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entertainments for their friends : examples they have set us in the but that such a one as is descri- walks of literature. A people could bed in the travels of Anacharsis was not have been really poor, withever given at Athens, even by Alci. out whose inventions the wealthiest biades, is very questionable. On of after.days would have been, and such occasions it was custom- would still remain, no better than ary to hire a cook for the day, who barbarians. brought his utensils with him, for

T.O.C. the kitchens of private persons were Islington, Nov. 5, 1811. too scantily furnished for them, They had a custom tending much For the Belfast Monthly Magazine. to promote sociability : screral would meet to eat together, each

ACCOUNT OF APOLLODORUS THE TYbringing his own portion. Indeed they were fond of eating in conipany and a man, would frequent THE history of ancient Greece, a friend's house, to eat it there.' memorials of the greatest and noTheir greatest expense was for blest actions has likewise devoted wive, of wbich they were very its tyrants to the execration of fond. The authors who have des posterity. There are two of these, cribed the manners of Athens, speak whose names are almost always of spendthrifts much less frequent coupled together by the ancients, ly than of misers; and no language when they would cite examples has so many termis to expressa of inhumanity scarcely credible. lover of money.

The first of these is Phalaris of Though several of the Athenians Agrigentum; the second, Apollokept a number of slaves, it was dorus of Cassandria, in Macedonia. to derive profit from their labour, The time at which the former pot to make a display of a splendid lived, still remains doubtful; and retinue. Indeed tbe keeping of a that of the later, though much useless slave was prohibited by wearer us, is little better knoun. Jaw. As it was the custom Polyænus informis us, that he travel on foot, a man would take usurped the sovereignty, after the a slave with him to carry his Cassandrians had been restored to baggage : if he ventured to take liberty by Eurydice. But who two, he would incur the imputa- was this Eurydice, a name common tion of being proud or rain. to different women, who are more

With all ihis semblance of po- or less conspicuous in history after verty to a modero eye, we cannot help contrasting the great and ad- enterprising spirit of Lord Elgin, all mirable achievements of The Aihe. that remained in evidence of the former bians, notwithstanding the delects splendour of Athens, threatened as it of their constitution, and the still was with speedy destruction, has been more dangerous vices in their clia- removed to England, or accurately copied racter; the excellence to which

and secured in a permanent form, so iliey carried the fine arts, many finest collection of ancient Greek sculp.

that this country may now boast the morlels of which have come down

ture in the world. See Memorandum even to our times* ; and the noble on the subject of the Earl of Elgin's

Pursuits in Greece ; printed by W. Mil• Thanks to the enlightened views and ler, London.

10

the death of Alexander? There of Antiochus commenced. We learn was one, who was daughter of Phi- too, from Diodorus Siculus, that lip, and wife of Aridæus: another, Apollodorus had a body of Gauls the daughter of Antipater, and wife for his guards. Now the first exof Prolemy, son of Lagos: a third, pedition of these people into Greece an Athenian, a descendant of Mil- was that in which Ptolemy Ce. tiades, whu was first married to raunais was killed, toward the end Opheltas, king of Cyrene, and of the year 280, B.C. They came afterward to Demetrius, the son of again the year following; and adAntigonus; and a fourth, daughter vanced on one side to Delphi, and of Lysimachus, and wife of Anti- on the other to Byzantium, whence pater, the son of Cassander. they passed over into Asia Minor.

The city of Potidiea, built on the At this time some of theic troops, isthmus that joined the peninsula of being scattered, entered into the Pallene to the Continent, was des- pay of different princes. troyed by Philip, king of Mace- The first measures that Apollodon; and re-built about fifty years dorus took to seize the sovereignty, afier, by Cassander, who gave it were badly concerted.

le failed, bis own name, and by the privi- and was brought to trial : but leges he granted it, soon rendered throwing himself at the mercy of it one of ihe principal cities of his judges, who were softened by Macedonia, if not the chief. After the appearance of his wife and his death, and during the troubles daughters at their feet, in habits that ensued, it is probable, that of mourning, he was acquitted. eneroachments were made on the This only rendered him more enprivileges of the Cassandrians; and terprising, as he formed a second that these were restored by his conspiracy. As the first had been grand-daughter, the widow of Pto- discovered through the indiscretion lemy, son of Lagos, alter the death of one of the conspirators, he took of her son, Ptolemny Ceraunas, who the most horrible

means of

prehad placed a garrison in the city, to venting a similar occurrence. Have

the inhabitants. It ap- ing invited them to a feast, he pears, that Apollodorus, who had made them unknowingly eat of the command there, caused the the entrails, and driok of the blood soldiers of the garrison to be ad- of a young man, whose dead body mitted into the rauk of citizens, he afterwards showed them. Thus, and to have lands assigned them finding themselves involved in in the Peninsula: while at the crime of such a nature, they imasame time a festival was instituted, gined themselves unable to recede, nained Eurydicia, out of gratitude or separate his fate from their own. to their deliverer.

A party among the people too There are other circumstances, was necessary

for his purpose ; that tend to confirm the period, and this he found in the slaves, here assigned to these events. ' Apol- to whom he promised their liberty. lodorus, while yet a simple citizen, Accordingly in a very little time proposed to the Cassandrians, to after his acquittal, he contrived to form an alliance with Antiochus, make himself absolute master of the and to put themselves under his city. protection; but this could not have The judges, who had absolved been earlier than the year 281, him, had soon cause to repent their B. C.; for it was then the reign weakness; for the first use he made

Overawe

a

of his power, was to put them to gem. He broke up the siege, and a cruel death. He hired for his directed Aminias, the commander guards, a number of these Gauls, of the Pirates, who formed a part who, recently employed in ravaging of his fleet, to enter into negociaMacedonia and Greece, were inu. tion with Apollodorus for peace, red to murder and plunder; and and promise him a supply of wine his chief minster was Calliphon, and provision, of which he began one of the agents of Agathocles, to stand in need. Seduced by these tyrant of Sicily. Thus supported, appearances, and supposing Antihis avarice and barbarity knew no gonus at a distance, Apollodorus bounds, and his hands were sullied became negligent in his guard of with the most atrocious crimes. the city. Of this negligence AmiHis chief delight seemed to be in nias availed himself, making himblood; for he often ordered his self master of the place, which he guards to slay before bis eyes entered in concert

with Antigo persons who had given him no‘of- nus, whom he had apprised of what fence, and from whose death he was passing. The tyrant, thus could expect no advantage.

taken unawares,

was delivered up A tyranny so disgusting, could to the fury of the people, who scarcely be of long duration; and first burned his daughters to death indeed could not subsist, as soon before his eyes, after which they as Macedonia enjoyed the benefit flead him alive, and then threw of a regular gorernment. Anti- him into a caldron of boiling gonus Gonatas, the son of Deme- water. trius, had kept possession of Buotia,

T.O.C. and some other parts of Greece. Islington, Nov. 5, 1811. After different wars, in which he had but little success,

he main

For the Belfast Monthly Magazine. tained a contest against Antiochus, the son of Seleucus, which was concluded by a treaty of amity, and his espousing the daughter of Se- FORTY GUINEAS, PRODUCED BY THE leucus and Stratonice. On this he

FIVE turned his thoughts to the recovery

YOUNG LADIES, IN THE SPACE OP of Macedonia, which had been for some time a prey to anarchy, and FIVE young ladies in a considerthe Gauls.

able town in England, resolved to by sea; and had scarcely landed, devote their leisure hours to the when he cut in pieces a body of service of suffering humanity. They Gauls, who had come to plunder expended, successively, twenty guihis camp and fleet. Soon after he neas in the purchase of materials for laid siege to Cassandria, which

which various kinds of fancy work, with was justly deemed one of the keys the avowed intention of reimbursing of the country: but Apollodorus themselves, as it was not their inhad a strong garrison of foreigners, tention to devote more than their and had taken all the necessary time and skill to the general species measures for an obstinate defence. of charity they had in contemplaAfter having besieged the place tion. They made every sort of fanten monihs, Antigonus despaired of cy work, boxes, workbags, piobecoming master of it by force, cushions, needle-books, thread-caand therefore had recourse io strata- ses, every thing in short of this

ACCOUNT OF A CHARITABLE FUND OP

SKILL

AND

INDUSTRY

OF

ONE YEAR.

OBSERVATIONS ON THE MANNER OF
CONDUCTING

A
FEW REMARKS RESPECTING ANCIENC

difficulty.

1

kind, demanded by whim, va- For the Belfast Nonthly Magazine. Inity, and taste. They also made

large square toilet pincushions of
white marseilles quilting, fully trim-

FUNERALS; WITH
med with double rows of muslin,
and watch-pockets for beds to cor-

CUSTOMS, 8c. respond. How to sell these articles, which I WAS much pleased at reading

some directions that were annexed were exquisitely finished, seemed the

to the arcount of the death of Hugh The shop-keeper will Kirk, late of Belfast, as given in the seldom give a fair price for any Magazine No. 29, left by him to be thing offered by private bands; and observed after his decease, respecting if he did, still his profit would de- the manner of conducting his fuduct much from the charity. To be neral, &c. Frequently since that a tax on unwilling friends, and per- period I have been desirous of haps uncharitable acquaintance, is bringing into public notice the fol. always painful, and sometimes creates lowing example of a similar kind an uneasy sense of obligation.

in the case of Joseph Millar, who To avoid this, the young ladies

died near Dromore, upwards of three : engaged a standing, as it is called, years ago; he left behind him in : at the great annual fair of the town

writing, the following memoranin which they lived, and an intelli- dum, as a testimony against the gent person to attend it. This stand- extravagance too frequently maniing was lined with green baize, and

fested at such timnes, particularly in ornamented with wreaths of natural country places

That it may exPowers, and draperies of white mus

cite useful reflections in the minds lin: the words of " Charitable Fund,of others, is the only end I have in - were displayed in large letters on the view, in now bringing it forward. top. The sale was so good as to

It is as follows: - produce a nett profit of forty gui- “ Memorandum of the manner in neas, after every expense was de- which I desire

my funeral

тау

be ducted.

conducted after

my

decease.

“ I desire, that when my last conThe money was expended in coals, medicine, and food, for the most

flict is over, my body may be wrapnecessitous families in the town, and

ped in a sheet, and laid on the bed in completely clothing ten

where I usually slept, there to reThey used serge for the main without undergoing any kind gowns, as warmer and more useful of operation whatever, until it be than

found convenient to put it in a cofany

other material. They bought it by the piece for 3s. 1d. per plain and simple, without covering

fin, which I desire may be made yard, and four yards made a gown. They cut out all the clothing of the

or colouring of any kind, or orna

ment, escutcheons, &c. I desire women, and paid the woman herself for making it, wherever she was

there may be no wake, (as it is calfound capable, gowns excepted, led), or of numbers gathering on the those they had made at a shilling

Occasion. This is a custom I have each, by a mantua-maker.

long thought inconsistent, and tends

to introduce irregularity, levity of L. behaviour, and unprofitable con

wonien.

Versation, unbecoming the solemnity which enabled him to view without of such an occasion.

dismay his approaching dissolution. “I desire that my funeral may be This much seemed necessary to conducied as quietly as possible, state in order to show that the man. and in order to prevent a concourse

ner of his life was consistent with of people, let my reinains be inter- that kind of conduct he wished might red as early in a morning as con- be adopted, after his decease, reveniently may be.

specting his remains. “ That no spirituous or other liquors Indeed, to every serious reflect(as the custom commonly is) be dis- ing mind that is not led away in his tributed on the occasion. Be punc- judgment by the force of custom, tual in this particular, I have seen it must appear evident how inconmiserable effects produced by it.

sistent with the nature of the occaThat my remains be interred in sion, is the manner in which, in too Hillsborough church-burying-place, general a way, funerals are con(so called); but if, as it is customary, ducted. Instead of having a tenthe curate, or any other, persists in dency to impress on the minds of reading what is calleu the burial survivors serious views of mortality, service on the occasion, then in that and to convey useful lessons of the case, let my remains be taken to uncertainty of time, the mode often any other burying-place where no practised, goes far in contributing to such observance will be insisted on. promote a lightness of disposition,

“ That no head-stone or tonb-stone and inattention to what should most of any description be placed at my of all concern them, their own disgrave.

solution. “In testimony of the above, I sub- To what purpose but to indulge a scribe my hand this 20th of 5th Mo.* spirit of vain-glory, and at a time 1808.

that should be the most humiliating “ Joseph Millar." to beings circumstanced like us, are About three months after writing costly parade so often manifested on

all the idle pomp, the vain and the above, he finished his course, these occasions. To how much betleaving behind him the example of a blameless life, and unsullied repu- foolishly lavished away be applied ?

ter purpose might the sums thus tation. He was a good husband, an

The costs attending these ostentatious affectionate son, and fulfilled, to the

appearances, would go a great way utmost of his abilities, the several

in relieving the naked and distress. duties of his station. Ile bore & long and painful ill- ed, and in supplying the wants of ma

ny who are pining on a bed of sickness with the patient hope, and calm

ness, destitute of almost every com: resignation of true religion, not the fort necessary at such a time, with religion of external show, cold and formal, which however calculated frame, whilst so many are indulging

scarce a rag to cover their worn-out to please the imagination, and a

in all the extravagance of supermuse the senses, mends not the

fluity of which invention is master, heart, nor regulates the conduct,

or of which art can boast; and es. His was a religion of higher origin, tending this thirst of vanity to mat

ters relating to the dead, which of * He never made any profession with all folly appears to me to be the most the people called Quakers, although in

absurd. this instance he adopted a mode of expression used by them.

It is greatly to be regretted that so

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