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the enthusiasm of a young adven. returned for the last time to Spain. turer, in quest of what was always Here a new distress awaited him, his favourite objeci, a passage into which he considered as one of the the South Sea by which he might greatest of his whole life; this was sail to India. He touched at His- the death of Queen Isabella, bis paniola, where Ovando the gover- last and most powerful friend. nur refused him admittance on shore, He did not sudilenly abandou himeven to take shelter during a hur- self to despair. He called upon the ricane, the prognostics of which his gratitude and justice of the King, experience had taught him to dis- and in terms of dignity demanded cern. By putting into a creek, he the fulfilment of his former conrode ont the storm, and then bore tract. Notwithstanding his age and away for the continent. He spent infirmities, he even solicited to be several months, the most boisterous farther employed in extending the of the year, in exploring the coast career of discovery, without a prosround the gulph of Mexico, in hopes pect of any other reward than the of finding the intended navigation pleasure of doing good to mankind. to India, At length he was ship- But Ferdinand, cold, ungrateful, wrecked, and driven ashore on the and timid, dared not comply with island of Jamaica.

any proposal of this kind, lest he His cup of calamities seemed now should increase his own obligations to be full. He was cast upon an to a man, whose services be thought island of savages, without provisions, it dangerous to reward. He therewithout a vessel, and thirty leagues fore delayed and avoided any

decifrom any Spanish settlement. But sion on these subjects, in hopes that the greatest physical misfortunes are the declining health of Columbus capable of being imbittered by the would soon rid the court of the reinsults of our fellow-creatures. A

monstrances of a suitor, whose unfew of his companions generously exampled merit was, in their opioftereit, in two Indian canoes, nion, a sufficient reason for destroyto attempt voyage to Hispa. ing him. In this hope they were niola, in hopes of obtaining a

not disappointed --Columbus had vessel for the relief of the unhappy not learned to look with indisterence crew. After suffering every extre- “ On courts insidious, envy's poison'd mity of danger and fatigue, they

stings, arrived at the Spanish colony in The loss of empire, and the frown of ten days. Ovando, excited by per

kings!” sonal inalice against Columbus, de- He languished a short short time, tained these messengers for eight and gladly resigned a life, which monihs, and then despatched a ves- had been worn

out in the most sel to Jamaica to spy out the con- signal services that have been dition of Columbus and his crew, rendered by any one man, to an with positive instructions to the Cap- ungrateful world! Posterity is somc. tain not to afford them any relief. times more just to the memory of This erder was punctually execu- great men, than contemporaries ted. The Captain approached the were to their persons. But even this shore, delivered a leiter of empty consolation, if it be one, has been compliinents from Ovando to the denied to the discoverer of America. Admiral, received his letter, and The continent, instead of bearing returned. About four months af. his name, has been called after one terwards, a vessel came to their re- of his followers, a man of no partilief; and Columbus, worn out with cular merit. And in the modern fatigues, and broken by misfortunes, city of Mexico, there is instituted



lions groan,

and perpetuated, by order of GINIA, THE INDIAN COTTAGE, &c. government, an annual festival in

.&c.* honour of Hernando Cortez, the From Inchiquin, the Jesuit's Letters; perfidious butcher of the ancient an American publication. race

JA been decreed to

DE ST. PIERRE, bus, one of the wisest and best among the district of Caux, in the prothe benefactors of mankind. Yet if vince of Normandy, of an ancieot such has been the conduct of thank- and respectable family; being : less nen,” there are many who vene- near relation to the Abbé St. Pierre, rate his name.

celebrated for his scientific “Ages unborn shall bless the happier day quirements, and especially for his That saw thy streamer shape the guideless project of a perpetual peace; with way.

which the good Cardinal Fleury In this dark age, tho'blinded faction

sways, was so well pleased, as to write to And wealth and conquest gain the palm of Fontenelle, that it would be happy praise;

for mankind, if princes would take Aw'd into slaves, while grovelling mil

a dose of the elixir of that excelAnd blood-stain'd steps lead upward to a

lent project. The author of the throne ;*

Studies of Nature resembles his reFar other wreaths thy virtuous temples lation the Abbé, in goodness of twine,

heart, and depth of knowledge, and Far nobler triumphs crown a life like thine; surpasses him in genius and the Thine be the joys that minds immortal

powers of elegant composition. At grace, As thine the deeds that bless a kindred an early age he entered upon

the race.

profession of arms, and travelled in

Russia and Poland. Upon his re. His son, who wrote his life, has left a particular description of bis of engineer to the Isle of France.

turn, he was sent in the capacity person, manners, and private character, all of which were agreeable nounced his situation in the army

On bis return to France, he reand interesting.

as too restrictive of the freedom for After his last return from Ameri

story and contemplation belonged ca, Columbus passed the short remainder of his life at Valladolid, his pay as an officer; and having

to enjoy. Being thus deprived of the capital of old Castile, and then

generously relinquished what pa. the seat of the Spanish government. He died in that city on the 20th of of a sister, his finances fell to

triinonial estate he had, in favour August, 1506, and was buried in one

very low ebb, his prospects were of its churches. Over his body is a plain stone, inscribed simply with

overcast with gloom, and the fate his name, as it is written in Spanish- be his.

of genius seemed to threaten to

But he neither repined Christoval Colon.

nor abandoned himself to despair. While thus struggling with want

and uncertainty, be formed an acNARDIN DE ST. PIERRE, AUTHOR OF

quaintance with John James RousSTUDIES OF NATURE, PAUL AND VIR

seau, whom he resembled in lotiy

talents, excessive sensibility, and Will Barlow be consistent? Will he, on being introduced to Bonaparte, be true

“ A Tour in Silesia ;" to his principles ? For the honour of phi- which may be found in the 3d vol. of the losophy, we hope and trust he will remem- Belfast Magazine, No. 14, page 219, ber, and execrate the “ blood-stain'd steps !" This tour was, by mistake, inserted under when he beholds the Emperor at the levee. the title of Foreign Literature.

* He also wrote,


devotion to retirement; though there Professor Barton, of Philadelphia, was none of Rousseau's desponding whom, through his scientific reand unsociable humour's about his searches, we know as

one of the friend St. Pierre.

only men of letters in America has Owing in part to the instances given his countrymen an edition of of M. de

he was prevail- the Studies of Nature. But it is to ed upon to shake off the scholastic be regretted, that he has not iudiffidence, and the poverty under troduced his work with any biowhich he was sinking into soli- graphical sketch of the author ; tude; and to present himself to because independent of the desire certain personages about the court of most readers to know something of Louis XVI. distinguished by their of the life of the writer they adstations, and beneficence to men of let. mire, the qualities of St. Pierre's ters in indigence. The person of all mind are so strongly reflected in others who has now the honour to have his works, that all persons must interested herself in favour of read them with greater pleasure St. Pierre, was Madame Neckar, and instruction, from knowing that wife of the great financier; to whom they faithfully represent the virtues he was indebted for the patronage and simplicity of ihe author's chaof the king, and several eminent racter. characters of his household.

It is probable the world would It was

one time generally have been gratified with many feared that St. Pierre had fallen a other of St. Pierre's productions, victim to the revolution. But he had he not, at rather a late day, providentially escaped the perils of sacrificed his additional fame io that tempest, to live serenely to marriage, and the enticements of a good old age, blessing and bless. domestic life.

This sin against ed by his learning, cheerfulness science he attempted to and henevolence.

ate to his friends by the proverb, We observe, with pleasure, that 6 Better late than never."





The re

ed against sudden snaps. A FEW years before the death nerable physician gave him a pre

of the late Dr. Jobn Fothers scription for his complaint, in the gill, a Cumberland gentleman, much following deserved reproof. “Do addicted to the bottle, and posses. justice, love mercy, walk humbly sed of few virtues, applied to the before thy God, and do not snup Doctor for advice. Being iniro. the bottle too often.” duced, the Doctor who had some TIME RECOVERED FROM SLEEP. knowledge of his person, which Various have been the however he chose conceal, made use of to overcome the habit inquired what was his ailment, to of sleeping long of a morning. which the other replied, he was Buffon, it is said, rose with the sun; very well in health, eat well, drank he often used to tell by what means well, and slept well; but wished he had accustomed himself tu rise to know how he might be guard- early,

early. “In my youth," says he



They may

up at six.


In the year

“I was fond of sleep; it robbed noumber of the Repository of Theo. me of a great deal of my time, logy and General Literature. They but iny poor Joseph (his domestic are transplanted into these pages servani) was of great service in

with a view to counteruct the spirit enabling me to overcome it. I pro- of intolerance, which characterizes mised to give Joseph a crown every 80 many of the adversaries of Ca. time that he could make

me get

tholic Emancipation. Next morning he did assist in removing some prejudices not fail to awake me, and to torment

which endcarour

stump Oile me, but he only received abuse.

church us peculiarly prone to pero The day after le did the secution, when in reality all churches same, with no better success, and have, when in the posses ion of I was obliged at noon to coniess power, been persecutors in their turn. that I had lost


Persecution is not the exclusive ere

I told hin that he did not know how to ror of any one sect, but arises from manage his business, that he ought

mistahen notions of the right of to think of my promise, and not interfering with private judgment. to mind my inreats The day fol

1632, Lord Baltic lowing he employer force, I beg- more foreseeing a

more foreseeing a storm rising aged for indulgence, I bid him be gainst the Roman Catholes in Eng. gone, I stornied, but Joseph per- land, obtained a grant of lands in 81: ted. I was therefore forced to North America, now known, as the comply, and he was rewarded every province of Maryland. He was a day for the abuse wbich he sut conscientious Caibolic,

« and was tered at the moment when I awoke, induced to attempt this settlement by thanks accompanied by a crowd),

in America, in hopes of enjoying which he received an hour atier. Liberty of conscience for himseit, Yes, I am indebied 10 poor Joseph and for such of his friends to whom for fourteen or

a dozen

of the the severity of the laws migit volumes of my works.”

loosen their ties 10 their country, and make them prefer an easy banishment with free lom

to the At a late Indian treaty, an old conveniencies of England, embitIndian related to some white people tered as they were by the sharpan extraordinary adventure of his

ness of the laws, and the popular son in one of his buiting excur

odium i bich hung over

them." sions. The circumstances were so

The court indeed was favourable uncommon as to excite doubts in the

10 the Roman Catholics, but the minds of some of the by-standers, who laws were against them, and the pertly asked him if he believed

tyrannies of the court had what he had related to be true. “ I do,” replied the Indian, "my that so far from being able to pro

weakened it in popular estimation, son told me it himself, and my

tect its friends, it was

not able son has never seen a white man."

to defend itself. “The settlement of the colony cost Lord Baltic

more a large sum. It was maie The following observations founded on under his auspices by his brother,

the extructs taken frim An ac- and about 200 persons, Roman Ca. count of the Europeun settlemen's tholics, and most of them of good in America,attributed to Edmund families.” As the court party deBurke, 3rd Ed. 1700, Vol. II. p. clined in England, and the Roman 226—231, appeared in the lust Catholics came to be more rigo


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rously treated, numbers constantly they are at this day meditating new emigrated to replenish the settle- lurs in the same spirit.ment. On the triumph of the parliament over the king, Lord Balti

was displaced, and governor appointed, first by the

Some years ago an act was pas. parliament, and afterwards by the sed in Ireland, by which it was protector. The restoration re-insta- made a capital felony to cut down ied Lord Baltimore in his rights and a tree by night or by day. A genpossessions, and his Lordship, wilo tleman who dedicated much of his ling that as many as possible should property, and most of his time to enjoy the benefits of his mild an agricultural improvements, who had equitable administration, guve his con: planted much, and was much atsent io un act of assembly, which he tached to his plantations, was the had before promoted in his province, first to rejoice at this additional sefor allowing a free and unlimited curity to his property, and having toleration for all who professed the before the act passed, suffered much Christian religion,

of whatever de from these depredations, he again nomination. This liberty, which was and a ain declared, that, in the never in the least instance viola- event of detecting any offender, ud, encouraged a great number, not the law should be put in force. only of the church of England, An occasion soon occurred. An but of Presbyterians, Quakers, and oflender was detected in the very all kinds of Dissenters to settle in act of destroying his plantation, Maryland, which before that

and was commitied for trial at the almost wholly in the hands of Ro. ensuing assizes. The prosecutor man Catholics.” In the arbitrary was a man of the highest worth, reign of James II. this Lord was and of undaunted public spirit; he harrassed by a suit, the object of never relaxed in his resolution 10 which was to deprive hiin of the enforce the law: he prepared to colony; and in this state he found proceed, and did proceert to the himself at the revolution, which assizes, but there his fortitude at left him the profits of his province, last failed; he declared that, after but deprived him of all his juris. the most agonizing deliberation, he diction.

could not reconcile to his notions Reader, mark what follow's, and of justice, the propriety of being say if persecution be the badge of the cause of the untimely death of any one denomination, the accom- a fellow-creature, for having cut down paniment of any particular system a tree, and that, great as he con. of faith !

sidered the injury to society in "When, upon the revolution, power suffering a cruninai to escape with changed hands in that province, impunity, yet he could not be in. the new men made but an indif- strumental in procuring his ferent requital for the liberties and demnation, even though the crown indulgences they had enjoyed under might remit the punishment. Such the old administration. They not was the mode in which

man, only deprived the Roman Catholics far above the weakness likely in of all share in the government, but most cases to interfere, decided. of all rights of freemen; they have Lord Suffolk in a debate in the even adopted the whole body of the house of Lords, on Sir Samuel Ropenal turcs of England against them ; milly's bills, adduced the following






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