4 under Ashdothpisgah: And the coast of Og king of Bashap, [which was] of the remnant of the giants, that dwelt at Ash?

5 taroth, and at Edrei, And reigned in mount Hermon, and in Salcha, and in all Bashan, unto the border of the Geshuritea, and the Maachathites, and half Gilead, the border of Sihon 6 king of Heshbon. Them did Moses the servant of the Lord and the children of Israel smite: and Moses the servant of the Lord gave it [for] a possession unto the Reubenites, and : the Gadites, and the half tribe of Manasseh.

¥ And these [are] the kings of the country which Joshua and the children of Israel smote on this side Jordan on the west, from Baalgad in the valley of Lebanon, even unto the mount Halak, that goeth up to Seir: which Joshua gave unto the tribes of Israel [for] a possession according to their divisions 5

S In the mountains, and in the valleys, and in the plains, and in the springs, and in the wilderness, and in the south country 5 the Hittites, the Amorites, and the Canaanites, the Per.

9 izzites, the Hivites, and the Jebusites: The king of Jericho,

10 one ; the king of Ai, which [is] beside Bethel, one; The

11 king of Jerusalem, one ; the king of Hebron, one; The: king

12 of Jarmoth, one; the king of Lachish, one ; The king of>Eg»

13 Ion, one; The king of Gezer, one ; The king of Debir, one;

14 the king of Geder, one; The king of Hormah, one ; the

15 king of Arad, one; The king of Libnah, one; the king of

16 Adullam, one; The king of Makkedah, one ; the king

17 of Bethel, one; The king of Tappuah, one; the king

18 of Hepher, one; The king of Aphek, one; the king of

19 Lasharon, one; The king of Madon, one ; the king of Ha

20 zor, one; The king of Shimrpnmeron, one ; the Jcing of Ach»

21 shaph, one ; The king of Taanach, one; the king of Megid

22 do, one; The king of Kedesh, one ; the king of Jockneam of

23 Carmel, one ; The king of Dor in the coast of Dor, one ; the

24 king of the nations of Gilgal, pne ; The king of Tirzah, one: all the kings thirty and one.

account of the land -which remained unconquered; a command to divide the land oil this side Jordan; and an account of the country which Moses divided to the two tribes and a half on the other side Jordan.

1 "\TO W Joshua was [old] and stricken in years ; and the

years, and there remaineth yet very much land to be possess

2 ed. This [is] the land that yet remaineth: all the borders

3 of the Philistines, and all Geshuri, From Sihor, which [is]


Thou art old [and] stricken in


[which] is counted to the Canaanite: five lords of the Philistines ; the Gazathites, and the Ashdothites, the Eshkalonites, 4 the Gittites, and the Ekronites ; also the Avites: From the south, all the land of the Canaanites, and Mearah, that [is] beside the Sidonians, unto Aphek, to the borders of the Amo15 rites: And the land of the Giblites, and all Lebanon, toward , the sun rising, from Baalgad under mount Hermon unto the

6 entering into Hamath. All the inhabitants of the hill country - from Lebanon unto Misrephothmaim, [and] all the Sidonians,

them will I drive out from before the children of Israel: only divide thou it by lot unto the Israelites for an inheritance, as

7 I have commanded thee. Now therefore divide this land for an inheritance unto the nine tribes, and the half tribe of Mar

8 nasseh, With whom the Reubenites, and the Gadites have received their inheritance, which Moses gave them beyond Jordan eastward, [even] as Moses the servant of the Lord

9 gave them: From Aroer, that [is] upon the bank of the river Arnon, and the city that [is] in the midst of the river, and all

10 the plain of Medeba unto Dibon ; And all the cities of Sihon king pf the Amorites, which reigned in Heshbon, unto the

11 border of the children of Ammon: And Gilead, and the borT der of the Geshurites, and Maachathites, and all mount Her

12 mon, and all Bashan unto Salcah; All the kingdom of Og in Bashan, which reigned in Ashtaroth and in Edrei, who rermained of the remnant of the giants: for these did Mose*

13 smite, and cast them out. Nevertheless, the children of Israel expelled not the Geshurites, nor the Maachathites: but the Geshurites and the Maachathites dwell among the Israel

|4 ites unto this day. Only unto the tribe pf Levi he gave none inheritance ; the sacrifices of the Lord God of Israel made by fire [are] their inheritance, as he said unto them. 15 And Moses gave unto the tribe of the children of Reuben \6 [inheritance] according to their families. And their coast was from Aroer, that [is] on the bank of the river Arnon, and the city that [is] in the midst of the river, and all the plain

17 by Medeba; Heshbon, and all her pities that [are] in the

18 plain ; Dibon, and Bamothbaal, and Bethbaalmeon, And Ja

19 haza, and Kedemoth, and Mephath, And Kirjathaim, and Sibr

20 mah, and Zarethshahar, in the mount of the valley, And Beth

21 peor, and Ashdothpisgah, and Bethjeshimoth, And all the cities of the plain, and all the kingdom of Sihon king of the Amorites, which reigned in Heshbon, whom Moses smote with the princes of Midian, Evi, and Rekem, and Zur, and Hur, and Reba, [which were] dukes of Sihon, dwelling in the

22 country. Balaam also the son of Beor, the soothsayer, did fee children of Israel slay with the sword among them that

$3 were slain by them. And the border of the children of Reuben was Jordan, and the border [thereof.] This [was] the iu-r • -"V ••» s.- i

heritance of the children of Reuben after their families, the cities and the villages thereof.

24 And Moses gave [inheritance] unto the tribe of Gad, [even] unto the children of Gad according to their families.

25 And their coast was Jazer, and all the cit'res of Gilead, and half the land of the children of Ammon, unto Aroer that [isj

26 before Rabbah; And from Heshbon unto Ramathmizpeh, and Betonim; and from Mahanaim unto the border of De

27 bir; And in the valley, Betharam, and Bethnitnrah, and Succoth, and Zaphon, the rest of the kingdom of Sihon king of Heshbon, Jordan and [his] border, [even] unto the edge of the sea of Chinneroth on the other side Jordan eastward.

28 This [is] the inheritance of the children of Gad after their families, the cities and their villages.''

29 And Moses gave [inheritance] unto the half tribe of MaT nasseh: and [this] was [the possession] of the half tribe of

30 the children of Manasseh by their families. And their coast was from Mahanaim, all Bashan, all the kingdom of Og king of Bashan, and all the towns of Jair, which [are] in Bashan,

SI threescore cities : And half Gilead, and Ashteroth, and Edrei, cities of the kingdom of Og in Bashan, [were pertaining] unto the children of Machir the son of Manasseh, [even] to

32 the one half of the children of Machir by their families. Thesa [are the countries] which Moses did distribute for inheritance in the plains of Moab, on the other side Jordan, by Jericho,

33 eastward. But unto the tribe of Levi Moses gave not [any] inheritance: the Lord Goo of Israel [was] their inheritance, as he said unto them.


We have in this chapter a general account of the manner in which the land was to be divided between the nine tribes and a half on this side Jordan; Caleb's claim of Hebron, and his request granted.

1 A ND these [are the countries] which the children of li Israel inherited in the land of Canaan, which Eleazar the priest, and Joshua the son of Nun, and the heads of the fathers of the tribes of the children of Israel, distributed for inheritance unto them, according to the direction of Moses,

2 Numbers xxxiv. 17, 18, and the following verses. By Ut [was] their inheritance, as the Lord commanded by the h?nd of Mqses,* for the nine tribes, and [for] the half tribe;

• This was the best method of doing: it, as it was acknowledging God's right to the land, and leaving it to bis disposal; it was the way to prevent murmuring, ana fo snake; them content; and it would make it evident that the prophecies' of Jacob and Motes, coft* cerning the situation of the several tribes, were from God.

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