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On the 16th is new Moon at 28 minutes past four in the morning.
On the 20th we perceive the Moon under the two first stars of the Goat, which she will evidently pass before her next appearance.
On the 26th, the moon is on the meridian at ten minutes past 9, the three first stars of the Ram being above her, at a considerable distance, to the east of the meridian,
On the 29th, the Moon is on the meridian at 52 minutes past eleven, having the third of the Bull to the west, and Aldebaran to the east of her.-The former star suffers an occultation this night, the western rim of the Moor touching it at 37 minutes past 9, the star being 10 minuses and a half south of her centre, and the star emerges at 27 minutes past 10, the star being then 12 minutes and a third south of the centre.
The Moon reaches Aldebaran on the morning of the 30th, and this star suffers an occultation : the western rim touches it at two minutes and a half past six, being 7 minutes and three quarters north of the Moon's centre; and the star emerges at 47 minutes and a half past 6. The Moon is at its full this morning at 9 minutes past 5, but without an eclipse. We may, in the evening, see her rise soon after Aldebaran, but at some distance from it, and perceive that she is bending her course, under the 6th of the Bull, towards the 3d of the Twins.
Mercury is a morning star, the former part of the month, being in his superior conjunction on the 18th, soon after midnight. He will be seen for the first week by many in the east, but, when he becomes an evening star, he will set too soon after the sun to attract notice. The Moon passes him on the 15th.
Venus is an evening stsr, but so near to the Sun, and in such an unfavourable situation that she will scarcely be noticed, even at the end of the month. The Moon passes her on the 16th.
Marsis on the meridian at 24 minutes past five on the evening of the first, and at 6 minutes past five of the 19th. His motion is direct through twenty-two degrees, The Moon passes him on the 21st.
Jupiter is on the meridian at five minutes past four, on the morning of the first; and 3 quarters past 2, on the morning of the 20th, and being in the first part of the fourth sign, his duration above our horizon is nearly the same as that of the Sun on the longest day. On the first, he rises at a quarter past 8 at night, and sooner every night thán on the night before. The Moon passes him on the fourth.
Saturn is on the meridian at 8 minutes past 3 of the afternoon of the first, and at 4 minutes past 2 of the 19th His duration, therefore, above the horizon, after sunset, diminishes every night. The Moon passes him on the 18th.
Herschell is in conjunction with the Sun on the 12th, being an evening star to that time, and too near the Sun to be visible, but towards the end of the month he may be seen in the morning at a considerable distance from the thirteenth of the Balance, as his motion is direct through nearly two degrees. The Moon passes him on the 15th.
THE COMET. For some time past, the Comet has furnished matter for conversation to the learned and the unlearned. The former have been instructed, by behelding another of the great works of creation. Although unable, from the present finite bounds of human knowledge, to ascertain the exact ławs by which its course is regulated, they are thoroughly convinced by analogy, that its laws of motion are as accurately prescribed, as those of other bodies, with which we are better acquainted. The unlearned have also been amused, and although the age of credulity is in a great degree gone by, when men vainly prognosticated moral evils from celestial phenomena, and people are now ashamed to expose themselves to just ridicule by such crude conjectures, yet still we hear some gravely talk of the Comet affecting our weather. The Comet is too remote from us to be likely to have any influence on our atmosphere. It however furnishes conversation to the unthinking. Man placed on his little ant hill, is too apt to exclaim_" See all things for my use."!
It partakes of a grovelling superstition to suppose that the stupendous works of creation, and the various appearances of nature are referrible to us, and our concerns.
To the enlightened contemplator, the Comet affords a profitable subject for meditation. He beholds a new body belonging, most probably, to a distant system, which his limited powers forbid him to appreciate, he sees his own insignificance, and the immensurable works of creation
“ He looks through Nature, up to Nature's God," It has been observed that the remarks made on the Comet afford a good criterion to measure the understanding of the observer. Jejune observations betray a vacant mind, while a just comprehension of the works of Nature indicate vigour of intellect,
ERRATA.--Page 244, line 14, for 5 read 15.- Page 199, 10th line from bottom, 2d col. for thus read thee.- Page 211, 2d col. 19th line, for 1811 read 1700.--Page 214, 1st col. 7th line from the bottom, for pointed read painted.
SOME ACCOUNT OF THE DUBLIN WEEK
LY AND DAILY SCHOOLS.
For the Belfast Monthly Magazine. their constant inspection, contributed,
no doubt, to the respectable characters of many who have, in these schools alone, received the instruction, the
importance of which they now exTHE part of Dublin in which these perience.
schools are situated, is inhabited Here we may take the liberty to principally by the manufacturing express our sense of these institutions, class of poor, who, employed during when well and constantly attended the week at their respective trades, to, they give (besides the instruction bave no opportunity of improvement, which they communicate, and the or of storing their minds with useful moral and virtuous principles which knowledge. In the year 1786, the they endeavour. 10 instil) many inRev. Richard Powell, Curate of St, ducements to the poorer classes, 10 Catherine's parish, considering the pursue and acquire an honest and ina lamentable situation of many chil. dustrious character. United to those dren, who early apprenticed, on
above them in rank by the gratitude account of the poverty of their pa- which flows from a remembrance of Tents, were thus excluded from ine their kindness when young, and daily manifold blessings of education, finding more the value of those lesopened in conjunction with some sons which they learnt at school, olber benevolent persons Sunday they well deserve the esteem and schools for both sexes, which were good opinion of their benefactors, held, the male school in the Court and this will furnish an additional house of the Seneschal of the Earl of excitement to honest industry, and Meath, in the Liberiy; and the female good character in those situations in in the Parish School-house. These which they may perhaps be placed sehools were not limited 10 St. Ca. by those who gave them the first therine's parish, but children froin all rudiments of knowledge; and tijen, parts of the city, were admitted, by by an intercbange of mutual good the recommendation of a subscriber. olfices, these schools nay form a ceThus constituied, they answered the ment bei ween the higher and lower benevolent designs of the founder, orders of society, teaching the former until his removal from Dublin; but the true value of their rank and fora loog prior thereio, many individuals tune, and making the latter reverwho had contemplated their bappy ence and love, rather than envy those eflects on those who were the objects whom Providence bas blessed with a of their care, now supported then; larger portion of this world's goods. some of whom devoted most of their Strongly excmplitying lhe truita leisure time to their interest, and by of this theory, these schools increase
BLLFAST MAG. NU. XL,
ed so in number, that it was judged them in trust, for the purpose of perexpedient to endeavour to erect a mitting schools to be held therein, school-house, and, in the otherwise in which no distinction shall be made unfortunate year 1798, a subscription on account of religious profession, was put forward by those interested either in managers, instructors, or in their advancement, which was so scholars." warmly received by the public, that After the appointment of the truson the ninth of February, 1798, a tees, a sufficiency of subscriptions meeting was held, when the following came in to enable them to erect the preamb'e and resolutions were adopt- building in which the schools are ed, and fifteen trustees appointed. now held, and which is capable of
“ The consideration of ihe state of accommodating from one thousand to the children of the poor in this city, fifteen hundred children convenientand their muchi neglected situation ly. For some years after its erection, respecting necessary instruction, the schools were well attended to, having occupied the attention of a and conducted satisfactorily, but sefew individnals, and they having veral of the most active supporters, communicated their sentiments to having, from their different circumothers on thissubject, they were of opi- stances in life, very much declived nion, that if a suitably adapted bouse their superintendence, the funds be. could be erected, capable of containe came insufficient for their support, ing fifteen hundred children, for the and they languished until in the purpose of holding schools therein, beginning of the year 1808, when, censiderable benefit might be deri- by the exertions of some of their ved; and it being judged suitable that early supporters, a regular committee these ideas 'should be communicated of iwenty-one, was formed from to a larger number, and subscriptions among the subscribers, for the pursolicited for the purpose intended. pose of renovating the Sunday This has accordingly been dene, schools, and establishing daily schools. and by a list now exhibited, it ap- Soon after the formation of the pears ibat € 1029 8 3 has been sub- committee, they turned their attenscribeil; and the subscribers having tion to the best inode of instruction been individually summoned to meet, to be adopted in the proposed daily for the purpose of agreeing upon a schools, and, after due deliberation, inode of carrying the before-mention they were ot opinion that the pian ed intention into effect :--accordo followed in the school established ingly a considerable number of the by Joseph Lancaster was the best ; subscribers being now present at the combining rapid improvement with Sick Poor Institution House, Meath. æconomy; accordingly, a young man strect, the gih of February, 1798, was got over from his school in Loo
don, who organized the daily schools, George Maquay in the chair,
and they have since been conducted Resolved, in order the better to on bis plan (with some small devia. carry the said design into esecution, tions) to very great advantage. that fifteen truslees be now appointe Al the time the daily schools were ed by ballot, 10 whom the entire opened, it was judged' adviseable to management of procuring the ground insist : pon a small weekly payment for the purpose, and erecting the from the scholars in order to increase house thereon, shall be entrusted, the funds, and give the children a and when erected, that the absolute greater interest in them; accordingdominion thereof be invested in ly it was agreed that those who al.
tended the daily school, should pay ting; they are besides taught to twopence, and the Sunday school one sweep and clean the school-house, penny per week. This has been very and such other domestic employment producuve, and has enabled the go. as is necessary. As an encouragevernors to extend their views for ment to attention and industry, their their-advancement,
savings in sewing and knitting is The entire of the schools, Sunday kept an account of, and a certain sum anil Daily, are under the care of an is allotted to each girl employed in otlicer called the Superintendent, cleaning the house, &c. the whole of whose duty it is to admit the scholars, which is laid out in articles of useful dismiss the baci attenders, and gene- clothing. rally to take care that all the orders of The principal deviation from the the committee are carried 'juto exe- Lancasterian pian is in teaching cution. It is but proper to acknow- arithmetic, the arrangement ledge that the schools have reaped which is altered in some degree; great advantage from his exertions. and in his system of emulation and
The Lancasterian plan has been in- rewards, I which, except very judicitroduced into the Sunday schools in ously administered, is likely to be inthe spelling and reading classes, but jurious to young minds. it has not bee'i thought adviseable to And now we would wish to add to introduce it into those more advanc
tailed of cutting out articles of clothing The male daily school is, besides without expense or loss of materials; and the Superintendent, under the care the method by which 500 girls can be of two masters; and the female taught to sew 'with very little trouble. In school, iwo mistresses, one to teach
all schools for poor girls, particular attenspelling, reading, writing and cypher. nomical method of making and mending
tion should be paid to teach an ecoiny, and the other, sewingt and knit- articies of clothing, as this important
branch of instruction may be of material • While considerable merit is acknowadvantage to them in future life.
Editor. ledged to be due to Joseph Lancaster for his plan of education, which is very excellent 4.Instead of giving pictures, tops, balls, in many respects, it must be observed by &c. for premiums, useful articles of cloall who have the management of schools on thing have been distributed with advantage the Lancasterian plan, that the system is in some schools, to children who have dise
100 superficial. It gives the children the tinguished themselves by a proficiency in · appearance of knowledge without the learning. It cannot be expected that the
r.ality, and it has been found necessary in poor can have their children as neat and some instances to procure common school- clean as could be wished: some may be books to prevent the children from being prevented by carelessness, but many by posuperficial. Although Lancaster's system verty. By means of giving the children of Arithmetic is in some respects excellent, useful articles of clothing, as premiums, yet the mere mechanical knowledge of the more attention can be paid to cleanliness, four first rules is not sufficient. The reading than if the premiums were mere useless lessons are too difficult for learners; and the toys. Books are not well calculated for spelling lessons arevery defective. Soine spel. premiums, as the poor seldom prize books lingand reading lessons have been published which they get gratuitously. They are in Dublin, which are much better adapted either given to a child instead of a toy, or to the capacities of children.
their fragments employed to light a pipe,
Editor. It is much better to lend books, as care is + It is recommended to ladies who have then taken to them clean, lest they the management of poor schools for fe- may be prohibited from getting books in males, to peruse a book lately published by future, Joseph Lancaster, in which a plan is de
the numerous authorities which have them, and that no catechism or established the policy and benefit of book of controversy should be alsuch schools, the testimony which so lowed. The governors do not ne many years' experience enables us to quire the religion of the child on give, and to express our firm convic. its admission, and while they ention that were they universaily es- deavour that the contending sects tablished throughout this country, should conciliate one another, they we should find the lower classes in. trust that the pure principles which creasing in respectability, and ad. they endeavour to inculcate, will vancing rapidly in all the arts of ci. berid the minds of the scholars to vilized society; we should find that piety and virtue. Many instances knowledge which alone exalieth a have occurred where this plan bas people, diffusing itself far and wide introduced unanimity and concord, ihroughout our land, producing as its between persons belonging to parnever failing effects the peaceful ties the most hostile to each other, fruits of order, regularity, and de- while all persuasions have concurred cency, while honest industry, and in a feeling of confidence towarus domestic comfort would combine to the institution, and a wish for its bless the poor man's dwelling, pro- prosperity. ducing that contentment and happi- Such have been a few of the maness which truly enrich and adora a ny benefits which have resulted 10 country. We would also hold out the society from this establishinent; history of this one establishment, as
many more, we are certain, could be an encouragement to persevering and mentioned, were
Our observations vigorous exertion; as since iis foun- more extended. dation, at various times, discouraging Annexed is a copy of the general circumstances have contributed to rules by which the schools are conraise fears and doubts in the minds ducted. of the governors, as to their ability General Rules for conducting the carry it
supported on the firm basis of public utility, and fos.
Weekly and Daily Schools, helil in tered by the guidance and guardi i
the Dublin Free School House,
School-street. care of Providence, this establishment has flourished to this hour, ma- 1.---The schools are supported by nifesting its happy effects in giving angval subscriptions and donations; knowledge to the ignorant, and also by a mall weekly payneni from Training up the youth in the way in each scholar. which they should go. There is 2.-All persons subscribing ten perhaps no circumstance which has guineas at one time, shall be goverbeeuille means of giving to this in- riors for life; and those subscribing siitution more permanency and popu- one guinea annually, governor for larity than the fundamental principles the year. on which the school has been con- 3.-The governors shall annually ducted.
appoint a treasurer, and a committee Considering the manner in which of twenty-one subscribers, who shail this country is unhappily divided, have the particular care of the with respect to religious opinions, school, the appointment of the Suthe governors of these schools have perintendent, teachers, and serrants, laid it down as an invariable rules and shall be accountable to the gethat the Scriptures should be the neral meeting of governors. The July religious book introduced into committee shall meet ouce a monil,