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the woe

Alas! that to excel in this art doing unto others as we would wish should form the character of the true they should do unto us, repelling hero, or that blood-stained laurels every disposition to injure or invade gained, should be the bero's boast. the rights of another, and inducing Rather let him mourn

us to seek as a conquest more noble fraught deeds his blind ambition, than that of kingdoms, victory over and love of false-glory occasion, ourselves, and every passion for reand that hand down to posterity his nown, originating from deeds conpame in characters dyed with the nected with the destruction of one blood of nations.

another. Possessing the more he. Where are all our boasted powers roic and praise-worthy sensations of of supericrity over what are called compassion towards all, let us imia the barbarous ages, when heroes in tate the God-like attributes of mere war, and their feats in the crimsoned cy and peace. field, are held up to the view of their Talents and advantages calculated fellow-mortals, and that through all to promote usefulness, and to scatter succeeding times, as models of imi- the seeds of improvement, whereby tation " for them to pursue, as the the condition of man might be beicourse that leads to the exaltation of tered, and the evils of life lessened, our imperfect naturen.”

would be no longer prostituted to Every consideration, connected purposes productive of blasting the with sound principle, revolts at the happiness and destroying the secubare idea, that the powers of man rity of nations, by indulging a fond. should be thus prostituted. Surely ness for war, and delighting to ap for such a purpose they were never pear the foremost in forwarding intended, they were designed to em- plans for the destruction of men brace a nobler range of action. thereby purchasing a name in the

Is war thus never to have an end? annals of fame, at the fatal expense Dyed in false colours, and blazoned of misery to thousands. forth as the road to honour, and the Instead of following the heroisn display of all that is praise-worthy, of a Nelson, to the field of blood must it still continue to harass, and to let us endeavour to imitate the bene plague mankind with its never-ceas- volence of a Howard, in the walls o ing spoils? Forbid it, humanity, a prison, and the intrepid perse in the

name of genuine worth, · verance of a Clarkson on board and the real happiness of mortals ! slave-ship, advocating the cause May the law of kindness supercede humanity, without distinction the baneful sentiment, and hasten the clime or colour. happy era favourable to the eman

N. cipation of the human mind from the shackles of selfishness, and desire of aggrandizement, introducing

For the Belfast Monthly Magazine. in the room thereof sentiments of universal love, and unlimited benevolence, uniting together as chil

To the Right Hon. John Foster, dren of one father, the great family

SIR, of mankind.

The unerring law of I BELIEVE there is no person w who pride in boasting of many superior intention, and of the useful effects advantages of which these poor criature

the farming societies, particularly are destitute.

that respectable one of which you

the president, and in which you hold know nothing of chemical processes, so conspicuous a situation. To hold who never heard of any of the out to the view of the inferior classes new instruments fo. facilitating til. of society, the most effective method lage, who have not the means of proof improving the soil, facilitating the curing them, who cannot judge of tillage, and of obtaining and preserve new kinds of stock which they never ng the most productive stock, is an ad- saw, nor have the means of obtaining vantage of incalculable value, not them within their reach. What must only to the farmer individually, but be the consequence? People in orto the country in general. The der to avoid being turned out of the noblemen and gentlemen therefore residence of their forefathers, and the who have stood forward in promoting place of their birth, endeared by a societies whose sule object is to thousand circumstances, will be induproduce such happy effects, justly ced to promise what they will never be merit the esteem and gratitude of able to pay, and to live under the tortheir fellow citizens. Notwithstand- menting consciousness, that inability ing my full conviction, and cheerful and ruin mustensue. Even supposing, acknowledgment of this, I cannot though not granting, that a new set help thinking that there is one bad of tenants, of superior talents and effect which has, (I am convinced, means might be obtained, who were unintentionally) proceeded from able to pay the advanced rents, would these societies which calls for public it be right to set the old inhabitants attention, and is the occasion of this adrift on the wide sea of human life, address to a gentleman totally un- even with a long boat and some stores known to the writer, but by his pub. which might perhaps be allowed lic situation.

them at parting?

I know how The effect I refer to is the late your generous

heart will

ana enormous increase of the rent of land, swer this question, and others which in my opinion is tending rapid- of a similar nature which will occur ly to the ruin of the country. The

to your mind in reflecting on most of the members of the farming this subject. What then is to be societies are either proprietors, in done ? Ought not the nobility and many cases extensive propriciors, of gentry of the kingdom to get the full land, and men of ingenuity who value of their estates? certainly, or have turned their attention to, and what they will fairly bring in every clearly understand the new improve- supposable alteration, and existing ments. Their fortunes and their ta- circunstance. How is that to be acJents enable them to produce their curately ascertained ?

Though I advantages, and they value land in could prove, and perhaps may atproportion to the advantages thus tempo it in a future address to you, produced. Proprietors may naturally that setting up lands to auction is not be supposed partial to such valua. the fair method of coming at their tions, they will select men who are real value. I believe the method of esskilled in the modern improveinents, timating the fair rent of land is a snb. to assist them in valuing ; they are a- ject involved in great darkness, and greed, and I will admit, think they that it would be of infinite conse. are doing right. Suppose however, quence to the improvement, the transir, that this valuation was to be laid quillity, and happiness of the country, on a country whose presentinhabitants' to have it truly and universally unnever saw a book of farming, who derstood. And the respectable society BELFAST MAG, NO. XXXVI.





over which you preside could not comprehended only about five parish. perform a more patriotic act, or do a es in the Liberty, and neither servants more essential service to their country nor persons affected wish scarlet fever than by publishing their intention of were received; whilst since 5th Janugiving such a premium as they may ary, 1809, the limits of admission ibink sufficient, for the best essay to have been extended to the entire of discover the universal principle on the city of Dublin, within the circular which the fair rent of land in all sup- road, and servants, as well as every posable alterations and circumstan- other description of poor, labouring ces of the country may be accurately under contagious fever (Scarlatina inascertained. Convince the people cluded) are now admissible.” that they get fair play, and universal The reduction of fever here noharmony will reign.

I have the ticed, continued for the first four honour to be, with very great res

months of 1810, for the four succeedpect, your very obedient servant, ing months the admissions gradually

increased, so that they, as well as

the average number of patients in For the Belfast Monthly Magazine. the hospital, appeared to be more

than double what they were in the ANNUAL REPORT OF THE

MANAGING corresponding months of 1809; and COMMITTEE OF THE HOUSE OF RE- although in the last four months the COVERY, AND FEVER HOSPITAL, IN

numbers have reduced, they still bare CORX-STREET, DUBLIN,

been nearly double wbat they were YEAR ENDING THE 4TH JANUARY,

at the same period the last year; and 1811.

this increased proportion continues 'HE committee in their report for at the present moment.

the year ending the above date, For omments on this increase of have to notice a very great increase fever, the committee must refer to inthe number of admissions, which ap- the physicians report, after giving an pear to be 1774, while the preceding extract froin a statement made by year numbers only 1056, on this cir- them, to a meeting held at the Royal cumstance they liave to remark, that Exchange, the 13th September, 1810, they, in their report for last year, convened by public notice in consegave the following paragraphı, vizquence of the funds of the hospital

“ The committee avail themselves being nearly exhausted, which is as of this opportunity, to congratulate follows, viz. the public on the success of an insti- From the physicians of the hospitution, which has proved the happy tal they learn, that during the four means of giving a considerable check past months an epidemic fever preto the progress of contagious fever'; vailed in this city, and throughout and consequently of having improved many parts of Ireland, vnparalleled the health of the inhabitants of this in malignancy and extent for many populous city: as it is a fuct which years past, and were it not for the cunnot be too generally known, that check given to the spreading of the since the opening of the hospital in contagion, by the immediate admis1804, the number of persons for sion of the infected persons, together whom application has been made for with the whitewashing and fumigating admission, has diminished, although the habitations from whence the pa at the commencement, and for some tients were brought to the hospital, time thereafter, the district relieved there are strong grounds for believing,


that this populous metropolis might naging committee feel it incumbent on have suffered, and been now suffering, them, to recommend to the governors under a fever comparatively destruc- and governesses of these charities, tive as the plague.”

a more strict observance of personal From the great increase of dis- cleanliness amongst their children, case, a very great increase of expense together with free ventilation, as well was unavoidably incurred; and from as frequent cleansing and whitewashthe peculiar situation of the trading ing of the rooms used as schools and part of the community (who form a Dormitories." great proportion of the subscribers) “The committee also wish to impress a considerable diminution of the on the minds of the upper classes of inusual funds has been experienced; habitants in Dublin, the bad effects however the liberal manner in which occasioned by the filthy and confined many of the well-wishers to the hospi- state in which a great majority of tal came forward, in consequence of their servants are usually lodged, as the appeal made as before mentioned, to bedding, apartments, &c. &c. the funds were for the present amply which in many instances have, to the recruited; the committee having re- knowledge of the committee, proved ceived from this source :£2057 1s. 8d. the means of exciting and keeping Still the committee feel there is a ne. up contagious fever. cessity for what may be considered One of the regulations of the as the permanent funds of the hospi- hospital, the committee are inclined tal (annual subscriptions, &c.) to be at present to bring into view, viz. increased ; and when the advantage « No officer or servant of the inof this institution both to rich and poor stitution, shall presume at any time is considered, they cannot doubt bat to take from any patient, tradesman, funds will be afforded.

servant or others, any fee or gratuity The committee continue to promote of any kind, directly or indirectly, cleanliness, in order that disease for any service done or to be done on might be checked, health and account of the institution, on pain of strength improved, and comfort in- being immediately dismissed." creased amongst the poor; by having And they intreat, that not only no a printed code of advice left at the temptation be offered to any of their habitations from whence patients are servants to deviate in this particular, removed to the hospital, as well as by but if any violation of this regulation whitewashing and fumigating such be known, that immediate information apartments, as appear from the re- be given to the committee. ports of the physicians to stand in No recommendation is necessary need thereof, they also in the course to entitle to admission, but applica.. of last year, in order to promote a tions for admission must be left at the greater attention to this object letter-box at the eastern entrance to amongst a different class in society, the bospital before half past nine bad an advertisement printed and o'clock in the morning, in order that circulated, of which the following two the applicants may be visited by the paragraphs formed a part.

extern physician in such time, as that “As it appears by a reference to those whose diseases are ascertained the registry of admissions, that


to be fit for admission, may be children belonging to different chari- brought to the hospital on that day. ty schools in Dublin, labouring under No patient can be admitted until seen contagious fever, have been lately by one of the physicians of the hospireceived into said hospital, the ma- tal, nor in any other manner than in


the hospital carriage, which is on In the hospital 5th January 1810 springs, and the patients are placed Admitted from 5th January,

1810, to 4th January, 1811, 1774 therein, on a bed, in a recumbent

inclusive posture. Cork-street, 11th of March, 1811.

1806 Admitted from 14th May 1804,

to 4th January, 1811, inclusive......7717 Discharged cured.......... 1610 Discharged cured......... 7052


158 Died.........

Remain in hospital 5th

Remain in hospital 5th
January, 1811........

1806 7717




$. d. To rent and taxes of premises 78 18 O By parliamentary grant, aet 999 12 11 Maintenance of patients

Subscriptions.......... 1156 16 S and servants........ 944 17 21 Donations.....

93 18 3 House-bedding ,furniture

Amount of hay and grass, and clothing, wear and

deducting expenses

36 70 tear......

308 19 11 Interest on government Salaries of officers, nurses


12 8 10 and servants............... 1021 9 04

2299 3 3 Fuel, soap and candles.... 353 18 10 Printing, stationary and

Donations in consequence advertising ..

124 9 0 1

of an appeal to the pubMedicines, including wine

..... 2057 1 & and spirits........... 348 19 112 Incidental expenses, in

cluding expense of horse 154 18 11] Whitewashing habitations of the poor...................

91 O 10 Repairs.......

15 9 6



9443 i 3 New buildings........... 235 0 0 Excess of income above expenditure... 678 3 71


4 11

4356 4 11


d. To Furniture and house-bed.

By net property of the institu-

1536 6 o

3155 12 10 Clothing .........

138 5 0 Government stock......... 1306 9 Treasurers....................

174 12 6

3155 12 101

3155 19 10

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